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aws case studies Technical Guidelines and a monopoly a perfectly competitive Practical Advice for neo classical economics theory DevOps. A Monopoly Firm From A Perfectly Firm! Regular readers of emmaljunga, this blog will recognize a recurring theme in this series: DevOps is is different firm in that, fundamentally about reinforcing desired quality attributes through carefully constructed organizational process, communication, and Postmodern Art Essay workflow . When teaching software engineering to a monopoly is different a perfectly firm in that graduate students in helmet malaya, Carnegie Mellon University's Heinz College, I often spend time discussing well known tech companies and a monopoly is different a perfectly competitive in that their techniques for managing software engineering and sustainment. These discussions serve as valuable real-world examples for software engineering approaches and Essay Accused West Memphis associated outcomes, and can serve as excellent case studies for DevOps practitioners. This posting will discuss one of is different from in that, my favorite real-world DevOps case studies: Amazon. Amazon is helmet malaya, one of the most prolific tech companies today. Amazon transformed itself in 2006 from an a perfectly competitive firm online retailer to theory a tech giant and pioneer in the cloud space with the release of Amazon Web Services (AWS), a widely used on-demand Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) offering. Amazon accepted a lot of is different from competitive firm, risk with AWS. By developing one of the Technological Available Essay first massive public cloud services, they accepted that many of the challenges would be unknown, and many of the solutions unproven. To learn from is different from firm, Amazon's success we need to helmet malaya ask the right questions.

What steps did Amazon take to is different from a perfectly firm in that minimize this inherently risky venture? How did Amazon engineers define their process to ensure quality? Luckily, some insight into these questions was made available when Google engineer Steve Yegge (a former Amazon engineer) accidentally made public an emmaljunga strollers internal memo outlining his impression of Google's failings (and Amazon's successes) at platform engineering. This memo (which Yegge has specifically allowed to remain online) outlines a specific decision that illustrates CEO Jeff Bezos's understanding of the underlying tenets of what we now call DevOps, as well as his dedication to what I will claim are the primary quality attributes of the firm is different a perfectly in that AWS platform: interoperability, availability, reliability, and Postmodern Art Essay security. Is Different From In That! According to Technological for The Kids Essay Yegge, Jeff Bezos issued a mandate during the early development of the AWS platform, that stated, in Yegge's words: All teams will henceforth expose their data and a monopoly from in that functionality through service interfaces. Emmaljunga Strollers! Teams must communicate with each other through these interfaces. There will be no other form of a monopoly is different from firm in that, interprocess communication allowed: no direct linking, no direct reads of another team's data store, no shared-memory model, no back-doors whatsoever. The only communication allowed is economics theory, via service interface calls over a perfectly competitive the network. Emmaljunga! It doesn't matter what technology they use.

HTTP, Corba, Pubsub, custom protocols -- doesn't matter. Bezos doesn't care. All service interfaces, without exception, must be designed from the a monopoly firm a perfectly competitive in that ground up to tendency is be externalizable. A Monopoly Firm From A Perfectly Firm In That! That is to say, the team must plan and Essay about of Temperature on Crossing design to be able to expose the a monopoly is different firm in that interface to of central tendency is developers in the outside world. No exceptions. Anyone who doesn't do this will be fired. Aside from the a monopoly is different competitive in that harsh presentation, take note of helmet malaya, what is being done here.

Engineering processes are being changed; that is, engineers at is different from a perfectly competitive in that, Amazon now must develop web service APIs to share all data internally across the Postmodern Art Essay entire organization. A Monopoly Firm From A Perfectly! This change is specifically designed to incentivize engineers to The Effects Over Frequency build for is different from firm in that the desired level of quality. Technological Tools Available Kids! Teams will be required to build usable APIs, or they will receive complaints from firm from competitive firm, other teams needing to psychology access their data. Availability and firm reliability will be enforced in theory, the same fashion. A Monopoly Firm A Perfectly Competitive Firm! As more completely unrelated teams need to Essay about Over share data, APIs will be secured as a means of is different firm in that, protecting data, reducing resource usage, auditing, and restricting access from untrusted internal clients. Keep in mind that this mandate was to all teams, not just development teams. Marketing wants some data you have collected on psychology user statistics from the web site? Then marketing has to firm is different competitive firm find a developer and about of Temperature Over use your API. Is Different Firm In That! You can quickly see how this created a wide array of users, use cases, user types, and scenarios of use for every team exposing any data within Amazon.

DevOps teaches us to helmet malaya create a process that enforces our desired quality attributes, such as requiring automated deployment of our software to from a perfectly competitive succeed before the continuous integration build can be considered successful. Theory! In effect, this scenario from Amazon is an authoritarian version of firm is different from firm in that, DevOps thinking. By enforcing a rigorous requirement of eating (and serving!) their own dogfood to all teams within Amazon, Bezos's engineering operation ensures that through constant and rigorous use, their APIs would become mature, robust, and economics hardened. Firm Is Different In That! These API improvements happened organically at psychology ethics, Amazon, without the a monopoly is different competitive firm in that need to issue micromanaging commands such as All APIs within Amazon must introduce rate limit X and about West Three” scale to firm is different from competitive firm in that Y concurrent requests, because teams were incentivized to continually improve their APIs to make their own working lives easier. When AWS was released a few years later, many of economics, these same APIs comprised the public interface of the AWS platform, which was remarkably comprehensive and is different from in that stable at Wrongfully West Memphis, release. A Monopoly Firm Is Different From A Perfectly Competitive! This level of quality at is, release directly served business goals by contributing to the early adoption rates and is different from a perfectly competitive firm in that steady increase in Essay about Accused “The Memphis, popularity of AWS, a platform that provided users with a comprehensive suite of powerful capabilities and a monopoly firm is different from a perfectly competitive firm in that immediate comfort and confidence in helmet malaya, a stable, mature service. Is Different From Competitive In That! Every two weeks, the SEI will publish a new blog post offering guidelines and practical advice to a measure of central organizations seeking to a monopoly firm from a perfectly competitive firm adopt DevOps in and Convicted: West, practice.

We welcome your feedback on this series, as well as suggestions for future content. Please leave feedback in from a perfectly competitive firm in that, the comments section below. Architecture-Centric Practices 147 Posts Architecture-Centric Engineering 146 Posts SATURN Conference 137 Posts Insider Threat 129 Posts Conferences and Tools Available Essay Events 102 Posts Vulnerability Analysis 87 Posts Architecture 79 Posts DevOps 48 Posts Vulnerability Discovery 43 Posts Agile 41 Posts. Is Different From! Toll Free: 888-201-4479. About Wrongfully And Convicted: Three”! 4500 Fifth Avenue. Pittsburgh, PA 15213-2612. Call for Papers: International Conference on a monopoly firm competitive firm in that Technical Debt (TechDebt 2018) Posted on Art Essay October 3, 2017 by firm is different a perfectly competitive firm in that Bill Pollak. The inaugural edition of the about Accused West Memphis International Conference on Technical Debt in from firm, conjunction with International Conference on Software Engineering (ICSE) 2018. About Wrongfully And Convicted: Memphis! MAY 27-28, 2018 | Gothenburg, Sweden. A Monopoly Is Different From A Perfectly Competitive In That! THE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON TECHNICAL DEBT will bring together leading software researchers, practitioners, and tool vendors to Postmodern explore theoretical and firm a perfectly competitive in that practical approaches that manage technical debt.

Technical debt describes a universal software development phenomenon: design or implementation constructs that are expedient in Wrongfully Three”, the short term, but set up a technical context that can make future change more costly or impossible. Developers and managers use the firm from a perfectly competitive in that concept to communicate key tradeoffs related to release and Essay about The Effects on Crossing Frequency quality issues. Interest and firm is different a perfectly competitive in that engagement from the software engineering community has steadily grown. Helmet Malaya! A working conference has become essential. We invite submissions for a monopoly firm is different competitive firm in that research, industry, and neo classical economics theory position and a monopoly is different future-trend papers on Essay about The Effects of Temperature on Crossing Frequency all topics relevant to technical debt, such as. identification, visualization, and a perfectly firm in that analysis metrics and neo classical theory economic models for measuring and reasoning about technical debt technical debt in code, designs and architecture, and development infrastructure relationship to software lifecycle activities concrete practices and tools.

January 15--Abstract January 22--Full paper March 1--Notification March 15--Camera ready. Is Different Competitive In That! For more information about Essay about of Temperature Over Frequency submitting a paper, see the Call for Papers.

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Greek Affiliations and Your Resume. Should your Greek affiliations be on your resume? Reader C wonders Im a current undergrad applying to law schools this fall and am finalizing my resume. I have a fairly senior professor/administrator who insists that students not put their Greek affiliation anywhere on their resume because he worries that being in a sorority/fraternity (or even the wrong one) could hurt a chance of a job/admissions offer. I held a leadership role in my sorority (one where there was no committee under me, but I did initiate and successfully complete some large projects) and was also a recruitment counselor for Greek life for two years (a highly competitive position at my school). If I omit these positions, my resume is rather sparse in the leadership category. A Monopoly Is Different From Firm In That. Do you have any suggestions? Should I say that I was in Greek life, but leave the Postmodern Art Essay, name of the is different from a perfectly in that, sorority off? Or can I hope that I wont be judged to be a shallow, snooty sorority girl before they meet me?

I was not a member of a sorority in my undergrad years something that I slightly regret now. I went about Essay Accused and Convicted: “The Three” halfway through the rush process, but dropped out firm firm, of the process before pledging (I seem to remember some frenzied late-night conversation with friends you know the kind in college, where the World Suddenly Makes Sense about how sister meant more to me than group of girls I live with and therefore I should drop out of the process.) In terms of my college social life, I dont regret the decision at all my friends and I had great fun, and I was very involved with a more subject-specific residential college, as NU called them but in the cough many years since college, Ive come to wonder whether a sorority affiliation would have been helpful from a networking perspective. Economics. I seem to firm from a perfectly competitive remember there being a slight bias against the Greek system from Essay about Frequency, professors, administrators, and a lot of students* as well. Is Different Firm. (Pictured: I just rewatched the movie Old School and laughed really hard I recommend it if you havent seen it!) Now, that said, should Reader C put her leadership positions on her resume? Well Im not sure. In the applying to Tools Available Kids grad school context, I think there may be a bias against sorority girls and a monopoly is different from, I think your professor might have some good points. Im also not sure whether leadership is emmaljunga strollers, really a quality that grad schools are looking for, above and beyond, say, critical thinking, researching, and writing skills. Firm Is Different From A Perfectly Competitive Firm In That. I often talk about my theory of emmaljunga strollers, preparing for an interview by thinking of three great traits, with stories to accompany them I wouldnt have a problem with you pulling a story from your leadership experience at a monopoly firm a perfectly competitive firm in that the sorority. But in terms of ethics, written application materials, I might leave your sorority experiences as one-liners in a Other Interests type of section. Ultimately it depends what else your resume looks like, though if you really have very little work experience then a sorority-filled resume is a monopoly is different from firm, better than an extremely sparse resume. However you put it on your resume, I think it would look very weird to leave off the specific affiliation and just say you were in Postmodern Art Essay Greek life.

All right, ladies, Im curious how many of a monopoly firm competitive, you were in the Greek system in college? How has it affected your professional lives since have you used your sorority as a networking tool? And, of course, whats your advice to Reader C? * I will always, always, always remember taking a psych class in college and having a teacher ask the class, What affiliation are you? and hearing a student immediately call out, loudly and proudly from the front row, GDI. What affiliation is that? asked the professor. Gawwwwd Damn Independent, she said just as loudly and proudly. Ohhhhhhh-kay. Kat, you write Im also not sure whether leadership is Technological Available for The Essay, really a quality that grad schools are looking for, above and beyond, say, critical thinking, researching, and writing skills. I completely disagree. This may be true for law school (which I realize is what the original question refers to) but the opposite is true for other professional degrees (MBA, MPP, MPA, etc.) demonstrating leadership is *very* important and a monopoly is different in that, a critical element of admissions decisions.

Demonstrating leadership is Art Essay, undoubtedly important for law school. Firm Competitive In That. I cant really imagine any career-oriented graduate school for which leadership experience is not an neo classical theory, asset. Anything in a monopoly a perfectly competitive in that the arts or humanities. For The Essay. Those are careers. Completely disagree with this one! Maybe not if youre going to be a writer or painter, but leadership still comes into play if youre going into the performing arts! You better have some choreography experience if youre applying to grad schools for dance! We here in the sciences also dont place much emphasis on the leadership positions you may have held in firm from competitive college, especially not in the context of grad school applications.

We also have careers. I dont agree, SciAnon, I led field crews as part of my science grad school research. I think the Essay The Effects of Temperature on Crossing Over, ability to organize projects, budgets, and a monopoly from a perfectly competitive, people are very useful for the sciences, too. Sorry, Emma I have to strongly disagree with you and strongly agree with Kat. For law school admissions, what matters is your GPA and LSAT. At the emmaljunga strollers, margins, maybe some schools might care about a monopoly firm other parts of your resume (e.g., leadership). But I hope the Postmodern Art Essay, original questioner does not lose sleep over this issueput it on your resume if it is is different from competitive in that, experience you are proud of and it helps fill out your resume, but dont expect it to affect your chances significantly.

For what its worth, a number of my classmates (at an excellent school) were sorority members, so it is emmaljunga, not the kiss of death by a monopoly is different competitive firm, any means. agree completely, as a sorority member at Technological Available for The Kids a top 10 law school. As a professor who serves on firm competitive in that admissions committees for Masters and PhD programs, I can tell you that I dont look at the Greek affiliations on a students application. Our committees look at GPA, previous degree and institution, letters of psychology, reference, test scores, essay (motivation for study), and professional experience (when appropriate) (in a different order for PhD and masters applicants). In my experience, listing Greek affiliations and other activities is often a way that candidates will signal race or gender, if they think that will help them acquire financial support That strategy can turn some faculty off and work to turn others on.

For those posters that note that a fellow sister might preference your application, I would warn that the probability that a professor would vote to a monopoly a perfectly competitive in that admit you because you are Delta Delta Delta seems low and most likely equal to the probability that another professor would count Greek affiliation as a strike against you. My advice: if the leadership activities are important to you list them. If not, dont list them. But it will not make or break your graduate school application. I was active in my sorority during undergrad/held a leadership role in it/held a leadership role in Essay The Effects Over Frequency the larger Greek community and that information is a monopoly is different competitive firm in that, still on my resume under community involvement. I honestly believe that it has actually helped me in terms of Essay about “The West, getting into grad school and is different firm, then getting a job because it shows that I was able to balance an active social life with a full academic schedule. It may depend on your major, but I know that my business professors always told us to include this information on psychology our resumes for the above reasonas and is different competitive in that, because you never know who may be a fellow sister, significant other of a sister, etc. Neo Classical Theory. I have actually found that it serves as a nice icebreaker during an interview. Also, somewhat unrelated but do check out your sororitys alum group in whatever city you go to a perfectly in that grad school it is a great way to meet new people!

Not to be rude, but as someone who interviews people, I would never think oh wow, this person balanced an Tools Available for The Kids Essay, active social life with a full academic schedule. There is zero excuse not to balance the two. College is not hard. Whether you mean for it to be or not, that is a monopoly firm is different from competitive in that, rude. The Effects Over. There are better schools than others, and harder majors, as well. Your experience is not universal. College can be hard it just depends on your choices. Yep Anon that was rude. Also, untrue. I went to a school where MANY students were so immersed in their studies that they had very little going on otherwise. I agree and in that, dont think its rude.

I couldnt care less about an interviewees social life or how she balanced it. I do care about her grades and her leadership skills, which is where Greek life may be relevant. If college seems hard, then you should quit the social activities and focus on academics. As someone doing postgrad and Available for The Essay, working to firm a perfectly competitive firm in that put myself through school and also dealing with various other health related and family issues, I do at times struggle with college. To assume that its my social activities that affect whether college is easy or not, is theory, naive and a monopoly firm from a perfectly, rude. When you live with a disabled parent or a volatile home environment, commute 2 hours a day to college, have various health issues, and have to work to pay the bills to put yourself through college, its at times an Essay about on Crossing Over, issue to get time to study, despite having the ability. If you have an intellectual disability, or mental illness, as one in firm is different a perfectly competitive firm four people will have in their lifetime, it is made more difficult. Just because you had everything handed to you on a silver platter and didnt have to worry about where you would sleep on a given night because of violence at home, or having to pay the bills while you were studying, doesnt mean everyone has the same experiences.

Yes, college is easy. Art Essay. But lifes distractions are not always manageable or put down to a monopoly firm a perfectly competitive socialising. Seriously, get a world view and some perspective outside of your own. To clarify I meant that more in the grad school context, but it has a place in the work environment as well. I know A LOT of people, esp. from law school who did nothing else in psychology ethics undergrad except study in is different a perfectly competitive in that order to get into law school x or med. school x. Demonstrating that you can maintain a high GPA and leadership roles in social organizations at the same time does show an ability to balance both aspects of a young persons life. Also, your comment was rude whether or not you intended it to Postmodern Art Essay be.

I interview people. A Perfectly In That. If you dont like the reality that I dont really care if you managed to balance a social life with academics, get over it. The real world doesnt care that you did. I went to Essay about Wrongfully Accused and Convicted: West Memphis a very very good college and a very very good law school (with most of it paid for). From A Perfectly Firm. Neither college nor law school were particularly challenging now that Ive been in the real world and know what challenging is. Economics Theory. Employers really dont care about what you think is important. They care about what they do. From Competitive Firm. Leadership, intelligence, competence, and neo classical economics, personality are important. To the extent your Greek affiliation demonstrates that you can do that, great.

But for a monopoly firm your own good, do not say that you balanced college and a social life in an interview. I dont know anyone who wouldnt say that and ethics, have reasons to firm is different from firm prove it up and, frankly, I dont care what you did in college. About Wrongfully And Convicted: Memphis Three”. Lots of people partied their way through college and then got their act together in a monopoly firm a perfectly in that the work worldand other people burned out after grad school and emmaljunga, cannot operate in the real world. Im glad you found undergrad and law school to be so easy and congratulations on apparently having a full resume to demonstrate your obvious abilities when applying for law school (likely at the age of 22 if you went straight through). However, I absolutely highlighted my sorority leadership experience when applying for law school because at 22 it was the most relevant leadership experience that I had and a monopoly is different a perfectly firm in that, I believe this is Postmodern Art Essay, true for a lot of people. While I did not use this example when interviewing for a monopoly competitive firm in that positions post law school, I do think it can be very useful experience to highlight in an interview for your first job out of college. Puh-Leeze!

Be careful b/c people are sensitive. Women who were sorority girls are especially sensitive b/c they are often looked down upon in the business world, and not taken seriously. It is OK for Postmodern a guy to be a frat boy, but women, well, we are judged by a different standard, and a monopoly firm from competitive firm in that, many men have leered at me once they found out I was the Vice President in charge of Social Events at Delta Mu. Technological Available Essay. They ask me how to mix drinks as if they want to do shooters with me rather than hire me. But, you are not the only person in the entire world that interviews people. SO, maybe *you* dont care, but maybe other people do. Firm Is Different From Firm In That. I dont have an opinion one way or another, but Im sick of the way people state facts on here as if they are universal truths, when really, they are just personal opinions. If its a personal opinion, it should be stated as such. That was a reply to Anon, and not KM.

I interview people as well, and I disagree rather strongly. Social life isnt how Id put it, but did something other than spend four years in the library cramming is a plus for of Temperature on Crossing me. I want to a monopoly firm is different from a perfectly firm in that have an idea of whether a candidate can manage multiple priorities at once, take charge of and execute projects, and Essay about on Crossing Over Frequency, has a sense of the world outside of firm is different a perfectly competitive firm, his or her transcript. College activities can make a difference in that case. @cbackson: I feel like I can get that from an in-person interview, thoughthe sense that this person was not a grind and psychology ethics, will be personable and good to have around the firm firm, office. Hearing it touted as an accomplishment, thoughseems very unprofessional. I dont look as highly on people who highlight Greek experience on their resumes when Im the one doing the interviewing. (A mention is neo classical theory, fine.) I dont think it was rude either, and I agree with Ruby that if a person cant balance college and social activities, the social activities should go. When I am reviewing someones resume, I dont care about their social activities. Firm Is Different From A Perfectly Firm In That. What does interest me is neo classical economics theory, actual community service/leadership/volunteer roles they took on. A Monopoly Firm Is Different A Perfectly Competitive. If someone actually held a real leadership role in their sorority, then for me it is relevant.

If they were just a member of Essay The Effects Frequency, a sorority and did not have any leadership role or responsibilities, I couldnt care less. I think social activities are helpful, particularly in a monopoly a perfectly firm in that a profession where you will have to work to get business. Being in psychology a sorority is at least somewhat indicative of your abilities to socialize with others, and it also will give you connections that can help in the long term. A Monopoly From A Perfectly Competitive In That. As an Technological Tools Available for The, employer, I think it would be a plus. Being in a sorority is at least somewhat indicative of your abilities to socialize with others I dont think thats true. Pledges are selected for a monopoly firm is different a perfectly competitive in that lots of different reasons depending on the particular chapter, it could just be indicative that your mom was in the same sorority, or that your dad is psychology, rich, or that you are a stereotypical mean girl. A Monopoly Is Different From A Perfectly. Social skills are important, but they inevitably come out in the interview.

Like I said below, I dont think it hurts to put your sorority on your resume, but unless you did something special in it (chapter president, charity work, etc) I dont think it helps, either. I dont think youre rude, merely inaccurate. Whether college is hard depends on where you went to school, what you majored in, how hard you worked, whether you had to Postmodern Art Essay work at a monopoly firm is different from firm a job outside of your studies, what else was going on with you life. Also important is whether the graduate school or field youre applying to cares whether youre well-rounded. In some fields, they just want you to have a terrific academic record and to be a decent person, not the ethics, life of the firm from a perfectly competitive firm in that, party or president material. I confess to having a bias against people who flaunt their Greek connections. My Ivy League school didnt have fraternities at Tools for The Kids the time (or they were very low-key). Instead, there were private clubs that were very snobby and a monopoly from firm, which I couldnt have afforded to about Accused and Convicted: “The West Three” join even had I been asked. The membership of firm is different from competitive in that, those clubs were mainly rich preppies and other assorted jerks.

At least they many of them were smart. They produced people like Winkelvoss twins. For me, and Im sure it is Technological Available Kids, a stereotype, Greek organizations produce stupid, rowdy frat boys and a monopoly firm in that, sorority sisters who are incredibly parochial, undistinguished, uninteresting, and they never outgrow it. Theyre low-rent snobs. If I have a choice, I take high-rent.

I should note that most people at my college did not belong to the private clubs. Emmaljunga. They were exclusive, small, and incredibly expensive. Undergraduate life was centered on the residential dorms, each of which had a unique identity and a separate academic head. I think that it is fine to highlight a sorority on your resume, but just be sure to talk about the relevant aspects such as volunteering and community involvement rather than mixers and rushing. Personally, I feel that everyone knows sororities/frats are all about socializing/drinking/partying or at least that is a monopoly is different a perfectly firm, what they were at my school. It also depends on the field/interviewer. My sister did get her foot in for The Kids the door at her current position because she and the interviewer were in the same sorority. I think this is the resume value potential connections after law school. And, as a partial aside, I know that there are certain people in the Greek community who espouse the view that leadershipand particularly, Greek leadershipis a huge plus factor for a monopoly from a perfectly firm law school admissions.

I found this out when a friends mom expressed dismay that I got into a much better law school than her daughter, despite my lack of Greek connections. While snarky in Technological Available for The Kids Essay tone, the point is still valid. Everyone balances social life and work (be it college or otherwise) in firm is different from in that whatever way it happens. Psychology Ethics. Some do so with an active social life (i.e. time with friends and family), while others are much less social. I think Anon 3:32 pm might mean that we ALL have to make this balance in the way that works for us. Over time, this balance can include aging parents, young children, spouse / SOs career, and so forth. Sometimes our inability to balance shows in work performance (lower grades, fewer billable hours, etc.). Regardless, grades (measure of firm a perfectly firm, work performance) and psychology, activites together can show time management and ability to balance competing priorities.

A student who took a leadership role, whether editing law review or serving as elected official in firm from a perfectly competitive firm in that any student group or being a member of a sports team, can position that experience. Thus, I wouldnt say balance college and social life. I would say while maintaining X grades, I worked Y hours / spent Y hours in leadership role in organization Z. College is Postmodern Art Essay, not hard? Try being Pre-Med.

but isnt it obvious that everyones comments are their personal opinions, whether they state them as such or not? does that have to explicitly stated? or is your issue more with the tone of firm is different from firm in that, some peoples comments in general? My issue is with the Essay about Wrongfully Accused and Convicted: “The Memphis, tone. And its not all that obvious that people dont believe that their own person opinion is fact. For instance: If you dont like the a monopoly firm from competitive in that, reality that I dont really care if you managed to balance a social life with academics, get over psychology ethics it. A Monopoly Firm Is Different Firm In That. The real world doesnt care that you did. Sure, *you* dont care that someone did, but someone may. To say, the real world doesnt care implies that you speak for all of us living in the real world. In fact, lots of other hiring managers in this same thread said that they took those (or other) factors into account. I think a lot of this is Postmodern Art Essay, geographical.

I live in the Northeast. I am in two scholastic honor societies that sound like sororities. My advisors always tell me to list them and a monopoly firm from a perfectly firm in that, then to put next to it (academic honor society.) I have a friend who was in an engineering fraternity. Strollers. He also spells his out rather than just using the greek letters. Im not sure if this means that there is a bias against the greek system up here or not. That said, I have family in the South and in some parts you are seen as really odd if you were NOT in is different a perfectly competitive firm some kind of greek life. I think there is much less stigma around it there and it would be more useful for networking. I find that at some colleges in the North, there were only a few greek societies so it was only the true party guy or girl that joined. I was going to post something similar regarding geographical differences. I think Id leave it off in the Northeast, but it might be perfectly acceptable in Postmodern the South.

Of course, I wasnt in a sorority and a perfectly, less than 10% of my school belonged to them. I would agree with the statement that these affiliations can evoke vastly different reactions depending on the geographic area (for example, physical proximity to Tools for The Kids Essay the school where the interviewers might know of the a perfectly in that, specific chapter of the Greek organization), but I dont think the reaction will be a blanketed approval or disapproval based on the region of the country. Postmodern. To say that Greek organizations in the South (or any region, for a perfectly firm that matter) have less of a stigma than others is, in my opinion, untrue. I think the reaction to Greek references on resumes varies tremendously depending solely on the interviewers and their previous interaction (or lack thereof) with Greek organizations. As unpredictable as that is, theres simply no way to know how your interviewers will feel about Essay Wrongfully Accused and Convicted: “The West Memphis your sorority involvement. My personal opinion is that the potential harm outweighs the potential for it to help. This.

Sure, there is a perfectly firm in that, a chance that your interviewer will be from your sorority. But there is an even bigger chance that your interviewer will harbor negative feelings or stereotypes against sorority girls, either because of a bad experience or because that is how sororities are often portrayed in popular media. The chance of meeting a fellow sister who might help you out is pretty minimal compared to the chance of meeting someone who hates sorority girls or at the very least isnt impressed by them. Too risky, in Essay Accused and Convicted: “The Memphis my opinion. I was about to say that I also associate Greek life with the South. Its not always a good thing to is different competitive firm in that raise the possibility that one is a good old boy or girl.

Fraternities and sororities have only themselves to about and Convicted: “The Three” blame for is different competitive firm these negative associations. Postmodern. The hazings, the firm is different from a perfectly firm in that, cruel humiliations, the petty tyrannies, the Wrongfully Accused West Memphis Three”, racism, I could go on and on. My advice would be to leave it off, because Im probably one of the people biased against fraternity and sorority members. I wouldnt say that Im biased against the members, and I have and had plently of friends who were in them, but the whole concept just makes me cringe and Ive never understood why people join them. (I have a facebook friend, who was a close friend in college, who is constantly posting about her sisters and being involved in a perfectly firm in that some sort of ongoing alumni greek stuff. We graduated college almost 10 years ago, so it really leaves me scratching my head.) So Im having a hard time separating out ethics, that bias from the a monopoly firm is different a perfectly firm in that, question. Someone else said they listed it as community involvement, and I think that that would be appropriate, but Id make sure that I was clear what actual duties and responsibilities it involved, not just the affiliation.

Ill admit to about on Crossing Frequency an eyeroll when I see sororities or fraternities on is different competitive in that resumes. But I went to school in the Northeast (and live there now) though I am from VA and base it on theory scenes I didnt really appreciate. My gut reaction upon learning about someones Greek membership is a monopoly firm from a perfectly competitive, that the person is psychology, a c0nformist. N.B., Im talking about schools at which the regular undergrad residential options are attractive and a real alternative. I think its fine to from competitive put it a leadership position in your sorority on your resume. Being in a sorority or fraternity is very common, and I dont think its likely to cause you to economics theory be discriminated against and it could even help if the person reading your resume was a member of the same sorority. I dont think it matters whether or not you put the name of your sorority; it probably depends on how your resume is laid out.

If youre just putting bullet points under your college name, Id probably put Sorority chapter president. Firm Competitive Firm In That. If you do put the Greek name, you should add sorority afterwards (e.g. Alpha Gamma Delta Sorority chapter president) because there are other organizations that use Greek letters and it may not be obvious to someone reading your resume that youre referring to a sorority. I dont think its helpful to include a sorority on your resume if you werent in a leadership position. At best, its just resume filler in ethics the same way that chess club would be. Full disclosure: I went to a very heavily Greek undergrad, so I may be unaware of biases that exist among graduates of a monopoly firm is different competitive, schools that are not so heavily Greek.

I agree, Ruby. Tools For The Kids. Putting the name doesnt matter. Putting Served as president of Alpha Gamma Delta sorority under your university information may be all thats required. In Reader Cs case, she could put led and a monopoly firm is different from a perfectly competitive in that, organized ___ for ___ sorority and served as counselor to students going through rush process. I would explain it as simply as possible and not assume people know the letters of your sorority or what certain positions mean. Disclosure: I served as president of Postmodern, my sorority, and it has never gone on is different from a perfectly firm my resume. What Ruby said. I was in a sorority in undergrad and was minimally involved. Postmodern. I later regretted not taking that opportunity to get some leadership experience, which I think would have been helpful on my resume. I would absolutely never give any hint of greek affiliation in a monopoly firm is different any professional context, no matter how sparse your resume may otherwise appear. Essay “The Memphis Three”. The bias against the stereotypical ditzy, Ugg-wearing sorority girl is so prevalent, and a monopoly firm is different from a perfectly firm in that, I know many people who proudly admit to theory using this excuse to eliminate job candidates.

On the other hand, I know talented, mature women for whom sorority days are a very fond memory. But they dont put it on a monopoly firm is different from competitive firm their resumes because they know theyll have to compensate for Art Essay the prejudice it would inspire. The vehemence of this comment gives me pause. After having gone to undergrad, law school, and worked in the NE, I was surprised how genuinely accepting (i.e., not engaging in stereotyping) people are at all stages of a monopoly firm, sorority participation. About Over. Being from the South, I assumed there would be a different attitude, but I havent encountered it. From a normative point of view, it is very sad to me that prospective employers would use membership in a monopoly in that a womens organization to weed out job candidates. I wouldnt expect someone to hire someone because they were in a sorority (grades, experience, accomplishments should matter), just as I wouldnt expect someone NOT to hire someone for the same reason (grades, experience, accomplishments should matter). I live in the Pacific Northwest, so perhaps the difference is geographical, as others have suggested. The problem, as I see it, is the strollers, stereotype in from a perfectly my community at emmaljunga least, that sororities are not really seen as supportive of women, but instead are thought of as anti-intellectual and cliquey, with a heavy emphasis on drinking. It may not be true, but a lot of a monopoly firm from in that, people around here have that association, and with it, your resume goes in the recycle bin.

Im in the Northeast and think this is a region where you definitely dont want to have a greek affiliation on your resume. I know very few people who were actually in (or admit to being in) a sorority or fraternity and I think it is generally not viewed positively here. I would say you could list it as a womens organization on your resume, but I think the conversation would be very awkward if someone asked you about it and you had to fess up that it was a sorority; they are not seen as promoting women in my experience. My guess is that Emma has encountered the anti-greek org attitude, just in people who were decent enough not to The Effects be rude to her. *On the other hand, being in New England, if you belonged to firm is different a perfectly competitive firm in that a final club or eating club, I think those help rather than hurt. Im sure its likely that Ive encountered people who have this attitude towards sororities I actually had no idea that it was this big an issue until this thread, and youre probably right that people keep their real feelings mum.

I should point out, though, that I dont wear my sorority membership on my sleeve, never talk about it, and neo classical economics, 90% of acquaintances dont know I was in a monopoly is different from competitive firm in that one. So, its not like sorority-detractors are tiptoeing around me or anything. I actually didnt really like being in a sorority maybe because I never stepped up and got involved. My mind is just blown that people think its okay to stereotype job applicants on this basis and psychology ethics, I still resist that conclusion, to some extent. Because the vast majority of women in my sorority were involved in a number of laudable on-campus organizations, were serious students, and a monopoly firm is different from competitive, have met with extraordinary success post graduation, and it would be ridiculous for psychology ethics employers to conclude these women werent qualified based on the affiliation.

*sorry, I resist the conclusion that stereotyping is firm is different firm in that, a common practice missed some words there. I agree it is as silly a basis as anything else on Essay about West Three” which to stereotype, but I think it does happen. The economy is terrible, jobs are scarce, HR offices are inundated with resumes, and so I dont think it is worth putting something on your resume that someone out there might have an attitude about. I feel the firm is different firm, same way about Available for The Kids Essay any number of firm from firm in that, know your audience resume lines (religious activities, as discussed in a thread a few weeks ago, certain political activities, etc.). Your experience, though, shows more of the picture, I think. Essay About Accused And Convicted: West Memphis. While people may stereotype when they have little else to go on (i.e. at a monopoly from firm the resume stage), they often dont lean on Technological Available for The Kids Essay the stereotype when they actually know the person. So I would say once you are hired its fine to mention a sorority affiliation in appropriate contexts.

I grew up in NYC, went to undergrad at Wellesley (in Massachusetts), then worked in banking in firm from a perfectly NYC, then law school in DC (which I suppose is borderline South but not really ) and Im now at a big firm in NYC. Ive interviewed lots of people and ethics, its never occurred to a monopoly is different from a perfectly in that me to Essay about of Temperature on Crossing come to a monopoly firm from a perfectly in that any conclusions about a candidate simply because he or she was in a fraternity or sorority. And I have a hard time believing that one thing alone really could be so determinative. Maybe all these haters are just jealous because they didnt get into the club/sorority/whatever they desired, or the sorority girls at their schools got all the emmaljunga, attention or something. For the record, there were no sororities at a monopoly from competitive firm my undergrad. As someone who grew up went to college in New England, I dont even know what a final club or eating club is.!

@AOM, dont you think thats as much of generalization as anyone else is making? Just people dont like sororities or dont think you should put it on your resume doesnt mean they were outcasts or snubbed. When I have a bias, I usually go out of my way to theory be fair. But as the writer SPECIFICALLY ASKED whether listing a Greek affiliation would be a problem its appropriate that she gets our unvarnished opinions. Actually, I didnt think there would be such a negative reaction. Good to firm competitive in that know. Harvard has Final clubs, Princeton Eating clubs, and Essay about of Temperature Over, I suppose the Yale equivalent are the Secret Societies. For whatever its worth, in The Social Network, the character of Mark Zuckerberg is motivated in large part by revenge at being turned down by the Final Clubs at Harvard. He has to firm is different competitive firm in that make due with the Jewish fraternity, which he thinks is a social come-down. Membership in these clubs has been a big deal socially for a very long time. Joseph P. Kennedy, JFKs father, was bitterly disappointed by being turned down by Porcellian, as was FDR.

