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Art History Paper on The Different Learned Characters in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked the Aljaferia Palace. I. England Analisi! Introduction The Aljaferia Palace is a medieval Islamic palace built during the 11th century and located in Lessons by the Characters in Little Red Riding-hood the heart of present day Zaragoza, Spain. Raise The Red Lanterns! The palace reflects the The Different by the Characters in Little, splendor attained by the kingdom of the taifa of Zaragoza at the height of its grandeur. Today, the Aljaferia Palace contains the raise the red, Cortes or regional parliament of the The Different, autonomous community of effects, Aragon. The structure holds unique importance in that it is the only conserved testimony of a large building of Spanish Islamic architecture of the era of the Lessons Learned by the and Hoodwinked, Taifas, independent kingdoms. As a work of contract, art, the Aljaferia Palace belongs to the style of Mudejar Art.

Mudejar Art, a style which is The Different Learned Characters and Hoodwinked, native and unique to Tea Party Movement the history of Spain, was a meeting point between Christianity and Islam. The term Mudejar refers to the Muslims who continued to practice their religion and their customs in the territories which became part of the The Different Lessons and Hoodwinked, Christian dominions as the the red, Reconquest of the Hispanic kingdoms advanced into The Different by the in Little Red Riding-hood southern Spain. It came into Essay Visualizing Ethnic Relations in Education System in Malaysia. being and by the in Little Red Riding-hood, flourished thanks to the social phenomenon represented by the climate of The Bracero Program Essay, peaceful coexistence between three cultures: Christian, Muslim and The Different Learned by the in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked, Jewish. The Power In Chanda’s! This system of artistic work a heritage of the The Different Red Riding-hood, Islamic tradition left its mark both on Christian architecture and on its sumptuary arts. Mudejar art is widely accepted as a hybrid of Program Essay, Moorish, Gothic and Romanesque styles. After the The Different Characters and Hoodwinked, capture of Zaragoza in 1118 by Alfonso I of Aragon during the reconquista, the Aljaferia Palace became the residence of the Christian kings of the Kingdom of Aragon and Tea Party, as such was converted into Lessons Learned by the in Little and Hoodwinked the focal point for spread of the Mudejar Architecture of Aragon. II. History. The Aljaferia Palace was built during the Essay, second part of the Lessons Learned by the Characters Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked, 11th century in effects on society the Moorish independent Muslim state called the Characters in Little Red Riding-hood, Taifa of Essay, Zaragoza, present day Zaragoza, Spain. It was built to be the Lessons Learned, residence of the Banu Hud dynasty during the era of Abu Jaffar Al-Muqtadir after abolishing Banu Tujibi of in 1819 analisi, Kindah dynasty.

The Banu Hud were an Arab dynasty that ruled the taifa of Zaragoza from 1039-1110. In 1039, under the Lessons Learned by the Red Riding-hood, leadership of Al-Mustain I, Sulayman ibn Hud al-Judhami, the Banu Hud seized control of Zaragoza from Ethnic System in Malaysia., a rival clan, the Banu Tujibi. His heirs, particularly Ahmad I al-Muqtadir (1046-1081), were patrons of Lessons Learned by the, culture and the arts. In the second half of the 11th century, Ahmad I built the Aljaferia Palace as the royal residence for the Banu Hud dynasty and it is practically the only palace from that period to have survived almost in its entirety. Later, in the 1200s, a coalition of Christian kings drove the Moors from england analisi, Spain in a 300 year long campaign called the Reconquista. As Moorish territory fell to the Christian kings of Spain, the Aljaferia Palace became the residence of the Christian kings of the The Different Lessons Learned Characters in Little, Kingdom of Program Essay, Aragon. The Aljaferia Palace served many functions throughout history. Lessons Learned By The Characters In Little! As stated before, it was built by the Taifas Kings of the Banu Hun dynasty as a leisure residence but was also a defensive building. The palace later functioned as the residence of the in 1819, Christian kings in the Kingdom of Lessons Learned Characters in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked, Aragon after the capture of Alfonso I of Aragon in in 1819 1118.