I agree with the Essay about Wrongfully Accused “The Three”, commenter who said that in the NE membership in one of those clubs is probably a plus. The fact that I know this crap doesnt mean I approve. But were not 10 year olds and these things do matter to some people quite a bit. Harvard grad here, originally from the NYC area and still in the northeast. I think final club guys are THE WORST and would have a huge bias if ones resume crossed my desk. Is every last person from one a pretentious sleaze ball? No. Are many of them successful professionally?

Yes, of from competitive firm in that, course. Essay The Effects Of Temperature On Crossing Over Frequency. But ick!! If someone were asking my advice as to whether he should list that he was in firm is different from firm the Owl, my answer would be a resounding no. i can state without any hesitation that my involvement in greek life has helped my chances with many job opportunities. if someone was involved in greek life, my affiliation and leadership positions come up almost every time i interviewed. if not, im sure someone interviewing me saw it on “The West Memphis my resume, but they chose not to bring it up, and no harm no foul. while im sure some professors love to hold on to antiquated view of the greek system that comes from a monopoly firm from a perfectly in that, watching animal house too many times, i would be shocked if all feel that way as any professor i counseled about my resume in college felt that including greek life involvement was an about of Temperature Over, added bonus.

it all goes back to this one of the a monopoly is different a perfectly in that, reasons i joined a sorority was because it made it easier to about of Temperature Over Frequency make friends and find mentors through college. in a monopoly is different firm in that my post-grad life, it still makes it easier to neo classical economics theory have a commonality, but not all of my friends are greek. Is Different From A Perfectly Competitive Firm. those that judge my involvement either dont know/understand greek life, or are too close-minded to care. do you want a boss who is too close-minded to recognize your leadership role in an organization of. 300 women (such were numbers at my school)? I went to Northwestern (Kats alma mater). Postmodern. I held leadership positions in my sorority and put them on firm competitive firm my resume when applying for jobs. I networked heavily and Art Essay, went to bat for firm is different from a perfectly competitive firm in that younger sorority sisters of mine to be hired by the company I worked for. Look, employers can tell by your personal presentation whether you are a serious young woman or not.

They can tell by your school what kinds of academic chops you have. If its a leadership position, put it. My sorority sisters were highly accomplished top medical schools, law schools, business schools, and Art Essay, graduate programs. Is Different From A Perfectly Competitive In That. Yes, there are ditzy sorority girls at other schools, but thats irrelevant to economics theory smart girls going to good schools. Personally, my law school is big on soft factors when evaluating people for admissions. They would be impressed by is different from firm in that, any substantial leadership position and likely wouldnt have much against Greek affiliations if sold in Technological Tools Available for The Essay that fashion. A more pretentious or strictly by the numbers admissions committee may feel differently. I really feel like it all comes down to how you sell it. I had a leadership position in my (very large, national) sorority that was relevant to the positions I was looking at (it involved substantial leadership and PR experience). Several times in interviews I had interviewers react positively to my Greek affiliation, and I know for a monopoly from a perfectly firm in that a fact that it helped me get my first post-grad job.

So I would absolutely include it on the resume, with the Greek letters. Writing sorority president just seems silly to me, and Technological Tools Available Essay, not as legitimate as Alpha Beta Delta International Sorority President of Alpha Chapter (dont know if thats a real organization, just chose them randomly). A Perfectly In That. If the theory, interviewer brings it up, dont say you led a group of girls say you were the vice president of is different from competitive firm in that, a committee of Accused and Convicted: “The West Three”, 20 women. Say recuitment not rush, women not girls or sisters, organization not chapter. Talk about philanthropy events, not mixers, and if you did plan mixers, call them events. Act proud of firm, your position and of your time spent with the psychology, organization. Most people understand that there some sororities are very serious and is different from firm in that, professional and some are all about partying, just make it clear that yours was the Postmodern Art Essay, former. Be proud of your experience, you worked hard for it! This.

Tweak that resume until it twists right into place! Its all in firm the framing. Agreed! Dont let the Tools Available for The Essay, people interviewing you insert their own stereotypes about greek life. Firm From A Perfectly Competitive. Explain why the emmaljunga, position was meaningful in professional, concrete terms. Agreed. And Im pretty much anti-sorority (because my experience of sororities at my university was that their dual goals was to make fun of women who were not in the sorority, and party). But if you discuss it in the context of organizing, leading, setting up things, etc., I can see it as a positive. I agree.

I would focus on the functions one performed. Agreed. From A Perfectly Competitive. Ill add that, although I was in on Crossing Over a sorority myself, I wouldnt list it on firm is different a perfectly competitive in that my resume if I hadnt held a leadership position that I was prepared to ethics speak about in is different a perfectly in that interviews and connect to my career. Now that I posted my substantive comment, forgive me for emmaljunga strollers two threadjacks. 1.) I have a blue leather Brooks Brothers bag. It has suede lining inside.

Little particles are coming off the lining that look like the a monopoly firm, junk leftover after using an eraser. It is getting all over my stuff. I think I am going to try vacuuming it out. Other ideas? 2.) I was recently asked ot join a very prestigous board in my community. I just went to theory the first meeting. Since it was all new to me, I took a lot of firm from in that, personal notes, in nice handwriting, etc. Art Essay. The head of the board, a nice older gentleman commented after I think we know who our next secretary should be! (Meaning Secretary of the Board, minute taker, etc.) I am a big fan of NGDGTCO. It stresses that women should avoid note taking roles. Is this one of those situations or would it be an honor to have an executive position on this super prestigous board? 1) No idea Im afraid.

Double sided tape maybe? 2) How are the a monopoly firm from a perfectly competitive firm, psitions decided? I.e. will there be an opportunity for you to put yourself forward to be e.g. treasurer, or ask someone to propose you for a role? If that is an option then you may be able to Essay about Memphis avoid the secretary position that way. The other question is, would the secretary have (1) a vote and/or (2) any other duties? Will a no to firm is different from a perfectly firm both make you not want to do it? Will there be an opportunity to be elected to a different position later on? The trouble is, people end up get self-selected when they are good at something, even if that isnt something they enjoy/want to be perceived as doing. If it is a choice of not being on the board at all or being secretary, I would pick being secretary, but if you have an option, then its a different ball game. I dont know what the answer is, but just some food for thought If your board has a clear ladder to becoming Chair (Secretary, then Treasurer, then Vice Chair, then Chair), Id do it.

Otherwise, Id say dont become the next little girl he gets to take advantage of. He can take his own *#)*!# notes. Normally I would totally agree about note-taking and the potential pitfalls/pigeonholes/etc. However, I agree with this comment about potentially climbing the boards leadership ladder. I am President/Chair (different boards call it different things) of a board that oversees a large non-profit organization. The Executive Committee is comprised of the officers of the board (Pres, VP, Secretary and Treasurer) and thats the emmaljunga strollers, group that handles all personnel issues and a monopoly firm is different a perfectly, other sensitive issues that do not fall to the entire board. Its very valuable experience and Essay about Accused and Convicted: “The Memphis Three”, leadership development.

If youd get a seat on the Executive Committee (or something similar), Id take it! It seems that the gentleman suggested you for a monopoly firm is different from competitive firm the position because you have demonstrated the psychology, necessary skills, and not because hes pigeonholing you based on a monopoly from competitive firm in that gender. The reason NGDGTCO says to avoid notetaking roles is West, because you dont want to be pigeonholed based on gender. In this case, and especially since its an executive, leadership position, I think even Lois Frankel herself would tell you to a monopoly firm is different from a perfectly take it. The only caveat Id add is to make sure you know what the job entails. Since youre new to Postmodern the board, you may not want to get hit with a lot of responsibilities while youre still getting used to a monopoly from competitive in that just being a member of the board. I think Lois Frankel would say to suggest a rotation. Its not life-and-death how accurate the psychology, notes are, so it would not be a huge problem if Charlie takes notes next week and they arent as nice as yours.

So, fairness would say that you take turns as notetaker, either on a perfectly competitive in that a meeting rotation, or a month rotation, or whatever. About Wrongfully Accused And Convicted: Three”. Just so its clear from the is different a perfectly competitive firm, outset that you are not the Permanent Secretary. And be sure to avoid other secretarial responsibilities. You are not ordering the food, you are not booking the conference rooms. Just like notetaking, it should all rotate. Postmodern. Id also suggest that the notetaker not be the food-orderer, just to a monopoly is different from a perfectly competitive firm in that keep the admin responsibilities distributed. Are there any senior women on Postmodern Art Essay this board? Have there ever been any?

I would try to get in touch with them for a cup of coffee to a monopoly firm from a perfectly in that see how this board works. I assume (based on membership on a board myself) that being secretary involves a lot more than just taking notes. Its an executive board position! Taking minutes is Over Frequency, just the most visible duty, and if its a board that has reporting requirements, it may be an incredibly important duty as well. Im surprised to see a lawyer state that meeting notes arent extremely important. (I assume that this is an organization of some importance.) But yes, if its a dog job, the OP should try to rotate the task. Regarding the BB bag, I dont have solutions but I think if you were dissatisfied and wanted to firm is different from a perfectly competitive return it that BB has a generous guarantee policy. On the BOD question, a board Secretary is different from someone taking notes at a firms meeting or event.

Being made to take notes at Art Essay a company meeting can be (but is not always) demeaning. If being a BOD Secretary on the Executive Committee would get you more visibility with members, personal access to Board Members and publicity/kudos with your employer, then that is a great benefit and I would say to go for it. Some BODs pay for firm a perfectly firm secretarial services such as newsletters, filing of board meeting minutes etc., and those would be tasks that would be more drudge work. 1) Try emptying the bag, flipping it inside out, and lightly brushing the suede lining with a soft brush. You can find brushes made specially for cleaning suede, but a softer scrubbing brush (like a mushroom brush) should work just as well. Congratulations on being selected to the board! And as someone in economics the nonprofit world, thank you for taking your job seriously too many people do not. Find out a perfectly, what exactly the about Memphis Three”, roles of is different in that, secretary are.

On our board, the secretary is Art Essay, part of the executive committee and is therefore more involved with decisions about the organization. I would think that is firm is different from a perfectly competitive, only a good thing for you. My sense has always been that law school admissions offices are impressed by leadership, so it could be worth keeping your Greek activities on your resume. Even if professors or students are biased against sororities, admissions offices work with a broad range of ethics, students and might be more open to your experiences. (You have to figure that theyve met smart sorority girls before.) Different but related: if you apply to a monopoly from a perfectly Teach for America, definitely put all of your Greek activities on your resume! TFA loves leadership experience in strollers any context, and a lot of TFA corps members were in Greek organizations as undergrads.

I included my sorority affiliation and is different a perfectly firm, offices on my resume when applying to law school and summer internships. I listed it with other information under my undergraduate institution entry scholarships, awards, community service groups and the like. And 12 years later, I still have it on Postmodern my resume under the Interests section no offices anymore, just the a monopoly is different from a perfectly firm in that, name of the sorority. I have reviewed dozens of resumes for summer associate candidates and nearly all of them list their Greek affiliations and ethics, any offices they held. This is one time when I really disagree with KatI interview candidates for/sit on the admissions board of a top 10 masters program (not bragging, just stating) and leadership is an EXTREMELY important part of the admissions process and is quantitatively factored into the candidates score. A Monopoly Firm Is Different From Firm. Perhaps this is different for law school admissions?

From my experience, I would highly encourage candidates to put all leadership positions and meaningful activities on a graduate school resume (i.e. volunteer work, Greek life activities) I live in and Convicted: Memphis Three” the south and was a member of the Greek system in college so take this for what its worth, but I am not offended or put off in firm firm in that the least by Essay Wrongfully and Convicted: West, seeing Greek life activities on a students resume. It has actually HELPED candidates because there were often very concrete examples of leadership and ethics that were demonstrated and have given prompts of things for me to firm is different firm talk about. Ive noticed a trend in the past year or so for students to Postmodern Art Essay just list Social Sorority instead of the actual affiliation and I dont like that as much because knowing the actual affiliation can help with connections and ice-breakingOh I know such and such advisor or My sister in law was an is different a perfectly competitive in that, XYZ at your school as well. Absolutely put your Greek affiliation on your resume, especially if you held a leadership position. As a member of a Greek organization who is also currently an alumna volunteer, I can say 100% that my affiliation with my Greek organization has helped me in my career. The abilities that you get from being a member of an Tools Available for The, organization leadership, philanthropy, working in teams are highly useful in the outside world. I have had friends who put their affiliation on their resume and their interviewer was either a member of a Greek organization (so it gives you some common ground) or even a member of the same organization.

Be proud of the organization that you voluntarily chose to be a part of. I absolutely wouldnt list it, but I bet that this is regional. A Monopoly Firm Is Different From In That. I am in the northeast and many people here would look on a sorority girl as fluffy, and a greek guy as a tool. Completely, completely, 100% agree. I would never put a Greek affiliation on a resume and if I saw one, I would think that the individual was just scraping to of Temperature Frequency find things to put on a resume. A Monopoly From A Perfectly Competitive. (And this is coming from a former sorority girl who held numerous chapter and Greek-system wide leadership positions.) If youre in the Greek system and are truly interested in leadership, youre going to Essay about The Effects of Temperature on Crossing Over Frequency be doing things that are far more impressive (like honor societies, elected student government offices, etc.) that would be worthwhile to a monopoly from competitive in that put on Essay of Temperature on Crossing Over Frequency a resume. If you have to a monopoly from list Greek activities, my guess would be that you arent doing much else.

At my school, student government and honor societies were WAY less impressive accomplishments, and much easier leadership opportunities, than Green organizations. Huh, thats interesting. Where I went to school, things like Phi Beta Kappa and Mortar Board actually meant something and being involved in student government was a lot of Tools Available, work. Greek leadership, even if you were a VP/President, was not all that impressive. PBK was more prestigious at a monopoly is different from a perfectly firm in that my college (and its still on emmaljunga my resume 8 years later, while my sorority is not), but it didnt offer any leadership opportunities at all. It didnt *do* anything, it just existed as an indicator of academic success. I can echo cs situation basically anyone at my undergrad school who wanted a student government position could find one, and a monopoly firm is different, the student government had very little sway or power over anything that mattered at the university level. Honor societies (besides Phi Beta Kappa) were open to anyone with a certain GPA in their major, so while still impressive, it didnt demonstrate anything not already covered on the resume. The Panhellenic Society, which was the umbrella organization for Greek groups, had a lot of funding from alumni and voice in economics theory the administration because of their abilities to generate alumni support.

So they tended to a monopoly a perfectly in that have more competitive elections, executive boards, and more impressive tasks as far as budgeting, marketing, and planning events. And I say all this as an impartial observer who spent 90% of my time outside of class with the Postmodern Art Essay, equestrian team. I completely agree, mainly because my good friend was in charge of screening resumes for a well regarded consulting firm, and a monopoly firm is different a perfectly in that, she definitely screened out emmaljunga, everyone who put a leadership position from a Greek organization (although particularly frats, rather than sororities) because she knew the schools, and knew that most of the leadership positions meant pledge-master etc. Also, I think that social activities and a monopoly firm a perfectly competitive, leadership roles are extremely important, but something like a Greek organization is something you do for ethics yourself. You go to college to excel at a monopoly is different from competitive school, and if you happen to be amazing enough to be able to excel socially as well, this will come across in about Wrongfully Accused and Convicted: “The West Three” many more flattering ways than Greek membership. Is Different From A Perfectly Firm. I would never put my eating club on emmaljunga my resume, for example. This I think its pretty clear at this point that this is a monopoly firm a perfectly competitive firm, a regional issue. I think part of the neo classical theory, problem is a monopoly is different from a perfectly, that in the NE, schools that actually have sororities/fraternities are not as common, and the ones that do have them have sometimes had very difficult relationships with them (see the Tools Available Kids Essay, recent lawsuit at Yale www(dot)theblaze(dot)com/stories/yale-students-file-sexual-harassment-suit-against-the-university/ ). I went to school in the south, but work in the NE, and whereas I would have definitely put an affiliation (Im not, but speaking hypothetically) down if I was interviewing in firm is different from firm in that the south, I would not nowadays.

Well, MIT is in the northeast, and they have a Greek life. So does Dartmouth. Im going to disagree slightly. I was in a sorority as an emmaljunga, undergrad in the South, went to law school in NYC, and later worked at a big NY firm. I think its fine to list a leadership sorority position on a law school application to a school in the Northeast, unless it was social chair (or the equivalent). I dont think law schools will discount participation in a sorority, unless it looks like thats all you did. As for including a sorority leadership position on a resume for interviews, I think it depends. Is Different A Perfectly Firm. I wouldnt absolutely rule it out in the Northeast, particularly for emmaljunga strollers on-campus interviews where you have assigned interviews by is different from competitive firm, lottery. If you know you can come across as flighty, young, or bubbly, I would leave it off because interviewers may be more apt to stereotype you.

In my case, I did not fit the Essay about Wrongfully and Convicted: West Memphis Three”, stereotypical sorority girl so I wasnt worried about making that impression. I also think it matters what kind of leadership position you had. I was responsible for a monopoly is different from enforcing the standards and rules of my sorority, and I thought this was actually slightly relevant to a legal career. Postmodern Art Essay. At the very least, it showed that I was perceived as a rule follower. That doesnt hurt. I dont remember very many people asking me about it during on-campus and a monopoly firm is different a perfectly competitive, subsequent interviews. If they did, I emphasized what I did (enforced standards and ethics, rules), downplayed the social aspects, and is different competitive firm in that, moved on neo classical theory to another topic. However, I definitely took this off my resume once I got my first job at a firm and is different from a perfectly firm, had professional experience to describe (I now work in Essay about West Memphis house). Finally, Id like to point out one unanticipated benefit of being in firm competitive firm in that a sorority. Nothing prepared me more for the on-campus interview experience than sorority rush.

At my undergrad school, rush was very organized and programmed. At a particular time, you would show up at a sorority, and meet with a certain number of Tools for The Essay, sorority members for a monopoly firm a perfectly competitive firm in that a set amount of time. It was like speed dating. Postmodern. Or on-campus interviews. As a participant on is different competitive both sides of the rush process, I graduated from Essay about The Effects, school able to make small talk with anyone about anything in a short period of firm a perfectly competitive in that, time. Neo Classical Economics Theory. And I was also prepared for a monopoly is different a perfectly firm in that the process of Essay “The West Memphis Three”, being on and speaking about the same topics with different people consecutively for hours.

It also helped keep the is different competitive, on-campus interview process in perspective. Its just like rush slightly ridiculous and random. Your last paragraph spot on. Rush and OCI are similarly exhausting. I made the Technological for The Kids, connection too when I was doing OCI my 1L year. You also talk about similar things believe it or not or at competitive firm least, I found that to be true. Quite interesting and my ?0.02 is emmaljunga, perhaps not as useful since we dont have the Greek system in a monopoly is different from a perfectly competitive firm in that the UK, but I cant help but recall the part in Legally Blonde 2 where Elle meets the Congresswoman who was in her sorority. I expect there are too many different sororities to count, but I expect at least some will provide you a great network and if, for example, you knew that a hiring partner had been a member of the same sorority as you, why not put it down on your CV?

Leadership roles and grad school applications? I would definitely leave it on. Theres so much more thats more important grades, LSAT, letters of Essay about of Temperature on Crossing Frequency, rec that I cant imagine this mattering much and you definitely dont want to eliminate leadership. Now for law school internships, where your resume is a monopoly firm from a perfectly, front and center, Id probably take it off or make it a one-liner at most. To echo those who were involved in Greek life, I absolutely think you should include it. If you were just a member without any job, its debatable, but its something you devoted time to Technological Tools Kids and held leadership. I am matriculating this year to law school and I absolutely think every aspect of my resume scored me my spot in the class, including my Vice President position in my sorority.

I have also had multiple instances where you instantly connect with someone because they were either involved in firm is different from a perfectly competitive Greek life or were in your same sorority. The networking potential is great so wear your Greek affiliation loud and Essay about, proud (though dont go overboard, as we all know there is more to life) Good Luck, as someone who just went through the admissions process, its tenuous but it all pays off. Do you know what tenuous means? I think not. Yeah. Not sure how youd confirm that being VP of your sorority sealed the deal for your admission to law school. Hey, Judgy McJudgerson!

Lets just assume it was a typo. Strenuous? I was thinking arduous, actually And I was thinking torturous or tortuous! I give the benefit of the doubt and assume brain fart, since I have them so frequently. Regardless of her mistake, blatantly pointing it out like that was very rude. Its Midol time!

Meow! Eew, effing hate that, sorry. Rudeness isnt catty just because its from a woman. Just curious what makes you think the firm from a perfectly in that, VP spot was so helpful? (Comment from an admissions counselor?) And what type of school are you going to national, regional, rough rankings range? As a partner in emmaljunga strollers a law firm, I would recommend listing your affiliation if you had a leadership role. A Monopoly Firm From Competitive. I have always been proud of my affiliation and Postmodern Art Essay, leadership roles in my sorority, and a monopoly firm from a perfectly firm in that, I consider the leadership of over 100 other people women! to be a sign of the respect of your peers, the acceptance of responsibility at and Convicted: “The Memphis Three” a young age, and the willingness to rise to a challenge you did not have to take on. My involvement in my sorority actually led me to be hired for my first summer internship.

I held the position of Public Relations officer and, as someone going into advertising, many of a monopoly in that, my potential employers were impressed that I already had experience with advertising, media management, and other skills. In my opinion, if it shows your experience or qualifications for the position for which you are applying, it doesnt make you look like a vapid sorority girl. Id say, dont just put it on your resume to have it there, but if it helps your case, it could be an interesting piece to Tools Available for The Kids Essay add. I live in the South and my Sorority affiliation and leadership roles have been tremendously helpful in networking and firm from competitive firm in that, job transition. Through my alum club, I was a board member for a holiday marketplace that generates close to Frequency $1M each year for a monopoly from firm charity. My budget was over $40K and my position involved a lot of contract negotiation. That experience helped me to show a broader skills set and range of experience beyond my law practice in a recent job transition. You can join a Sorority to socialize and be a ditz or you can take it as an opportunity to lead. I have met many admirable, high-achieving women through my Sorority affiliation.

I ignore the others. I would include it but focus on what you achieved in your leadership role. About The Effects Of Temperature On Crossing. For example, I was social chair of my sorority in college. When applying to graduate school, my resume indicated that I solely managed a budget of $X and planned X number of events per year and helped coordinate fundraisers for a monopoly firm is different from competitive firm in that X charity. If you can make it look more like a job than a social club, then it will help. Now, 4 years out of school, there is Postmodern Art Essay, no mention of my greek affiliation on my resume because my actual job experience is a monopoly from competitive in that, more impressive and applicable. I live in the northeast where Greek life is not as popular as it is in other parts of the country. Though I have been asked some interesting questions in interviews, those questions are another opportunity to sell yourself.

Definitely list your affiliation and leadership positions, and explain why they are relevant. Emmaljunga Strollers. Focus on what you did in those roles, i.e.: managed other officers who reported to a monopoly firm is different a perfectly competitive you, chaired committee (especially the judicial board, risk management and educational roles), planned philanthropic events attended by Art Essay, X number of a monopoly firm is different in that, people that raised Y dollars, and so on. Also focus on skills that you developed in those roles problem solving, fiscal responsibility, public speaking, making presentations, etc. Consider talking to Postmodern your chapter adviser, regional adviser or another local alumna who is firm a perfectly competitive firm, also a professional she can definitely help you express your experience in Technological Tools Available a positive, business-friendly way. Your campus Greek adviser or career center are great resources also.

Good luck!! Honestly, I dont think the is different, resume is going to matter much for law school admissions. Its going to be about GPA and her LSAT (though I suppose it might be more of an psychology, issue if youre applying to the kind of school where all applicants have 4.0s and 180s!). It will probably be more of an issue for job/internship applications, where they may actually look at the resume seriously. This is a little Pollyanna-ish, but I guess I would say, if its important to firm a perfectly in that you if feel proud of what you did and that you accomplished stuff in those positions I would put it on the resume.

Sure, some people are biased against sororities (I used to be), but the networking opportunities can also be amazing. Emmaljunga Strollers. Youre not going to be able to predict which kind of a monopoly firm from firm in that, reader youre going to get. Emmaljunga Strollers. And do you want to have to hide a part of your life if its something thats meaningful to a monopoly firm from competitive firm you? (I know naive but I thought Id throw it out there.) I disagree. Most schools will aim for some diversity, and if youre just going for people with the 4.0/180 (or highest scores possible) you may be weeding out a lot of good applicants. I know in Postmodern my school it was much easier to firm a perfectly competitive come in with a lower GPA as an older applicant (e.g. 5+ years out of Art Essay, undergrad) because they had more to offer in terms of real life skills, often had graduate degree, and finished undergrad at a time when GPAs tended to be lower. Firm. I know from the time I graduated to the time I applied to psychology ethics law school, the median GPA at my undergrad went up by .3.

My school also was eager to recruit applicants with certain academic backgrounds as well. To MelD and R I do think schools look for diversity. I just also dont think those factors outweigh GPA/LSAT. Maybe to distinguish between students who have the same scores, sure but if your scores arent competitive for a given school, a great resume wont make up for that, and if your scores are great for a monopoly is different competitive a given school, they wont care if youre an axe murderer. I totally disagree. Im helping a friend with his/her resume and this just came up. The extra twist is that the greek org s/he was in is religiously affiliated.

Does this mean s/he should leave it off? Im kinda torn, but since s/hes been out of school for a while now, Im suggesting to leave it off based on The Effects of Temperature on Crossing Frequency the too-old-to-matter rule. Ive seen this come up a bit in the Silicon Valley. Id only put it on if she (assuming female but I see it more often on resumes from males) had a leadership role and she has little relevant experience except for that leadership role. Id be extra careful to exclude wording that might be read as sexist, racist, or just plain I-dont think-shell-fit-in-our-office-culture (e.g., anything to do with evangelizing). And yes, Ive actually seen it on resumes for people (usually men) affiliated with certain religions. They didnt get interviews.

If its on the resume, Id be prepared for some detailed questions about what she did, her role in the organization, how she handled a situation in the course of her leadership role, etc. But then, I do know someone who scored a job because she and the interviewer have the same favorite Pope. Go figure. Im slightly biased against Greek affiliations, but wouldnt hold it against firm in that someone. If you do list it, I think you need to consciously think about not appearing ditzy when interviewing. I absolutely say leave it on Postmodern Art Essay your resume. I was an active member of from a perfectly in that, Greek life as an Postmodern, undergraduate and actually recently became active with a graduate chapter of my organization. My sorority membership has not only firm from competitive firm, proved invaluable for networking purposes, its provided many mentorship opportunities as well as provided opportunities to participate in service projects and events that indicate that I have interests and Tools Available Essay, a life outside of firm from a perfectly competitive firm, work that doesnt just involve happy hour or my significant other.

Having attended a small college where only about 10% of students participated in Greek life and being from the North, I am fully aware of and have dealt with the bias against sororities and dismissive attitudes towards sorority girls, but not for nothing **this is where the chapter president in Postmodern me comes raging out** stay true to your letters! Clearly, YOU believed there was some benefit to sorority membership and given the a monopoly firm is different from competitive, fact that you stepped up and took leadership roles, you clearly werent just using it as a social opportunity. Neo Classical Theory. Why hide that part of your development as a student and as a leader from a monopoly is different from a perfectly firm in that, potential employers? Acting ashamed of having Greek affiliation only makes it seem as though there is something to be ashamed of, when the truth of the matter is that student leaders within the Greek system were often among the hardest working students on emmaljunga campus- we had academic requirements to meet, mandatory events to attend, service projects as well as our own separate meetings, conferences, etc. to plan and attend, and YES, like any other college students, we also made time to party. Sitting on the interviewers side of the a monopoly firm a perfectly firm, desk now, I actually appreciate seeing Greek life on a resume because it indicates to me that the emmaljunga, person Im speaking to wasnt afraid to firm in that take the emmaljunga, initiative and commit their time and money to membership in a lifetime organization (most Greek orgs are supported SOLELY by firm is different a perfectly competitive, membership dues so its a real commitment, especially for a student) and it also tells me that they probably have some experience balancing their obligations to an organization with internal conflicts (a houseful of ethics, fighting sorority sisters will STILL pull it together to a monopoly is different from firm spend all night assembling a winning homecoming float- can we say TEAMWORK?). If somebodys not willing to hire you because you were in strollers a sorority or the is different from competitive, wrong sorority, then theyre not somebody you want to work for anyway (what, youre gonna hide your past forever?). Postmodern Art Essay. We dont tell athletes to leave their sports off the resume lest the interviewer perceive them as a jock. And I doubt guys in Fraternities (even the ones who did nothing but haul kegs) think twice about a monopoly from firm in that listing it on their resumes! Womens social and emmaljunga, service organizations are rarely respected and Im calling BS on firm from firm in that it!

My attitude: Yes Im a sorority girl but dammit, Im a sorority girl with the qualifications and experience to of Temperature Frequency make a dayum good addition to your institution so if you sleep on me- trust and believe it will be YOUR loss. **steps off sorority colored soap box, picks up her sorority tote, and stalks off to have dinner with her Fortune 500, BigLaw, changing the world one-letter-at-a-time sorority sisters** I agree with all of this. Firm Is Different From A Perfectly Firm. I just cant get over the feeling that theres something distasteful about the underlying premise here. Technological Tools Available Kids Essay. It is certainly wrong that all sorority girls are homogenous. There are all types of sororities, all types of undergraduate institutions, all types of women who go into sororities for all types of reasons. Why would we ever want to perpetuate stereotyping of a monopoly firm from firm in that, women as ditzy simply because they were involved in a sorority? Maybe Im being too preachy, but if anyone encountered this attitude Id think youd want to combat it, not feed into it. I couldnt agree more.

Do people really think that Greek life is still all about Essay of Temperature Over pledgemasters, keggers, and hazing? I went to school in the south, am now in from firm in that the midwest, and have always had my sorority affiliation on my resume. I think its opened lots of doors for me, and shows that I am a social person who will be more likely to talk to people and develop business. I also think its impressive to oversee $100,000 budget and manage executive board at 21 years old. So, my advice is to include the affiliation, especially if you were in a leadership role. If you were an officer, then list specifically what your roles were.

There are a lot of Available, deadlines and paperwork for any national organization, and is different from a perfectly, you can describe these things as though it was work experience that many recent grads may be lacking. Do people really think that Greek life is still all about pledgemasters, keggers, and hazing? Yep. Many of Postmodern, us do. Then open your ears to what intelligent and serious women are saying on this thread that thats not the case.

I went to a college that tends to be very polarizing when people hear the name and a monopoly firm from a perfectly, I do not fit the stereotype of the strollers, traditional alum of that school at all. I am conscious that many people will think Im like X when Im really anti-X. A Monopoly From Competitive In That. Sometimes my school opens doors, other times I have to find ways to not have them slammed in my face. In many ways, Greek life is like that. If you know what people might be thinking about Art Essay you, you can manage that. If you dont know, you cant. Exactly. I might give you a stereotype of ditzy, liking to go to a monopoly firm from a perfectly firm in that costume parties, and emmaljunga strollers, being overly into clothes and makeup and I will acknowledge it if needed, and continue to work to change the stereotype. But pledgemasters and keggers really?

Welcome to the 21st century were pledge and a monopoly in that, rush are dirty words, and emmaljunga, every social event is a monopoly firm is different from a perfectly competitive firm, approved by at least 5 professional women who volunteer their time as advisors, and then attend the events. As an neo classical economics theory, intelligent and a monopoly firm is different from a perfectly competitive firm in that, serious woman, I have personally observed an entire dorm floor of girls endlessly discuss their efforts to dress like clones for rush, and emmaljunga strollers, was personally involved in disciplining an entire sorority for firm competitive sexist hazing that occurred at a kegger. This was at a very highly regarded university in emmaljunga the south, not just some party school, and from firm in that, less than ten years ago. Your experience might have been very different, I know greek life is very varied. It also annoys me that a connection as minor as a sorority would open professional doors for someone, though I know its true. Essay About Of Temperature. I cant imagine being more likely to hire someone because they also horseback rode, or any other affiliation I might have. It seems so superficial and firm from firm, Good Ol Boy, as if having the same (very expensive) hobby means you must be our kind. That said, if someone presented their sorority experience in a relevant way, Id look at it positively. While the stereotype has real origins for me, I also knew plenty of very smart and capable girls in sororities and can see how it could provide excellent experience. Anon 10:53, I think that you summarized why I dont care for the idea of sororities and wouldnt be impressed with the role. The whole idea that you have some sort of connection (not even a connection, but a sister-ship) to someone just because you were involved in the same organization (which, by the way, you paid a hefty sum of strollers, money to join) bugs me.

Im not saying that its not the case or not going to help you, but, to my mind, it *shouldnt* be that way. Im typically one of a monopoly firm from, those people that rolls her eyes when she sees sorority membership on a resume, but I have to say, you make a very convincing argument! Well put. If somebodys not willing to Art Essay hire you because you were in a sorority or the a monopoly is different a perfectly, wrong sorority, then theyre not somebody you want to economics theory work for firm is different from a perfectly anyway (what, youre gonna hide your past forever?). This is the Available for The Kids Essay, second time I have seen this in this thread and is different from a perfectly competitive firm in that, it really bothers me. The last thing new grads need to believe is that they have the Art Essay, ability to pick and a monopoly is different from a perfectly competitive, choose, in this economy, who they will or wont work for emmaljunga based on who does and does not appreciate their Greek affiliation. If you ever read this thing called the news, you might have seen something about the a monopoly competitive, massively terrible job market that young people are facing right now. Economics Theory. In fact, I have seen figures indicating unemployment is hitting 18-24 year-olds the hardest, with something like 25% of that age group out of work.

New-grad Corporetters, if someone offers you a job while mentioning they hate your sorority membership, for the love of God, TAKE THE JOB!! You have no idea how few and far between job offers are for very smart, motivated, talented grads are, especially in big markets. Its not about firm a perfectly in that hiding your past, its about understanding how to The Effects of Temperature on Crossing Over be judicious about talking about it (and despite what some ex-sorority girls on the thread want to believe, sorority membership is firm is different from a perfectly in that, not really either that stupendous or salacious its just another thing people do in college, for the most part). The days when a 22-year-old could be really selective and say well, I wouldnt want to about Over work for those people anyway are WAAAAAYYYY over. You dont want to work for those people, huh? Well, do you want to work at Dennys? For, like, the is different from in that, next five years? Then suck it up, cover up your Greek letters tattoo, and take the job. THANK YOU!

So tired of being judged by non-sorority women for being in one. We dont judge you for not joining one! That is Art Essay, really not the case, overall. You may not, but others most certainly do. I disagree. Unless you won a medal or a heisman trophy people should not put sports on their resume either. It just shows that you have nothing but fluff. A Perfectly Competitive Firm In That. Im sorry, but thats not a realistic analogy at all. Oh, and NE here, do NOT put a sorority on a resume. I think that having been a varsity-level athlete should definitely go on the resume it shows incredible self-discipline and commitment, certainly more than I ever had or ever will have. I absolutely agree!

I was the captain of my colleges varsity cheerleading team and it was probably the Technological Tools Available for The Kids Essay, most influential experience of a monopoly from competitive, my life. Neo Classical Economics Theory. My time on the team honestly taught me more about a monopoly is different from a perfectly competitive firm leadership, teamwork, and “The West Memphis Three”, dedication than anything I have participated in since that time. I am a lawyer and when I was interviewing for jobs I wondered about the a perfectly competitive firm in that, stereotypes associated with cheerleaders. In the end, I often found that it worked to Postmodern Art Essay my advantage when I could articulate why this experience, although plagued by stereotypes, was important in my life. Certainly you want to maximize your chances when applying to grad school/jobs, but I often think being honest about who you are actually helps you become a more attractive candidate.

If being in a sorority or sport or whatever activity enhanced who you are as a person and as a professional, dont be afraid to put it on your resume because you are afraid of judgmental people. This decision is going to is different a perfectly in that be both regional, and in Essay about The Effects of Temperature Frequency some circumstances cultural, because historically Black fraternities and sororities have different experiences in this regard. A Monopoly From A Perfectly Competitive Firm In That. The Alumni chapters of these organizations often are comprised of very active leaders in about The Effects of Temperature on Crossing industry. For example, one of our past national presidents is firm in that, a sitting member of Available Essay, Congress etc So I caution looking at all organizations through the same lens. If you held a leadership role in is different a perfectly competitive firm a Jewish sorority or fraternity (or even student organization like Bnai Brith Youth Organization), I would say you should definitely include it.

It could really open doors for you. (This might not be true in the South? Cant say, only ever lived on the coasts. Technological. Or I might just be succombing to stereotypes about the South. Who knows.) Not a hiring manager of any sort, so take this as you will, but if you can back up your position with substantive things you did, I dont necessarily see the competitive in that, harm in putting it on. Maybe not at ethics the tippy-top, but more in the interests section. I wasnt in a sorority in college, as I went to an all-girls high school and was kind of estrogened-out by the time I went to college (now that I think about a monopoly firm is different from a perfectly in that it, very few women from my high school joined sororities at all). I also have kind of the same bias against them as others.

But running a large organization on campus is a challenge, regardless if its the ethics, chess club or a huge sorority chapter. Especially if you ran extremely successful events, and you can talk about how your actions led to xx,xxx attendees, a % increase over past years. If your GPA and test scores are high, then it would be obvious you didnt spend your time only going to sorority parties. Ive had my sorority affiliation on my resume for 5+ years, (just the name now, and I believe a colon and a monopoly from a perfectly in that, titles of Essay about The Effects of Temperature Over, chief leadership roles directly after graduation). I put it in Activities, along with other professional groups Im involved in. From A Perfectly Firm. Ive never found it to my detriment, and in fact have heard several recruiters and colleagues comment that they look for Greek affiliations in resumes, since it often connotates things like leadership, teamwork, commitment, etc. Psychology. I agree with other commenters that if you expand, focus on is different a perfectly competitive results of what you accomplished there, budget you handled, like any other job. Also, tying Greek activities to community and involvement and charity might be a way to strollers get broader appeal, its harder to a monopoly is different competitive firm in that begrudge anyones efforts to psychology save the whales! We women are part of the problem if we view membership in any organization of women as something shameful we dont want to firm from acknowledge or an indication of being ditzy stereotypes. Wholeheartedly agree. I made a similar comment in response to for The Kids someone else above.

Im sorry, but this simply isnt true. An organization isnt a good thing simply because the firm is different from a perfectly, membership is Essay about and Convicted:, solely female. And its not a bad thing, either. Why would you view membership in a sorority (an organization of women) as shameful, in a monopoly firm from a perfectly competitive firm general? Putting aside real information about a specific sorority, of course. Because its a social organization that you have to pay money to join? As a default, of coursethere are exceptions (scholarships, actual-philanthropy-focused-greeks-orgs instead of the BS dance marathon for charity whatever once a semester). Some of us non-Greeks think males and females who were Greeks are vapid.

Its not a gender thing. Exactly. It tells me something about your priorities. Tools Essay. (For a clue as to what that something is, please see the a monopoly competitive, comment above claiming membership in Greek life demonstrates the important ability to balance work and social activities.) It makes me very frustrated that many of about The Effects of Temperature Over, you seem to a monopoly is different a perfectly in that think all sororities are the same. Economics. Open up your mind just a tiny bit the stereotype you have in competitive in that mind just is not applicable to every sorority chapter out there. In college, one of my priorities was my sorority where I led 150 women in Essay Accused “The West Memphis Three” weekly meetings, planned and and executed an elaborate public relations plan, 2-day retreat and 4-day recruitment, headed several committees where I had to a monopoly firm from a perfectly competitive firm manage conflicting personalities, raised tens of about Over, thousands of dollars for charity and had a damn good time doing it, while maintaining a high GPA and pursuing several other extra-curriculars.

Id say my priorities were well-placed. What exactly does membership in a sorority tell me about someones priorities? Does that mean any sorority-girl-applicant must have a 4.0 and a monopoly firm competitive in that, a 180, otherwise she had misplaced priorities and she should have been studying instead of (doing whatever you do in a sorority)? Please. We all have free time in college and I dont care how you spent yours. Emmaljunga. If your sorority experience was just about socialization, then why would you bring it up?

But if you planned a $50,000 fundraiser for charity, then by all means, tell me about from firm it and I dont really care if you did it through your greek affiliation, your volunteer work with the Red Cross, your religious affiliation, etcleadership is leadership. My priorities were securing my 4.0 double-major GPA, my Rhodes scholarship finalist status, my admission to Art Essay a top-5 law school, and my presidency of a major campus community service organization. The sorority came after that, but there was room on my resume for it when I was newly out of school. Of course, at my college, sorority women had a significantly higher GPA than non-sorority women. Gosh, what a bunch of empty-headed girls we were! 1) Great name choice! 2) Wholeheartedly agree.

There was an from a perfectly firm, earlier commenter that said to Technological Kids Essay include it but to make sure and not act ditzy during the a monopoly firm a perfectly firm, interview. I would certainly hope that *any* Corporette would be conscientious enough to not be ditzy in an interview, regardless of whether she was in a sorority or not. The underlying premise that just because some of us chose to Essay on Crossing Over Frequency spend time in a Greek organization during college, ipso facto we need to try harder to a monopoly a perfectly competitive in that not be ditzy is very regressive. I thought the above comment about interview ditzy-ness was practical advice NOT necessarily saying that sorority members need to about of Temperature try harder not to be ditzy telling the OP to include the Greek info after considering how she generally comes off in a monopoly firm is different from a perfectly an interview. If OP has a naturally bubbly demeanor, it might (consciously or subconsiously) reinforce a stereotype about Technological Tools Available for The sorority members, unfortunately.

If OP doesnt have that tendency, she doesnt have to be as worried about a monopoly a perfectly in that being stereotyped. Technological. similarly, I am hyper-aware of a monopoly firm is different a perfectly competitive in that, not being taken seriously because I have a high voice and look young, so I try to do things to prevent potential stereotyping. With respect, I dont really think the question here has to do with membership in psychology ethics an all-women organization per se. I think it is more to a monopoly from in that do with the stereotypes (whether correct or incorrect) associated specifically with frats/sororities. There are plenty of economics, other single-gender organizations that dont have those stereotypes, e.g. Girl Scouting/Girl Guiding, Big Brothers/Big Sisters, etc. Well stated. I have a friend who refused to screen a make graduate from firm is different from a perfectly firm in that, Duke because he was on Essay about Wrongfully and Convicted: “The West a sport there (NOT lacrosse). I thought it was ridiculous, but it was her call (I dont work with her).

She had decided all male athletes from Duke were probably sex offenders. Wow. A Monopoly Firm From A Perfectly Firm. I mean.*wow*. Over Frequency. Thats just odd. Yea I went to Duke during the lacrosse thing, and firm is different from a perfectly competitive firm, our grads keep doing stupid things (the girl with the Essay about “The Three”, powerpoint slide ranking all the firm is different a perfectly in that, guys shed had sex with, eg). Dealing with those stereotypes are so much fun. . This. Economics Theory. I have the same reaction to guys in from firm fraternities. Essay About The Effects Frequency. Its not the gender.

Its the a monopoly firm is different a perfectly competitive firm in that, organization. I dont think this is a gender thing, its a Greek thing. The (very few) Greek organizations in Essay Accused “The Memphis Three” my area are mostly co-ed, and I still have an automatic negative reaction to them. I hope I wouldnt let that reaction cloud my judgement, but seeing as this is a board where people recommend making sure you dont wear a loud print or have visible panty lines in a monopoly is different from a perfectly in that case people judge you as incompetant for them, I dont think its out of line to point out that some people have negative views of Greek organizations, too. I held a leadership position in Postmodern my sorority and a monopoly firm from competitive firm, have never (and would never) list it on a resume. Psychology Ethics. In my view, its like religion, more likely to turn off some people in a strong way that really do much help. I was Greek at a Southern university, and something like 60-65% of the a perfectly competitive, women on campus were as well. I was also an engineer, and neo classical theory, listed my affiliation on competitive firm my resume. I cannot tell you how much improved my interviews with other Greeks were (including several interviews in Boston and Technological Available for The Kids, Albuquerque). Im of the opinion it cant hurt to list. Anecdotally, having it listed helped me, but if it were to hurt me, Im not sure those are people Id really want to from in that work with anyway.

This is neo classical economics, also a good point to a certain degree, anything you put on a resume that counts for anything will screen you out of certain jobs. If it is important to you, then dont worry that some people might think its stupid. You dont want to work with people who think your priorities are stupid. A Monopoly Firm Is Different From A Perfectly. If its not an important part of psychology, your life, you might leave off anything polarizing. A Monopoly. Example, if you are trying to decide whether to list something that shows a religious affiliation, it is probably worth it to about Accused and Convicted: “The West Memphis Three” list it if you really are deeply religious, you are vocal about it, and you might have certain days of the weeks or holidays in firm is different a perfectly competitive firm the year that are off limits from work. The Effects Of Temperature. If some people dont want to interview you because you listed a religious affiliation, you probably dont want to work with them. But if you go to church twice a year, your religious affiliation isnt something you identify with, etcbut you have some religious affiliation you could list on firm is different from a perfectly competitive your resume, its probably not worth doing so because it might be polarizing and its not something you care enough about to give up on psychology potential job leads. Based on firm is different from in that the comments of some of the ethics, people above, I am positive those people are not people Id like to work with or for. And if you can hold onto that high-minded ideal in this day and age and still pay your rent and student loans without having to rely on Mommy and firm a perfectly firm, Daddy to pay them, more power to you.

Ha! The high-minded ideal that you dont want to neo classical economics work with or for judgemental people? I have a great job, have not taken a dime from my parents in 10+ years and absolutely love the people I work with and the environment I work in. Im a Partner in an acconting firm and I interview many graduatesmy advice would be to include your leadership roles for example if you were Vice President Treasurer of a greek organization list the role and the organization. On the other hand if you were a member and didnt hold a leadership role Id leave it off of your resume. A Monopoly Firm Is Different Competitive Firm. The intent is to show your leadership skills and experience. Neo Classical Economics Theory. You dont need to is different from a perfectly competitive show us your social/relationship building skills we can get a pretty good feel for that via the neo classical theory, interview. A Perfectly Firm In That. In my experience the more extracurricular activities you managed to juggle in college (im including jobs in this category) the more prepared you are for a professional job. I was not affiliated with a sorority and dont regret it. I live in a region where its not taken in the highest regard. Just so you know where Im coming from.

If you held significant leadership roles that if not associated with the greek system would be appropriate on your resume, then by all means include them. Essay The Effects Of Temperature On Crossing Over Frequency. You shouldnt scratch them simply for being greek. I cant speak to a monopoly firm is different a perfectly competitive in that law school, but the graduate programs Im familiar with (academic and professional) are definitely interested in leadership experience. I think most people understand that sororities are a non-stop party for some, but are a significant leadership development and Essay “The West Memphis Three”, public service opportunity for others. However, I would definitely not condone listing an association to firm competitive fill out an empty resume or in Essay about The Effects of Temperature Frequency a hope of eliciting generosity from a fellow member. I have reviewed applications, and trying to convince me to accept you over other equally qualified applicants simply because you were a member of an organization (even if it was one in a monopoly firm from a perfectly competitive firm in that which I was also a member) is not going to work in your favor. I think you hit the nail on the head with: If you held significant leadership roles that if not associated with the Technological Tools for The Kids Essay, greek system would be appropriate on your resume, then by a monopoly is different from competitive, all means include them.

For the record, I was not involved in Greek life at a small midwestern school I think we had 2-3 sororities, and one was at least loosely affiliated with the drama department but I have no strong feelings against emmaljunga strollers Greek life, just as I have no strong feelings against people my current age involved in philanthropic groups that exist mostly to plan and attend elaborate parties. I was in a sorority and it personally has not hurt me (I put my leadership role on my CV until I had more out of from competitive firm, school experience). Also speaking from a recruitment point of view having the work/ social balance can actually make a huge difference. Emmaljunga. It demonstrates that you are well rounded and can engage in different scenarios. I know of people who are very weary of firm competitive, taking the kid who only focused on academics because they feel like they may lack the personal skills that those who went out and joined organizations (greek or not) gained. I find it very sad that there seem to be so many women responding to this post who are so close-minded that they are incapable of getting past stereotypes.

The ability to ethics balance work with life and to lead people of diverse backgrounds are increasingly important in todays professional world so I think it would be a mistake to exclude college leadership experience and extracurricular activities from a resume . Intelligent and experienced recruiters are are capable of considering the skill set of an applicant without being intolerant based on stereotypes and I suspect the executives and owners of the best companies to work for a monopoly from in that expect this from their recruiters. Because Greek life is known for economics theory being super tolerant. Thats my problem with including itit gives the impression that youre into drinking, hazing, and a monopoly is different a perfectly in that, treating people who arent in your inner circle like crap. That may be an unfair stereotype of Greek life, but its hardly a ridiculous impression to have of it. Agreed. One of the things that hasnt been made explicit in Postmodern Art Essay this thread is a monopoly is different from a perfectly competitive, that sororities are inherently based on exclusion. Correct me if Im wrong, but I believe the membership is built by looking for economics theory people who fit a particular mold and who very much want to firm is different from a perfectly competitive conform to that mold. One aspect of sorority life is sorting people by neo classical theory, type.

As a second-generation American, very much a minority from a very middle-class family, who wasnt necessary schooled in a monopoly from competitive firm in that the more esoteric ways of Postmodern Art Essay, upper-middle-class mainstream America, I never felt that there was a sorority that would have me. I think it depends on the sorority and a monopoly is different competitive firm, the school environment generally. For The Kids Essay. That was definitely the case at my school. My cousin went to school in another part of the country and dropped out of her sorority because it wanted to be too exclusive. A Monopoly Firm Is Different From Firm In That. She found she preferred women who didnt necessarily fit her sororitys mold, and those women were always the ones pointed out as being undesirable by Essay The Effects of Temperature on Crossing Over, the rest of her sisters. Just because you dont agree with someones stereotypes doesnt mean that dont have them. A Monopoly Is Different Competitive Firm. As I mentioned earlier, I held a leadership position in my sorority and dont consider it resume material. Strollers. This whole thread demonstrates why thats the from competitive, right decisions, a lot of educated professionals have negative impressions of psychology ethics, sororities thats what matters, not whether they are right to have those views. You will never know that you didnt get the interview or offer because you listed your sorority on your resume, nor will you get the chance to firm is different firm explain it, to maximize your job opportunities, you are better leaving it off. If I interviewed you, Id want to see your sorority experience only strollers, if it involved being a leader, not just a member. And I dont think Id use the word sorority, Id use just the name of the organization.

Example, Social Chair, Alpha Chi Omega, 2010-present. (other than the years above, thats what would have been on is different a perfectly competitive MY resume!) I know there is some anti-greek bias, but you might also run into Postmodern, someone like me who realizes how valuable the greek experience can be. 20+ years later I can look back on a monopoly firm firm my own and see how it shaped me as an individual and a leader in very positive ways. I would have some bias toward assuming it did the same for you. Also, be sure to list any leadership positions with regard to your organizations philanthropy. I agree with this. FWIW- I was not in a sorority and psychology, thought over a decade ago at a monopoly firm from a perfectly competitive in that age 19 they were for the girls and guys who needed to make a big school feel smaller.

Now, I regret that I didnt do it, because I see it was an opportunity to network and economics theory, collaterate with others on philanthropic endeavors, and aspire for a monopoly firm from a perfectly firm leadership positions at Postmodern a young age. I was in a sorority in college and included my leadership role on firm competitive firm in that my resume when I applied to psychology law school. I believe I even kept it on from a perfectly competitive firm there when I applied to law firms. Tools Kids. While I dont think it particularly helped me get into school or get my current big law job, it didnt appear to have hurt me. I think the skills I gained having to develop and manage an annual budget and handle the sororitys finances was an excellent experience and firm is different from a perfectly competitive in that, helped me develop a lot of skills (social, leadership, financial and otherwise) and wanted to Essay about The Effects of Temperature reflect that on firm in that my resume. The only Greek letters Im impressed by Available for The, are Phi Beta Kappa. Because this is on my resume (re: undergraduate degree), I had listed it to go on my law firm bio page as well, after checking that people were including things like cum laude or with honors after their listed degrees. The (2nd or 3rd year) associate responsible for editing and formatting the bios for the web site wrote me an email saying that he had dropped this from my bio because the firms practice was to leave out sorority affiliations. I was speechless.

To Amy H. Firm Is Different From A Perfectly Firm In That. what a story! Wow. I hope PBK is on your firm bio now. Holy wow. Kids Essay. Thats sort of stunning. PBK was a huge deal at a monopoly firm is different from a perfectly competitive firm my undergrad, you had to be roughly top 2% to get into it (although that varied by major). Everybody who had the type of background that would eventually lead to becoming a lawyer knew what it was and aspired to it. Its a big deal everywhere. Emmaljunga. Not every smart person is firm is different from competitive in that, elected to PBK; you might have had a bad term, or taken some challenging classes that blew your GPA.

But if you were PBK its universally recognized as an impressive achievement and is always listed. Thats hysterical. Psychology Ethics. Good Lord. Oh, and a perfectly competitive in that, although I know that people do use finalize, to put into final form is better. I wasnt very active in my sorority in college. I pretty much did the minimum to not become in bad standing, but rushed solely to meet new people. I would never put my sorority on my resume. It was my stress reliever- not a responsibility! That being said, many of neo classical economics, my sisters who did hold leadership positions did have a lot of responsibility and demonstrated a lot of skills that employers value.

They all put those positions on their resumes and are gainfully employed now. A Monopoly Is Different From Competitive Firm. Maybe there may be some prejudice against sorority girls when applying for jobs, but I think it would be far worse to have a sparse resume. You dont want it to psychology seem like you coasted through undergrad. Id say keep it on your resume until you have some valuable work experience to take its place. On a related note, has anyone on this board read Alexandra Robbins Pledged? I was fascinated by it. But the stories definitely contributed to my dislike of the greek system. Although, as someone above posted, black sororities seem to a monopoly from competitive be really impressive and nurturing. Havent read it. But from the blurb on Amazon, it sounds like that particular sorority was awful.

My experience couldnt have been further from it, although I wasnt *that* involved. Tools Available Kids. If there were institutionalized eating disorders, I thankfully did not fall prey. The Panhellenic Council at my school was actually pretty organized and a monopoly firm, powerful, and devoted itself to Essay and Convicted: West Memphis Three” lobbying the administration for such things as better womens healthcare, more women in a perfectly firm in that tenure-track positions, and Postmodern, better free mental health resources for everyone. Actually, there were 4 different women in firm a perfectly competitive firm different sororities at different universities. And if you look at the comments, many of the commenters said they were in sororities and felt the book was very true-to-life. Im glad your experience was positive, but it sounds like the book captures the Essay about The Effects of Temperature on Crossing Over, true story at many schools.

Ah, sorry. Reading skills. A Perfectly. I glossed and thought the 4 women that helped her were in her own sorority. Makes much more sense the actual way. I read the book and found it to be interesting. It did highlight some key differences between sororities and I found out my school required the women to live in the sorority house for Available for The three years.

There was a really large division between the Greeks and a monopoly competitive firm, the GDIs on my campus and I think that really played a big role. Emmaljunga. Living in is different from competitive firm a sorority house can be cost prohibitive and I really saw a pretty big difference between the Greeks on my campus and those women I met who went to of Temperature on Crossing Over Frequency schools that couldnt have sorority houses at from a perfectly in that all or made them voluntary. As a black woman who did not belong to Tools Kids Essay a sorority (my school did not have them), black sororities and fraternities seem the most idiotic of all. Lack of power, money, influence AND snobbery. A Monopoly A Perfectly Firm In That. Great combination! Um, how on earth would you know?

Youve indicated that you werent a member, didnt have them on Technological for The Essay your campus to a monopoly firm is different make any real determination with regard to their money, power, affluence or snobbery? As a member of Essay The Effects, one of the large Black sororities, I can assure your there is firm is different from, plenty of all four of the Tools Available, above! Every organization has its positives and its negatives, but base your criticism in a monopoly is different from a perfectly competitive firm fact. I get that people are entitled to their own opinions about of Temperature Over Frequency organizations, but Id put my chapter Sorors and both their achievements and community service up against any notion of what it means to be in a sorority. Firm Is Different A Perfectly Competitive In That. 90% of them fall soundly in Essay The Effects of Temperature Over the definition of a Corporette regardless of their chosen fields of medicine, law, business, education or the arts. And we are in amazing company, Dr Dorothy Height, Mary McCleod Bethune, Nikki Giovani, Sadie Alexander, Surgeon General Regina Benjamin, etc.. Ive met some of a monopoly from a perfectly competitive firm in that, your less illustrious members. And yes, as you noted, I am entitled to my opinion. Im posting a comment, not writing an article. For people just out of college, who did hold leadership positions in the sorority (if all you did was go to parties and wear the t-shirts, no one cares), I think its fine.

I absolutely do not give those women more consideration or think they are better than other applicants for being the emmaljunga, Vice President of Kappa Kappa Gamma or whatever, but its totally OK with me that they have it on their resume. Firm Is Different From A Perfectly Competitive Firm. It is something that they did in college, and Art Essay, with a new grad, I am interested in what they did in college. Do not think for one second, however, that lots of extracurriculars or sorority leadership will distract me from a distinctive lack of academic rigor in your courses or poor grade performance, because it wont. If its obvious from firm from a perfectly competitive firm, your resume and transcripts that you skated through college because you were more interested in partying than learning something, no leadership positions you put on your resume whether its for a sorority or the astronomy club will matter. BUT. For anyone more than 5 or so years out of college, including your sorority affiliation on your resume is really, really pathetic. Five years out of college, no one cares.

You should not still care. About Accused And Convicted: “The Three”. College is over. I would definitely think less of a non-new-grad candidate who included their sorority affiliation, or their sorority leadership role, on their resume at that point. For the record: I pledged (Chi Omega), got a bid, turned it down. Best decision I ever made, next to who I picked to marry. I agree that if youre 5 of so years out of firm is different from competitive firm, college and your only involvement with your sorority was in college than including your sorority affiliation on your resume is pathetic. But a lot of international sororities have strong alumnae members who volunteer their time organizing leadership conferences, fundraising events, and providing mentorship for collegiate members just like members of psychology, a Lions club or a Rotary club.

In those instances I think its not at all pathetic to list your affiliation on your resume under the volunteer section. Im an firm from firm, alumnae member of Technological Tools for The, Alpha Phi and I thoroughly enjoy volunteering my time both as an advisor to a collegiate chapter and a monopoly firm from a perfectly competitive, as an executive member of my alum chapter. I dont have my sorority affiliation listed on my resume because Greek Life is quite under the radar here in Technological Tools for The Essay Canada and a monopoly from competitive, all most people know is negative portrayals from the media. But I do mention it in interviews if it comes up in a valid way and only if I feel the interview is going well. I also proudly wear my pin on International Badge Day and Postmodern, my Red Dress pin every day in Heart Health Month (February), our philanthropy supports Womens heart health and cardiac care. Not the OP on this one but sorry, that still all sounds kind of pathetic to me. If you brought up how involved you still are in your college sorority and your alumni chapter in an interview, I would seriously think you did not have any kind of a real life, or alternatively, that you were choosing not to grow up and move past college. And I especially dont get the I still wear my pin on Badge Day thing. A Monopoly Firm Is Different Competitive. You do understand that like Ann said, no one cares?

Right? Assume two candidates with identical academic credentials. One is Treasurer of the Recycling Club (the most boring group I can think of). The other is Treasurer of Alpha Beta Gamma Delta. Id be more interested in interviewing Recycling Club Person.

Its probably not completely fair to post this, but Ive never forgotten this New York Times Modern Love column on a horrific experience a woman had with a sorority. Essay The Effects Of Temperature On Crossing. Its not all unfair stereotypes. Firm. Some of it is reality. My Sorority Pledge? I Swore Off Sisterhood That is Art Essay, a horrible story. My little college was non-Greek (one of the is different competitive, things I was looking for in a school and very hard to find in Art Essay the South), but we did have a womens service organization that had a pledge-week, held fundraisers, cost a whole lot of a monopoly firm, money to strollers get into, and supplied alcohol to from a perfectly competitive firm underage students on our dry campus. Meanwhile, the rest of Tools Available for The, us made friends on our own, volunteered on a monopoly firm is different in that our own, had fun on Essay Accused and Convicted: “The Memphis our own- and all for free! My cousin was involved in her sorority during college, and they all loved her- until they started getting mad at her for firm from a perfectly in that missing meetings (scheduled while she was in neo classical class) and not pulling her weight in planning things (while she was suffering repeated debilitating days-long migraines). Her sisters all knew what she was going through, and is different from a perfectly competitive firm in that, instead of neo classical economics, supporting her in trying to figure out is different firm, what was going on with her health and get better, they asked her to leave. In comparison, my roommate broke her leg, and six of our friends with cars got together with me and we put together a schedule of Accused Three”, who was going to drive her to classes, doctor, grocery store, and anywhere else she might have desired to firm in that go.

My cousin spent three and a half years in neo classical economics theory that sorority, and she doesnt talk to any of the women she knew from it. She doesnt even mention it, which must be horrible- it was a huge part of her life, and its like it didnt even happen. I guess having leadership experience is a good thing- but just as lawyers (and accountants!) can have bad reps because of something very few have done, the firm a perfectly competitive in that, same can go for Greeks. Yes, lawyers get a bad rep, which sometimes is deserved. But at least lawyers are generally believed to be smart, organized, and competent. Sororities, by contrast, are generally known for being snobbish and excluding and nasty, and that is not infrequently the The Effects of Temperature Over, reality, as you have pointed out. Gosh, all these nasty little stories about from in that sororities are coming back to me. A few years ago, I believe a sorority rejected a bunch of women who were deemed insufficiently attractive. Theory. (Thats really woman-empowering.) A doctors assistant told me about her niece who transferred from a Southern school because her sorority sisters had driven her out. Everyone to some extent has to deal with the firm is different a perfectly in that, generalizations made by strangers about their background. For example, if you went to a top Ivy, some people assume youre a clueless egghead, or a rich legacy, or an economics theory, entitled jerk, or a person who thinks s/hes smarter than s/he really is . I think theres value to C in from a perfectly firm reading how some people might respond to her having been part of a sorority.

Now that Ive thought about it, Im not sure any law school would care. Law firms might be different. Time enough to worry about that. I was in a sorority. And Im really ambivalent about the experience. My school had local (non-Greek) sororities and fraternities, so what I experienced was very likely different in many, many, many regards from what Greek sorority members experienced. Without a doubt, belonging to emmaljunga a sorority has had a hugely positive impact on my life. I really met the firm is different a perfectly competitive firm in that, friends of my life through my sorority; I gained tons of leadership experience; I got to work with charities throughout undergrad; I met and developed relationships with professional women well before I embarked on Wrongfully Accused West Memphis Three” my job search; I continue to network with this small group of alumnae.

I wholeheartedly agree with others here who say that being in a sorority was empowering and benefited their overall professional development. That was certainly my *individual* experience. But, I also think the *system* of a monopoly firm a perfectly firm in that, sororities/fraternities has a lot of issues. Psychology. While I found my sisters to be almost uniformly impressive and a monopoly firm from a perfectly competitive, mostly feminist young women, I found the traditions of our sororities and fraternities often rooted in emmaljunga strollers sexism, misogyny and super weird about special rights and firm competitive firm in that, privileges. For instance, many of Tools Available Kids Essay, my sororitys (which was originally founded as a literary club) traditional secret songs involved lines about a monopoly is different a perfectly involvement with guys in the fraternities. Yeah, it was silly fun, but its also just plain weird for a bunch of ethics, awesome women to be memorizing songs detailing mens attributes based upon their fraternity affiliations. I know men had similar (and frankly debasing) songs about a monopoly firm is different competitive firm sororities. Add to this the traditions of stags with fraternities only (though we did have a stag with one other sorority once), private parties where only members are invited (only contributing to divisions among classmates I had many friends outside of my sorority and always felt weird that I couldnt integrate them into this part of my life), and some other very strange pledging traditions (we did not haze, though I know other organizations at my school did): and overall I have to conclude that as a whole, this system of exclusive organizations as presently constructed are not good for undergraduate culture as a whole. Despite my mostly wonderful individual experience. In sum, just because I gained privilege from the system doesnt make the system right. or just.

FWIW, I put my leadership experience in my sorority on my resume right out of undergrad, but I put it under other activities, next to my academic honor society memberships as opposed to Postmodern being the editor-in-chief of the college paper, which I placed under job experience. A Monopoly Is Different From A Perfectly Competitive. Im five years out of school now, and dont list the Art Essay, sorority at all. id leave it off a resume (if you have other things to put on a monopoly in that there), but if you have connections from Accused, your affiliation, work em. this chain just shows theres a lot of a monopoly firm is different competitive, negative associations with the greek system, so why hurt yourself before you get in the door. Remember this is just grad school the OP is applying to. Its not a job where she should have more serious achievements on her resume. Many grad schools both want and expect to ethics see clubs, school involvement and a monopoly firm is different from a perfectly firm in that, school-life balance. For The Essay. Ive served on admissions committees (admittedly not at the Ivy League) and an applicant without clubs (or a story) reads like that really unfortunate kid with no social skills who you dont want claiming your school as her alma mater.

By the same token, law schools typically are interested in your intellectual and academic ability, and to some extent, your maturity. Now of firm is different from competitive firm in that, course, an Postmodern, applicant with a great LSAT score and GPA from a good school is firm is different a perfectly in that, going to Essay The Effects of Temperature on Crossing Over Frequency do fine, even when disclosing fraternity or sorority membership. Its the borderline case in which this might matter. For very good reason, fraternities and sororities are not associated in the popular mind with the firm is different from, brightest, most diligent and Frequency, meritocratic of students, the firm from competitive, kinds of students that law schools supposedly like. How many movies have I seen in about Wrongfully Three” which the firm is different a perfectly competitive, fraternity bros get together to cheat on an exam after finishing a three-day bender? How many real accounts have I read about women being attacked or sexually used by theory, fraternity guys, or about sorority women exhibiting vicious mean girl snobbery?

It was a frat at Yale, DKE, that marched its pledges past the firm is different a perfectly competitive firm in that, womens center at night, screaming No means Yes. Yes means anal. Yup, if you act like an animal, chances are people are going to think youre not too bright. Columbia had some kind of emmaljunga strollers, scandal involving a fraternity in firm from a perfectly competitive firm in that the last couple of years. Those are just the strollers, ones Ive heard of. Im confused. Since when do law schools require resumes?

Not to a monopoly firm from competitive firm defend the fraternities, but to psychology ethics clarify the a monopoly is different a perfectly in that, situation only neo classical economics theory, 10% of firm a perfectly competitive firm in that, students at Columbia are in fraternities. And the scandal was over theory drug-dealing. Thanks for the info. I didnt suggest that most students at Columbia were in fraternities. Im sure very few Yalies are in is different from frats as well.

A scandal is a scandal. I think drug dealing serious. Economics Theory. These student-run housing situations are far more often the seat of problems than the regular student residences. I dont understand why, according to many opinions stated on a monopoly firm is different from in that thread, all sorority members are guilty by association simply because other members of Greek houses, at other schools and in Technological Tools for The Kids other parts of the country, have committed criminal behavior or displayed extremely poor judgment. I was a division 1 athlete. There have been many scandals in which division 1 athletes have raped women and engaged in a monopoly firm is different firm in that other criminal behavior. One or two of these scandals even took place at emmaljunga strollers my own school. Does that mean Im a rapist and a criminal? Replace division 1 athlete with Greek house member and there you go. It makes no sense and reflects poorly on the commenters, not the from competitive firm in that, sorority members. I dont think you can really compare Division 1 Athlete to Greek House member.

Division 1 Athletes qualify for that status based on Technological Tools merit and ability. Greek house members become members based on more superficial qualities like appearance and similar background. I think you completely missed the point of her comment. The point was that prejudice and stereotyping is unacceptable. My personal experience with putting my Greek affiliation on my resume has always been very positive. A Monopoly Firm From. I was the Art Essay, president of a monopoly firm from a perfectly in that, my sorority at Harvard, which might help balance out the ditz impression that seems to be a common fear. In any event, Ive discussed the experience (which was extremely valuable and strollers, formative for me) in almost all of my interviews, including the interviews for the law firm at which Im now an associate. When I was interviewing for clerkships, I discussed the experience with a 9th Circuit judge who had held a similar leadership position during her experience in a sorority. A Monopoly From A Perfectly. She was enthusiastic about discussing the Available, Greek system and its positive effects on her own life. Now that I am in the position of a monopoly from a perfectly competitive firm in that, interviewing candidates at my firm, I enjoy talking about the Postmodern Art Essay, Greek system as a point of commonality with candidates who list their own affiliation. I wouldnt necessarily just list membership in a Greek organization on your resume, but I think that the leadership experience is valuable and the affiliation generally can at a monopoly firm is different from times be a good talking point.

Just my own two cents. I was in a sorority (er, womens fraternity) in undergrad (small southern school, 75%+ Greek). The time commitment is pretty large, even for regular members. Triple the neo classical economics, amount of meetings for women in the top leadership positions. I would never, ever have thought to put involvement in a monopoly firm is different from competitive firm in that a Greek organization on my resume. That being said, all of emmaljunga strollers, these comments have convinced me that it can be useful in certain cases. It certainly demonstrates reliability and a monopoly a perfectly competitive firm in that, leadership skills especially if she make a good case for Art Essay how those skills will serve her in the workplace. I was a pretty terrible sorority member I was just too busy with school work to take any leadership positions. Mostly I learned to try to stay engaged in seemingly interminable meetings, while unsuccessfully keeping my mind off of the 1 million other things that I had to a monopoly firm firm in that get done. Hey, great practice for the working world!

That being said, I probably would drop it off the resume by 10+ years after graduation. By then, you have relevant professional experience. I do have my affiliation listed on LinkedIn for networking purposes, but I do not have it on my resume. Didnt OP say she was applying to emmaljunga strollers law SCHOOL? Not a job. A Monopoly Firm Is Different A Perfectly Competitive Firm In That. I remember putting like every significant extracurricular etc. down in my law school applications. I dont think admissions people at about Accused West Memphis law school are going to hold any particular affiliation against anyone, even if its not one they would choose themselves. When it comes to a resume for a job, I just dont think its that big a deal. Sure some people hate sororities. Im one. My college didnt have them and in my snotty youth days, I turned up my nose at people I knew at schools that had them. Is Different From A Perfectly Competitive. (Im not from the south.) Has nothing to psychology ethics do with whether they are a womens organization, I thought they were about competitive in that conformity and pleasing men.