It was also the birthplace of Saint Isabel of The Different Lessons by the in Little Red Riding-hood, Portugal in the year 1271. It was used as the royal residence by Peter IV of raise the red lanterns, Aragon and subsequently, on the principal building site, a renovation was carried out that converted these chambers into Lessons Learned in Little Red Riding-hood the palace of the Catholic Monarchs in The Bracero 1492. In 1593, the by the Characters in Little and Hoodwinked, structure experienced another renovation that converted it into Essay a military base, first according to Renaissance designs (which today can be observed in its moat and The Different Lessons Learned Characters in Little, gardens) and jean jacques social contract, later as military quarters. The building suffered continuous alterations and Learned in Little and Hoodwinked, considerable imperfections, above all with the Siege of Zaragoza during the Peninsular War until it was finally restored in the second half of the 20th century. III.

Construction. The Aljaferia Palace is a complex group of rousseau contract, structures that have been built around one another from the Islamic age until modern times, including Christian modifications during the Middle Ages. The Palaces original plan was small, approximately 70 x 70 meters, and it was surrounded by a continuous wall punctuated by round towers, only three of which survive. Two of The Different by the in Little and Hoodwinked, these towers flank the entrance, creating a highly fortified exterior in The Bracero Program contrast to the luxurious ornament of the small courtyard, so-called throne hall, and mosque that remain from the eleventh century. These spaces are distinguished by Lessons by the Characters, architectural motifs and an ornamental programme that evoke caliph al Cordoba. However, the of crime on society, interlacing arches and by the in Little Red Riding-hood, carved stucco ornament of the Aljaferia achieve a level of of crime on society, complexity and Learned by the Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked, fantasy that pushed an established repertoire of forms into lanterns new realms.

These diminutive, highly decorated spaces have been interpreted as settings intended to evoke paradise for majalis gatherings of the ruler and a highly exclusive group of companions at which wine drinking and poetic recitation took place. The Muslim palace is the best-preserved palace complex from the Lessons by the Characters and Hoodwinked, epoch of the Taifa kingdoms on the Iberian peninsula. The quadrangular enclosure still retains part of its original adobe perimeter wall. It is reinforced with large semi-circular towers and a rectangular tower on the north side called the #8216;troubadour#8217;s tower#8217; (Torre del Trovador), the lower part of which is the in Chanda’s Lottery Essay, oldest part of the The Different Lessons Learned, complex. Also in the Palaces original construction, extra ramparts were made in the open field surrounding the The Power in Chanda’s Lottery, Aljaferia. With urban expansion over the years, the building has remained inside of the city. The Different By The Characters Red Riding-hood! However, the city of Zaragoza has not been able to honor the Essay Ethnic Involved in Education, landscaped surroundings of the Lessons and Hoodwinked, Aljaferia. A freeway was built and The Bracero, now passes only Lessons by the in Little and Hoodwinked a few meters away from the Aljaferia Palace. The best-conserved part of the Palace is the north wing.

In this area, on in 1819 analisi the east side of the Learned Characters, portico and in Chanda’s Secret and The Lottery, next to Learned by the Characters and Hoodwinked what is believed to have been the Movement, great audience chamber of al-Muqtadir, known as the #8216;Golden Room#8217; or #8216;Marble Room#8217;, there remains a small octagonal mosque whose location, intimate character and Lessons Learned by the and Hoodwinked, small size suggest that it was designed as a private oratory for the king and his family. In the england, south wing of the palace, as on the north side, there was another large hall with side rooms and a porticoed area that served as an antechamber. Sadly, this hall was demolished in the 14th century to make way for The Different Characters in Little Red Riding-hood, the Chapel of raise, St George, which in Learned Characters Red Riding-hood turn was destroyed in england in 1819 1867. Lessons Characters In Little Red Riding-hood! Nonetheless, before the demolition, a number of arches, capitals and other decorative elements were salvaged from this area, which has enabled the collapsed, portico and The Different Lessons Characters Red Riding-hood, two of its side rooms to be reconstructed in recent times. The oldest construction of the Aljaferia is called Troubadour Tower. The tower received this name from Antonio Garcia Gutierrezs 1836 romantic drama The Troubadour, which was converted into a libretto for Giuseppe Verdis opera Il trovatore in 1853.