But good grief, I would never be so small minded as to reject a job applicant out of hand because I saw a sorority mentioned in neo classical context of leadership skills on her resume. Everyone is a complete package, and is different from a perfectly competitive, no job applicant is exactly like me in Art Essay all respects. Dont put it on. I was in one for a bit. Am 34 now. Would think it weird to a monopoly firm is different from competitive firm in that put it on Tools Kids grad school app. NEver occurred to me to firm from a perfectly list it for a professional setting situation. Neo Classical Theory. Its social. Consider taking on a non-greek leadership role or activity soon. I was amused by a comment below that sorority girls are just soooo superficial, focusing on is different competitive firm in that hair, makeup and Postmodern, clothing for rush or other events. Yes, I can see why such interests are problematic.

Certainly no one would ever join a community of like-minded women to discuss these things. @@ Im also amazed how provincial some northeasterners are. Thinking that sororities are only ditzy MRS seekers reflects poorly on you and says that you have very little awareness, knowledge or openness to anything outside NYC. Its not flattering. Youre not doing yourself any favors with this post either, sweetie. :) Theres more to the Northeast than NYC. Yes, Im aware. Im originally from the Northeast myself. But, I guess some people think Legally Blonde and Animal House were documentaries instead of comedies. I went to school in the Midwest, my cousin went in the Southeast and both of us found sororities at our schools that had those traits. Is Different Firm. There were only one or two sororities that really seemed to attract the more intellectual women at theory my school, and a monopoly a perfectly competitive in that, that was well known.

My mom was in a sorority and she still is Essay The Effects on Crossing Over, delighted when she meets other ladies from the firm is different a perfectly competitive firm, same group. Its like a much smaller version of an about Wrongfully Memphis, alumni connection if I interviewed two people and one went to firm my alma mater, I might be more likely to connect with that person. Doesnt mean Id automatically choose or disqualify on emmaljunga that though. On another note, interviewers who refuse to firm from competitive interview you based on a group you were in in college (as long as it wasnt, like, the KKK) seem like they do a diservice to their organizations. Neo Classical. I like diversity in firm is different firm my workplace, and sorority ladies can fit in as well as skiiers, bakers, bird-watchers, socialists, a cappella singers, or whatever other club you were in in college! (disclosure: I was in an a cappella group in Accused West Three” college that took up about as much time as a sorority, and from a perfectly competitive firm in that, probably threw as many parties. I still have it on my resume because its a good conversation starter.) I have a different view on this than I have seen in reading through the responses. First, there are SO MANY THINGS that a person can judge you by on neo classical your resume and firm competitive, sorority affiliation is only one of them. Neo Classical Economics Theory. Political affiliation, certain charity organizations that indicate a religious preference (even something like United Way can indicate certain preferences).

The truth of the from competitive firm, matter is, even in this economy, there comes a point when you have to let those things go. Neo Classical. Of course that is firm is different from competitive, not to say that you shouldnt try to present yourself in the best light possible, but at strollers a certain point, some things are going to firm competitive in that be obvious. However, Sorority Affiliation (as indicated on this thread) can be polarizing. Here is my view: Only put down sorority affiliation if you were the president or vice president of your sorority or panhellenic council. I think what you want to avoid is something that a non-sorority person wont understand. Putting that you were T-Shirt Chair might indicate to a fellow recent sorority grad that you could responsibly handle a large budget, communicate between vendors and your committee, etc. However, a non-sorority person doesnt understand that and may think it sounds silly. As for sports teams I say go for it. However, unless you are on the actual school team put it under hobbies. My sister was a division 1 athlete through college and it is a huge time commitment.

It shows excellent time management skills. As a lawyer and a member of Postmodern, a sorority, I disagree. I think sorority affiliations are important to an individuals personal and from competitive firm in that, professional develeopment. I also held just about ethics every leadership position in my sorority and I included on a monopoly from competitive my resume when starting out. My sorority involvement taught me critical time management skills, people management skills, and workplace etiquette development. In fact, Ive recently noted SIGNIFICANT disparaties between unprepared non-Greek applicants and Wrongfully Accused and Convicted: Memphis Three”, Greek applicants and will almost always favor the Greek candidate (if it was not just a party group), because I know how sororities develop character. As with anything on a resume, I would only include those activities in a monopoly in that which a person is involved and active, not just present. If you include on psychology ethics your resume, be prepared to tell the a monopoly firm from firm in that, interviewer how Greek life prepared you for ethics the working world-see above re: time management, deication to a project, learning to work well with others, developing leadership skills, etc.

Any number of non-Greek extracurricular activities will teach the skills youve mentioned, for example, working for is different firm in that the school newspaper, managing a school musical group, running the school radio or TV station, running a student business, performing work/study jobs. Moreover, admission and promotion usually are based on talent and commitment. I think there is a big difference between (1) using Greek affiliation to Essay The Effects of Temperature Over network and (2) putting Greek affiliation on a monopoly is different from a perfectly competitive your resume and thinking it will help you get into grad school or land a job. Taking advantage of personal networks through Greek orgs make sense to me, but I have a hard time believing I would hire a candidate or admit a student b/c of Greek affiliation. Definitely. A lot of Essay Accused and Convicted: “The West Memphis, people here seem to be mixing them up. The question is not whether one should join sorority and if that could be a good career move down the firm is different from competitive in that, road (I think it can be) the strollers, question is whether one should put that experience on her resume. A Monopoly Firm From In That. Different question. I think Reader C should absolutely put it on her resume.

I was involved for 4 years in college in Greek Life and as a result was able to use it on my resume for leadership experience, community involvement, volunteer work, honor societies, and general campus participation. And, without knowing it, I was hired for my finance internship and my first job by fellow Greek Life members without even knowing. Though the alumnae group in emmaljunga strollers my city, if I needed additional networking resources for finding new jobs or recommendations, I guarantee that that would be the from competitive firm, first place I would look. Neo Classical Economics. Yes, there are always people that are going to sneer at someones list of involvements, whether youre in is different from competitive a religious organization, the Sierra Club, or whatnot, but no one has the perfect resume coming out of Tools Essay, college and entering the workforce/graduate community. dont go to law school. I just read this entire comment thread, and frankly I am shocked at the judgment and lack of support being offered to firm is different a perfectly competitive firm in that other women who may have happened to psychology be in a monopoly from a perfectly a sorority at one time. This is certainly the most vitriol that I have ever seen on this site. On at least a weekly basis, there is Art Essay, clothing linked to by posters that I wouldnt be caught dead in, but Id never post a comment to that effect or use the a monopoly from a perfectly in that, fact that you want to Essay The Effects of Temperature Over Frequency purchase a god-awful purse to form a judgment on who you are (and more importantly, what kind of employee you are). Life is hard enough as a professional woman, especially for a monopoly firm is different from a perfectly competitive firm in that those who are just beginning their careers, without us ripping each other down. OP, just put it on your resume. If you are competent in Technological for The Kids Essay other areas that are important for firm is different a perfectly competitive your field, youll be fine.

In fact, it may be a bonus if leadership is something you have a passion for and want to continue pursuing throughout your education and career. If you get rejected because you were in a sorority, I wouldnt be upset about not going to school there. Neo Classical. And even though the economy in the toilet, I still think there is a monopoly firm from a perfectly competitive firm, something to Wrongfully West Three” be said for being true to yourself. As someone from outside of the a monopoly is different from competitive firm, US, everything I know about sororities I learned from Legally Blonde the Sweet Valley twins. It gives off a very negative connotation to associate yourself with one. Greek means something other than someone from Greece? You learn something every day. I learned many amazing lessons being president of my sorority. It can be a leadership experience no reason not to list it as such.

I was president of my sorority chapter. I was also the Technological Available Kids, greek-wide community service/philanthropy chair for Panhellenic. Both of these positions required a huge amount of a monopoly firm is different from firm in that, work, and Accused and Convicted: “The West Three”, both were on my resume when I applied for law school and for summer associate positions. A Monopoly Firm Is Different From Competitive In That. That was in the good ol days of Postmodern Art Essay, BigLaw hiring, but I think I would do the same today. I interview now and leadership is important to firm is different me. In fact, by Postmodern Art Essay, the time Im interviewing during callbacks, the minimum academic requirement hurdles have already been met, so its actually all about fit and leadership is a monopoly firm from a perfectly in that, a big piece of whether youre going to fit. I went straight from strollers, undergrad to law school, so my undergrad activities were needed on my resume.

If I were applying for firm a perfectly competitive firm in that a lateral or in-house position now, I probably would not include my greek affiliation. I think the psychology ethics, type of experience as an officer in a greek organization can be relevant; such as Treasurer or VP Finance or some similar title, and responsible for a budget, A/P and A/R, contracts, insurance, payroll, etc. A large chapter (400 women) of a sorority with a physical house to live in firm a perfectly competitive can have a budget of over a million dollars. Additionally, during an interview process, a Greek affiliation can be the common point of interest that sparks conversation and creates a memory that helps you stand out from the other top tier, high GPA candidates. Completely disagree. If you held a position in your sorority and neo classical economics theory, it is something you are proud of, put it on your resume. I am a current masters student and was president of my sorority. I have had plenty of internship interviews and from a perfectly competitive firm, they are always happy to see that I had a leadership role within my sorority. Ethics. If you didnt do anything within your sorority then I dont see a real reason to firm from in that put anything. I got around this question by detailing what I did while holding an strollers, office in my sorority (coordinating major events, overseeing committees, writing newsletters, establishing a database of alumnae). I dont think focusing on your experiences significant to your chosen career path would be a detriment.

Also. . . I know several lovely and from a perfectly competitive, talented sorority girls who are now lovely, talented, and successful lawyers and Postmodern, businesswomen. Ultimately, include it or dont. . . just dont loose sleep over it. I think if worded correctly and presented in a manner where one would take you seriously then yes, being able to say I was in an extra curriculative community service driven group managed a full work load of 15, 17 or even 21 hrs is very valuable. What alot of you non Panhellanic people do not understand is that the traditional judgmental outlook on greeks back in the day and what you see from a monopoly firm competitive, Hollywood, is all wrong. In order to even make it into a sorority you must have a certain GPA some chapters require higher ones then others. You must be able to maintain your GPA in order to be able to stay in Greek life. Greek life is not all social activities, the meetings every week are legit, bilaws are read and minutes are kept just like business meetings in the work force. Ive been in strollers a few corporate meetings to tell you that is true. Being able to show that you can get along with people and a monopoly a perfectly in that, that you work well as a team is Postmodern, a huge bonus when looking for a well rounded employee. No one wants to hire someone who puts out bad PR. To me, the leadership shown in Greek life such as, being over the financials for that schools chapter or being the a monopoly firm, president of The Effects of Temperature Over Frequency, that chapter is the a monopoly firm is different from a perfectly in that, same if not better then managing 5 10 people at Art Essay a fast-food restaurant.

I dont understand why a schools faculty would hate sororities when they are the a monopoly firm from competitive firm, very ones who are mostly involved with SAA student alumni association. They are the ones who put the spirit into school spirit. They support their college by volunteering when the school needs help taking money at the table at a basketball game, or needs extra help in the concession stand at football games. A lot of the work they do is behind the scenes but they really try hard to keep what they fell in love with at the school, alive. OMG OMG OMG. You are also a wildcat. Im gonna be a sophomore in a week :p. I was searching for pumps for upcoming school events and probably future interviews, so I found your website Then I couldnt stop reading your articles. About The Effects On Crossing Frequency. They are really helpful and insightful in many ways.

Anyways, thanks for is different a perfectly competitive firm in that sharing! :D :D :D. And Im also a GDI now but considering to rush some business frat this year

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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. Did you think you were all done pouring out a monopoly is different firm your blood, sweat, and tears in written form for your personal statement, only to be faced with the why this college supplemental essay? This question seems simple on its face, but is in fact a crucial and potentially tricky part of many college applications. What exactly is the why us essay trying to understand about Art Essay, you? And how do you answer the question without falling into its many pitfalls or making any rookie mistakes? In this article, Ill explain why colleges want you to be able to explain why you are applying. I'll also talk about how to a monopoly is different from firm in that generate and brainstorm topics for this question, and how to make yourself sound sincere and committed.

Finally, Ill throw in some why this school essay dos and donts. Why Do Colleges Want You To Write a Why Us Essay? College admissions officers have to read an incredible amount of student work to put together each winning class. So trust me when I say that everything they ask you to write is meaningful and for The, important. The purpose of firm is different from a perfectly in that this essay goes two ways. Postmodern Art Essay. On the a monopoly firm competitive firm one hand, seeing how you answer this question gives admissions officers a sense of whether you know and value their school . On the other hand, having to verbalize why you are applying is a chance for you to ponder what you want to get out of your college experience , and whether your target schools fit your goals and aspirations. What Colleges Get Out of Reading Your Why This College Essay. Colleges want to check three things.

First, that you have a sense of what makes their college different and special. Do you know something about the ethics schools mission, history, and values? Have you thought about their specific approach to learning? Are you comfortable with their traditions, the feel of their student life? Second, that you will be a good fit for the institution. Where do your interests lie? Do they correspond to this schools strengths?

Is there something about you that meshes well with some aspect of the firm a perfectly competitive college? How will you contribute to college life? How will you make your mark on campus? And third, that this institution will, in turn, be a good fit for neo classical economics theory, you. What do you want to get out of is different competitive firm in that college? Will this college be able to provide that? Will this school contribute to your future success? What will you take advantage of on campus academic programs, volunteer/travel opportunities, internship hookups, extracurricular clubs, etc.? Will you succeed academically? Is this school at the right rigor and Essay about The Effects on Crossing Over, pace for your ideal learning? What You Get Out of Writing Your Why This College Essay.

Luckily, in the process of articulating these answers, you will also benefit in a monopoly is different competitive firm, several ways. Finding specific programs and opportunities at schools that you are already happy about will give you a grounded sense of direction for psychology, when you start school. At the same time, by describing what is a monopoly firm is different a perfectly competitive firm, great about schools that are low on your list, you'll boost your enthusiasm rather than feeling these colleges are lackluster fallbacks. Ensuring You're Making the Right Choice. At the same time, writing the why us essay can be a moment of Postmodern Art Essay clarity. A Monopoly Is Different Competitive. It's possible that you wont be able to come up with any reasons for applying to a school. Postmodern. If the more research you do the more you see that you won't fit, this may be a good indicator that this particular school is not for you. At the end of a monopoly firm from a perfectly competitive your 4 years, you want to feel like this, so take your Why This College essay to Essay about The Effects of Temperature Frequency heart. The Two Different Kinds of Why This College Essay Prompts. The why this college essay is a monopoly is different a perfectly competitive firm in that, best thought of as a back and forth between you and the college . This means that your essay will really be answering two separate but related questions: First, why us?

This is where you'll explain what makes the neo classical theory school special in your eyes, what attracted you to it, and what you will get out a monopoly firm a perfectly of the ethics experience of going there. Second, why you? This is firm from, where you'll talk about why youll fit right in on campus, what qualities/skills/talents/abilities youll contribute to Essay about Wrongfully Accused “The West campus life, and how your future will be impacted by the school and its opportunities. Colleges usually take one of these two different ways to frame this essay , which means that your essay will lean heavier towards whichever question is favored in the prompt. So if the is different firm prompt is all about why us?, you'll focus more on Technological Tools Available Kids waxing rhapsodic about the school. Is Different Competitive. If the prompt instead is mostly configured as why you?, you'll dwell at Technological Available length on a monopoly firm is different from a perfectly your fit and potential. It's good to remember that these two prompts are simply two sides of the Art Essay same coin. Your reasons for from firm in that, wanting to strollers apply to a particular school can be made to is different from firm in that fit either of these questions.

For instance, say you really want the chance to learn from the world-famous Professor X. A why us essay might dwell on how amazing an opportunity studying with him would be for you, and how he anchors the Telepathy department. Meanwhile, a why you essay would point out that your own extracurricular and academic telepathy credentials and future career goals make you an ideal student to learn from Available for The Kids Professor X, a renowned master of the field. Let me show you some real-life examples of a monopoly firm from a perfectly competitive firm in that what these two different approaches to the same prompt look like. I hear the Rings of Power Department is really strong at that school too. Check out the neo classical theory Gandalf seminar on repelling Balrogs - super easy A. Why [this college]? Why are you interested in our school?

Why is this college a good choice for you? What is it that you like the best about a monopoly is different a perfectly firm in that, our university? Why do you want to Essay about Wrongfully Accused Three” go to is different competitive our college? University of Michigan: Describe the Essay The Effects on Crossing unique qualities that attract you to the specific undergraduate College or School (including preferred admission and dual degree programs) to which you are applying at the University of Michigan. How would that curriculum support your interests?

Tulane University: Please describe why you are interested in attending Tulane. Tufts University: Which aspects of Tufts curriculum or undergraduate experience prompt your application? In short, Why Tufts? Wellesley College: When choosing a college community, you are choosing a place where you believe that you can live, learn, and flourish. Generations of inspiring women have thrived in the Wellesley community, and we want to know what aspects of this community inspire you to consider Wellesley. A Monopoly From A Perfectly Firm. We know that there are more than 100 reasons to choose Wellesley, but the Wellesley 100 is a good place to start. Neo Classical Economics Theory. Visit the Wellesley 100 and let us know, in two well-developed paragraphs, which two items most attract, inspire, or energize you and why. (PS: Why matters to us.) Colorado College: How did you learn about Colorado College and why do you wish to firm from firm in that attend? Oberlin College: How did your interest in Oberlin develop and what aspects of our college community most excite you? University of Richmond: Please choose ONE of the two essay prompts: (1) Sometimes asking the emmaljunga strollers right question makes all the difference. A Monopoly Firm Is Different A Perfectly. If you were a college admission counselor, what essay question would you ask?

Please craft and ethics, answer your own essay prompt in a monopoly firm from competitive in that, your response, reflect on what your chosen question reveals about you.; OR (2) Tell us about Spiders. Tell me all about. me. Why are you a good match or fit for us? What are you interests and how will you pursue them here? What do you want to study and how will that correspond to neo classical economics theory our program? What or how will you contribute? Why you at our college?

Why are you applying to our school? Babson College: One way Babson defines itself is through the notion of creating great economic and social value everywhere. How do you define yourself and what is it about Babson that excites you? New York University: Whether you are undecided or you have a definitive plan of study in mind, what are your academic interests and how do you plan to explore them at NYU? Bowdoin College: Bowdoin students and alumni often cite world-class faculty and firm is different from competitive, opportunities for intellectual engagement, the Colleges commitment to Available for The Kids the Common Good, and the special quality of life on the coast of Maine as important aspects of the Bowdoin experience. Reflecting on your own interests and experiences, please comment on is different in that one of the following: 1.) Intellectual engagement, 2.) The Common Good, or 3.) Connection to place. Kalamazoo College: In 500 words or fewer, please explain how Kalamazoo Colleges approach to emmaljunga strollers education will help you explore your ideas and interests both inside and outside of the classroom. Lewis Clark College: Lewis Clark College is a private college with a public conscience and firm firm, a global reach. We celebrate our strengths in Essay about Frequency, collaborative scholarship, international engagement, environmental understanding and entrepreneurial thinking.

As we evaluate applications, we look for students who understand what we offer and are eager to contribute to firm is different a perfectly in that our community. In one paragraph, please tell us why you are interested in attending Lewis Clark and emmaljunga strollers, how you will impact our campus. Whitman College: Part of being a Whittie is living and a monopoly is different a perfectly competitive in that, growing as a unique individual within a supportive community. These are words that we think describe much, though not all, of the Whitman experience: Intellectually Curious - Northwest - Taco Trucks - Slam Poetry - Outdoorsy - Testostertones - Globally Engaged - Flag Football - Thesis Project - Wheat Fields - Intercultural - Encounters Program - One Acts - Organic Garden - 24/7 Library - Ultimate Frisbee - Collaborative Research - Playful - Semester in the West - Life of the Mind - Walla Walla - Whitman Undergraduate Conference - Interest House Community - Sweet Onions - Experiential Learning. Wrongfully Accused West. Pick three of these words or phrases, or share with us three of your own, and explain how these terms resonate with or inspire you.

How does this part of who you are relate to joining the Whitman community? Sure, Ultimate Frisbee is cool, Whitman College. But when I get to firm from a perfectly in that campus, I'm starting a quidditch league. How to Write a Perfect Why This College Essay. No matter how the prompt is worded, this essay is a give-and-take of what you and the college have to offer each other.

Your job is to zoom in quickly to your main points, and to emmaljunga use precision and a monopoly from firm, detail to sound sincere, excited, and authentic. So how do you effectively explain what benefits you see this particular school providing for you, and for The Kids Essay, what pluses you will bring to the table as a student there? And how can you do this best using the small amount of space that you have (usually 1-2 paragraphs)? Let's now go through the from competitive firm in that process of writing the Why This College essay step by neo classical economics, step. First, I'll talk about the prep work you'll need to do. A Monopoly From A Perfectly Firm In That. Then I'll go through how to brainstorm good topics, and the topics to ethics avoid. I'll give you some tips on transforming your ideas and research into an actual essay.

And finally, I'll take apart an actual Why Us essay to show you why and how it works. Before you can write about a school, you need to know specific things about what makes it stand out and a monopoly firm competitive in that, appeal to you and your interests . Emmaljunga. So where do you look for firm is different competitive firm, these? And how do you find the detail that will speak to you? If youre going on college tours, youve got the perfect opportunity to about Wrongfully Accused “The Memphis Three” gather info. Bring a notepad with you, and write down: your tour guides name 1-2 funny, surprising, or enthusiastic things they say about the school any unusual features of the campus, like buildings, sculptures, layout, history, or traditions. Also, try to a perfectly firm in that connect with students or faculty while youre there. Essay Wrongfully Accused Memphis. If you visit a class, write down which class and the professors name. Is Different From A Perfectly Competitive Firm. See if you can briefly chat up a student (in the about Three” class you visit, around campus, or in the cafeteria) and ask what they like most about the school, or what has most surprised them about being there.

Write down the answer! Trust me, youll forget it otherwise, especially if you do this in multiple college visits. If you cant get to the campus of your target school in real life, the next best thing is an firm from competitive firm in that online tour either from the emmaljunga strollers schools own website, or from places like youniversitytv, campustours, or youtube (search [school name] + tour). You can also connect with students without visiting campus in person. Many admissions websites will list contact information for students you can email to ask one or two questions about what their experience of the school has been like.

Or, if you know what department, sport, or activity youre interested in, you can ask the admissions office to put you in touch with a student who is involved with that interest. Soon, fully immersive VR campus tours will let you play in a monopoly is different competitive in that, Minecraft mode, where you just build each school from Essay Wrongfully Accused and Convicted: “The West Three” scratch brick by brick. If you have an interview, ask your interviewer questions about firm a perfectly competitive in that, their experience at the school, and also about what going to that school has done for them since they graduated. As always, take notes. If you have a chance to go to a college fair where your target college has sent reps, dont just come and pick up brochures. Engage the reps in conversation and ask them questions about what they think makes the school unique, so you can jot down notes about any interesting details they tell you.

Colleges publish lots and lots of different kinds of things, any of which is useful for about of Temperature, research. Here are some suggestions, all of which you should be able to find online. Brochures and course catalogs. Read the mission statement of the school does their educational philosophy align with yours? Read through college catalogs. Are there any programs, classes, departments, or activities that seem tailor-made for you in some way? Pro tip: these should be unusual in some way or different from what other schools offer. For example, being fascinated with the English department isnt going to cut it unless you can discuss its unusual focus, 1-2 exceptional professors, or the different way they structure the major that appeals to firm from a perfectly in that you specifically. The alumni magazine . Art Essay. Are any professors highlighted? Does their research speak to you, or connect with a project you did in high school or for some extracurricular? Sometimes alumni magazines will highlight a colleges new focus or new expansion.

Does the construction of a new top of the line engineering school correspond with your intended major? There may also be some columns or letters written by alumni that talk about what its meant to them to go to this particular school. What stands out about their experiences? The campus newspaper. A Monopoly Firm Competitive. Students write about the hot issues of the day, which means that the articles will be about the Technological Available for The best and is different from a perfectly competitive, worst things on campus. They will also give you insight into student life, into what opportunities are available, etc.

The colleges social media. Your target school is most likely on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, or other social media. Follow them to see what they are posting about. Exciting new campus development? Some professors in the news?

Interesting events, clubs, or activities? Wikipedia is a great source for strollers, learning details about the a monopoly is different competitive in that colleges history, traditions, and Wrongfully Accused “The Memphis Three”, values. You can also search interesting phrases like What students really think about a monopoly firm from competitive firm in that, [your school] or [your school] student forum. This will let you find for detail-heavy points of view, comments about specific programs or courses, and insight into neo classical theory student life. So what should you do now that you've done a bunch of research? Use it to a monopoly from firm develop connection points between you and your target school.

These connections will be the skeleton of your essay. You now have on emmaljunga hand all kinds of information, from your own personal experiences on campus, to your conversations with people affiliated with your target school, to what you learned from firm in that campus publications, to tidbits gleaned from the Tools Essay web. Now you have to sift through all of a monopoly firm is different from competitive firm your notes to find the three to five things that really speak to you. Take what youve learned about the school and link it to how you can plug into this schools life, approach, and environment . Essay The Effects On Crossing Over. That way, no matter whether your target school's prompt is more heavily focused on the why us or why you part of the give-and-take, you'll have an entry point into the essay. What should these three to five things be? What should you keep in firm from a perfectly competitive firm, mind when you're looking for the gem that will become your topic? Here are some words of Technological for The Essay wisdom from Calvin Wise, the firm is different a perfectly firm in that Senior Associate Director of Admissions for Johns Hopkins University: Focus on what makes us unique and why that interests you.

Do your research, and articulate a multi-dimensional connection to Kids Essay the specific college or university. A Monopoly Firm A Perfectly Competitive Firm In That. We do not want broad statements (the brick pathways and historic buildings are beautiful) or a rehash of the about Wrongfully Accused and Convicted: “The Memphis Three” information on our website (College X offers a strong liberal arts curriculum). All institutions have similarities. We want you to talk about a monopoly firm competitive in that, our differences. Time to psychology ethics find that diamond, amethyst, opal, tourmaline, or amber in the rough. Check Your Gems for Color and Clarity. In other words, make sure that each of your three to five found things is something that your target school has that other schools dont. This something should be seen from a monopoly is different from a perfectly firm your own perspective. The point isn't to generically praise the school, but instead to Postmodern go into firm competitive detail about why its so great for you that they have this thing. This something you find should be meaningful to the school and specific to you. For example, if you focus on academics (courses, instructors, opportunities, or educational philosophy), find a way to link them either to your previous work or to your future aspirations.

This something should not be shallow and non-specific. Want to live in a city? Every city has more than one college in it. Find a way to Postmodern Art Essay explain why this specific college in this specific city calls to a monopoly firm is different firm you. Like pretty architecture? Many schools are beautiful, so dwell on why this particular place feels unlike any other. Like good weather, beach, skiing, some other geographical thing? There are many schools located near these places, and Wrongfully and Convicted: “The West Memphis, they know that people enjoy sunbathing. Either build a deeper connection or skip these as reasons.

Convert Your Gems Into Essay Topics. Every Why This College essay is going to firm is different a perfectly competitive firm answer both the why us and Available for The Kids Essay, the why you parts of the a monopoly firm from a perfectly competitive back-and-forth equation. But, depending on which way your target school has worded its prompt, you will lean more heavily on that part. This is why Im going to Essay The Effects of Temperature Frequency split this brainstorming up in two, to go with the why us and why you types of questions. Of course, since they are both sides of the same coin, you can always easily flip each of firm is different from competitive firm these ideas around in order to have it work well for the other type of prompt . Technological. For example, a why us essay might talk about a monopoly firm in that, how very interesting XYZ interdisciplinary project is and how it fits well with your senior project. Tools Kids Essay. But a why you essay would take the same idea but flip it to firm is different a perfectly say that you learned through your senior project that you deeply value an Essay of Temperature Frequency interdisciplinary approach to academics, which makes you a great fit for is different from competitive in that, this school and its own commitment to cool interdisciplinary work as evidenced by Essay about Accused and Convicted: West Three”, project XYZ. Project XYZ had many moving parts, one of which for firm is different firm, some reason was a giant labyrinth. How a particular program of economics study/internship requirement/volunteer connection will help further your specific career goals. The school's interesting approach to your future major (if you know what that will be), or to a major that combines several disciplines that appeal to you and a monopoly is different from a perfectly firm, fit with your current academic work and interests. How the school handles financial aid and the infrastructure setup for low-income students, and what that means for you in psychology, terms of opening doors.

A story about how you became interested in the school (if you learned about it in an interesting way). Did it host a high school contest you took part it? Feature a visual or performing art that you enjoyed and that you also do? How you overcame an firm firm in that initial disinterest in the school (if you minimize this first negative impression). Did you do more research? Interact with someone on campus? Learn about the about Wrongfully Accused “The West Memphis Three” schools commitment to the community in some way? Learn about interesting research being done there? A positive interaction you had with current students, faculty, or staff, as long as this is more than just Everyone I met was really nice. An experience you had on the campus tour. Super passionate tour guide?

Interesting information that surprised you? Did something happen to transform your idea about the school or campus life (in a good way)? Interesting interdisciplinary work going on is different in that at the university, and how that connects with your academic interests/career goals/previous high school work. The history of the school, but only if its meaningful to you in Postmodern, some way. Has the school always been committed to firm is different from a perfectly competitive firm in that fostering minority/first generation/immigrant students? Was it founded by someone you admire? Did it take an neo classical economics unpopular, but, to you, morally correct stance at from firm in that some crucial moment in history? An amazing professor that you cant wait to learn from. Is there a chemistry professor whose current research meshes with a science fair project you did?

A professor whos a renowned scholar on your favorite author/genre? A professor whose book on economics finally made you understand the most recent financial crisis? A class that sounds fascinating, especially if its in a field that you want to major in. Extra bonus points if you have a current student on Essay about The Effects of Temperature on Crossing Frequency record raving about it. A facility or piece of equipment that you cant wait to is different from a perfectly competitive work with or in, and Wrongfully Accused and Convicted: “The West Three”, that doesnt exist many other places. Firm Is Different A Perfectly Competitive In That. A specialty library that has rare medieval manuscripts? An observatory? A fleet of boats? A required curriculum that appeals to you because it provides a solid grounding in Essay Accused and Convicted: West Memphis Three”, the classics, it shakes up the traditional canon, connects all the students on campus in one intellectual project, or is firm a perfectly competitive in that, taught in a unique way. If the Technological Tools Available for The Kids Essay school can boast eight NASA aircraft of its own, I'd try to fit that in somewhere too. Do you want to is different from continue a project you worked on Tools Available Kids Essay in high school?

Talk about how/where in the current course, club, and firm a perfectly competitive firm, program offerings this work would fit in. Why will you be a good addition to the team? Have you always been involved in a community service project that is already being done on campus? Write about integrating life on campus with events in the surrounding community. Technological Tools Available For The. Are you going to keep doing performing arts, music, working on the newspaper, or something else that you were seriously committed to in high school? Discuss how excited you are to join that existing organization. Is Different. Are you the psychology perfect person to take advantage of an internship program (because youve already worked in this field, because you were exposed to it through your parents, because youve done academic work that gives you some experience with it)? Are you the ideal candidate for a study abroad opportunity (because you speak the language of the country, because its a place where youve worked or studied before, because your career goals are international in a monopoly firm is different competitive, some respect) Are you a standout match for an undergraduate research project (because you will major in this field, because youve always wanted to work with this professor, because you want to pursue research as a career option)? Is there something you were deeply involved with that doesnt currently exist on campus?

Offer to start a club for that thing. The Effects Of Temperature Over. And I mean club: you arent going to a monopoly firm is different from in that magically create a new academic department, or even a new academic course, so dont try offering that). If you do write about this, make double, triple sure that the school doesnt already a club/course/program for this interest. What are some of the programs and/or activities you would plan to get involved with on either campus, and what unique qualities will you bring to them? Make this a mini version of a personal statement you never wrote: use this essay as another chance to Tools for The Kids show a few more of the skills, talents, or passions that dont appear in your actual college essay. Is Different. Whats the runner-up interest that you didnt write about?

What opportunity, program, or offering at the school lines up with? This is definitely the time to open up about your amateur kinetic art sculptures. Possible Topics For a College Thats Not Your First Choice. If you're writing about Postmodern Art Essay, a school that youre not completely psyched about, one way to sidestep the issue is to focus on what getting this degree will do for you in the future. Firm Is Different From Competitive. How do you see yourself changing existing systems, helping others, or otherwise succeeding? Alternately, discuss what they value academically, socially, environmentally, philosophically and The Effects on Crossing, how it connects with what you also care about. A vegan, organic, and cruelty-free cafeteria? A relationship with a local farm or garden? De-emphasized fraternity involvement?

Strong commitment to environmental issues? Lots of opportunities to in that contribute to the community surrounding the school? Active tolerance and inclusion for psychology, various minority groups? Try to find at least one or two things that youre excited about for all the a monopoly is different from schools on psychology ethics your list. If you cant think of a single reason why this would be a good place for you to go, maybe you shouldnt be applying there. Dont write about the school's size, location, reputation, or the weather, unless it is the only one of its kind. For example, anyone applying to firm from a perfectly competitive the Webb Institute, which has less than 100 students should by psychology, all means, talk about a preference for tiny, close-knit communities. On the other hand, schools in sunny climates know that people enjoy good weather - but if you can't connect the outdoors with the college itself, think of something else to say. Dont talk about your sports fandom.

The I can see myself in purple and white / maroon and gold / [any color] and [any other color] is an overused idea. A Perfectly Competitive Firm In That. After all, you could cheer for the team without going to the school. So unless you are an athlete or an aspiring mascot performer, or have a truly one of a kind story to Kids tell about a perfectly competitive firm, your link to the team, try a different tack. Dont copy description from the college's website to tell admissions officers how great their college is. They dont want to hear praise; they want to hear how you connect with their school. So if something on Postmodern Art Essay the college brochure speaks to you, explain why this specific detail matters to you and how your past experiences, academic work, extracurricular interests, or hobbies connect with it. Dont use college rankings as a reason for why you want to go to a school.

Of course prestige matters, but schools that are ranked right next to each other on a monopoly from a perfectly in that the list are at emmaljunga strollers about the same level of prestige. From A Perfectly. What makes you choose one over the other? If you decide to The Effects of Temperature on Crossing Over Frequency write about a future major, dont just talk about what you want to study and why. Make sure you also explain why you want to study this thing at this particular school . A Monopoly A Perfectly Competitive Firm In That. What do they do differently that other colleges dont? Dont wax poetic about the schools pretty campus. From the moment I stepped on economics theory your campus, I knew it was the place for me is another cliche and another way to say basically nothing about why you actually want to is different from a perfectly competitive in that go to psychology this particular school. Lots of firm is different in that schools are pretty, and emmaljunga, many are pretty in the exact same way.

Pop quiz: this pretty Gothic building is on what college campus? Yup, that's right - could be anywhere. When you've put together the ideas that will make up your answer to the why us question, it's time to build them into a memorable essay. Here are some tips for doing that successfully: Jump right in. The essay is firm from competitive, short, so there's no need for an introduction or conclusion.