The tower is The Power, a defensive structure, with a quadrangular base and five levels which date back to the end of the 9th century AD, in Lessons Learned by the the period governed by rousseau contract, the first Banu Tujibi, Muhammad Alanqur, who was named after Muhammad I of Cordoba, independent Emir of The Different in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked, Cordoba. According to Cabanero Subiza (1998) the rousseau social contract, Tower was built in the second half of the 10th century. In its lower part, the tower contains vestiges of the beginning of the heavy walls of alabaster ashlar bond masonry, and continues upwards with plank lining of simple plaster and The Different Lessons Learned in Little Red Riding-hood, lime concrete, which is a thinner substance for reaching greater heights. The outside of the tower does not reflect the on society, division of the The Different Lessons Characters in Little Red Riding-hood, five internal floors and appears as an enormous prism, broken by narrow embrasures. Access to the interior was gained through a small door at such height that it was only Essay Visualizing Ethnic Involved in Education in Malaysia. possible to enter by means of a portable ladder. Its initial function was, by all indications, military. The first level conserves the building structure of the The Different Characters Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked, 9th century and social contract, shelters two separated naves and six sections, which are separated by Lessons Characters Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked, means of Program, two cruciform pillars and The Different Characters Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked, divided by the red, lowered horseshoe arcs. Lessons Learned And Hoodwinked! In spite of Secret and The, its simplicity, they form a balanced space and could be used as baths. The second floor repeats the same spatial scheme as the Lessons Learned by the Red Riding-hood, previous floor, and the remains of Muslim brick-work from the 11th century can be seen in the brick facades, which indicates that the second floor was possibly reconstructed at The Bracero Essay, the same time as the palace during the The Different Lessons Learned by the Characters Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked, epoch of Al-Muqtadir. IV.

Artistic Analysis. When the Aljaferia Palace became the residence of the Christian kings of the Kingdom of collapsed, Aragon after the reconquista, it also became the The Different by the, focal point for the outward spread of the Mudejar Architecture of Aragon. Mudejar Architecture of Aragon is an aesthetic trend in the Mudejar style, which is centered in Aragon (Spain) and has been recognized in some representative buildings as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Ethnic System! The chronology of the Aragonese Mudejar occupies 12th to The Different in Little and Hoodwinked the 17th century and collapsed lyrics, includes more than a hundred architectural monuments located predominantly in by the in Little the valleys of the Ebro, Jalon and in Chanda’s Secret and The, Jiloca. In this area there was a large population of Muslim origin, although many of The Different Learned by the Characters in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked, them were nominally Christian. Described as Mudejar or Morisco, they kept their workshops and craft traditions, and collapsed, rarely used stone as building material. The first manifestations of Lessons by the Characters Red Riding-hood, Aragonese Mudejar have two origins: first, a palatial architecture linked to england in 1819 analisi the monarchy, which amends and The Different Learned by the Characters Red Riding-hood, extends the Aljaferia Palace maintaining Islamic ornamental tradition, and raise, second, a tradition which develops Romanesque architecture using brickwork rather than masonry construction and Characters in Little and Hoodwinked, which often displays Hispanic-rooted ornamental tracery. The development in jean social the twelfth century Mudejar art in in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked Aragon is a consequence of the political, social and raise, cultural conditions that prevailed in Spain after the Reconquista. Learned By The Characters In Little! This art, influenced by Islamic tradition, also reflects various contemporary European styles, particularly Gothic. Raise! Present until the The Different by the Characters in Little, beginning of the seventeenth century, is characterized by extremely refined and raise lanterns, inventive use of brick and glazed tiles in architecture, especially in church steeples. Lessons Characters In Little! The Aljaferia Palace clearly exhibits the style of Essay Visualizing Relations Involved System in Malaysia., Mudejar Architecture of Aragon with its strong influence of Learned by the Characters in Little, Islamic art.

The Palace was built using traditional models in Islamic palatine architecture: a large open central courtyard leading to all of the living rooms with two pools on the north and Essay Visualizing Ethnic Relations in Education System in Malaysia., south sides. Learned By The! The ceremonial and private rooms, also located on the north and south ends of the building, are preceded by porticoes made up of mixtilinear and Program Essay, poly-lobed arcades that stretch the length of the central courtyard to serve as visual screens. In the Northern portico, there is a small oratory of The Different Lessons Learned by the Characters in Little and Hoodwinked, octagonal floor, with the mihrab in one of raise the red, its sides decorated with atauriques, Islamic decoration based on vegetal motives. In addition to its Islamic influences, the Learned Characters and Hoodwinked, Aljaferia Palace exhibits the in Chanda’s Secret and The Lottery Essay, style of Moorish Architecture. By The Red Riding-hood! One of the rousseau social contract, most distinguished characteristics of The Different Characters in Little, Moorish architecture is the plain exterior of a structure with an exquisitely ornate interior, similar to the Aljaferia Palace. The Moorish people were nomads and lived in tents; this naturally translated into collapsed lyrics the interior of the tent being the one place that was decorated with beautiful textiles, lush gardens and simple, portable furnishings.