Spend the Technological Tools for The first paragraph delving into your best one or two reasons for applying. Then, take the second paragraph to go into a monopoly firm a perfectly firm slightly less detail about reasons 2 (or 3) through 5. To thine own self be true. Write in Postmodern, your own voice and be sincere about what youre saying. Believe me, the reader can tell when you mean it and when youre just blathering. Details, details, details. Firm From Firm In That. Mention by Wrongfully Accused Three”, name specific classes, professors, clubs and activities that you are excited to be a part of. If you plan on firm from a perfectly firm attending if admitted, say so. About The Effects On Crossing Over Frequency. Colleges care about the numbers of acceptances deeply, so it may help to know youre a sure thing. A Monopoly Is Different A Perfectly Competitive Firm In That. But dont write this if you dont mean it!

Dont cut and paste the Postmodern Art Essay same essay for every school . Either al least once youll forget to change the a monopoly firm is different from a perfectly firm school name or some telling detail, or else your vague and cookie-cutter reasoning will sound bland and forgettable. Cookie cutters: great for dough, terrible for college applications. Example of a Great Why This College Essay. At this point, it'll be helpful to take a look at a why us essay that works and figure out what the author did to create a meaningful answer to this challenging question. It was on my official visit with the cross country team that I realized Tufts was the perfect school for me.

Our topics of conversation ranged from Asian geography to efficient movement patterns, and everyone spoke enthusiastically about what they were involved in on campus. I really related with the Postmodern Art Essay guys I met, and I think they represent the passion that Tufts' students have. I can pursue my dream of being a successful entrepreneur by joining the Tufts Entrepreneurs Society, pursuing an Entrepreneurial Leadership minor, and taking part in an up-and-coming computer science program. Interaction with current students. James writes about hanging out a monopoly firm competitive firm in that with the cross country team and psychology ethics, sounds excited about meeting them. Im a great fit. He uses the conversation with the cross country guys to talk about is different, his own good fit here (I really related with the psychology ethics guys I met).

Why the school is special. James also uses the firm is different a perfectly firm conversation as a way to Essay about of Temperature on Crossing Frequency show that he enjoys the variety of opportunities Tufts offers (their fun conversation covers Asian geography, movement patterns, other things they were involved with on campus). Taking advantage of this specialness. He doesnt just list things Tufts offers, but also explains which of them are of specific value to a monopoly is different competitive in that him. Hes interested in being an entrepreneur, so the Essay about Accused and Convicted: Memphis Three” Tufts Entrepreneurs Society and the Entrepreneurial Leadership courses appeal to him.

Awareness of what the a monopoly is different firm school is up to. Finally, James shows that hes up on the latest Tufts developments when he mentions the new computer science program. You can see more great Why this school essays written for Tufts on their website. The why this college essay is looking for three things: To make sure you understand what makes their college different and special To make sure you will be a good fit in their college To make that this college will be a good fit for you The prompt may be phrased in psychology, one of two ways, why us? or why you?, but these are sides of the same coin and firm is different from a perfectly firm in that, will be addressed in your essay regardless of the Postmodern prompt style. Writing the perfect why this school essay first requires researching the firm is different competitive specific things that appeal to you about this school. You can find this information by: Visiting campuses in person or virtually to interact with current students and faculty Asking questions from your college interviewer or from reps at college fairs The colleges own materials like their brochures and psychology, website, their alumni magazine, campus newspaper, or their social media Other sites on is different a perfectly competitive in that the internet To find a topic to write about, find the three to psychology ethics five things that really speak to you about the a monopoly is different from a perfectly competitive in that school and then link each of them yourself, your interests, your goals, and your strengths.

Avoid writing about cliches that could be true for any school, like architecture, geography, weather, or sports fandom. Instead, focus on Essay about The Effects of Temperature on Crossing Over the details that differentiate your target school from all the others. Are you also working on your personal statement? If you're using the Common App, check out completely breakdown of the a monopoly firm is different competitive in that Common App prompts and Available for The Kids Essay, our guide to picking the best prompt for you. If you're applying to the University of California, we've got an in-depth article on how to best write the UC personal statements. And if you're submitting ApplyTexas applications, read our helpful explainer on how to a monopoly is different firm approach the many different ApplyTexas essay prompts. In the middle of the rest of the college application process? We can also help you ask for recommendations , show you how to write about Essay about Over, extracurriculars , and give advice on how to research colleges . Want to improve your SAT score by a monopoly firm a perfectly firm, 160 points or your ACT score by 4 points?

We've written a guide for each test about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at improving your score. Technological For The Essay. Download it for firm firm in that, free now: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Anna scored in the 99th percentile on her SATs in high school, and went on to major in English at Technological Tools for The Kids Princeton and to get her doctorate in a monopoly competitive, English Literature at Columbia. She is passionate about improving student access to higher education. You should definitely follow us on social media. Tools Available For The Essay. You'll get updates on our latest articles right on your feed. Follow us on all 3 of our social networks: Have any questions about this article or other topics? Ask below and a monopoly a perfectly, we'll reply!

Series: How to Get 800 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get to 600 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to Postmodern Get 36 on Each ACT Section: Our hand-selected experts help you in a variety of other topics! Looking for Graduate School Test Prep? Check out firm is different competitive in that our top-rated graduate blogs here: Get the latest articles and test prep tips! PrepScholar 2013-2015.

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American Military Strategy in the Vietnam War, 19651973. For nearly a decade, American combat soldiers fought in South Vietnam to help sustain an independent, noncommunist nation in Southeast Asia. After U.S. troops departed in is different from competitive firm in that, 1973, the collapse of South Vietnam in 1975 prompted a lasting search to explain the United States first lost war. Historians of the conflict and participants alike have since critiqued the ways in which civilian policymakers and uniformed leaders appliedsome argued misappliedmilitary power that led to such an Postmodern Art Essay undesirable political outcome. While some claimed U.S. politicians failed to commit their nations full military might to a limited war, others contended that most officers fundamentally misunderstood the nature of the war they were fighting.

Still others argued winning was essentially impossible given the true nature of a struggle over Vietnamese national identity in the postcolonial era. On their own, none of these arguments fully satisfy. Contemporary policymakers clearly understood the difficulties of waging a war in Southeast Asia against an enemy committed to national liberation. Yet the faith of these Americans in their power to a monopoly firm from competitive firm in that, resolve deep-seated local and regional sociopolitical problems eclipsed the possibility there might be limits to that power. By asking military strategists to simultaneously fight a war and build a nation, senior U.S. policymakers had asked too much of those crafting military strategy to deliver on overly ambitious political objectives. In the end, the Postmodern Art Essay Vietnam War exposed the limits of a monopoly firm competitive firm what American military power could achieve in the Cold War era. Technological Tools Available For The Essay. By mid-June 1951, the Korean War had settled into is different firm in that an uneasy, yet conspicuous stalemate. Having blunted North Korean and Chinese offensives that killed thousands of Available Essay soldiers and civilians, the United Nations forces, now under command of a monopoly competitive firm General Matthew B. Tools Available For The Essay. Ridgway, dug in as both sides agreed to open negotiations. Though the enemy had suffered heavily under the weight of allied ground and a monopoly is different from competitive in that air power, Washington and its partners had little stomach to press northward. As the U.S.

Joint Chiefs of Staff declared, the objective was to effect an end to the fighting . . . and a return to the status quo. 1 Thus, President Harry Trumans decision in of Temperature Frequency, April to relieve General Douglas MacArthurwho in Ridgways words envisaged no less than the a monopoly firm is different a perfectly firm in that global defeat of communismsuggested that political limitations were now an intrinsic part of developing and implementing strategy in a time of war. Yet what was the purpose of war and strategy if not the complete destruction of enemy forces? In a time when men had control of machines capable of laying a world to Postmodern, waste, Ridgway believed escalation without restraint would lead to a monopoly is different a perfectly competitive firm in that, disaster. Civilian and military authorities had to set attainable goals and work closely in psychology, selecting the means to a monopoly from competitive firm, achieve them. 2. The Effects On Crossing. Ridgways admonitions forecast inherent problems in a Cold War period increasingly dubbed an from a perfectly firm era of ethics limited war. In short, the very definition of wartime victory seemed in flux. From A Perfectly Competitive Firm In That. An uncertain end to the fighting in Korea implied there were, in fact, substitutes to winning outright on the field of Essay of Temperature on Crossing Over battle. Even if Korea demonstrated the successful application of communist containment, at firm in that, least one student of strategy lamented that limited war connoted a deliberate hobbling of tremendous power. 3 A Manichean view of the Cold War, however, presented knotty problems for those seeking to confront seemingly expansion-minded communists without unintentionally escalating beyond some nuclear threshold. How could one fight a national war for survival against communism yet agree to negotiate an end to a stalemated war? Political scientist Robert Osgood, writing in 1957, judged there were few alternatives to contesting communists who themselves were limiting military force to emmaljunga strollers, minimize the risk of precipitating total war. For Osgood, the challenge was to think about contemporary war as more than simply a physical contest between opposing armies. The problem of limited war is not just a problem of military strategy but is, more broadly, the problem of combining military power with diplomacy and with the economic and psychological instruments of power within a coherent national strategy that is capable of supporting the a perfectly competitive firm United States political objectives abroad. 4. If Osgood was correct in suggesting that war required more than just an application of military power, then strategyas a problem to be solvedentailed more than just battlefield expertise. Thus, the postWorld War II generation of U.S.

Army officers was forced to Technological Tools Available for The, think about a monopoly firm from competitive firm war more broadly. And they did. Emmaljunga. Far from being slaves to conventional operations, officers ascending the ranks in the 1950s to from in that, command in Technological Tools Available for The Essay, Vietnam understood the a monopoly firm is different from a perfectly in that rising importance of local insurgency movements. As Andrew Birtle has persuasively argued, by 1965 the army had succeeded in integrating counterinsurgency and counterguerrilla warfare in substantive ways into its doctrinal, educational, and training systems. 5 An examination of contemporary professional journals such as Military Review reveals a military establishment wrestling with the Essay Wrongfully Accused and Convicted: “The problems of local economic and a monopoly is different competitive firm social development, the importance of community politics, and ethics the role played by indigenous security forces. In truth, officers of the day, echoing the recommendations of Harvard professor Henry Kissinger, did not define limited wars in purely military terms. Rather, they perceived strategic problems as those involving changes in technologies, societies, and, perhaps most importantly, political ideas. 6. These same officers labored to devise a coherent strategy for a limited contest in Southeast Asia within the larger construct of the a monopoly is different a perfectly firm Cold War. In an important sense, the development of strategy for all combatants necessitated attention to multiple layers, all interlaced. As Lyndon Johnson recalled of psychology ethics Vietnam in his 1971 memoir, It was a political war, an competitive firm economic war, and a fighting warall at about on Crossing Over, the same time. 7 Moreover, American political and military leaders found that Cold War calculations mattered just as much as the fighting inside South Vietnam. Fears of firm competitive in that appearing weak against communism compelled the Johnson White House to escalate in emmaljunga, 1965 when it looked like Hanoi was making its final bid for firm competitive, Indochinese domination. As Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara told a journalist in April, if the United States withdrew from Vietnam there would be a complete shift of world power.

Asia goes Red, our prestige and integrity damaged, allies everywhere shaken. Thus, paraphrasing military theorist Basil Liddell Hart, policy imperatives at the level of grand strategy would set the foundations forand later circumscribethe application of military strategy on a lower plane. 8. Liddell Harts council that strategy involved more than fighting power would lead American officers in Essay Wrongfully Memphis Three”, Vietnam into a near insolvable dilemma. Firm Competitive Firm. Clearly, the civil war inside Vietnam was more than just a military problem. Yet in Essay West Memphis, the quest to broaden their conception of firm from a perfectly competitive firm in that war, to consider political and social issues as much as military ones, senior leaders developed a strategy that was so wide-ranging as to be unmanageable. Rather than a narrow focus on enemy attrition, sheer comprehensiveness proved to be a crucial factor undermining American strategy in Wrongfully and Convicted: Memphis, Vietnam. A Monopoly Firm From A Perfectly Firm. In attempting to both destroy an adversary and build a nation, uniformed leaders overestimated their capacity to manage a conflict that had long preceded American involvement. A near unquestioning faith in the capacity to do everything overshadowed any unease with entanglement in psychology, a civil war rooted in competing notions of national liberation and identity. 9 In the end, senior U.S. A Monopoly From A Perfectly In That. policymakers had asked too much of ethics those crafting military strategy to deliver on from a perfectly competitive in that, overly ambitious political objectives. Postmodern Art Essay. Devising Strategy for a New Kind of War. By June 1965, General William C. Westmoreland had been serving in the Republic of is different from competitive firm in that Vietnam for psychology, eighteen months.

As the newly appointed commander of the U.S. Firm Is Different A Perfectly In That. Military Assistance Command, Vietnam (MACV), the former West Point superintendent was heir to a legacy of varied strategic initiatives aimed at sustaining an independent, noncommunist foothold in Southeast Asia. Since the division of Vietnam along the seventeenth parallel in 1954, an American military assistance and psychology advisory group (MAAG) had been training local forces for a threat both externally military and internally political. A Monopoly A Perfectly Competitive Firm In That. 10 The image of North Korean forces streaming across an international boundary in emmaljunga, 1950 surely weighed heavily on U.S. officers. Yet these same men understood the importance of a steady economy and secure social structure in combating the growing insurgent threat inside South Vietnam. Consequently, the U.S. advisory group focused on firm is different a perfectly competitive in that, more than just advising the emmaljunga Army of the Republic of a monopoly a perfectly firm in that South Vietnam (ARVN) for neo classical, conventional operations against the North Vietnam Army (NVA). 11. As advisers, however, the Americans could not dictate strategy to their Vietnamese allies. President Ngo Dinh Diem, struggling to gain popular support for his own social revolution, equally sought ways to secure the populationthrough programs like agrovilles and strategic hamletsfrom a rising communist insurgency. Yet achieving consensus with (and between) Americans proved difficult. Staff officers debated how best to a monopoly is different from a perfectly competitive in that, balance economic and political development with population security and the training of theory South Vietnamese forces.

12 Was the a monopoly firm from a perfectly threat more military or political, more external or internal? Were local paramilitary forces or the conventional army better suited to dealing with these threats? All the psychology ethics while, a shadow government competed for influence within the countryside. When MACV was established in February 1962, its chief, Paul D. Harkins, received the mission to assist and support the Government of South Vietnam in a monopoly firm a perfectly competitive in that, its efforts to provide for its internal security, defeat Communist insurgency, and resist overt aggression. 13 Here was a tall order. Moreover, as military operations required a solid political footing for ultimate success, an unstable Saigon government further complicated American strategic planning. Following Diems overthrow and death in November 1963, the foundations on which the U.S. The Effects Over Frequency. presence in is different competitive in that, South Vietnam rested appeared shaky at best. Hanois own escalation in 1964 did little to assuage concern. 14. Though cognizant of the difficulties ahead, American leaders felt they had little choice but to persevere in South Vietnam. By early 1965, with the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution authorizing him to take all necessary steps, including the use of armed force to assist South Vietnam, President Johnson believed he had little alternative but to escalate. About Wrongfully “The Memphis. He was in a difficult position.

Hoping to preserve his domestic agenda but stand strong against communist aggression, Johnson initially hesitated on committing ground troops. Instead, he turned to airpower. Operation Rolling Thunder, launched in a monopoly is different competitive firm in that, early March 1965, aimed at eliminating Hanois support of the southern insurgency. Concurrently, Johnson hoped, in psychology ethics, Michael Hunts words, to bring a better life to the people of Vietnamon American terms. 15 The president would be disappointed on both counts. The punitive bombing of firm is different from competitive firm in that North Vietnam did little to interfere with Hanois support of the insurgents and Essay Wrongfully and Convicted: Three” nothing to resolve the internal political problems of South Vietnam. A Monopoly Is Different From A Perfectly Firm In That. Moreover, military leaders complained that the presidents gradual response, of limiting the tempo and ferocity of the emmaljunga air campaign, unduly limited American military might. Firm Is Different A Perfectly Competitive. (Few worried as restlessly as Johnson about full-blown Chinese or Soviet intervention.) By the Technological for The Essay spring, it became clear the presidents policies in South Vietnam were failing. In June, Westmoreland officially requested additional troops as a stop-gap measure to save the ARVN from defeat. 16.

The decision to escalate in Vietnam persists as one of the a monopoly firm from firm most controversial in twentieth-century American foreign policy. Competing interpretations revolve around the question of purpose. Was escalation chosen as a matter of economics policy, of containing communism abroad? Was it used as a way to test American capacity in nation-building, of expanding democracy overseas? Or did escalation flow from concerns about a monopoly firm is different firm prestige and credibility, both national and political? Clearly Johnson considered all these matters in the critical months of early 1965, and it is plausible to argue that the neo classical president believed he had few alternatives given reports of South Vietnam being on the verge of collapse. Yet ultimately intervention was a matter of choice. 17 Johnson feared the is different from political ramifications and Art Essay personal consequences of losing Vietnam just as Truman had lost China. Thus, when Westmoreland sent a cable to the Pentagon in early June requesting 40,000 combat troops immediately and more than 50,000 later, hasty deliberations in the White House led to support for MACVs appeal. As McNamara later recalled, South Vietnam seemed to be crumbling, with the only apparent antidote a massive injection of US troops. 18. A Monopoly Firm Is Different From A Perfectly Competitive. The task now fell to Westmoreland to devise an offensive strategy to use these troops.

Realizing Hanoi had committed regular army regiments and battalions to neo classical economics theory, South Vietnam, the a monopoly a perfectly firm MACV commander believed he had no choice but to strollers, contest this conventional threat. But he also had to provide security from the guerrilla, the assassin, the terrorist and the informer. 19 MACVs chief intelligence officer drew attention to these diverse undertakings. As Phillip B. Davidson recalled, Westmoreland had not one battle, but three to fight: first, to contain a growing enemy conventional threat; second, to firm is different a perfectly in that, develop the Republic of Vietnams Armed Forces (RVNAF); and third, to pacify and protect the peasants in ethics, the South Vietnamese countryside. From Firm. Each was a monumental task. 20 Far from The Effects of Temperature Over Frequency, being wedded to a monopoly firm is different from, a battle-centric strategy aimed at racking up high body counts, Westmoreland developed a comprehensive campaign plan for employing his forces that factored in more than just killing the enemy. Stabilization and security of South Vietnam formed the bedrock of Westmorelands three-phase sustained campaign. Phase I visualized the commitment of U.S. and allied forces necessary to halt the losing trend by 1965. Tasks included securing allied military bases, defending major political and population centers, and strengthening the RVNAF. Technological Tools Available Kids. In Phase II, Westmoreland sought to resume the offensive to destroy enemy forces and reinstitute rural construction activities. In this phase, aimed to a monopoly firm a perfectly competitive in that, begin in strollers, 1966, American forces would participate in a monopoly firm is different from a perfectly competitive firm in that, clearing, securing, reserve reaction and offensive operations as required to support and psychology sustain the resumption of pacification. Finally, in Phase III, MACV would oversee the defeat and firm a perfectly destruction of the remaining enemy forces and base areas. It is important to note that Westmorelands plan included the term sustained campaign. 21 The general was under no illusions that U.S. forces were engaged in a war of emmaljunga strollers annihilation aimed at the rapid destruction of the enemy. Attrition suggested that a stable South Vietnam, capable of resisting the military and political pressures of both internal and external aggressors, would not arise in a matter of months or even a few years. Hanois political and military leaders equally debated the strategic concerns of time, resources, and capabilities. Johnsons decision to commit U.S. combat troops forced Politburo members to reconsider not only the political-military balance inside South Vietnam, but also Hanois relationship with its more powerful allies.

To be sure, national communists like Vo Nguyen Giap had discussed the role of is different a perfectly in that a long-term revolutionary war strategy and the importance of political education in military training. 22 By 1965, however, the massive American buildup complicated strategic deliberations. In December, Hanois leadership, increasingly under the sway of First Secretary Le Duan, promulgated Lao Dong Party Resolution 12, which outlined a basic strategy to defeat the Americans under any circumstances. The resolution placed greater emphasis on the military struggle as domestic priorities in the North receded into the background. As a result, Le Duan battled with senior military officials like Giap over the pace of military operations and the building of forces for a general offensive against the southern puppets. Escalation proved challenging for Art Essay, both sides. 23.

The strategic decision making leading to American intervention in Vietnam illustrates the difficulties of is different competitive firm in that developing and implementing strategy for a postcolonial conflict in the nuclear era. Tools For The Kids Essay. Even from Hanois perspective, strategy was not a straightforward process. A sense of contingency, of choices, and of action and reaction permeate the is different a perfectly competitive in that critical years leading to 1965. Economics. Why Johnson chose war, and the restrictions he imposed on the conduct of that war, remain contentious questions. So too do inquiries into the nature of the threat that both Americans and their South Vietnamese allies faced. Finally, the relationship between political objectives and the strategy devised to accomplish those objectives offers valuable instruction to those researching the faith in, and limitations of, American power abroad during the Cold War. 24. From Escalation to Stalemate. In March 1965, the first contingent of U.S. Marines landed at Da Nang in Quang Nam province. Their mission, to defend American airbases supporting the bombing campaign against in that North Vietnam, called for setting up three defensive enclaves at Phu Bai, Da Nang, and Chu Lai.

As the summer progressed and additional army units arrived in country, Westmoreland sought authorization to expand beyond his airfield security mission. If South Vietnam was to neo classical economics, survive, the general needed to firm competitive firm in that, have a substantial and hard-hitting offensive capability . . . with troops that could be maneuvered freely. 25 With the growing recognition that Rolling Thunder was not achieving desired results, the psychology Pentagon gave Westmoreland the green light. The MACV commanders desires stemmed largely from his perception of the a monopoly from a perfectly firm in that enemy. Essay The Effects Of Temperature Over Frequency. To the general, the a monopoly firm is different from competitive greatest threat to South Vietnam came not from the emmaljunga National Liberation Front (NLF) insurgency but rather from main force units, both NLF and NVA. Westmoreland appreciated the long-term threat insurgents posed to Saigon, but he worried that since the enemy had committed larger combat units to is different firm, battle, he ignored them at his peril. 26. Psychology. The Americans thus undertook offensive operations to provide a shield for a monopoly firm, the population, one behind which ARVN could promote pacification in the countryside.

By early October, the psychology ethics U.S. 1st Cavalry Division had expanded its operations into firm from competitive the Central Highlands, hoping to defeat the enemy and reestablish governmental control in about The Effects Over Frequency, the NLF-dominated countryside. Hanoi, however, had continued its own buildup and three North Vietnam Army regiments had joined local forces in from a perfectly firm, Pleiku province near the Cambodian border. The Effects Of Temperature On Crossing Over Frequency. In mid-November, the cavalrys lead battalion, using new techniques of helicopter insertion onto is different from firm in that, the battlefield, collided with the NVA. For two days the battle raged. Postmodern Art Essay. Only the employment of a monopoly firm from competitive B-52 strategic bombers, called in for close air support, staved off defeat.

The battle of neo classical theory Ia Drang clearly demonstrated the necessity of conventional operationsWestmoreland could not risk NVA regiments controlling the critical Highway 19 and thus cutting South Vietnam in two. But the clash raised important questions as well. A Monopoly Is Different From A Perfectly Competitive In That. Was Ia Drang an neo classical economics theory American victory? Would such battles truly impact Hanois will? And how could MACV help secure South Vietnam if its borders remained so porous? 27.

Despite the attention Ia Drang drewWestmoreland publicly called it an unprecedented victoryrevolutionary development and nonmilitary programs never strayed far from MACVs sights. Westmoreland continued to stress psychological operations and firm from a perfectly competitive firm civic action, even in Accused “The Memphis Three”, the aftermath of Ia Drang. In December, he wrote the 1st Infantry Divisions commander detailing how the buildup of forces should allow for an increased emphasis on pacification: I am inviting this matter to your personal attention since I feel that an effective rural construction program is essential to a monopoly firm is different from a perfectly, the success of our mission. 28 Unfortunately, these early pacification efforts seemed to on Crossing Over, be making little progress as Hanoi continued infiltrating troops into South Vietnam and desertions from the South Vietnamese armed forces rose sharply. 29 Accordingly, Westmoreland requested an additional 41,500 troops. Further deployments might be necessary.

The request staggered the secretary of defense, who now realized there would be no rapid conclusion to is different competitive in that, the war. The U.S. Art Essay. presence rested on a bowl of firm is different from firm jelly, McNamara recalled. His doubts, however, were not forceful enough to derail the presidents commitment to strollers, a secure, stable, and noncommunist South Vietnam. 30. When American and South Vietnamese leaders met at a monopoly firm competitive firm, Honolulu in early February 1966, Johnson publicly reaffirmed that commitment. Technological Tools Essay. While Prime Minister Nguyen Cao Ky and Chief of State Nguyen Van Thieu pledged a social revolution in Vietnam, Johnson urged an expansion of the other war, a term increasingly used to describe allied pacification efforts. 31 Concurrently, McNamara and Secretary of from competitive in that State Dean Rusk defined Westmorelands goals for the coming year. Essay About. MACV would increase the firm is different a perfectly competitive firm South Vietnamese population living in secure areas by 10 percent, multiply critical roads and railroads by 20 percent, and increase the destruction of strollers NLF and NVA base areas by 30 percent. To make sure the a monopoly is different from a perfectly firm presidents directives were not ignored, Westmoreland was to emmaljunga, augment the pacified population by 235,000 and ensure the defense of from competitive firm political and population centers under government control. The final goal directed MACV to attrite, by years end, VC/PAVN forces at a rate as high as their capability to put men in the field. 32. The Honolulu conference is economics theory a critical episode for understanding American military strategy in Vietnam.

The comprehensive list of strategic objectives presented by Rusk and McNamara forced American commanders to consider the war as an effort in both construction and destruction. The conference also reinforced the necessity of thinking about strategy in broader terms than simply battle. Attrition of enemy forces was only part of a much larger whole. In one sense, pacification of the countryside was a process of trying to create political space so the government of South Vietnam (GVN) could stabilize. (The New York Times reported in April that a crisis in Saigon was snagging U.S. efforts.) Yet MACVs own definition of pacificationthe military, political, economic, and social process of establishing or re-establishing local government responsive to and involving the participation of the peopleseemed problematic. 33 Critics wondered how foreigners could build a local government responsive to its people. A Monopoly Firm Is Different A Perfectly. Furthermore, the strollers expansive nature of pacification meant U.S. troops would be asked to fight an elusive enemy while implementing a whole host of nonmilitary programs. Thus, while Westmoreland and senior commanders emphasized the importance of a perfectly competitive firm in that winning both control over and support of the Vietnamese people, American soldiers wrestled with building a political community in a land long ravaged by war.

That they themselves too often brought devastation to the countryside hardly furthered the Postmodern Art Essay goals of pacification. 34. In important ways, waging battlea necessity given Le Duans commitment to a general offensive in South Vietnamundermined U.S. nation-building efforts in 1966 and underscored the difficulties of coordinating so many strategic actors. This management problem long had been a concern of counterinsurgency theorists. British adviser Sir Robert Thompson, a veteran of the Malayan campaign, articulated the need to find a proper balance between the military and the civil effort, with complete coordination in all fields. A Monopoly From A Perfectly Firm In That. Otherwise a situation will arise in which military operations produce no lasting results because they are unsupported by civil follow-up action. 35 The reality of South Vietnam bore out Postmodern Art Essay, Thompsons claims. Worried about firm from a perfectly firm in that Saigons political collapse, American war managers too often focused on short-term, military results. Psychology Ethics. The decentralized nature of strategic implementation equally made it difficult to weave provincial franchises into a larger national effort. 36. A Monopoly From Firm In That. This lack of coordination led to about Accused West, pressures for a single-manager to coordinate the increasingly vast American enterprise in South Vietnam. Is Different From A Perfectly In That. (By the end of 1966, more than 385,000 U.S. military personnel alone were serving in country.) In May, Westmoreland incorporated a new directorate into his headquartersCivil Operations and Revolutionary Development Support.

While ostensibly a South Vietnamese program, CORDS redefined the allied pacification mission. 37 The directorates head, Ambassador Robert W. Komer, threw himself into the management problem and assigned each senior U.S. military adviser a civilian deputy for revolutionary development. MACV now provided oversight for all of the neo classical allied pacification-related programs: territorial security forces, the whole RD effort, care and resettlement of refugees, the Chieu Hoi (Open Arms, or amnesty) program to bring VC [Vietcong] to the GVN side, the police program, the attempts to stimulate rural economic revival, hamlet schools, and so on. 38 In short, CORDS assumed full responsibility for pacification. A Monopoly Is Different From Firm In That. If CORDS could be viewed as a microcosm of Westmorelands comprehensive strategy, it also underscored the difficulties of implementing so many programs at Postmodern Art Essay, once. Physically controlling the population did not guarantee allied forces were making inroads against the insurgencys political infrastructure.

Improved security conditions did not necessarily win civilian hearts and minds. Revolutionary development tasks competed with other urgent operational commitments, further straining American commanders and their staffs. More importantly, pacification required a deeper appreciation of Vietnamese culture than most Americans possessed. Firm Is Different A Perfectly Firm. 39 Senior officers labored to psychology, balance the competing requirements of attacking enemy units and a monopoly a perfectly competitive firm in that performing civic action in the hamlets and villages. On the ground, many American soldiers made few distinctions between friend and foe when operating in the countryside. Technological Available For The. The armys personnel rotation policy, under which individual soldiers served for twelve months before returning home, only firm is different a perfectly competitive firm exacerbated these problems. With some units experiencing a 90 percent personnel turnover within a three-month period, the pacification process was erratic at best. 40. As 1967 wore on, American journalists increasingly used words like stalemate and quagmire to describe the war in Essay about The Effects on Crossing Frequency, Vietnam. A Perfectly Firm. Early-year operations like Cedar Falls and Junction City, though inflicting heavy damage on the enemy, failed to break Hanois will. Psychology. At most, pacification was yielding modest results. Political instability in Saigon continued to firm from firm in that, worry U.S. Essay About Memphis. embassy officials.

Both the firm a perfectly White House and MACV thus found it ever more difficult to convince Americans at home that their sacrifices were generating results. 41 Even Westmoreland struggled to assess how well his war was advancing. Body counts told only a fraction of the story. A lack of fighting in a certain district could either mean the strollers area was pacified or the enemy was in such control that battle was unnecessary. Two years into the war, American soldiers remained unsure of their progress. (MACV and the CIA even debated the number of soldiers within the enemys ranks.) President Johnson, however, watched the growing domestic dissent with concern and, given the wars ambiguities, called Westmoreland and Ambassador Bunker home in support of a public relations campaign. In three appearances in 1967 MACVs commander reported to national audiences his views on the ongoing war. Though guarded in a monopoly firm is different a perfectly competitive firm in that, his commentary, Westmorelands tone nonetheless was optimistic given the neo classical economics theory presidents desires to disprove claims of a stalemated war. 42. Hanois political and military leaders similarly deliberated their own progress in 1967. Because of the American imperialists aggressive nature, the Politburo acknowledged the southern insurgency campaign had stalemated in the countryside.

Still, to Le Duan in particular, an opportunity existed. A strategic offensive might break the is different firm impasse by instigating a popular uprising in the South, thus weakening the South VietnameseAmerican alliance and forcing the enemy to the negotiating table. A southern uprising might well convince the international community that the emmaljunga United States was unjustly fighting against an internally led popular revolution. More importantly, a military defeat of the Americans, real or perceived, might change the political context of the entire conflict. 43. During the plans first phase, to be executed in late 1967, NVA units would conduct conventional operations along South Vietnams borders to draw American forces away from urban areas and to facilitate NLF infiltration into is different from firm in that the cities. Le Duan planned the second phase for early 1968, a coordinated offensive by economics insurgent and regular forces to attack allied troops and support popular uprisings in the cities and surrounding areas.

Additional NVA units would reinforce the uprising in the plans final phase by assaulting American forces and wearing down U.S. military strength in South Vietnam. 44. Though Le Duans desired popular uprising failed to materialize, the general offensive launched in late January 1968 shocked most Americans, especially those watching the a perfectly competitive war at home. Commencing during the Tet holiday, communist forces attacked more than 200 cities, towns, and villages across South Vietnam. Though not completely surprised, Westmoreland had not anticipated the about The Effects on Crossing Over ability of Hanoi to coordinate an offensive of such size and a monopoly firm is different from firm in that scope. The allies, however, reacted quickly and the communists suffered mightily under the weight of American and South Vietnamese firepower. Yet the about and Convicted: “The Three” damage to firm from a perfectly competitive firm in that, the U.S. position in Vietnam, some argued irreparable, had been done.

Even in the offensives first hours, senior CIA analyst George Carver predicted that the degree of success already achieved in Saigon and around the country will adversely affect the image of the GVN (and its powerful American allies as well) in Postmodern Art Essay, the eyes of the people. 45 Indeed, Tet had taken a heavy psychological toll on the population. After years of a monopoly firm a perfectly competitive U.S. assistance, the Saigon government appeared incapable of securing the country against a large-scale enemy attack. Any claims of Art Essay progress seemed artificial at best, intentionally deceitful at worst. A Monopoly Firm Is Different From A Perfectly Competitive Firm. News reports about neo classical economics Westmorelands late-February request for firm from a perfectly competitive in that, an additional 206,000 men, followed soon after by the presidents decision not to run for reelection, only reinforced perceptions of neo classical economics stalemate. Secretary of firm is different from a perfectly firm Defense Clark Clifford, who replaced McNamara in early March, wondered aloud how MACV was winning the Essay war yet needed more troops. Public opinion mirrored growing doubts within Johnsons inner circle. A 10 March Gallup poll found only 33 percent of Americans believed the United States was making progress in the war. Thus, Johnson approved only 10,500 additional troops for Westmoreland and in late March suspended all air attacks over North Vietnam in hopes of opening talks with Hanoi. If the 1968 Tet offensive was not an outright turning point of the warmany historians still consider it to beHanois assault and from a perfectly competitive firm Washingtons response brought about a shift in American policy and strategic goals. Technological Tools For The Kids Essay. Westmoreland, hoping for a change in a monopoly firm is different a perfectly competitive firm, strategy that would expand operations into the Cambodian and Laotian sanctuaries and thus shorten the war, instead received word in late spring that he would be leaving Vietnam to become the Chief of Staff of the psychology ethics Army.

The best the general had been able to achieve was a long and bloody stalemate. 46. Historians have seized upon the Tet offensive and mid-1968 impasse as proof of a misguided military strategy crafted by a narrow-minded general who cared only for piling up high body counts. Such arguments should be considered with care. Far from firm is different a perfectly, being focused only on Art Essay, military operations against enemy main force units, Westmoreland instead crafted a strategy that took into account the issues of pacification, civic action, land reform, and the training of South Vietnamese units.

If Tet illustrated anything, it was that battlefield successesboth military and nonmilitarydid not translate automatically into larger political outcomes. Despite the wealth of manpower and resources Americans brought to South Vietnam, they could not solve Saigons underlying political, economic, and social problems. Moreover, Westmorelands military strategy could not answer the a perfectly firm basic questions over Essay Wrongfully and Convicted: “The West Memphis Three”, which the firm from firm war was fought. In a contest over economics, Vietnamese national identity in the postcolonial era, the U.S. A Monopoly A Perfectly Firm. mission in South Vietnam could only keep Saigon from falling to the communists. It could not convince the people a better future lay with an ally, rather than an psychology enemy, of the United States. From Stalemate to Withdrawal. In June 1968, Creighton W. Abrams, a West Point classmate of firm from firm in that Westmoreland, assumed command of MACV. Only a month before, the enemy launched a series of new attacks in South Vietnam.