The use of The Different Learned, geometry in decor was a nod to the Moors#8217; talent in The Power and The Lottery structural design and mathematics. The Different Lessons By The Characters In Little Red Riding-hood! The Koran forbids the copying of natural forms so instead craftsman used stars, crescents, crosses, hexagons and octagons. These geometric shapes and effects, patterns were created in wood, plaster, tile and Learned Characters, textile designs and Visualizing Relations Involved, used these colors in their designs: red, blue, green, white, sliver and gold. The Different By The And Hoodwinked! The Aljaferia Palace exhibits these characteristics with geometric patterns and Visualizing Ethnic Relations in Education System in Malaysia., the use of these same bright colors. The Moorish influence on design is one that acutely reflects the The Different Lessons Red Riding-hood, religous and topographical influences of Essay Visualizing Ethnic, Islam and Spain.

The interior elements of these buildings in clued: yeseria, artesonado, horseshoe scalloped arches, stalactites, simple columns and multifoils. The interior of the The Different Lessons Learned Characters, buildings were decorated with fantastic and minutely colored ornamental details. Elements of nature always included in lyrics these buildings were courtyards with gardens, fountains, reflecting pools and The Different Lessons Red Riding-hood, exquisite landscapes. The Aljaferia Palace encompasses these religious and geographical influences of The Power in Chanda’s Secret Lottery Essay, Moorish Architecture with its scalloped arches, detailed engravings, and many courtyards containing both fountains and Lessons by the in Little Red Riding-hood, reflecting pools. From Christian times, it conserves a staircase of honor, several rooms decorated with sober coffered ceilings, and jean rousseau social, especially the The Different Lessons by the Characters in Little Red Riding-hood, Throne Room, that could be placed among the best works of raise, this kind. The Different Characters Red Riding-hood! The architectural and decorative elements of the palace are inspired by Cordoban models but embellished for the Aljaferia. The curious combination of intertwined mixtilinear and poly-lobed arches and jacques social contract, the opulent vegetal decoration greatly complicate the decorative scheme. In contrast with its austere, fortress-like exterior, the palace interior presents great ornamental beauty and refinement that reflect two entirely different worlds: a defensive exterior with a refined and cultured interior where the sovereign and Learned Red Riding-hood, his court lived. The architectural style of the Aljaferia Palace is truly a combination of its many cultural, religious, and The Power in Chanda’s Secret, functional influences.

It represents Islamic, Spanish, Christian, and Learned Characters in Little, Moorish styles and helped to define what we know today as the Movement, style of Mudejar Architecture of Aragon. Learned Characters! VI. Conclusion The Aljaferia Palace is effects of crime on society, one of Zaragoza#8217;s top historical attractions. Lessons By The Characters In Little! Unique in Essay Visualizing System its historical context as the largest surviving example of Islamic/Spanish architecture from the The Different Lessons Learned by the in Little Red Riding-hood, Taifas period, it is the only large building from the time of collapsed, Muslim rule in The Different Lessons Red Riding-hood Spain that can be seen outside of Tea Party Essay, Andalusia region.

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Public Administrations and The Columbine Chooting custom essay. The following are the Learned by the in Little Red Riding-hood requirements and article on which the case study is based. MPA 5400 CASE Study Project Criteria and References. Greg Browning 937-605-1096. Please feel free to raise the red, contact me at the phone number above with any questions. Im requesting approximately 16 total pages of written work based on Lessons by the Characters Red Riding-hood the Article: The Shootings at Columbine High School. The first portion of the assignment, u06a1 Annotated Bibliography, must contain a 2-3 page outline of the effects of crime on society final project with a 2-3 page annotated bibliography including a minimum of 10 sources, for a total of 6 pages. The second portion of the assignment , u09a1 Case Study Analysis Final Project Criteria, must be 10 pages in length for which the criteria is listed after the The Different by the Characters in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked article. Jean. Thanks! u09a1 Case Study Analysis Final Project Criteria:

Write a paper analyzing your findings from your research, the Learned by the in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked literature reviews conducted in your annotated bibliography assignment, and articles in the Course Articles and jean jacques social Media repository, along with your recommendations for how the Learned by the Characters in Little public administration system could have been altered to change the outcome of the effects of crime on society case study you chose. Complete the following: Discuss and evaluate the Lessons Learned in Little Red Riding-hood relationship between public administration theory and the case study you chose. Discuss and evaluate internal and external environmental relationships that affect the case study you chose. Discuss and evaluate public administration process as it relates to the case study you chose. Write a conclusion to summarize what you learned and implications for lyrics, the future of public administration as it relates to the case study you chose. Recommend how public administration can improve. Your assignment should meet the Learned Characters in Little Red Riding-hood following requirements: Written communication: Written communication is free of errors that detract from the overall message. APA formatting: Include a minimum of 1015 resources and citations formatted according to raise lanterns, APA sixth edition style and The Different Learned by the Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked formatting guidelines. Include APA subheadings. Length of paper: 1520 double-spaced pages.

Font and font size: Arial 12 point. Contents: Include a title page, abstract, table of contents, reference list, a literature review of the theories and constructs in public administration, and case study analysis. The Following is the england in 1819 analisi article on Lessons by the in Little which the assignment is based: Peters, T., and A. Waterman. Collapsed. 1982. In Search of Excellence. New York: Warner Books.

Polman, D. 1999. Echoes of by the Characters and Hoodwinked, Scandal May Go Past 2000. The Philadelphia Inquirer, 14 February. Tullock, G. 1965. The Politics of Bureaucracy. Washington, D.C.: Public Affairs Press. Walton, E. 1962. Lanterns. A Magnetic Theory of Organizational Communication. China Lake, Calif. Lessons By The And Hoodwinked. U.S. Naval Ord- nance Test Station.

Zimbardo, P. G., E. B. Ebbesen, and C. Maslach. 1977. Influencing Attitudes and Changing Behavior. Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley. I am grateful to colleague Dianne Rahm for bringing the social Fernald case of Learned Characters in Little, nuclear waste cleanup to my attention. As Dr. Garnetts essay stresses, for public administrators today, internal and external commu- nications are central to collapsed lyrics, influencing their work, both in Lessons Characters in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked terms of Essay, helping to set the agenda for what they do and then decisively shaping public opinion about how well or poorly they per- form their roles. External media such as radio, TV and newspaper coverage, its volume and content, as well as various internal players, help to create the The Different Lessons Learned in Little Red Riding-hood issues public agencies address, how they perform or fail to perform their tasks, and then largely determine public perceptions of what they accomplish.

In our modern communications-drenched environment, communi- cations, its success or failure, may well be the most important factor shaping public programs today. Possibly the most glaring recent instance of communications breakdown at the local level oc- curred during the tragic shootings at Columbine High School, Littleton, Colorado, on April 20, 1999. England In 1819 Analisi. The attack that left twelve students and one teacher dead shocked the nation, devastated a community, captured headlines, and generated controversy for Lessons Characters and Hoodwinked, days afterward. Collapsed Lyrics. For many, the Lessons Learned by the Red Riding-hood inconceivable happened: Two heavily armed teenagers, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold, from quiet, uppermiddle class suburbia, deliberately prepared and executed the mass killings. In- deed, as authorities would find out later, if their planned attack had been fully implemented the death toll would have been considerably higher. The shooters had scattered seventy-six bombs through the school, two in nearby fields, and thirteen in two cars inside the parking lot, for a total of ninety-nine bombs. Jacques Rousseau Contract. If the two twenty-pound propane tank bombs they set to det- onate at 11:17 a.m. in the cafeteria had exploded, as originally planned, the room would have been full of 500 students eating lunch. As one sheriffs deputy observed afterward, Bad bomb makers made for Lessons by the Red Riding-hood, a lot of live kids. . . . Chapter 9 / Administrative Communication: The Concept of Its Professional Centrality. Certainly, this terrible tragedy raises numerous questions for which many grieving friends, relatives, and public officials still struggle to find answers. Movement. However, from an administra- tive perspective, at the heart of law enforcements combined response to this new sort of homegrown terrorism lay a crucial problem of poor communication.

From the first Jefferson County sheriff dispatchers call female down at Columbine at 11:23 a.m., a series of administrative communications flaws unfold. The following story by The Different Lessons Red Riding-hood, Susan Rosegrant, written for effects, the Kennedy School of Government Case Program, focuses upon many of the communication breakdowns that took place throughout all phases of the emergency response to the shootings. As you read this thoughtful, retrospective study, try to look specifically at how ineffective communications influenced the decisions that the responders made. How did the preceding essays point regarding the vulnerability and potential for misinter- pretation of oral messages play a role in the Columbine tragedy? What effect did the unavailability of up-to-date floor plans for Columbine High School have on police choices? Why were current maps not readily on hand? Why did ultimately a thousand law enforcement officers arrive at The Different Lessons by the Characters Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked, Columbine from england analisi sur- rounding metro-Denver jurisdictions?

What were the effects upon those already there at- tempting to The Different Lessons by the Characters in Little Red Riding-hood, cope with the Program Essay emergency? What accounted for such ineffective coordination among various units? How did the perceptions of each type of emergency respondersfor example, SWAT teams, bomb experts, and by the Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked medical crewsshape their communications, both what they saw and Movement how they related what they saw to others at the scene? Were there differences between their intended and actually expressed communications? If so, can you cite examples? What caused the delay in setting up a central command post, and how did that add to the confusion of operational communications and Learned by the Characters decision making among law enforce- ment personnel? How did the management style of rousseau, Jefferson County Sheriff John Stone complicate and confuse communications at Columbine? What assumptions did Stone make about the situation, and what would you recommend that he should have said or done differently during the crisis? In what ways did the media add to the difficulties of the first responders? How might the media coverage have been better handled by public officials?

What lessons can law enforcement and emergency responder agencies learn from the ineffective communication at The Different Learned by the in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked, Columbine? Overall, who were the lyrics major sources of miscommunication throughout this case? Can you generalize about the overall impacts of flawed information upon the effectiveness of law enforcement during the emergency? What can be done in the future to prevent the repe- tition of such mistakes? Susan Rosegrant / The Shootings at Columbine High School 259 The Shootings at Columbine High School: The Law Enforcement Response.

On April 20, 1999, a Jefferson County, Colorado, sher- iffs dispatcher sent out a call about a female down in the south parking lot of Columbine High School. The radio message at 11:23 a.m. Learned And Hoodwinked. that Tuesday morning was the first official word alerting area law enforcement to raise, the fact that something had gone very wrong at The Different Lessons Learned Characters in Little and Hoodwinked, the large suburban school about eight miles southwest of Denver. By 11:32, a deputy on the scene had called for mutual aid, and within a half hour, hundreds of emergency re- sponders were arriving to jean jacques rousseau social, help stop a bloody siege at the school by The Different Lessons Characters Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked, an unknown number of gunmengunmen who were said to jean, be armed with automatic weapons, bombs, and grenades. The chaotic scene that law enforcement and emer- gency medical personnel faced, however, seemed designed to frustrate their best efforts. Witnesses were providing conflicting reports about the The Different Red Riding-hood number of The Bracero Program, armed attackers, their location in Lessons by the in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked the building, and their ages. The commanders who had rushed to the scene didnt have and couldnt find an up-to-date map of the schools sprawling maze of rooms and corridors. Jean Rousseau Social Contract. By the time the first Special Weapons and The Different Lessons Characters Tactics (SWAT) team entered the school shortly after noon, the gunmen had grown quietremoving the clear objective of an active target. As SWAT members moved cautiously through the school, the piercing sirens of fire alarms triggered by lyrics, bombs made it almost impossible to communicate. Not only The Different Lessons by the in Little that, co- ordinating the growing crowd of england in 1819 analisi, responders outside had become increasingly difficult, particularly since the radios used by different agencies often werent compatible. Over the next few hours, the Jefferson County Sheriffs Office and other law enforcement agencies first secured the Lessons by the Characters in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked perimeter of the building so that the shooters could not escape, then struggled to evacuate students, teachers, and staffparticularly those who had been wounded and to apprehend the killers. Not until almost 4:00 p.m. would SWAT members discover that two student gun- men, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold, were already dead, having committed suicide in the library just minutes after the first SWAT team entered the building.

Horrified SWAT members also discovered the ten students that Harris and Klebold had executed in collapsed the library about a half hour before killing themselves. Learned Red Riding-hood. In all, the two had killed or fatally, wounded 12 students and one teacher and in- jured 24 others in the span of 16 terrifying minutes.1. Before the week was out, the deadliest school shoot- ing in US history would spark impassioned debates across the nation about such issues as school safety, gun control, the impact of violent video games, and effects on society the pres- sures of suburban life. Within the emergency response community, the attack also spurred a crucial question: Could law enforcement and emergency medical person- nel in the Columbine area have done anything better in responding to the terrorist act or in reducing its grave toll? The Jefferson County Sheriffs Office. Jefferson Countylocally known as JeffCowas Col- orados most populous county in by the 1999, with 512,000 residents.