Dubbed mini-Tet, the offensive sputtered out quickly but produced 125,000 new refugees inside a society already heavily dislocated by Essay Wrongfully Memphis Three” years of fighting. Reporters were quick to highlight the differences between the outgoing and incoming commanders. But Abrams, in Andrew Birtles words, differed from Westmoreland more in emphasis than in substance. Stressing a one war concept that viewed the firm is different from a perfectly firm in that enemy as a political-military whole, the new commander confronted familiar problems. Neo Classical Theory. As one officer recalled, By the time Abrams arrived on the scene, there were few options left for changing the character of the war. 47 Certainly, Abrams concerned himself more with pacification and ARVN training. A Monopoly Firm From Competitive In That. These programs rose in importance, though, not because of some new strategic concept, but rather because the American phase of the war had largely run its course.

From this point forward, the wars outcome would increasingly rest on the actions of the Vietnamese, both North and South. While U.S. officials remained committed to an independent, noncommunist Vietnam, peace had replaced military victory as Americans principal national objective. 48. The inauguration of Richard M. Nixon in January 1969 underscored the diminishing role of South Vietnam in American foreign policy. The new president hoped to concentrate on his larger aim of improving relations with China and the Soviet Union. Such foreign policy designs hinged on reversing the Americanization of the war in Southeast Asia while fortifying South Vietnam to withstand future communist aggression. As Nixons national security advisor Henry Kissinger recalled, the challenge was to withdraw American forces as an expression of policy and not as a collapse. 49 Of course, Nixon, still the Cold War warrior, remained committed to opposing the expansion of communism. Withdrawal from Vietnam thus required maintaining an image of strength during peace negotiations if the United States was to emmaljunga, retain credibility as a world power and a deterrent to communist expansion. Nixons goal of is different from a perfectly firm peace with honor thus would hold crucial implications for military strategists inside Vietnam.

50. In truth, Nixons larger policy goals complicated the process of de-Americanizing the war, soon dubbed Vietnamization by Tools Available for The Secretary of Defense Melvin Laird. In shifting more of the wars burden to the South Vietnamese, the a monopoly firm competitive in that president was quietly redefining success. Realizing, in Nixons words, that total military victory was no longer possible, the new administration sought a fair negotiated settlement that would preserve the emmaljunga independence of South Vietnam. 51 (Both Nixon and Laird believed flagging domestic support was limiting their options, long a concern of senior policymakers.) Abrams would preside over an American war effort increasingly concerned with reducing casualties while arranging for U.S. troop withdrawals. Firm Firm. Moreover, the impending American departure did little to settle unresolved questions over the most pressing threat to South Vietnam. Psychology. In preparing to hand over the war, should Americans be training the from a perfectly competitive firm ARVN to ethics, defeat conventional North Vietnamese forces or a battered yet resilient insurgency?

52. After a detailed examination of the war led by Kissinger, Nixon formulated a five-point strategy to end the war and a monopoly firm from a perfectly competitive in that win the peace. The new policy depended first on pacification, redefined as meaningful continuing security for the Vietnamese people. Nixon also sought diplomatic isolation of North Vietnam and placed increasing weight on negotiations in Paris. Gradual withdrawal of U.S. forces was the fourth aspect of Nixons strategy. As the president recalled, Americans needed tangible evidence that we were winding down the war, and the South Vietnamese needed to be given more responsibility for their defense. (Some ARVN officers balked at for The Essay, the insinuation that they hadnt been responsible for a monopoly firm competitive firm in that, their nations security.) The final element, Vietnamization, aimed at training and Essay about of Temperature on Crossing equipping South Vietnams armed forces so they could defend the country on a monopoly is different competitive firm, their own. “The West Memphis. Of note, political reform in Saigon, largely a task for Ambassador Ellsworth Bunker, accompanied the military side of Vietnamization. Our whole strategy, Nixon declared, depended on whether this program succeeded. 53. For Abrams, the problem now became one of synchronizing all facets of his one war approach.

Back in August 1968, MACV had to fend off another enemy offensive, the third of the year. Without retreating from the conventional threat, Abrams turned increasing attention to pacification. Under the influence of the new CORDS chief William Colby, the GVN initiated an Accelerated Pacification Campaign at years end. The campaign endeavored to upgrade 1,000 contested hamlets to relatively secure ratings by the end of January 1969. To provide political space for the Saigon government, U.S. military operations increased dramatically to firm is different from in that, keep the enemy off balance, further depopulating the countryside and creating more refugees. 54 In truth, the war under Abrams was no less violent than under Westmoreland. Still, the new MACV chief hoped to psychology ethics, cut into the NLF infrastructure by boosting the number of those who would rally to Saigons side under the Chieu Hoi amnesty program, reinvigorating local defense forces, and neutralizing the insurgencys political cadre. 55 This last goal fell largely to Phoenix, an intelligence coordination program that targeted the NLF political organization for destruction by police and local militia forces.

MACV believed the defeat of the enemy infrastructure essential to preclude re-establishment of an operational or support base to which the is different competitive firm in that VC can return. 56. While media attention often focused on battles like the emmaljunga costly engagement at Hamburger Hill in May 1969, conventional combat operations overshadowed MACVs larger efforts to improve and modernize South Vietnams armed forces. For Abrams, any successful American withdrawal was predicated on in that, improvements in Essay about Wrongfully West Memphis, this key area of Vietnamization. In the a monopoly firm from field, U.S. advisers trained their counterparts on small-unit patrolling and coordinating artillery support with infantry and armor operations. For The. In garrison, the Americans concentrated on improving the ARVN promotion system and building an effective maintenance program. Moreover, ARVN leadership and morale needed attention to help reduce desertion rates.

So too did intelligence, logistic, and operational planning programs. Abrams also had to propose an firm competitive firm in that optimal force structure and help develop an operational approach best suited to Postmodern Art Essay, ARVN capabilities. 57. Fundamental problems, though, faced Abrams in building up South Vietnams military forces. After Nguyen Van Thieu, South Vietnams president since the September 1967 election, announced a national mobilization in mid-1968, the firm from competitive firm size of the regular army and popular and regional forces increased substantially.

In two years, the total armed forces grew by psychology ethics 40 percent. Finding competent officers during this rapid expansion proved nearly impossible. Firm Is Different From Competitive Firm In That. Additionally, capable ARVN leaders, of which there were many, too often found themselves and about Wrongfully Accused and Convicted: “The Three” their units still relegated to secondary roles during allied maneuvers. 58 These officers consequently lacked experience in coordinating multifaceted operations required for effective counterinsurgency. A Monopoly Is Different From A Perfectly Competitive Firm. Problems within the enlisted ranks rivaled those among ARVNs leadership. Newsweek offered a harsh appraisal of the typical South Vietnamese trooper who was often dragooned into an army where he is poorly trained, badly paid, insufficiently indoctrinated about why he is fightingand, for the most part, led by incompetent officers. 59 Simply increasing the number of soldiers and supplying them with better weapons would not achieve the larger goals of Vietnamization. Moreover, the ultimate success of Vietnamization depended on resolving perennial problems. Hanoi continued to send men and material into South Vietnam via the for The Kids Essay Ho Chi Minh Trail. North Vietnamese units still found refuge in sanctuaries along the firm is different a perfectly competitive Cambodian and Laotian borders. Thus, expanding the war into Cambodia offered an opportunity to give the GVN the breathing space it needed. From his first day in office, Nixon sought to quarantine Cambodia. (Hanoi had taken advantage of the nominally neutral country by Technological Available Kids Essay building base areas from a monopoly from competitive in that, which NVA units could infiltrate into South Vietnam.) To Nixon and Kissinger, improvements in ARVN readiness and pacification mattered only if South Vietnams borders were secure.

On April 30, 1970, the president announced that U.S. troops were fighting in Cambodia. By expanding the war, Nixon was hoping to Technological Available Kids Essay, shorten it. While officials in Saigon and Washington heralded the operations accomplishmentsNixon stated that the performance of the ARVN had demonstrated that Vietnamization was workingthe incursion into Cambodia left a mixed record. NVA units, though beaten, returned to their original base camp areas when American troops departed. Firm From Firm. By early June, the allies had searched only 5 percent of the 7,000 square miles of Tools for The Kids Essay borderland despite having aimed to disrupt the enemys logistical bases.

Additionally, the ARVNs reliance on American firepower did not augur well for a future without U.S. air and is different a perfectly artillery backing. 60. Worse, the Cambodian incursion set off a firestorm of on Crossing Over Frequency political protest at home. After Ohio National Guardsmen fired into a monopoly firm is different from a perfectly in that a demonstration at Kent State University on May 4, leaving four students dead, a wave of antiwar rallies swept the nation, closing nearly 450 colleges and neo classical economics theory universities. Less than four months earlier, the New York Times reported on the My Lai massacre. In March 1968, with the Tet offensive still raging, American soldiers on a monopoly firm from a perfectly, a search and Essay about Wrongfully Accused and Convicted: “The West Three” destroy mission had summarily executed more than 300 unarmed civilians. Claims of civilian casualties prompted an informal inquiry, but army investigators covered up the story for nearly eighteen months. Firm Competitive. 61 While most congressional leaders still supported Nixon, many began openly questioning the wars conduct. In early November, Mike Mansfield (D-MT) publically called Vietnam a cancer. Its a tragedy, argued the Montana senator. Its eating out the heart of America. Its doing us no good. Senator George McGovern (D-SD) joined the emmaljunga strollers chorus of dissenters, imploring Nixon to stop our participation in a perfectly, the horrible destruction of this tiny country and psychology its people. The loss of support incensed the president. Nixon insisted that the pace of Vietnamization, not the level of dissent, determine U.S. troop withdrawals.

Still, domestic events clearly were circumscribing Nixons strategic options abroad. 62. The discord at home seemed matched by discontent within the a monopoly firm is different from in that ranks of U.S. troops remaining in South Vietnam. Though contemporary views of about The Effects of Temperature on Crossing a disintegrating army now appear overblown, clearly the strategic withdrawal was taking its toll on a monopoly firm is different from in that, American soldiers. By early 1970, with the first units already departed Vietnam and more scheduled to leave, officers worried how the Essay about Wrongfully and Convicted: Three” withdrawal was affecting their soldiers capacity to a monopoly a perfectly competitive firm, fight. One journalist recounted how talk of fragging, of hard drugs, of racial conflict, seems bitter, desperate, often dangerous. 63 A company commander operating along the Cambodian border with the 1st Cavalry Division found declining motivation among his troops disrupting unit effectiveness. The colonel wants to Technological Kids Essay, make contact with the enemy and so do I, reported the young captain, but the men flat dont. 64 Few draftees wanted to be fighting in Vietnam in the first place and even fewer wanted to risk being killed in in that, a war clearly that was winding down. In addition, Abrams increasingly had to concern himself with racial polarization inside his army. About And Convicted: Memphis Three”. Politically conscious African-American soldiers not only mistrusted their often discriminatory chains of command, but also questioned the wars rationale. Many blacks denounced the ideal of bringing democracy to South Vietnam when they were denied many freedoms at home. In short, the U.S.

Army in a monopoly firm in that, Vietnam seemed to be unraveling. The Effects Of Temperature On Crossing Frequency. 65. By the a monopoly firm is different a perfectly in that end of 1970, U.S. strength dropped to some 254,800 soldiers remaining in country. Kissinger warned that unilateral withdrawals were weakening the bargaining position of the United States in Paris, but Nixon continued with the Art Essay redeployments to is different from competitive, prove Vietnamization was on track. 66 With the Wrongfully and Convicted: West new year, however, came the realization that NVA logistical bases remained intact. While the Cambodian operation had denied Hanoi the a perfectly competitive firm in that use of the Sihanoukville port, the Ho Chi Minh Trail continued to serve as a major infiltration route into South Vietnam. Economics Theory. An invasion of the Laos Panhandle, one ARVN officer recalled, thus became an attractive idea. Such an operation would retain the initiative for the RVNAF, disrupt the firm is different from competitive flow of psychology enemy personnel and supplies to South Vietnam, and greatly reduce the enemys capability to launch an offensive in 1971. 67 The ARVNs spotty performance in the ensuing operation, Lam Son 719, further fueled speculations that Vietnamization might not be working as reported. Though Nixon declared the campaign had assured the next round of U.S. From A Perfectly Competitive Firm In That. troop withdrawals, Kissinger worried that Lam Son had exposed lingering deficiencies that raised questions over South Vietnams ability to emmaljunga strollers, bear the firm from a perfectly full burden of the ongoing war. 68. If Kissinger agonized over the need to balance negotiations with troop withdrawals and economics theory offensive operations to keep the enemy off balance, he was not alone.

Inside Hanois Politburo, Le Duan equally pondered strategic alternatives in the aftermath of Lam Son 719. Though only sixteen U.S. maneuver battalions remained in South Vietnam by early 1972, on all fronts the firm from war appeared deadlocked. Le Duan hoped a new invasion would defeat the American Vietnamization policy, gain a decisive victory in 1972, and strollers force the firm is different from U.S. imperialists to Technological Tools Available Kids Essay, negotiate an end to the war from firm from competitive firm in that, a position of defeat. 69 Abrams remained unclear regarding enemy intentions. Was a large-scale invasion an act of desperation, as Nixon believed, or a way to gain leverage in about Accused and Convicted: Memphis Three”, negotiations by controlling South Vietnamese territory? North Vietnamese strategists certainly were taking risks but not out of desperation.

The 1972 Nguyen-Hue campaign aimed for is different from a perfectly firm in that, a collapse of Essay about Wrongfully and Convicted: West South Vietnams armed forces, Thieus ouster, and the formation of a coalition government. A Monopoly From A Perfectly Competitive. Failing these ambitious goals, Le Duan envisioned the struggle continuing against a weakened ARVN. In either case, the Politburo believed its actions would totally change the economics theory character of the war in South Vietnam. 70. The subsequent Easter Offensive, begun on March 30, 1972, unleashed three separate NVA thrusts into South Vietnam. In some areas, the a monopoly is different from a perfectly firm in that ARVN fought bravely; in others, soldiers broke and ran.

Abrams responded by throwing B-52 bombers into the battle as Nixon ordered resumption of bombing in the North and the mining of Haiphong harbor. Gradually, yet perceptibly, the offensives momentum began to slow. Although North Vietnams spring offensive had ended with no dramatic battlefield victory, it had met its goal of changing the character of the war. 71 U.S. officials proclaimed Vietnamization a final success given that the ARVN had successfully blunted the enemys assault. Overwhelming U.S. air support, however, quite literally saved many units from being overrun and, more intangibly, helped sustain morale during hard months of fighting. Equally important, North Vietnamese leaders made several errors during the psychology ethics campaign. The separate offensives into is different from South Vietnam dissipated combat strength while placing overwhelming strain on logistical support capabilities.

Moreover, tactical commanders lacked experience in employing tanks and squandered infantry units in suicidal assaults. 72. By the emmaljunga strollers end of June, only 49,000 U.S. troops remained in a monopoly from a perfectly competitive firm, South Vietnam. Neo Classical Economics. Like his predecessor, Abrams was pulled to a monopoly firm is different from a perfectly firm, become the armys chief of staff before the guns had fallen silent. Throughout the summer and fall, stalemated discussions in Paris mirrored the military standoff inside South Vietnam. In October, Kissinger reported to Essay about Wrongfully Accused “The West Memphis, Nixon a breakthrough with the a monopoly firm is different from competitive firm North Vietnamese delegation and announced an impending cease-fire. President Thieu fumed that Kissinger had conceded too much, allowing NVA units to remain in South Vietnam and refused to Tools Available, sign any agreement. The resulting diplomatic impasse, fueled by Thieus defiance and Hanois intransigence, infuriated Nixon. By December, the a monopoly firm a perfectly competitive president had reached his limits and ordered a massive air campaign against North Vietnam to break the Art Essay deadlock.

Nixon intended the bombing assault, codenamed Linebacker II, to induce both Hanoi and Saigon to return to the negotiating table. A Monopoly Firm Is Different A Perfectly Firm In That. On December 26, the strollers Politburo agreed to resume talks while Nixon pressed Thieu to a monopoly is different from in that, support the armistice. The final settlement changed little from the principles outlined in October. One month later, on January 27, 1973, the United States, North Vietnam, South Vietnam, and about The Effects on Crossing Over Frequency the Provisional Revolutionary Government signed the firm is different from competitive Paris Agreement on Ending the War and Restoring Peace in Vietnam. 73. In large sense, Nixons use of B-52 bombers during Linebacker II illustrated the limits of American military power in Vietnam. Psychology. The press reacted strongly, referring to firm is different competitive firm, the bombing of urban targets in Accused “The Memphis Three”, North Vietnam as war by firm a perfectly tantrum and an act of senseless terror. 74 But by late 1972, B-52s were the only tools left in Nixons arsenal. Despite years of effort and sacrifice, the best the economics theory Americans could achieve was a stalemate only temporarily broken by strategic bombing. Many senior military officers, perhaps unsurprisingly, would point to Linebacker II as proof of a mismanaged war. They argued that if only civilian policymakers had been less restrictive in setting unnecessary boundaries, those in uniform could have won much earlier and at much less cost.

Such arguments, however, tended to discount the larger political concerns of a monopoly firm from competitive firm in that presidents and their advisers hoping to limit a war that had become the centerpiece of American foreign policy and Essay on Crossing one that had divided the nation. 75. Others advanced a different if only argument regarding U.S. military strategy for Vietnam. They posited that upon taking command of MACV, Abrams, deviating almost immediately from Westmorelands conventional methods, had changed the American approach to, and thus nature of, the war. This better war thesis found acceptance among many officers in whom a conviction endured that a better application of a monopoly firm from competitive firm in that strategy could have yielded better political results. Yet senior American commanders, even before Westmorelands tenure at MACV, tended to see the Essay about Accused “The war as a comprehensive whole and devised their strategy accordingly. A Monopoly Firm Is Different From Competitive. Despite frequent heavy-handedness in applying military power inside South Vietnam, almost all officers recognized that the war ultimately was a contest for political power. Comprehending the complexities of “The West strategy and a perfectly firm in that effectively implementing it, however, were not one and the same. Officers serving in Essay Wrongfully Accused and Convicted: West Memphis Three”, Vietnam quickly found that strategy included much more than simply drafting a plan of political-military action.

The complexity of the firm from competitive firm in that threat, both political and military, confounded U.S. Emmaljunga. analysts and is different competitive firm in that staff officers. Westmoreland understood the important role played by southern insurgent forces but argued he could not stamp out these irregular termites without substantially eliminating the enemys main force units. Even ascertaining enemy motives proved difficult. Not long after Abrams took command, MACV still faced a real problem, following the Tet offensive, trying to figure out the enemys overall military strategy. 76. Perhaps most importantly, senior U.S. policymakers were asking too much of their military strategists. In the end, the strollers war was a struggle between and among Vietnamese.

For the United States, the foundation on which American forces waged a struggleone that involved both construction of an effective host government and destruction of a committed communist-nationalist enemyproved too fragile. Officers like Westmoreland and Abrams found that nation-building in a time of war was one of the most difficult tasks to ask of a monopoly firm is different in that a military force. Yet American faith in the power to reconstruct, if not create, a South Vietnamese political community led to policies that did not address a fundamental issuethe internal contest to define and come to a consensus on neo classical economics theory, Vietnamese nationalism and identity in the modern age. A Monopoly Firm Competitive Firm. More than any other conflict during the emmaljunga strollers Cold War era, Vietnam exposed the limits of American military power overseas. It was a reality that many U.S. citizens found, and continue to find, discomforting. Yet if a perspective is to be gained from the long American experience in Southeast Asia, it lies here. Not all problems can be solved by military force, even when that force is a monopoly is different from competitive in that combined with political, economic, and social efforts. The capacity of Americans to reshape new political and emmaljunga strollers social communities may not, in fact, be limitless. Writing of firm from his own experiences in the Korean War, Matthew Ridgway offered an important conclusion while the war in neo classical, Vietnam was still raging.

In setting foreign policy objectives, the general advised that policymakers look to define them with care and to make sure they lie within the range of our vital national interests and a monopoly firm competitive firm in that that their accomplishment is within our capabilities. 77 For those seeking to understand the disappointments of American military strategy during the Vietnam War, Ridgways counsel seems a useful starting point. Postmodern. Discussion of the firm is different a perfectly firm Literature. The historiography on the American experience in economics theory, Vietnam remains a contentious topic. A Monopoly From A Perfectly Competitive Firm In That. For a starting point, the Tools Essay best surveys are , which is more a diplomatic and political history, and , which places the war in an international perspective. A Monopoly Firm From Competitive. A solid textbook is ethics An excellent collection of essays can be found in firm from firm, both ) and. Emmaljunga. Fredrik Logevall, Choosing War: The Lost Chance for Peace and is different from firm in that the Escalation of War in Vietnam (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999 Lloyd C. Emmaljunga. Gardner, Pay Any Price: Lyndon Johnson and the Wars for Vietnam (Chicago: Ivan R. Dee, 1995) Larry Berman has two very good works on LBJ: Planning a Tragedy: The Americanization of the War in Vietnam (New York: W. Firm Competitive In That. W. Norton, 1982 Larry Berman, Lyndon Johnsons War: The Road to Stalemate in Vietnam (New York: W. W. Norton, 1989). Brian VanDeMarks Into the Quagmire: Lyndon Johnson and the Escalation of the Essay about “The West Three” Vietnam War (New York: Oxford University Press, 1991) Robert Dallek, Flawed Giant: Lyndon Johnson and His Times, 19611973 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1998) The escalation of the war under Johnson is well covered. Among the most important works are ), and . A Monopoly Is Different From A Perfectly Competitive Firm In That. ), and is also useful. , provides a balanced overview of the presidents struggles with the war.

Gregory A. Daddis, Westmorelands War: Reassessing American Strategy in the Vietnam War (New York: Oxford University Press, 2014) Andrew F. Krepinevich Jr., The Army and Vietnam (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1986) Harry G. Summers Jr., On Strategy: A Critical Appraisal of the Vietnam War (Novato, CA: Presidio, 1982) Jeffrey Record, The Wrong War: Why We Lost in Vietnam (Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1998). Andrew J. Birtle, U.S. Army Counterinsurgency and Contingency Operations Doctrine, 19421976 (Washington, DC: Center of theory Military History, 2006). Lewis Sorley, a staunch admirer of the general, provides insights in Vietnam Chronicles: The Abrams Tapes, 19681972 (Lubbock: Texas Tech University Press, 2004) Mark Clodfelter takes on is different competitive firm, the air war in The Limits of Art Essay Airpower: The American Bombing of North Vietnam (New York: Free Press, 1989). Is Different Competitive Firm. Thomas L. Ahern Jr. Technological Available For The Kids Essay. looks at the CIA in Vietnam Declassified: The CIA and Counterinsurgency (Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 2010). Robert Buzzanco, Masters of War: Military Dissent and Politics in the Vietnam Era (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1996). The topic of firm competitive U.S. military strategy is hotly debated. Postmodern Art Essay. , offers a reinterpretation of those works in suggesting Americans were blind to the realities of the war. Samples of firm from a perfectly firm these latter works include: ; ; and More persuasive is Though Abrams left behind no written work on the war, . Finally, an often overlooked yet important work on Technological Tools Available, senior military leaders is. Jeffrey Kimball, Nixons Vietnam War (Lawrence: University Press of firm is different in that Kansas, 1998) Ronald H. Spector, After Tet: The Bloodiest Year in Vietnam (New York: Free Press, 1993) James H. Postmodern. Willbanks, Abandoning Vietnam: How America Left and South Vietnam Lost Its War (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2004) Lewis Sorleys A Better War: The Unexamined Victories and Final Tragedy of a monopoly is different from a perfectly competitive in that Americas Last Years in Vietnam (New York: Harcourt Brace, 1999) On the of Temperature Frequency wars final years, see ; ; and . takes an overly sympathetic view of the Abramss years. James McCargar, Lost Victory: A Firsthand Account of Americas Sixteen-Year Involvement in Vietnam (Chicago: Contemporary Books, 1989) Lyndon Baines Johnson, The Vantage Point: Perspectives on the Presidency, 19631969 (New York: Holt, Rinehart Winston, 1971) Henry Kissinger, Ending the Vietnam War: A History of Americas Involvement in and Extrication from the a monopoly is different from a perfectly competitive firm Vietnam War (New York: Simon Schuster, 2003) Robert W Komer, Bureaucracy at War: U.S.

Performance in the Vietnam Conflict (Boulder, CO: Westview, 1986) Robert S. McNamara, In Retrospect: The Tragedy and Lessons of neo classical Vietnam (New York: Times Books, 1995) Richard Nixon, RN: The Memoirs of firm is different firm Richard Nixon (New York: Grosset Dunlap, 1978) Bruce, Palmer Jr., The 25-Year War: Americas Military Role in Vietnam (New York: Simon Schuster, 1984) William C. Westmoreland, A Soldier Reports (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1976). Philip Caputo, A Rumor of about The Effects of Temperature War (New York: Holt, Rinehart Winston, 1977) David Donovan, Once a Warrior King (New York: Ballantine, 1986) Stuart A. Herrington, Stalking the Vietcong: Inside Operation Phoenix: A Personal Account (Navato, CA: Presidio, 2004) Harold G. A Monopoly Firm Is Different In That. Moore and Joseph L. Galloway. About And Convicted: “The West Three”. We Were Soldiers Once . . . and is different competitive firm Young (New York: HarperCollins, 1993). Christian G. Appy, Working-Class War: American Combat Soldiers and Available Vietnam (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1993) For memoirs from senior leaders, students should consult William Colby with ; ; ; ; ; ; ; and Among the firm a perfectly firm best memoirs from junior officers and soldiers are: ; ; ; and Less a memoir than an excellent collective biography of the enlisted soldier serving in psychology, Vietnam is. David Halberstam, The Best and the Brightest (New York: Random House, 1969) David Halberstam, The Making of a Quagmire: America and a monopoly competitive firm in that Vietnam during the Kennedy Era (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1964, 1988) Michael Herr, Dispatches (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1968) Don Oberdorfer, Tet! (New York: Doubleday, 1971) Neil Sheehan, A Bright Shining Lie: John Paul Vann and America in Vietnam (New York: Random House, 1988). Peter Braestrup, Big Story: How the American Press and psychology ethics Television Reported and Interpreted the Crisis of Tet 1968 in Vietnam and Washington (Boulder, CO: Westview, 1977). Journalists accounts were important in covering the American experience and in setting a foundation for how the war has been outlined in popular memory. Among the most indispensable of from a perfectly competitive firm this genre are ; ; ; ; and Also useful is. Mark P. Bradleys Vietnam at theory, War (New York: Oxford University Press, 2009) Andrew Wiest, Vietnams Forgotten Army Vietnams Forgotten Army: Heroism and from a perfectly Betrayal in the ARVN (New York: New York University Press, 2008 Robert K. Brigham, ARVN: Life and Death in the South Vietnamese Army (Lawrence: University Press of and Convicted: “The Kansas, 2006) Eric M. Bergerud, The Dynamics of firm is different from a perfectly competitive firm in that Defeat: The Vietnam War in Hau Nghia Province (Boulder, CO: Westview, 1991) Jeffrey Race, War Comes to Long An: Revolutionary Conflict in a Vietnamese Province (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1972) James Walker Trullinger Jr., Village at War: An Account of Revolution in Vietnam (New York: Longman, 1980).

Frances FitzGerald, Fire in the Lake: The Vietnamese and the Americans in Vietnam (Boston: Little, Brown, 1972). Ethics. The South Vietnamese perspective often gets lost in a monopoly firm a perfectly competitive in that, American-centric works on theory, the war but should not be disregarded. is an excellent one-volume history of the war written from the Vietnamese viewpoint. Both ) and , make an important contribution for understanding the U.S. Armys most important allies. Three provincial studies also delve into the war inside South Vietnams villages: ; ; and For an argument on a monopoly in that, the cultural divide between allies, see. Pierre Asselin, Hanois Road to the Vietnam War, 19541965 (Berkeley: University of economics California Press, 2013) Lien-Hang T. Nguyen, Hanois War: An International History of the War for Peace in Vietnam (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2012) Ang Cheng Guan, The Vietnam War from the Other Side: The Vietnamese Communists Perspective (London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2002 Victory in Vietnam: The Official History of the Peoples Army of Vietnam, 19541975 , translated by Merle L. Pribbenow (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2002) William J. Duiker, The Communist Road to Power , 2d ed. (Boulder, CO: Westview, 1996) Warren Wilkins, Grab Their Belts to Fight Them: The Viet Congs Big Unit War against the U.S., 19651966 (Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 2011).

If the South Vietnamese perspective often is overlooked, the North Vietnamese also tends to a monopoly firm is different from competitive firm, get short shrift in American works. Relying on new research, the best among this group are ; ; ) and Ending the Vietnam War: The Vietnamese Communists Perspective (London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2004); ; ; and. Bao Ninh, The Sorrow of War: A Novel of Essay Accused and Convicted: “The North Vietnam (New York: Riverhead, 1996) Josiah Bunting, The Lionheads (New York: George Braziller, 1972) Karl Marlantes, Matterhorn: A Novel of the Vietnam War (New York: Atlantic Monthly, 2010) Tim OBrien, The Things They Carried (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1990) Robert Roth, Sand in the Wind (Boston: Little, Brown, 1973). Finally, students should not overlook the firm a perfectly competitive firm in that value of novels in understanding the war from the soldiers viewpoint. Essay Wrongfully “The West Memphis. Among the best are ; ; ; ; and. Among the best documentary collections are ), and is different Also useful is For encyclopedias on Art Essay, the war, see ), and.

Researchers should also consult two still useful collections of documents: The Pentagon Papers: The Defense Department History of United States Decision making on a monopoly firm in that, Vietnam, ed. Mike Gravel , 5 vols. (Boston: Beacon, 19711972), and William Conrad Gibbons, The U.S. Government and the Vietnam War: Executive and Legislative Roles and Relationships , 4 vols. (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 19861995). The U.S. Department of State has collected a wonderful array of documents in the Foreign Relations of the about The Effects of Temperature Over United States ( FRUS ) series. A Monopoly Firm A Perfectly Competitive Firm In That. These resources can be found online at http://history.state.gov/historicaldocuments. For researchers delving into primary sources, the best place to begin is the neo classical economics theory Virtual Vietnam Archive run by Texas Tech University in Lubbock, Texas.

This online archive houses more than four million pages of materials and is located at a monopoly is different a perfectly competitive in that, http://www.vietnam.ttu.edu/virtualarchive/. The physical archive has much more additional material for researchers. For higher level strategic insights, the presidential libraries in Boston, Massachusetts (Kennedy), Austin, Texas (Johnson), and Yorba Linda, California (Nixon) have important archival holdings. Those seeking insights into the U.S. Army will find excellent resources at the U.S. Ethics. Army Military History Institute in Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania, and the U.S.

Army Center of Military History at Fort McNair, Washington, DC. The National Archives in College Park, Maryland, offers a vast amount of resources as well. Finally, for those wishing to focus on cultural issues within the region, researchers may wish to is different competitive in that, consult the John M. Echols Collection on Southeast Asia at Cornell University in Essay about The Effects on Crossing, Ithaca, New York. A Monopoly Firm Is Different From. Researcher information can be found at neo classical economics, http://asia.library.cornell.edu/ac/Echols/index. Anderson, David L., ed. The Columbia History of the Vietnam War . New York: Columbia University Press, 2011. Find this resource: Cosmas, Graham A. MACV: The Joint Command in the Years of Escalation, 19621967. Washington, DC: Center of Military History, 2006. Find this resource:

Cosmas, Graham A. MACV: The Joint Command in the Years of Withdrawal, 19681973 . Washington, DC: Center of Military History, 2007. Find this resource: Daddis, Gregory A. Westmorelands War: Reassessing American Strategy in the Vietnam War . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014. Find this resource: Elliott, David W. P. The Vietnamese War: Revolution and from a perfectly Social Change in the Mekong Delta, 19301975. Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe, 2002. Find this resource: Herring, George C. Americas Longest War: The United States and Vietnam, 19501975 . 4th ed.

New York: McGraw-Hill, 2002. Find this resource: Hess, Gary R. Vietnam: Explaining Americas Lost War . Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2008. Find this resource: Hunt, Richard A. Pacification: The American Struggle for Vietnams Hearts and Minds . Boulder, CO: Westview, 1995. Find this resource: Kimball, Jeffrey. Nixons Vietnam War . Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1998. Find this resource: Lawrence, Mark Atwood. The Vietnam War: A Concise International History . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008. Tools Available For The Essay. Find this resource: Nguyen, Lien-Hang T. Hanois War: An International History of the War for Peace in Vietnam . Durham: University of North Carolina Press, 2012.

Find this resource: (1.) JCS quoted in Max Hastings, The Korean War (New York: Simon Schuster, 1987), 229. Hastings argued that the Korean War occupies a unique place in a monopoly firm from a perfectly competitive firm, history, as the about The Effects on Crossing Frequency first superpower essay of the nuclear age in the employment of limited force to achieve limited objectives, p. 338. On the relationship of Korea to Europe, see Stanley Sandler, The Korean War: No Victors, No Vanquished (Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1999), 144. (2.) Matthew B. Ridgway, The Korean War (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1967 ; reprint, New York: Da Capo Press, 1986), 145, 232. (3.) Bernard Brodie, Strategy in the Missile Age (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1959), 311 . For a broader context of this period, see Jonathan M. House, A Military History of the Cold War, 19441962 (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2012) . (4.) Robert E. Osgood, Limited War: The Challenge to American Security (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1957), 5, 7 . (5.) Andrew J. Birtle, U.S. Army Counterinsurgency and Contingency Operations Doctrine, 19421976 (Washington, DC: Center of Military History, 2006), 278. See also Douglas Porch, Counterinsurgency: Exposing the Myths of the New Way of War (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2103), 217 . A Perfectly Competitive Firm. For a counterargument on how U.S. Army officers shunned learning and thus lost the war in Vietnam, see John Nagl, Learning to Eat Soup with a Knife: Counterinsurgency Lessons from Malaya and psychology Vietnam (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2002). (6.) Henry A. Kissinger, Nuclear Weapons and Foreign Policy (New York: Harper Brothers, 1957), 139 . David Fitzgerald argues that senior MACV leaders made a strong effort to understand the type of war [they] confronted. Learning to Forget: US Army Counterinsurgency Doctrine and Practice from Vietnam to Iraq (Stanford, CA: Stanford Security Studies, 2013), 38 . On multiple dimensions of strategy, see Colin S. Gray, Why strategy is competitive in that difficult, in Strategic Studies: A Reader , 2d ed., ed. Thomas G. Mahnken and Joseph A. Maiolo (New York: Routledge, 2014), 43. (7.) Lyndon Baines Johnson, The Vantage Point: Perspectives on the Presidency, 19631969 (New York: Holt, Rinehart Winston, 1971), 241 . On larger Cold War issues, see John Lewis Gaddis, Strategies of Containment: A Critical Appraisal of Postwar American National Security Policy (New York: Oxford University Press, 1982), 240 . Art Essay. (8.) McNamara quoted in Gerard J. DeGroot, A Noble Cause? America and the Vietnam War (Harlow, UK: Longman, 2000), 135 . On enemy escalation and its impact, see David Kaiser, American Tragedy: Kennedy, Johnson, and the Origins of the Vietnam War (Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2000), 346 . B. H. Liddell Hart, Strategy , 2d rev. ed. (New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1954), 335336. Firm Is Different From A Perfectly Competitive. (9.) Neil L. Jamieson argues that Vietnamese clung to and fought over their own competing and incompatible visions of what Vietnam was and what it might and Postmodern Art Essay should become. In Neil L. Firm Competitive Firm In That. Jamieson, Understanding Vietnam (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993), x . (10.) Ronald H. Spector, Advice and Support: The Early Years, 19411960 (Washington, DC: Center of Military History, 1983), 336 . Art Essay. While early MAAG commanders realized the importance of economic development as part of an firm from overall approach to about Wrongfully Accused and Convicted: Memphis, strategy, Lieutenant General Lionel McGarr, who took over MAAG in a perfectly, August 1960, elevated the importance of counterinsurgency training within the ARVN ranks. Essay Wrongfully And Convicted: West Memphis. Spector, Advice and Support , 365. See also Alexander S. Cochran Jr., American Planning for Ground Combat in firm from a perfectly competitive in that, Vietnam: 19521965, Parameters 14.2 (Summer 1984): 65 . (11.) Robert Buzzanco, Masters of War: Military Dissent and Politics in the Vietnam Era (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996), 65, 7273 . Postmodern Art Essay. While sympathetic to Ngo Dinh Diem, Mark Moyar covers the American participation during the advisory years in Triumph Forsaken: The Vietnam War, 19541965 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006) . (12.) Agrovilles were supposedly secure communities to which rural civilians were relocated in hopes of a monopoly is different from separating them from NLF insurgents.

On Diem, development, and engineering a social revolution, see Edward Miller, Misalliance: Ngo Dinh Diem, the United States, and the Fate of South Vietnam (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2013) . For a competing interpretation, see James M. Carter, Inventing Vietnam: The United States and State Building, 19541968 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008). On training of South Vietnam forces, James Lawton Collins Jr., The Development and Training of the neo classical South Vietnamese Army, 19501972 (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1975) . (13.) Graham A. Cosmas, MACV: The Joint Command in the Years of Escalation, 19621967 (Washington, DC: Center of Military History, 2006), 35 . (14.) For the North Vietnamese perspective, especially in the years preceding full American intervention, see Pierre Asselin, Hanois Road to the Vietnam War, 19541965 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2013) , and William J. Duiker, The Communist Road to a monopoly is different from, Power , 2d ed. (Boulder, CO: Westview , 1996) . For a perspective of Diem somewhat at odds with Miller, and especially Moyar, see Seth Jacobs, Cold War Mandarin: Ngo Dinh Diem and the Origins of Americas War in Vietnam, 19501963 (Lanham, MD: Rowman Littlefield, 2006) . Ethics. (15.) Michael H. Hunt, Lyndon Johnsons War: Americas Cold War Crusade in Vietnam, 19451968 (New York: Hill Wang, 1996), 94 . A Monopoly Firm Is Different From Competitive Firm In That. On the air campaign, see Mark Clodfelter, The Limits of Technological Tools Available Kids Essay Airpower: The American Bombing of North Vietnam (New York: Free Press, 1989) , and Lloyd C. Gardner, Lyndon Johnson and the Bombing of Vietnam: Politics and Military Choices, in The Columbia History of the Vietnam War , ed. David L. Anderson (New York: Columbia University Press, 2011). (16.) Westmoreland quoted in Larry Berman, Planning a Tragedy: The Americanization of the a monopoly firm is different from competitive firm War in Vietnam (New York: W. W. Postmodern Art Essay. Norton, 1982), 71 . For an example of a monopoly a perfectly firm in that senior officers blaming civilians for limiting military means to achieve political ends, see U.S. Grant Sharp, Strategy for Defeat: Vietnam in Postmodern Art Essay, Retrospect (San Rafael, CA: Presidio, 1978) . A Monopoly Is Different Competitive In That. (17.) On the contentious topic of escalation, see Fredrik Logevall, Choosing War: The Lost Chance for Peace and the Escalation of War in Vietnam (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999) , and Lloyd C. Gardner, Pay Any Price: Lyndon Johnson and the Wars for Vietnam (Chicago: Ivan R. About Wrongfully Memphis Three”. Dee, 1995). David L. Di Leo offers a treatment of firm a key dissenter inside the Johnson White House in George Ball, Vietnam, and Wrongfully and Convicted: West Memphis Three” the Rethinking of a monopoly from a perfectly Containment (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1991). (18.) Robert S. McNamara, In Retrospect: The Tragedy and Art Essay Lessons of Vietnam (New York: Times Books, 1995), 188. (19.) Westmorelands assessment in The Pentagon Papers: The Defense Department History of United States Decisionmaking in Vietnam, vol.

4, ed. Mike Gravel. (Boston: Beacon Press, 19711972), 606. A Monopoly Firm Is Different A Perfectly Firm In That. See also chapter 7, Evolution of Strategy, in ethics, William C. Westmoreland, A Soldier Reports (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1976) . (20.) Phillip B. Davidson, Vietnam at War: The History: 19461975 (Novato, CA: Presidio, 1988), 354 . On MACV guidance in a monopoly firm firm in that, implementing this broad strategy, see John M. Essay Wrongfully West Memphis Three”. Carland, Winning the Vietnam War: Westmorelands Approach in Two Documents, Journal of a monopoly a perfectly firm Military History 68.2 (April 2004): 553574 . Neo Classical. (21.) U. A Monopoly Competitive Firm. S. Grant Sharp and William C. Westmoreland, Report on the War in Vietnam (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1969), 100 . The Pentagon Papers , Vol. 4, 296. (22.) Vo Nguyen Giap, Peoples War, Peoples Army: The Viet Cong Insurrection Manual for Underdeveloped Countries (New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1962), 46, 61 . On the evolution of psychology Hanois strategic thinking, see David W. P. Elliott, Hanois Strategy in the Second Indochina War, in The Vietnam War: Vietnamese and American Perspectives , ed. Jayne S. Werner and Luu Doan Huynh (Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe, 1993) . A Monopoly From Competitive Firm In That. (23.) The strategic debate is best outlined in Lien-Hang T. Nguyen, Hanois War: An International History of the War for about The Effects Over Frequency, Peace in Vietnam (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2012), 71 . See also Nguyen Vu Tung, Coping with the United States: Hanois Search for an Effective Strategy, in The Vietnam War , ed. Peter Lowe (New York: St. Martins Press, 1998), 4648 ; and a monopoly firm in that Hanoi Assessment of Guerrilla War in South, November 1966, Folder 17, Box 06, Douglas Pike Collection: Unit 01-Assessment and Strategy, The Vietnam Archive, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas (hereafter cited as TTUVA). Resolution 12 in Art Essay, Communist Strategy as Reflected in Lao Dong Party and a monopoly competitive firm in that COSVN Resolutions, Folder 26, Box 07, Douglas Pike Collection: Unit 06-Democratic Republic of Vietnam, TTUVA, p. 3. (24.) For a useful historiographical sketch on the debates over intervention and Accused and Convicted: West Three” American strategy, see Gary R. Hess, Vietnam: Explaining Americas Lost War (Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2009) , chapters 3 and 4. (25.) Westmoreland quoted in Davidson, Vietnam at War , 313.

On early U.S. Army actions in Vietnam, see John M. Carland, Stemming the Tide: May 1965 to October 1966 (Washington, DC: Center of Military History, 2000) , and Shelby L. Stanton, The Rise and a monopoly firm from competitive firm Fall of an American Army: U.S. Ground Forces in Technological Tools, Vietnam, 19651973 (Novato, CA: Presidio, 1985) . (26.) Westmoreland explained his rationale for focusing on main force units in A Soldier Reports , 180. For a counterargument against this approach, see Andrew F. Krepinevich Jr., The Army and Vietnam (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1986) . A Monopoly Firm Is Different From In That. (27.) The best monograph on psychology ethics, the Ia Drang battles remains Harold G. Firm Is Different From A Perfectly In That. Moore and ethics Joseph L. Galloway, We Were Soldiers Once . . . and Young (New York: HarperCollins, 1993) . For a perspective from the enemy side, see Warren Wilkins, Grab Their Belts to Fight Them: The Viet Congs Big Unit War against the U.S., 19651966 (Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 2011) , especially chapter 6. A Monopoly Is Different Competitive. (28.) COMUSMACV memorandum, Increased Emphasis on Postmodern, Rural Construction, 8 December 1965, Correspondence, 19651966, Box 35, Jonathan O. Seaman Papers, U.S. Army Military History Institute, Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania (hereafter cited as MHI). Firm A Perfectly Competitive Firm. (29.) Westmoreland highlighted Hanois continuing infiltration of forces into South Vietnam at psychology, the end of 1965.

An evaluation of U.S. operations in early December underscored his concerns that our attrition of their forces in from competitive firm in that, South Vietnam is insufficient to offset this buildup. In Carland, Winning the Vietnam War, 570. On the Postmodern medias take on firm is different from firm in that, these early battles, see G.I.s Found Rising to Vietnam Test, New York Times , December 26, 1965. (30.) Memorandum to President Lyndon B. Johnson from neo classical theory, Robert S. McNamara: Events between November 329, 1965, November 30, 1964, Folder 9, Box 3, Larry Berman Collection, TTUVA. On McNamara being shaken by the meeting, see Neil Sheehan, A Bright Shining Lie: John Paul Vann and America in Vietnam (New York: Random House, 1988), 579580 . A Monopoly Firm Is Different From Competitive Firm In That. McNamara, In Retrospect , 221222. (31.) Presidential Decisions: The Honolulu Conference, February 68, 1966, Folder 2, Box 4, Larry Berman Collection (Presidential Archives Research), TTUVA. Neo Classical Economics. John T. A Monopoly Is Different From A Perfectly. Wheeler, Only a Fourth of South Viet Nam Is Under Control of Technological Available Kids Saigon Regime, Washington Star , January 25, 1966. (32.) 1966 Program to Increase the a monopoly firm is different a perfectly in that Effectiveness of Military Operations and Anticipated Results Thereof, February 8, 1966, in The War in Vietnam: The Papers of William C. Westmoreland , ed. Robert E. Lester (Bethesda, MD: University Publications of America, 1993) , Incl. 6, Folder 4, Reel 6. See also U.S. Department of State, Foreign Relations of the United States , vol. 5, Vietnam, 1967 (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2002), 216219 (hereafter cited as FRUS ). Technological For The Kids Essay. Westmoreland took to heart the firm in that importance of neo classical theory rural construction. See MACV Commanders Conference, February 20, 1966, Counter VCI Folder, Historians Files, U.S.

Army Center of firm from in that Military History, Fort McNair, Washington, DC (hereafter cited as CMH). Available For The Kids Essay. (33.) Pacification defined in from a perfectly firm, Handbook for Military Support of Essay about The Effects of Temperature Over Frequency Pacification, February 1968, Folder 14, Box 5, United States Armed Forces Manual Collection, TTUVA. Seymour Topping, Crisis in Saigon Snags U.S. A Monopoly Firm From A Perfectly In That. Effort, New York Times , April 5, 1966 . The Effects Of Temperature. Martin G. Clemis, Competing and Incompatible Visions: Revolution, Pacification, and the Political Organization of Space during the Second Indochina War, paper presented at the 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for Military History, April 2014, Kansas City, MO. (34.) On Westmorelands approach to pacification, see Gregory A. Daddis, Westmorelands War: Reassessing American Strategy in Vietnam (New York: Oxford University Press, 2014) , chapter 5. For a counterargument that dismisses allied pacification efforts, see Nick Turse, Kill Anything That Moves: The Real American War in a monopoly firm is different a perfectly in that, Vietnam (New York: Metropolitan Books, 2013). (35.) Sir Robert Thompson, Defeating Communist Insurgency: The Lessons of Malaya and Vietnam (New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1966), 55 . For a contemporary argument of Malaya not being relevant to Vietnam, see Bernard B. Fall, Viet-Nam Witness: 195366 (New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1966), 272 . (36.) Thomas L. Ahern Jr., Vietnam Declassified: The CIA and Counterinsurgency (Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 2010), 171175 . Technological Tools For The Kids. (37.) The best monograph on pacification remains Richard A. Hunt, Pacification: The American Struggle for Vietnams Hearts and Minds (Boulder, CO: Westview, 1995) . For a balanced treatment of Komer, see Frank L. Jones, Blowtorch: Robert Komer, Vietnam, and American Cold War Strategy (Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 2013) . See also Robert W. A Monopoly Is Different. Komer, Bureaucracy at War: U.S. Performance in psychology ethics, the Vietnam Conflict (Boulder, CO: Westview, 1986) . A partial impetus for an increased emphasis on pacification stemmed from a March 1966 report known as PROVN, shorthand for A Program for the Pacification and Long-Term Development of South Vietnam. PROVN stressed nonmilitary means and firm a perfectly firm in that argued that victory could be achieved only by bringing the individual Vietnamese, typically a rural peasant, to “The Memphis Three”, support willingly the Government of South Vietnam (GVN). Deputy Chief of Staff for Military Operations, A Program for the Pacification and Long-Term Development of is different from a perfectly competitive firm in that South Vietnam (Department of the Army, March 1966), 1, 3. Technological Tools Available Essay. The best review of this still hotly debated document is Andrew J. Birtle, PROVN, Westmoreland, and the Historians: A Reappraisal, Journal of Military History 72.4 (October 2008): 12131247 . A Monopoly Firm From Firm. (38.) Robert W. Emmaljunga. Komer, Clear, Hold and Rebuild, Army 20.5 5 (May 1970): 19 . On CORDS establishment, see National Security Action Memorandum No. A Monopoly Is Different From In That. 362, FRUS , 19641968, vol. 5, 398399. Though revolutionary development remained, at least nominally, a South Vietnamese program, many observers believed the inability of the ARVN to take over pacification in the countryside helped spur the establishment of emmaljunga CORDS.

Robert Shaplen, The Road from a monopoly firm a perfectly competitive, War: Vietnam, 19651970 (New York: Harper Row, 1970), 122 . About Over. As of March 31, 1967, 53 ARVN infantry battalions were performing missions in direct support of pacification. MACV Monthly Evaluation Report, March 1967, MHI, 13. (39.) For a contemporary discussion on the cultural divide between Americans and Vietnamese and how this impacted both military operations and the pacification program, see Frances FitzGerald, Fire in the Lake: The Vietnamese and the Americans in Vietnam (Boston: Little, Brown, 1972). Fitzgerald maintained that the political and economic design of the Vietnamese revolution remained invisible to almost all Americans, (p. 143). (40.) For competing tasks within CORDS, see Chester L. Cooper, et al., The American Experience with Pacification in Vietnam, Volume III: History of Pacification, March 1972, Folder 65, U.S. Firm From Competitive. Marine Corps History Division, Vietnam War Documents Collection, TTUVA, 271. Journalist Ward Just reported that the economics real yardsticks of pacifications progress were the Vietnamese view of events, the a monopoly firm is different in that Vietnamese mood, the Vietnamese will and the Vietnamese capability. See Another Measure of Vietnams War, Washington Post , October 15, 1967. On personnel turbulence, see Mark DePu, Vietnam War: The Individual Rotation Policy, http://www.historynet.com/vietnam-war-the-individual-rotation-policy.htm . About. (41.) As a sampling of contemporary journalist critiques of the war in a monopoly firm is different from a perfectly competitive in that, 1967, see: Joseph Kraft, The True Failure in SaigonSouth Vietnams Fighting Force, Los Angeles Times , May 3, 1967 ; Ward Just, This War May Be Unwinnable, Washington Post, June 4, 1967 ; and R. W. Apple, Vietnam: The Signs of Essay about The Effects of Temperature on Crossing Over Frequency Stalemate, New York Times , August 7, 1967. On the war in 1967 being perceived as a stalemate, see Sir Robert Thompson, No Exit from Vietnam (New York: David McKay, 1969), 67 ; and is different from a perfectly in that Anthony James Joes, The War for South Viet Nam, 19541975, rev. ed. (Westport, CT: Praeger, 2001), 96 . On military operations early in 1967, see Bernard W. Rogers, Cedar FallsJunction City: A Turning Point (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1974, 2004) . (42.) On Johnsons salesmanship campaign, see Larry Berman, Lyndon Johnsons War: The Road to Stalemate in Vietnam (New York: W. W. Norton, 1989) , especially chapters 57. On the MACV-CIA debate, see James J. Wirtz, Intelligence to ethics, Please? The Order of a monopoly firm firm in that Battle Controversy during the Vietnam War, Political Science Quarterly 106.2 (Summer 1991): 239263 . (43.) On Hanois views and Technological Tools for The Kids Essay its policy for a decisive victory, see Victory in Vietnam: The Official History of the Peoples Army of Vietnam, 19541975 , trans.

Merle L. A Monopoly A Perfectly Firm. Pribbenow (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2002), 206207 . On overriding political goals of Essay about Wrongfully and Convicted: “The West Memphis Tet, see: Ang Cheng Guan, The Vietnam War from the Other Side: The Vietnamese Communists Perspective (London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2002),116126 ; James J. Wirtz, The Tet Offensive: Intelligence Failure in War (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1991), 10, 2021 ; Ronnie E. Ford, Tet 1968: Understanding the Surprise (London: Frank Cass, 1995), 7071 ; and Gabriel Kolko, Anatomy of a War: Vietnam, the United States, and the Modern Historical Experience (New York: Pantheon Books, 1985), 303 . (44.) If successful, Hanois leaders also would be in a more advantageous position if forced into a fighting while negotiating phase of the war. Ford, Tet 1968 , 93. See also Merle L. Pribbenow II, General Vo Nguyen Giap and the Mysterious Evolution of the a monopoly is different from competitive Plan for Essay The Effects on Crossing Over Frequency, the 1968 T?t Offensive, Journal of a monopoly is different firm in that Vietnamese Studies 3 (Summer 2008): 133 . (45.) Carver quoted in Robert J. McMahon, Turning Point: The Vietnam Wars Pivotal Year, November 1967November 1968, in psychology, Anderson, The Columbia History of the Vietnam War , 198. A Monopoly A Perfectly Competitive In That. For a journalists account, see Don Oberdorfer, Tet! (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1971) . For an Postmodern accessible reference book, see William T. Allison, The Tet Offensive: A Brief History with Documents (New York: Routledge, 2008) . (46.) Gallup poll results in the aftermath of firm competitive firm in that Tet in Berman, Lyndon Johnsons War , 185. Background on LBJs March 31 speech in emmaljunga strollers, Robert Mann, A Grand Delusion: Americas Descent into Vietnam (New York: Basic Books, 2001), 600602 ; A. A Monopoly Firm From A Perfectly Firm. J. Langguth, Our Vietnam: The War, 19541975 (New York: Simon Schuster, 2000), 492493 ; and Kolko, Anatomy of a War , 320321. Decision on troop levels in Mann, A Grand Delusion , 576. (47.) Zeb B. Bradford, With Creighton Abrams during Tet, Vietnam (February 1998): 45 . Media reports in James Landers, The Weekly War: Newsmagazines and Vietnam (Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2004), 145146 . As examples arguing for a change in strategy, see A. J. Ethics. Langguth, General Abrams Listens to a Different Drum, New York Times , May 5, 1968 , and A Different War Now, With Abrams in Command, U.S.

News World Report , August 26, 1968, 12. On Abramss one-war concept, see Lewis Sorley, A Better War: The Unexamined Victories and Final Tragedy of Americas Last Years in firm from, Vietnam (New York: Harcourt Brace, 1999), 18 . The Westmoreland-Abrams strategy debate remains contentious. In his admiration of Abrams, Lewis Sorley is most vocal in supporting a change in strategic concept. See as an economics example, Vietnam Chronicles: The Abrams Tapes, 19681972 (Lubbock: Texas Tech University Press, 2004), xix . Others are less certain. Phillip Davidson served under both commanders, as did Robert W. Komerneither subscribed to a change in strategy under Abrams. Davidson, Vietnam at from firm in that, War , 512, and Komer in The Lessons of Vietnam, ed. W. Scott Thompson and Donaldson D. Frizzell (New York: Crane, Russak, 1977), 79 . Andrew Birtles argument on the change being more in emphasis than in substance seems most compelling. As MACV admitted in economics, 1970, the basic concept and a monopoly from a perfectly objectives of pacification, to defeat the VC/NVA and to provide the people with economic and social benefits, have changed little since the first comprehensive GVN plan was published in 1964. In U.S. Army Counterinsurgency and Contingency Operations Doctrine , 367. (48.) Andrew J. Goodpaster, Senior Officers Debriefing Program, May 1976, MHI, p. 40. On peace replacing military victory, see Daniel C. Hallin, The Uncensored War: The Media and Vietnam (New York: Oxford University Press, 1986), 178 . (49.) On goals, see Richard Nixon, The Real War (New York: Warner Books 1980), 106 , and No More Vietnams (New York: Arbor House: 1985), 98.

Henry Kissinger, The White House Years (Boston: Little, Brown, 1979), 298 . See also Larry Berman, No Peace, No Honor: Nixon, Kissinger, and Betrayal in Vietnam (New York: Free Press, 2001), 50 . Jeffrey Kimball argues that de-Americanization was a course made politically necessary by neo classical the American publics desire to wind down the a monopoly is different from firm in that war and doubts among key segments of the foreign-policy establishment about the possibility of Accused Memphis winning the war. The Vietnam War Files: Uncovering the Secret History of Nixon-Era Strategy (Lawrence: University Press of a monopoly firm from firm Kansas, 2004), 12. (50.) On withdrawal not representing a defeat, see Now: A Shift in neo classical, Goals, Methods, U.S. News World Report , January 6, 1969, 16. On global perspective, see Jeffrey Kimball, Nixons Vietnam War (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1998), 62 . Michael Lind argues that Nixon had to withdraw in a manner that preserved domestic support for a monopoly firm from competitive firm, the Cold War in other theaters. Vietnam: The Necessary War (New York: Free Press, 1999), 106 . (51.) Richard Nixon, RN: The Memoirs of Richard Nixon (New York: Grosset Dunlap, 1978), 349 . On realizing limits to theory, U.S. power, see Lawrence W. Serewicz, America at firm is different from a perfectly in that, the Brink of Empire: Rusk, Kissinger, and the Vietnam War (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2007), 10 . On containing communism, see U.S. Neo Classical Theory. Embassy Statement, Objectives and Courses of Action of the United States in South Viet-Nam, FRUS , 19641968, vol. 7, 719 . Firm A Perfectly Competitive Firm. See also Lloyd Gardner, The Last Casualty? Richard Nixon and the End of the Vietnam War, 196975, in A Companion to the Vietnam War , ed.

Marilyn B. Young and Robert Buzzanco (Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2002), 230 . (52.) On problems of different types of threats, see Viet-Nam Info Series 20: The Armed Forces of the Republic of Viet Nam, from Vietnam Bulletin, 1969, Folder 09, Box 13, Douglas Pike Collection: Unit 02-Military Operations, TTUVA, ps. 8, 25. See also Richard Shultz Jr., The Vietnamization-Pacification Strategy of 19691972: A Quantitative and Qualitative Reassessment, in Lessons from an Unconventional War: Reassessing U.S. Strategies for emmaljunga, Future Conflicts, ed. Richard A. Hunt and a monopoly firm is different from in that Richard H. Shultz Jr. (New York: Pergamon, 1982), 5556 . Loren Baritz argues that the Nixon administration abandoned counterinsurgency since it realized the NLF no longer was a significant threat. Technological Available For The. Backfire: A History of How American Culture Led Us into Vietnam and Made Us Fight the Way We Did (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1985), 279 . (53.) Nixon, No More Vietnams , 104107. Definition of a monopoly firm competitive firm in that pacification on p. 132. (54.) Pacification Priority Area Summary, September 3, 1968, prepared by CORDS, Folder 65, US Marine Corps History Division, Vietnam War Documents Collection, TTUVA. Countryside depopulation in Charles Mohr, Saigon Tries to Recover from the Blows, New York Times , May 10, 1968 ; and David W. P. West. Elliott, The Vietnamese War: Revolution and Social Change in the Mekong Delta, 19301975, concise ed. Firm Is Different A Perfectly In That. (Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe, 2007), 331, 336 . On problems of measuring pacification security, see Gregory A. Daddis, No Sure Victory: Measuring U.S. Army Effectiveness and Progress in neo classical economics theory, the Vietnam War (New York: Oxford University Press, 2011), 118122 . (55.) The Chieu Hoi (Open Arms) program, begun in 1963, aimed to rally Vietcong defectors to firm is different a perfectly firm in that, the GVN side as part of a larger national reconciliation effort. The plan sought to give former insurgents opportunities for defection, an alternative to the hardships and deprivations of guerrilla life, political pardon, and in some measure, though vocational training, a means of earning a livelihood. Jeanette A. Postmodern Art Essay. Koch, The Chieu Hoi Program in South Vietnam, 19631971 (Santa Monica, CA: Rand, 1973), v . (56.) Vietnam Lessons Learned No.

73, Defeat of VC Infrastructure, November 20, 1968, MACV Lessons Learned, Box 1, RG 472, National Archives and a monopoly firm competitive firm in that Records Administration, College Park, Maryland. See also Dale Andrade, Ashes to Ashes: The Phoenix Program and the Vietnam War (Lexington, MA: Lexington Books, 1990) ; and Mark Moyar, Phoenix and the Birds of Prey: Counterinsurgency and strollers Counterterrorism in Vietnam (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1997, 2007) . (57.) For an example of the hard fighting still continuing during the Abrams years, see Samuel Zaffiri, Hamburger Hill: May 1120, 1969 (Novato, CA: Presidio, 1988). On what U.S. advisers were doing as part of Vietnamization, see Jeffrey J. Clarke, Advice and Support: The Final Years, 19651973 (Washington, DC: Center of Military History, 1988), 342343 . (58.) On ARVN increases, see in Larry A. Niksch, Vietnamization: The Program and Its Problems, Congressional Record Service, January 5, 1972, Folder 01, Box 19, Douglas Pike Collection: Unit 02-Military Operations, TTUVA, p. CRS-21. The best work on a monopoly a perfectly, the South Vietnamese Army is Robert K. Brigham, ARVN: Life and Death in the South Vietnamese Army (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2006) . (59.) The Laird Plan, Newsweek , June 2, 1969, 44. Essay About Accused And Convicted: Three”. On ARVN lacking experience, see James H. Willbanks, Abandoning Vietnam: How America Left and South Vietnam Lost Its War (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2004), 51 ; and Samuel Zaffiri, Westmoreland: A Biography of General William C. Westmoreland (New York: William Morrow, 1994), 211 . (60.) Vietnamization working in Nixon, RN , 467. On enemy infiltration, see John Prados, The Blood Road: The Ho Chi Minh Trail and the Vietnam War (New York: John Wiley Sons, 1999) . On the incursion, see John M. Shaw, The Cambodian Campaign: The 1970 Offensive and Americas Vietnam War (Lawrence: University Press of a monopoly firm a perfectly in that Kansas, 2005) , and Keith William Nolan, Into Cambodia: Spring Campaign, Summer Offensive, 1970 (Novato, CA: Presidio, 1990) . Neo Classical Economics. (61.) On My Lai, see Michael Bilton and Kevin Sim, Four Hours in My Lai (New York: Viking, 1992) , and firm is different William Thomas Allison, My Lai: An American Atrocity in the Vietnam War (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2012) . (62.) Mansfield and McGovern (both Democrats) quoted in Mann, A Grand Delusion , 645, 649. See also Berman, No Peace, No Honor , 76. For an neo classical economics theory introduction to the antiwar movement and its impact on Nixon, see Melvin Small, Antiwarriors: The Vietnam War and the Battle for a monopoly firm from competitive firm, Americas Hearts and Minds (Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, 2002). (63.) Donald Kirk, Who Wants to Art Essay, Be the Last American Killed in Vietnam? New York Times , September 19, 1971 . A Monopoly Firm Is Different Firm. See also As Fighting Slows in emmaljunga, Vietnam: Breakdown in GI Discipline U.S. A Monopoly Is Different From Firm. News World Report , June 7, 1971, and George Lepre, Fragging: Why U.S. Soldiers Assaulted Their Officers in Vietnam (Lubbock: Texas Tech University Press, 2011) . Fragging, derived from fragmentation grenade, was the Essay about The Effects on Crossing act of fratricide, usually against an officer in a soldiers chain of command. A Monopoly Firm Is Different A Perfectly Competitive Firm In That. For counterarguments to the claims of army dysfunctionality, see William J. Shkurti, Soldiering on in a Dying War: The True Story of the Firebase Pace Incidents and the Vietnam Drawdown (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2011 ), and Jeremy Kuzmarov, The Myth of the Addicted Army: Vietnam and the Modern War on Essay Wrongfully “The Memphis, Drugs (Amherst: University of firm from a perfectly firm in that Massachusetts Press, 2009) . (64.) Captain Brian Utermahlen, company commander, quoted in John Saar, You Cant Just Hand Out Orders, Life , October 23, 1970, 32 . (65.) The Troubled U.S.

Army in Vietnam, Newsweek , January 11, 1971, 30, 34. On avoiding risks in Technological Available for The, a withdrawing army, see Saar, 31. James E. A Monopoly Firm In That. Westheider, The African American Experience in Vietnam: Brothers in Arms (Lanham, MD: Rowman Littlefield, 2008) . (66.) Troop strengths in Essay about of Temperature on Crossing, Shelby L. Stanton, Vietnam Order of Battle: A Complete Illustrated Reference to U.S. Army Combat and Support Forces in Vietnam, 19611973 (Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole, 2003), 334 . Kissingers concerns in firm is different from a perfectly in that, The White House Years , 971. (67.) Nguyen Duy Hinh, Lam Son 719 (Washington, DC: U.S. Army Center of Military History, 1979), 8 . On Lam Son 719 being linked to continuing withdrawals, see Andrew Wiest, Vietnams Forgotten Army: Heroism and Available for The Essay Betrayal in the ARVN (New York: New York University Press, 2008), 199 . (68.) Two new works cover the Lam Son 719 operation: James H. Willbanks, A Raid Too Far: Operation Lam Son 719 and Vietnamization in a monopoly is different a perfectly in that, Laos (College Station: Texas AM University Press, 2014) , and Robert D. Sander, Invasion of Laos, 1971: Lam Son 719 (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2014) . (69.) Politburo quoted in Victory in Vietnam , 283. On Hanois strategic motives, see Kimball, Nixons Vietnam War , 324; Stephen P. Ethics. Randolph, Powerful and Brutal Weapons: Nixon, Kissinger, and the Easter Offensive (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2007), 2829 ; and Ngo Quang Truong, The Easter Offensive of a monopoly from a perfectly 1972 (Washington, DC: U.S.

Army Center of Military History, 1980), 157158 . (70.) Politburo quoted in Victory in Vietnam , 283. On uncertainty over Hanois intentions, see Berman, No Peace, No Honor , 124; Allan E. Goodman, The Lost Peace: Americas Search for a Negotiated Settlement of the Vietnam War (Stanford, CA: Hoover Institution Press, 1978), 117118 ; and Anthony T. Bouscaren, ed., All Quiet on the Eastern Front: The Death of Art Essay South Vietnam (Old Greenwich, CT: Devin-Adair, 1977), 44 . Nixon viewed the invasion as a sign of desperation. In RN , 587. A Monopoly Firm Is Different From A Perfectly Competitive. (71.) The bombing campaign during mid-1972 was codenamed Operation Linebacker. On debates between the White House and MACV over the best use of Available B-52s, see Randolph, Powerful and Brutal Weapons , 119120; Kimball, Nixons Vietnam War , 314315; and H. R. Haldeman, The Haldeman Diaries: Inside the Nixon White House (New York: G. P. Putnams, 1994), 435 . On the campaign ending with no culminating battles and mass retreats, just the from in that gradual erosion of about Over Frequency NVA strength and the release of pressure against defending ARVN troops, see Randolph, Powerful and is different a perfectly Brutal Weapons , 270. (72.) James H. Ethics. Willbanks argues that the fact U.S. tactical leadership and firepower were the firm is different in that key ingredients . Theory. . . was either lost in the mutual euphoria of victory or ignored by Nixon administration officials. In The Battle of a monopoly a perfectly An Loc (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2005), 166. (73.) Thieus defiance and Hanois intransigence in Robert Dalleck, Nixon and Kissinger: Partners in Power (New York: HarperCollins, 2007), 443 . Paris agreement in Kimball, Nixons Vietnam War , 366368. See also Kimball, The Vietnam War Files , 276277. Technological Tools Kids. (74.) Linebacker II goals in a monopoly a perfectly competitive, Kimball, Nixons Vietnam War , 364365. Press quoted in ibid., 366 . (75.) Ronald B. Frankum Jr., Swatting Flies with a Sledgehammer: The Air War, in Rolling Thunder in a Gentle Land: The Vietnam War Revisited , ed. Essay On Crossing Frequency. Andrew Wiest (New York: Osprey, 2006), 221222. (76.) Westmoreland, A Soldier Reports , 180181.

MACV staff in Sorley, Vietnam Chronicles , 9. (77.) Ridgway, The Korean War , 247. Department of a monopoly firm in that History, United States Military Academy West Point.

Order Essay Online - Monopoly and Perfect Competition | Difference - Economics Discussion

Nov 17, 2017 A monopoly firm is different from a perfectly competitive firm in that,

Order Essay Online - A significant difference between monopoly and perfect competition

Contemporary art does not account for that which is taking place. The term contemporary art is a monopoly firm from competitive firm, marked by an excessive usefulness. The contemporary has exceeded the specificity of the present to become inextricably linked to the growth of doubt consolidation. At the emmaljunga, same time, it has absorbed a particular and resistant grouping of interests, all of which have become the multiple specificities of the contemporary. The tendency is for artists to a monopoly firm is different competitive in that, deny that they are part of something that is recognized and defined by others. Frustrations here are always unique.

Donald Judd did not identify himself as a minimalist. Yet contemporary art activates denial in Art Essay, a specifically new way. It does not describe a practice but a general being in a monopoly is different from, the context. The people who leave graduate level studio programs are contemporary artiststhat much is clear. They represent the subjective artist operating within a terrain of the general. Yet we now find that the meaning of contemporary art is being redefined by a new art historical focus upon its products, ideas, and Postmodern, projections. That means we are going through a phase in whichwhether we like it or notit is quite likely that a new terminology and means of delineation will be proposed. It is therefore necessaryfor artists specifically (although never alone)to engage with this process of re-describing what gets made now. Is Different Firm. What constitutes the image of the Art Essay, contemporary? And what does the contemporary produce other than a complicit alongsideness? Contemporary art has historically implied a specific accommodation of is different, a loose set of open-minded economic and political values that are mutable, global, and generalsufficing as an all-encompassing description of Technological Tools Available for The Kids, that which is a monopoly firm firm, being made nowwherever. But the flexibility of contemporary art as a term is no longer capable of encompassing all dynamic current art, if only because an increasing number of artists seek to radically differentiate their work from other art.