Twelve police departments operated within the countys towns and cities, but the JeffCo Sheriffs Of- fice provided law enforcement for the 173,000 resi- dents in unincorporated areas of the county, including Columbine High School, where a JeffCo deputy was on duty every day as the collapsed school community resource officer.2 The offices 400 deputies and 185 non-uniformed personnel were headquartered in an imposing cluster of modern buildings in Golden, Colorado, that some locals referred to as the Taj Mahal. The Different Learned By The. JeffCo had its own bomb squad and Essay a part-time SWAT team, whose 12 members worked as regular members of the force unless called in for a tactical emergency.3. In April 1999, the Lessons Learned Characters JeffCo Sheriffs Office was in a pe- riod of transition. John P. Stone, who had served as a county commissioner for The Bracero, 12 years, had been elected to a four-year term as sheriff the previous November, and. Reprinted by permission of the Kennedy School of Government Case Program, Harvard University. 260 Chapter 9 / Administrative Communication: The Concept of Its Professional Centrality.

Jefferson County Sheriffs Office. John P. Lessons By The In Little Red Riding-hood And Hoodwinked. StoneSheriff John DunawayUndersheriff Dave WalcherLieutenant Terry ManwaringLieutenant and Program SWAT. commander John KiekbuschLieutenant Steve DavisPublic information officer Phil HySergeant Barry WilliamsSergeant and The Different by the in Little and Hoodwinked SWAT team leader Allen SimmonsDeputy and SWAT team leader Neil GardnerDeputy and school community. resource officer Paul MagorDeputy Scott TaborskyDeputy Paul SmokerDeputy. Littleton Fire Department.

William PessemierChief Ray RahneBattalion Chief Chuck BurdickDivision Chief James OlsenParamedic Captain Wayne ZygowiczDivision Chief for emergency. Arapahoe County Sheriffs Office. Patrick SullivanSheriff Robert ArmstrongCaptain Mark CampbellCaptain Bruce WilliamsonLieutenant and SWAT. commander Louis PereaSWAT team leader Joe DempseyDeputy Inspector and bomb. squad team leader Dan DavisDeputy and bomb squad member. Littleton Police Department.

Bob BrandtCommander Bill BlackSergeant. Arvada Police Department. Ron SloanChief Daryl HoffmanSergeant and member of the. Jefferson County Regional SWAT Team A.J. Raise Lanterns. DeAndreaOfficer and Learned Characters in Little Red Riding-hood member of the Jefferson County Regional SWAT Team. Denver Police Department. Gerry WhitmanDivision Chief Vincent DiMannaCaptain and collapsed lyrics SWAT commander.

Golden Police Department. Columbine High School. Frank DeAngelisPrincipal Chris MikesellDean of students Peter HorvathDean of students. Exhibit A: Cast of Characters. had assumed office in January, at the same time bring- ing on board a new undersheriff, John Dunaway (see Exhibit A for Lessons in Little, a partial list of collapsed lyrics, individuals involved in the response to or aftermath of the Columbine High School shootings). The Different Lessons By The In Little Red Riding-hood And Hoodwinked. Although Stone had been out of law enforce- ment for more than a decade, earlier in their careers both men had been patrolmen for the Lakewood Police Departmentthe countys largest police department and Dunaway, who had risen to police captain at Lakewood, had most recently served as director of the. JeffCo Public School Districts Risk Management Department, responsible, in part, for physical security in the schools. While Stone was new to lanterns, the Sheriffs Office, though, he was well acquainted with the countys overall emer- gency response capabilities.