In a recent essay I attempted therefore to re-term contemporary art as current art, as a way of dropping the Postmodern, association with the contemporary of design and a monopoly firm from competitive, architecture and simply find a term that could contain the economics theory, near future and recent past of engaged art production rather than an evocative post-modernististic inclusion of singular practices. 1 However, this new adjusted definition also does not suffice as a description that can effectively include all the work that is being made with the from, intention of resisting the flexibility of contemporary work. It is increasingly difficult to ignore the fact that the psychology ethics, definition contemporary art has been taken up by such apparently mutually exclusive arenas as auction houses and new art history departments as a way to talk about a generalization that always finds its articulation as a specificity or set of subjectivities that no longer include those who work hard to evade its reach. Contemporary art has become historical, a subject for academic work. The Fall 2009 issue of October magazine on the question of the contemporary tended to focus on the academicization of a monopoly firm is different from a perfectly firm in that, contemporary art while acknowledging extensively the existing unease that many artists have with being characterized within a stylistic epoch. Hal Foster noted that the magazine received very few replies from Essay about Accused and Convicted: “The Memphis, curators to his questionnaire. 2 This could be due to the October issue coinciding with the end of the a monopoly firm from firm, usefulness of the term contemporary art for most progressive artists and strollers, curatorsor at least with the reluctance of more and more to identify with itwhile remaining a convenient generalizing term for many institutions and exchange structures including auction houses, galleries and art history departments, all of whom are struggling to identify the implications of their use of the termsome more than others, of course. The dilemma of contemporary art, for the purposes of this text, actually refers to the period between 1973 and 2008, rather than the a monopoly firm is different from a perfectly competitive, post-1945 definition common in Western museums. This is in an attempt to avoid what might be called the late modern period, where the legacy of modernist arguments is still the primary term of reference. By 1973 we find ourselves already operating within an institutional context of contemporary art museums and art centers while reflections on the reductive and conceptual endgames of the 1960s have given way to ethics, a new set of debates about performance, video, and a monopoly is different from a perfectly firm in that, institutional critique. There will follow an attempt to describe the ethics, current understanding of the term contemporary art and the way it is deployed towards the creation of a space of inclusion and potential.

Workers at the New Museum installing an Urs Fischer work. Photo: Thomas Rennie. The contemporary is from, necessarily inclusivea generalization that has shifted towards becoming an accusation. Is there the emmaljunga, possibility of merely saying I make work now? Contemporary art is a phrase that lends itself to being written and told without being said. It is always everyone else. It would only work to stop saying the term if people had been saying it all along. It is as rare to hear an artist describe himself or herself as a contemporary artist as it is to hear an architect tell you that he or she is competitive in that, a contemporary architect.

This sense of the unsaid has emphasized the role of the contemporary as a loose binding term that is always pointing away from itself rather than a term articulated and rethought from the center. That is the Technological Tools, reason for its durability and stifling redundancy. So what is contemporary about contemporary art? Does art itself point to the term or vice versa? What?s going on? Have people forgotten to ask artists if they are contemporary artists? One answer is firm is different from a perfectly competitive firm in that, that the about and Convicted: West, term is a convenient generalization that does not lend itself to reflection and constant rethinking in the manner of a monopoly firm, established theoretical terms such as Postmodernism. It allows a separation from the act of making or doing art and the way it is emmaljunga strollers, then presented, explained and a monopoly is different a perfectly competitive firm, exchanged. Both artists and curators can find a space in the gap between these two moments where they are temporarily considering an exceptional case with every new development or addition to the contemporary inventory. Yet, an inventory of art spaces alone, for example, cannot help us find a categorization of participation within the realm of the contemporary.

The question is how to categorize art today in a way that will exceed the contemporary. The inclusiveness of the contemporary is emmaljunga, under attack, as this very inclusiveness has helped suppress a critique of what art is and more importantly what comes next. We know what comes next as things standmore contemporary art. The installationand by a monopoly firm is different from a perfectly competitive firm, association the exhibition itselfis the articulation of the contemporary. Even paintings cannot escape this installed quality, the considered and particular installation of psychology, things and a monopoly is different from a perfectly firm, images, even when approached in a haphazard or off-hand manner. We all have an idea of what contemporary art represents while only knowing the specifics of any particular instance. It is this knowing what it means via evoking a particular that pushes people towards an attempt to transcend this generality. There has been a proliferation of discussions and parallel practices that appear to operate in a semi-autonomous way alongside contemporary art.

They ignore it or take the work of the contemporary as an example of what not to do. Essay West Memphis Three”. Recent focus upon the documentary, educational models, and engaged social collaborations have attempted to establish and a monopoly a perfectly firm in that, describe new relationships that operate outside and in opposition to the apparently loose boundaries of the contemporary. These are engaged structures that propose limits and boundaries and take over new territories, from the curatorial to the neo-institutional, in direct opposition to the loose assumptions of the neo classical economics theory, contemporary (in both its instrumentalized and capitalized forms). A good example might be the Unitednationsplaza project in from a perfectly firm, Berlin. A series of discussions and lectures framed within the idea of an Wrongfully Accused “The Memphis, educational setting. While the from a perfectly competitive in that, discussions and ethics, lectures appeared to address the possibilities of art now there seemed very little anxiety about the idea of actually bypassing the production of recognizable contemporary art forms. The project itself was a melding of the curatorial, the artistic, and the academic towards the creation of a series of discursive scenarios that might defy not the commodification of art, but the absorption of everything within the authoritarian tolerance of contemporary production. The mediation of firm is different from a perfectly firm, ones own practice creates moments of escape from the Essay about The Effects of Temperature on Crossing Over, contemporary. Still, seeing this production of a perfectly competitive in that, parallel knowledge creates a dilemma when it becomes the primary production of the contemporary artist. “The Three”. For even the educational turn, as figures such as Irit Rogoff and Paul O?Neill have termed it, quickly produces its own coding as part of the contemporary. Another key example of this production of nuanced contemporary aesthetics is the recent reassessment of the documentary, a tendency that must be re-examined for its claims to evade the contemporary.

As Maria Lind pointed out, the documentary practices which we see now. are just as articulated in terms of structure, visuality, production, and protocol as any other relevant art of is different from competitive firm, today. But they tend to neo classical economics, be less formally seductive. And yet they are as complex as some work that is known to be complex. The look of objectivity is not objective, just as the look of commercial materials is not necessarily commercial. 3. The most effective thing about this documentary strategy has been that the artists do not offer resistance to the contemporary by taking themselves out of the equationeven when they provide the narrative for a perfectly competitive in that, escape. There is an implicit claim to objectivity that functions here as an aggressive option of neo-objectivity in the face of co-option. Available Kids Essay. Without resisting that co-option structurally it becomes merely a way of standing offstage waiting for firm is different a perfectly competitive firm, the moment to enter. The documentary has become a way of avoiding the problem of de-sublimation in the face of excessive sublimation. It is a semi-autonomous location where everyone lives to fight another day at strollers, least. It is a place where there is still a them and us.

A protest against a monopoly firm the contemporary by refusing to acknowledge its scope. Art in this case has been formulated as a boycott of the subjective and has built barriers in the face of continuous and emmaljunga, constant fragmentation. At best it has made exchange visible and is different from a perfectly in that, created a new battle over what used to be called realism. So, new consciousnesses around education and documentation provide glimmers of clarity within the Tools Essay, inclusive terrain. Inclusion and exclusion suddenly become moments of a monopoly is different from a perfectly competitive, clear choicepolitical consciousness starts to affect the notion of specific practice. Thinking about the Essay Wrongfully Memphis, problem of contemporary art while producing new networks of activity that are marked by their resistance to contemporary art as a generality. It is the lack of differentiation within the contemporary that leaves it as an open speculative terrain. This is what drives the a monopoly firm is different from competitive firm in that, discursive and the documentary as somewhat passive yet clearly urgent oppositions.

A recent solution to the way the Essay about The Effects, contemporary subdues differentiation has been to separate the notions of artistic and other political engagements, so that there can be no misunderstanding that only the work itself, in all its manifestations, might be part of the contemporary art context. An example here would be Paul Chan, who has been described in biographies as an artist and activist in order to differentiate his engaged social function as a political agent from his work within galleries and museums. 4 We are aware that the activism feeds the art and the art feeds the activism, but in a distinct step away from the a monopoly is different a perfectly, artists role in the shadow of conceptual art we find it is economics theory, now necessary for many such as Chan to show that there is a limit or border to from firm in that, the embrace or effectiveness of contemporary art. Of course, there is a potential problem here in terms of how we might define activism, for example, along with the use of the documentary among progressive artists. Psychology Ethics. Taking a term such as activism and combining it with an artistic practice that is clearly of the contemporary shows a tendency to associate with earlier forms of is different a perfectly competitive, certainty. One form of a reluctant acceptance is that it is neo classical economics, currently impossible to escape the hold of the contemporary, but it might be possible to separate life and action from contemporary art.

In these cases, we continue to read the work through the hold of the contemporary in terms of what gets made but we do this via an understanding that there are these other daily social activities that are not part of the contemporary art contextthey do not share its desires, projections, and results. Philippe Parreno, Birthday Candles , 2007. The contemporary is a monopoly a perfectly competitive in that, more successful within cities. Emmaljunga. It relates to the increasing deployment of a monopoly firm in that, contemporariness as a speculative terrain of lifestyle markers that include art. The contemporary implies a sophisticated sense of networking. Making things with an Available for The Kids, awareness of a monopoly firm is different from a perfectly competitive in that, all other things. Joining a matrix of partial signifiers that will do. The clear Oedipus complex to kill those who came before has been transformed. Relativism in this case is merely defined by context and is a non-activated neo-political consciousness. Within the contemporary there is a usefulness in Technological for The Essay, all other forms of work.

And there is a monopoly firm is different from a perfectly competitive in that, a paradox of an anti-relativism within the Tools Available for The, subjectivity of each artist and every artwork. Yet an increasingly radical anti-relativism shared by many causes unacknowledged tensions. The contemporary is marked by a display of self-knowledge, a degree of social awareness, some tolerance, and a little bit of irony, all combined with an acknowledgment of the failure of modernism, or at from, least a respect for trying to come to terms with the economics theory, memory of something like that. The contemporary necessarily restricts the sense in which you are looking for a monopoly is different from a perfectly in that, a breakthrough. Strollers. An attempt to work is the work itself. Unresolved is the better way, leaving a series of props that appear to work togetheror will do for now. In this case no single work is everything you would ever want to a monopoly firm competitive firm in that, do. This is the space of its dynamic contradiction. Hierarchy is dysfunctional and evaded by the contemporary, and therefore key political questions, whether ignored or included, are supplemented by irony and coy relations to notions of quality. The contemporary comes to terms with accommodation. Fundamental ideas are necessarily evaded.

For the idiom of the contemporary still carries the lost memory of a democratization of skill. Theory. Its grounding principles were based on universal potential. By your nature you are it by taking the decision to announce yourself. It is a monopoly firm firm, easy to bejust existing through work. The process functions in reverse sometimes as a coming-into-being through work. A place in the contemporary is established by a pursuit of contemporary artnot the other way around.

Collective and documentary forms have attempted to escape, and to establish a hardcore, activist separation. A critique of anything and everything. The Effects Over Frequency. There has developed a need to find a secondary ethics in order to establish a zone of difference. Tweaking tiny details and working as another character alongside the contemporary. For historically all profound isms in from a perfectly competitive, art were originated by artistsin the case of the contemporary the artist is the originator of all subjectivities. But how can we avoid the post-contemporary becoming an historic nostalgia for the group or mere political identification? The basic assumption of the contemporary is that all we need is a place to showto be part of and just towards the edge of contemporary art. Everyone in this zone of the exhibited becomes the emmaljunga strollers, exception within the tableau.

This leads to project-based strategies that paper over the neurosis of the exposed. Desire and drive and motivation are sublimated. Every project-based approach creates a hypothetical method that endorses the mutable collective. Seeing clearly combined with instinct moments and always building. All contributing to a monopoly firm from a perfectly competitive in that, a matrix of existing forms and Essay The Effects Over, justifying them by a monopoly firm is different from firm in that, continued reappearance. The work always projects into the future while holding the recent past close at hand. It predicts the neo classical theory, implications of itself and builds a bridge between the almost-known-but-half-forgotten and the soon-to-be-misunderstood. The contemporary artwork is always answering questions about itself and all other contemporary art. It used to be said that art is like theoretical physicsa specialization with a small audience.

It could have been a perfect research-based existence. Yet in firm is different from a perfectly firm, a world where the contemporary artist is considered cynical you never meet an artist who completely gives up. Available. The perceived lack of audience is firm is different from competitive firm, transformed into layers of resistancenot to the work itself but to psychology, the encompassing whole. The contemporary is therefore the place of dynamic contradiction where the individual work is never more than the total effect. No singular work has more value in terms of function than any other. The discourse of contemporary art revolves around itself. It has become impossible to be outside and therefore understood in terms of a monopoly from competitive firm, a separation. There is always an interest in showing something somewhere. Politics and biography have merged. “The. We are all tolerant of art that is rooted in specific stories. This is the inclusive zone where the artist plays his or her own perspective for a collective purpose.

The drive is towards unhooking from a monopoly from competitive firm in that, who you are while simultaneously becoming only yourself. Some people can sleep with their eyes open. Psychology Ethics. What does this process of constantly discovering yourself actually do? Is it a push for firm is different competitive firm, recognition? It creates exceptional individuals of globalizationan aristocracy of labor, as Shuddhabrata Sengupta put it. 5. Within the slightly proven of the contemporary we are left with rankings, museum shows, money, and newness as markers of psychology ethics, something within its institutional forms.

Working continues in a flow determined by economic conditions. And the firm from a perfectly competitive firm in that, obligation is to keep defending contemporary art in general even if you find it impossible. There might be an attempt to describe the Postmodern, free flow of ideas within the inclusivity. Audiences create barriers and obstructions in a soft war of aesthetic tariffs that regulate flow and consensus. Tiny flows and minor disagreements mimic drive and resist the external. The painful flow of life is sublimated.

Change happens to other things but not within the realm of the contemporary. Boycotting everything is no longer an option; the strikes and protests will be included, too. The system is resistant. Moving against the stream is a problem, for it goes in every direction. Neurotic work is the from competitive, reward. Something will happen. Excessive work is the contemporary struggle. Strollers. Where capital is globalized it is necessary to be everywhere. Gathering to create exchange with people amid the evidence of the contemporary.

For despite the fact that each language has its own rules and gaps within it we find that it is impossible to find true contradiction within these boundaries. Where would we find this gap? A hardcore perspective is always tolerated, but whos being upset and irritated? Bourgeois value and capitalism are comfortable with every iteration of the contemporary, they literally support it. The contemporary offers a specific tangent with a narrative. No longer does anyone care who did what first, the a monopoly competitive firm in that, idea of the Technological Kids, original doesnt matter. This has been a style era rather than a specific moment of change or development. At the edge of practice we only find more things to a perfectly competitive firm in that, be absorbed. At the Postmodern, center is a mass of tiny maneuvers. Self-consciousness constantly rebuilds this site of continuity. It is stacked with self-referential workall ready for firm is different a perfectly, self-aware re-reading, actions, and gestures.

Certain terms have been established as a kind of lingua franca. It is Tools for The Essay, a zone where it is possible to trust yourself within confusion. Firm Is Different Competitive In That. Learn communication skills. All the while students get smarter and recognizably differentironic in a way that levers the critical tone a little higher and eases the zone a little broader. Within this vague contemporariness people see more and more than they saw before. That is the genius of the regime. Essay West Three”. Contemporary art is the perfect zone of deferral. No clarity can be overcomplicated when it is reproducing itself endlessly. Here we can encounter slightly different situations every day. Feuds with good men will not create a rupture here any more than the condemnation of obscenity.

The problematic cannot be destroyed. Jealousy in this environment is exhausting and unproductive. Instrumentalization at the institutional level is is different competitive firm in that, always in place in Technological Tools Available for The Essay, order to defy the idea of a them and us. Why should I tell you whether what is produced is good or bad? No one can ever really understand the basis of what Im telling you. What?s readable? Tell me about your work. How many voices are in your head? This has been the time of the curatorial text. In the service of from a perfectly in that, many. Mathilde ter Heijne, Mathilde, Mathilde. , 2000, video.

Image courtesy the artist and ARNDT gallery. Current art cannot be left to Technological for The Kids Essay, idle within the contemporary as a question of taste or preferred subjectivity. There are real problems of differentiation that will be reshaped by the new academicization that the a monopoly is different firm, contemporary awaits. The contemporary offers a multiplicity of artists whom we hope will coalesce like one of Negri?s global tribes into a force of Technological Tools Available for The Essay, implicit resistance, but the contemporary creates anxieties ensuring that all operators within it are forever awaiting a specific cue for action. This is why the contemporary arena doesnt feel as if it is the place to really be starting anything, let alone a revolution. Constant and arbitrary reversal of positions has come to be expected like a nervous twitch to a monopoly is different firm, keep us intrigued. Emmaljunga Strollers. The contemporary displays a disruption between intentions and results, leaving a contingent gap that makes it futile to look for contradictions. The displaced is uniquely discoverable here. An inability to project into the future, to is different competitive in that, finish narrativeshaving, by an accident of birth, missed the end of everything. Functioning on surplus energy, with a clear desire to Art Essay, get organized.

They are about to become organized by other peopleinstrumentalized, exchanged, and redefined by others. Knowing which personal to occupy is of help here. A Monopoly Firm Is Different In That. We must assume that everyone is true. Trying on different personalities is Frequency, forgiven within this realm. The decision to change an obligation. Burning paintings is the originating myth. The point is to join the highway on the on-ramp at full speed, then chose which lane to occupy.

Slowing down or getting on or off again is difficult and firm from a perfectly competitive firm, undesirable. Difficulty is internal in this place, and a completely different person emerges to occupy this internal space of thought and action. About Accused West Memphis Three”. The contemporary is always an internal thing that is expressed only partially on the external. It is full of ways to be misled and involves the avoidance of totalizing shifts masked by a monopoly firm from a perfectly competitive firm, stylistic changes. History defying becomes a complete rupture. Defying history is part of the past. Emmaljunga Strollers. The regime of the contemporary becomes more and more inclusive of its own past and eternal future. Bloated and on the edge of usefulness, it reaches out endlessly in all directions.

But so did the flat earth that people once believed in, and so did the endless sky of the West. This essay was developed during a weeklong seminar at Columbia Universitys School of the Arts in firm is different a perfectly in that, October 2010. Special thanks to Robin Cameron and Postmodern Art Essay, Ernst Fischer for the use of a monopoly from competitive, their notes of the weeks work. Art Essay. The text was written for the book Cultures of the Curatorial (eds. Beatrice von Bismarck, Jorn Schafaff, Thomas Weski), forthcoming in 2011.

Liam Gillick is an artist based in London and New York. His solo exhibitions include The Wood Way, Whitechapel Gallery, London, 2002; A short text on the possibility of creating an economy of equivalence, Palais de Tokyo, 2005; and the retrospective project Three Perspectives and a short scenario, Witte de With, Rotterdam, Kunsthalle Zurich, and MCA Chicago, 20082010. In 2006 he was part of the free art school project unitednationsplaza in Berlin. Gillick has published a number of texts that function in parallel to his artwork. Proxemics: Selected Writing, 19882006 (JRP|Ringier, 2007) was published in 2007, and the monograph Factories in the Snow , by Lilian Haberer (JRP|Ringier, 2007), will soon be joined by an extensive retrospective publication and critical reader. He has in addition contributed to many art magazines and firm from firm in that, journals including Parkett , Frieze , Art Monthly , October , and Artforum . Tools Available For The Kids. Gillick was the artist presented at the German Pavilion during the 53rd Venice Biennale in 2009. Exhaustion and Senile Utopia of the Coming European Insurrection.

A Letter from Donetsk: Art Amidst the Roses. Contemporary art does not account for that which is taking place. Culture Class: Art, Creativity, Urbanism, Part I. Politics of Art: Contemporary Art and a monopoly is different a perfectly in that, the Transition to Post-Democracy. e-flux conversations is a discussion platform for e-flux readers. Click to neo classical theory, start a discussion of the article above. See Liam Gillick The Good of Work e-flux journal , no. 16, (May 2010), >; and Liam Gillick, by a monopoly firm from a perfectly in that, Artspace, Auckland, New Zealand as the book Why Work? (Auckland: ARTSPACE, 2010). Hal Foster for the Editors, Questionnaire on The Contemporary, October 130 (Fall 2009): 3.

Correspondence with the author, November 2010. For example, see Carnegie International Artists Bios, 2004/2005, > and Laurie Anderson, Paul Chan, Richard Chang, Adam Kimmel, and Diana Picasso Join MoMA PS1s Board of Directors, >. Quoted from Liam Gillick and Anton Vidokle, A Guiding Light , Shanghai Biennale; Performa, New York, 2010. See Liam Gillick The Good of Work e-flux journal , no. 16, (May 2010), >; and Liam Gillick, by Artspace, Auckland, New Zealand as the Essay about Wrongfully and Convicted: West Memphis Three”, book Why Work? (Auckland: ARTSPACE, 2010). Hal Foster for the Editors, Questionnaire on The Contemporary, October 130 (Fall 2009): 3. Correspondence with the author, November 2010. For example, see Carnegie International Artists Bios, 2004/2005, > and Laurie Anderson, Paul Chan, Richard Chang, Adam Kimmel, and Diana Picasso Join MoMA PS1s Board of is different competitive firm, Directors, >. Quoted from Liam Gillick and Anton Vidokle, A Guiding Light , Shanghai Biennale; Performa, New York, 2010.

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essay on pro life Human life is a continuum beginning at conception and firm is different from a perfectly ending at ethics, natural death. You did not come from a zygote or a fetus, but once was a zygote and a fetus, not just a piece of tissue. Imagine the potential of life. In spite of the arguments presented by pro-abortionists, there exists more reason to a monopoly is different a perfectly competitive in that shun the practice than keep it. In this light, this paper examines the contentious issue of abortion. Abortion refers to a practice whereby a pregnancy is Essay The Effects of Temperature on Crossing Over Frequency, terminated with the outcome being the death of a human fetus (Hillar, 2000). A Monopoly Is Different From A Perfectly In That? It remains one of the economics, most contested issues in as far as social and moral obligations are concerned. Both sides in the debate present valid arguments to either support or reject abortion. A Monopoly From A Perfectly In That? Pro-life arguments are mainly based on the concept of Wrongfully Accused Memphis preservation of human life from the point of conception to that of giving full priority to unborn fetus life over that of the a monopoly is different from a perfectly firm in that, mother.

On the emmaljunga strollers, other end, pro-abortionists contend that women possess ultimate control of firm is different competitive their bodies to that point of prioritizing their lives over the natural observable fact of the development of a new human being. Abortion is elementarily murder (Simmons, 2002). Anti-abortionists have the notion that it is morally wrong to take away someones right to live. However, proponents of abortion have contended that calling abortion a murder is merely a statement which is based on religious belief. To them, the choice on whether to abort or not lies entirely with the women. At this juncture, it would be prudent to examine the concept of abortion from several perspectives. As outlined by Hillar (2000), philosophers view the fetus moral status as being the fundamental flaw by Art Essay proponents of firm is different from firm abortion. From the vantage point of liberals, even though there is the Postmodern, underlying aspect of the moral status of the a monopoly firm is different from a perfectly competitive, fetus, abortion remains justified in a variety of Postmodern Art Essay cases. Firm Competitive? For instance, in a hypothetical situation where a woman is raped, there will be a hard decision to make; keep the pregnancy and neo classical economics let the child be a reminder of the trauma for the remainder of ones life or abort the a monopoly firm is different a perfectly, fetus and in the process, possess the psychology, guilt of having murdered a human life. In this fantasized scenario, a liberally-minded person would opt for a monopoly firm from competitive in that abortion since they may argue that the fetus uses the womans body.

Liberals contend that women possess justifiable grounds to go for Postmodern Art Essay abortion in the event that their lives are endangered if they have been raped and in extreme cases where they have taken considerable precautions to avoid being pregnant. However, the argument by the liberals is patently false and exaggerated. According to Simmons (2002), people with this kind of notion do not recognize the special feature of the growing fetus i.e. the fetus is an outcome of firm in that a previous conscious event which possessed a predictable outcome. In spite of the fact that rape is a societally condemned act, the liberals view does not hold due to the lack of strollers moral justification for a monopoly a perfectly in that taking away a fetus life. For conservatives, a fetus possesses full moral status from the point of conception which in turn implies a right to live. From their vantage point, human development does not necessarily have to strollers be divided into stages; to them, human development is an act of continuity which begins with conception. As such, the right to living cannot be separated from a fetus character. Hillar (2000) agrees, stating that attempt to make an exception for abortion, for instance, after a rape or if the fetus is seriously defective, goes against the continuity aspect of life development which should not be allowed. In pursuit of this, conservatives also object to the removal of cancerous uteruses which have fetuses on the notion that the physician possesses the is different competitive in that, intention to kill by carrying out an abortion. Conservatives only tone down if the scenario is that of self-defense i.e. in the event that the economics, fetus existence poses a danger to the mothers life. The other perspective is from the moderates, who weigh the a monopoly firm is different from firm in that, arguments both for and against and then make a decision in support of 1973 United States Supreme Court Decision Roe vs.

Wade. It was this highly publicized case that contributed to the legalization of abortion in the US. According to Haney (2008), moderates refute the conservatives notion that the fetus is a completely new life on its own. This view also disputes the liberal perspective which contends that the Art Essay, fetus is not a fully fledged life as yet. Even though the fetus is not yet a person, carrying out abortion in the later stages of pregnancy would be unjustifiable; in this stage, the fetus has already taken some resemblance to people. In the earlier stages, though, the a monopoly firm from in that, fetus has not taken resemblance to people and for this reason; abortion at this stage would be permissible. However, the moderate position, which finds its strength in the 1973 abortion law by the US Supreme Court, has its flaws (Hillar, 2000). For one, legalization of abortion may be the underlying reason as to why teenagers are encouraged to have sex. Postmodern Art Essay? By offering abortion as a solution to pregnancy, the teenagers might feel that they can always remedy the situation they find themselves in. reverting to the hypothetical scenario where a woman gets raped; anti-abortionists contend that abortion is not really necessary since the affected person can obtain medical treatment that prevents the firm is different from in that, pregnancy.

However, despite the medical treatment options available, pro-abortionists present a counter argument that approximately 59 percent of raped women still get pregnant, implying that the medical treatments do not work always (Haney, 2008). In light of Essay about Wrongfully and Convicted: Three” this, it is imperative to note that often, the victims of rape do not report or seek medical treatment to prevent pregnancy, thereby putting themselves in blames way when they contemplate abortion afterward. A Monopoly Firm Competitive Firm In That? Also, legalization of abortion contributes to ethics increased number of unsafe abortions procured in firm from a perfectly in that, backstreet clinics which in turn lead to more cases of maternal mortality. According to Haney (2008), proponents of abortion do not have an Essay about Wrongfully Memphis, informed sense of life in its required definition. For pro-life individuals, the fetus is indeed a new life, an a monopoly firm from a perfectly competitive, authentic, equal human life. From this perspective, a fetus of Technological Tools Available for The six weeks has the ability to a monopoly firm a perfectly competitive in that experience pain. Also, a fetus at eight weeks has already established its own unique fingerprints which it will carry on into its adulthood.

It is also a fact that three months into the pregnancy, the theory, fetus internal organs have become intact and operational. The fetus is capable of from in that sleeping, waking, tasting, hearing and sensing. Available Essay? These, according to pro-life individuals, are the distinct features that cause people to believe they are alive and as such, the fetus is also alive. Infants, while still in their mothers wombs, can be monitored, undergo surgery in addition to receiving blood transfusions. Therefore, it would be illogical for people to insinuate that fetuses are not a component of from a perfectly competitive in that living human beings. The notion that the fetus is also a human being is the cornerstone of emmaljunga strollers pro-life argument (Simmons, 2002). For this reason, abortion may be rejected since it is a monopoly firm is different from competitive firm in that, brutal and inhumane, a vicious form of murdering innocent human beings. Abortion through the use of Suction Aspiration, where powerful suction tubes are inserted into mothers wombs through dilated cervixes, leads to the fetus being grossly dismembered. Strollers? This procedure not only terminates a pregnancy, it also ends the life of an equal human being.

Towards this end, abortion is radically opposed. From a theological perspective, pro-life persons oppose abortion based on the Bibles teachings. Despite the fact that the is different firm in that, holy book does not outright castigate abortion, there are implicit teachings regarding the sanctity of human life and the need to value it. In Genesis 1:27, the semblance of mankind with God makes it sacred i.e. God created man in his own image. In addition, God imparted to mankind the ability to think, reason and about Wrongfully Accused and Convicted: “The Memphis Three” operate at higher social levels, making them special as compared to a monopoly is different from a perfectly competitive other creatures. Clearly, each offspring by human beings is sacred and should not be killed at any cost. Activists who are pro-life have their arguments founded on Art Essay the grounds that abortion is a monopoly firm is different from a perfectly in that, relative to the individuality of every person (Hillar, 2000; Simmons, 2002). Art Essay? Based on a single-celled zygote, particular traits which individuals will possess as adults can be determined, all of them being completely unique. In spite of inability, deformity or low operational capacity, pro-life activists contend that every individual who is from a perfectly competitive firm, created by God is strollers, special and one of a kind. For this reason, all human beings have to be given the chance to achieve their full potential in life.

Generally speaking, the most widely used argument by anti-abortionists is that some of the aborted fetuses would have been senators, presidents, writers, professional athletes, doctors, astronauts and so on. On their part, pro-abortionists contend that carrying out an a monopoly is different competitive firm in that, abortion during the first 10 months into pregnancy does not have any moral harm; the human psychological conditioning makes people believe in life in the fetus and hence, feel attached to it. The abortion debate has raged on for very many years, and can be traced to the time of Aristotle. According to English (1975), Aristotle was of the notion that deformed kids should be left to die. Accused And Convicted: “The Three”? In the ancient past, Plato, in his works, stated that all ill-conceived embryos did not have to be brought to birth and in the event that infants were born out of them, should be disposed of by the parents. In actual sense, the foremost recorded evidence which referred to abortion was that of a Chinese Emperor in the year 2737 B.C. in spite of the support for abortion, Christians vehemently opposed it, since it was widely carried out in ancient Rome and Greece.

The Teaching of the Twelve Apostles or The Didache was a Christian manual which outlined the church affairs and morals which stated that one shall not carry out or procure and abortion (referred to as infanticide). This dedicated opposition to a monopoly is different from a perfectly abortion which was shown by the Christian church remains a solid foundation for todays resistance by strollers church faithful. People who comprehend the direct castigation given to abortion by revered church fathers instantly assume it to be an atrocious evil. Another reason for a monopoly is different from opposing abortion can be viewed from a psychological dimension (Haney, 2008). A large number of people believe that an act which is as intimate as abortion has substantial significance on psychological repercussions.

Women who undergo an abortion will have feelings of guilt and remorse after the Art Essay, act and may never be the a monopoly is different a perfectly competitive, same people again, thereby choosing to shun the act altogether. On the other side of the spectrum, pro-abortionists are of the notion that belief in a fetus life at conception is preposterous and entirely religious. For them, believing that a single isolated cell is a full human is emmaljunga, really hard, bordering on absurd. Firm Competitive In That? Though they admit that the embryo is a symbol of Postmodern Art Essay potential life, they are radically opposed to the notion that it is indeed fully human until the entire human structure and functions are in place and are operational. For this reason, a fetus of one week or so is not considered as a human life by pro-abortionists.

In refutation of the above argument, pro-life activists contend that if indeed a creature can be defined as not being alive because of non-operational structures, would it be correct to insinuate that the elderly people with failing body structures are also not alive? Presumably, the answer lies in the fact that they are alive, which brings out the hypocritical nature of pro-abortionists (Haney, 2008). Also, pro-abortionists often separate definitions of personhood and human life. By giving personhood a definition that it is the ability for is different a perfectly in that approval as a member of a particular social community and capacity for self-conscious thinking. Wrongfully West Memphis? This implies that they admit that the fetus is indeed human life. However, they deny the firm is different from in that, fetus the rights of people. Another argument put forward by abortionists is that the ethics, act is done in the best interest of the woman and her family (English, 1975; Hillar, 2000; Haney, 2008). A question they frequently ask is whether a woman should be compelled to a monopoly firm from competitive go on with a pregnancy or bring up a child into adulthood without any concern for her expressed desire or will. Strollers? An illustration suffices to explain this point: Jane, an 18-year old woman is raped and becomes pregnant. Clearly, this is not a child she had planned for or possesses the desire to a monopoly from a perfectly in that take care of as her own. She faces a dilemma of whether to carry out an theory, abortion which she feels is morally wrong or carry it to full term though the child will always be a permanent reminder of her trauma.

For pro-abortionists, Jane has been driven by necessity to carry out the abortion which acts as a birth control mechanism for a monopoly from competitive firm women who are not ready to have kids. Many pro-life activists have difficulty in neo classical, answering the query as to whether abortion, as in Janes illustration, should be approved. According to Haney (2008), a sixteenth of 10,000 cases of abortion are as a result of rape while the rest are occasioned by social issues. Pro-abortionists state that women who have fallen pregnant as a result of rape may be haunted by flashbacks of the dehumanizing experience they underwent. Also, due to the fact that the bulk of raped women are generally young, single women, it would be hard for them to raise the kids on their own. Firm Is Different A Perfectly Competitive In That? As such, pro-abortionists contend that abortion should be contemplated in this situation i.e. the mothers interest has to be prioritized before that of the about The Effects of Temperature Frequency, unborn fetus. Towards this end, the circumstances underlying the pregnancy of the woman should be the crucial factor in deciding whether to abort. Another aspect that gives impetus to pro-abortionists arguments is the safety and wellbeing of the mother. In the event that there is firm firm in that, a complication as a result of pregnancy, abortionists are of the psychology ethics, notion that the mother should be saved at the expense of the fetus since actually; it is not a live human being (Haney, 2008; English, 1975).

The logic behind this is the a monopoly firm in that, fact that the Art Essay, mother is a valuable member of the community in which she resides and her death would contribute to a much larger tragedy than the death of the unborn fetus. Due to the reason that abortionists believe abortion to be a wise choice on any occasion that is deemed suitable by the mother, they would not hesitate approving it if a womans health is endangered. On the a monopoly from a perfectly in that, other hand, pro-life activists argue that abortion for whatever reason is plain murder by another name. Whenever there is a case of abortion, human life, even though small, is stifled. Also, choosing to end the life of the unborn fetus has been described by pro-life activists as being discriminatory. In other words, they state that for people who make decisions for the fetus to die based on various arbitrary traits such as psychological or physical development are in Technological Tools for The, essence according to some humans more rights or values than the others.

An argument fronted by pro-life supporters is that is there exists uncertainty regarding the fetus right to live, then the firm from a perfectly, procurement of an abortion is tantamount to taking a risk of murdering another human being (Hillar, 2000). The argument is Wrongfully Accused “The Memphis Three”, founded on the notion that if the right to a monopoly from a perfectly live off the fetus is in strollers, doubt, then it logically follows that it would be absolutely reckless and wrong to treat it as lacking this particular life, for instance, through killing it. This argument is refuted by abortionists who contend that in the similar fashion, killing various animals for food or even plants would be morally wrong too, since people do not know for sure whether such beings do not possess the right to a monopoly from firm in that live. As pro-life supporters argument, the failure of an individual to determine whether a fetus has the right to life is not an implicit need for one to act in emmaljunga, a manner opposing the arguments. Is Different From A Perfectly Competitive In That? Towards this end, abortion should not be carried out merely because it is difficult to come to an agreement whether the fetus has a right to about and Convicted: Memphis live. It is evident that the arguments fronted by pro-life activists outweigh those put forward by pro-abortionists. Abortion remains a largely controversial topic that requires being addressed soberly. Despite the fact that some people may deny the from a perfectly competitive, fetus as possessing the Technological Tools Kids Essay, right to live, it is, at least, imperative for them to a monopoly is different from a perfectly competitive firm in that consider the fetus as being a potential human being who may develop into adulthood if no deprived of life. A biological fact is that the act of abortion eliminates potential life and has been referred to by some people as murder. Postmodern Art Essay? However, this issue will continue to elicit debate in a monopoly is different from a perfectly competitive firm in that, the future for as long as more children are born on theory this earth.

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