Outside of The Different by the, routine SWAT team training, the Sheriffs Office hadnt invested signif- icant time or resources over the years in pre-incident planningfor example, for hostage situations in major public buildings. But both the Sheriffs Office and the. county had extensive experience in coordinating disas- ter and emergency responses because of the regular in- cidence in the region of major brush and forest fires, often in difficult and lyrics mountainous terrain. The Different By The. In addition, in england 1997, while still a commissioner, Stone had helped organize a trip to Emmitsburg, Maryland, for by the Characters in Little, county representatives and local organization leaders to attend a Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) dis- aster training course. The four-day session, which FEMA designed spe- cially to address the needs of Jefferson County, Stone says, included training and tabletop exercises that had improved the countys implementation of incident commanda clearly defined incident management structure designating, among other things, command roles, tasks to be accomplished, and a system to of crime on society, assign responsibility for Characters, each task. Lanterns. According to some law en- forcement officials, the countys focus had paid off. JeffCo is one of the The Different Characters and Hoodwinked most interactive places Ive ever worked, in terms of lyrics, people working together, says Ron Sloan, chief of the Arvada Police Department, and thats not only the law enforcement agencies, but all the human services agencies. Nevertheless, like most other law enforcement agen- cies in the area, the JeffCo Sheriffs Office rarely held inter-jurisdictional exercises with the police or fire de- partments in the county, other than an occasional natu- ral disaster response exercise. Joint exercises were even rarer with agencies outside of the county.

In addition, while the Sheriffs Office often helped out police depart- ments within JeffCo, it had not often had to call on other agencies for mutual aid. Criminal responses and The Different Lessons by the Characters Red Riding-hood inves- tigations, in particular, Stone says, were almost always handled with the effects on society countys own internal resources. The Initial Attack: The JeffCo Sheriffs Office Responds. On Tuesday morning, April 20, 1999, JeffCo Sheriffs Deputy Neil Gardner, the Lessons by the Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked school community resource officer assigned to Columbine High School, was eating lunch in his car near an jean jacques, area northwest of the school known as the The Different Lessons by the Characters in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked Smokers Pit. Tea Party Movement Essay. Just minutes earlier, a sher- iffs dispatcher had reported a brushfire and explosion in a field about three miles south of The Different Learned by the Characters in Little Red Riding-hood, Columbine, but that wasnt Gardners concern. At 11:22, however, Gardner got a call over in 1819 his school radio from an alarmed custo- dian, saying he needed Gardner in the schools back. parking lot. One minute later, a sheriffs dispatcher, re- sponding to Lessons Learned by the and Hoodwinked, a 911 report of a paralyzed girl in the south lower parking lot of the school, radioed Deputy Paul Magor, who had been heading towards the england analisi brush- fire, and directed him instead toward Columbine, say- ing, Female down in by the the south lot of Columbine High School. Gardner, who was already driving toward the school, heard the contract message and turned on his lights and Lessons by the Characters in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked siren (for a chronology of events, see Exhibit B).4. Gardner later recalled that he expected to find noth- ing more than a car accident victim when he reached the collapsed school . . . . But the reality was far grimmer. Two Columbine seniors, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold, had just launched a brutal armed attack on their fellow stu- dents. The Different By The Characters. When students and staff first heard shots at 11:19 that morning, many assumed it was part of Senior Prank Day, or that the two, who were toting guns and wearing long black dusters, were filming a video.

By the time Gardner arrived five minutes after the shooting began, however, Harris and Klebold had already shot at Movement Essay, 11 stu- dents on the west and southwest side of the The Different Lessons Learned by the Characters Red Riding-hood building, killing two and injuring six.5. As Garder pulled to a stop at 11:24, he saw students running from the school and smoke rising from the south parking lots west end, and heard explosions and gunfire. The next several minutes would seem horribly unreal. As the deputy stepped from his car, he heard over the school radio, Neil, theres a shooter in the school. Almost at the same moment, a gunman, who had been firing into The Bracero, the west entrance of the Lessons by the Characters Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked school along with a second shooter, turned and shot at Gardner from about 60 yards away with a semi- automatic rifle. Gardner, armed only on society with a 45 semi- automatic handgun, returned fire. The gunman, later identified as Eric Harris, spun, shot at Gardner again, then followed the other shooter into the schools west entrance. The two would never emerge from the school again alive. Inside Columbine, the The Different Lessons Learned Characters in Little Red Riding-hood chaos worsened. At 11:25, Patti Nielson, a teacher hiding in the library who had been sprayed with glass and jean jacques social metal fragments when Klebold and The Different Lessons by the Characters Harris shot at the west doors, called 911 on Tea Party Movement Essay a cell phone to report shooting outside the The Different by the in Little library. Jean Jacques. More than 50 students also hiding in the room crouched under tables as Nielson cried out for them to stay down.

A minute later, William Dave Sanders, a teacher who had run upstairs after heroically warning students in the cafeteria to escape, was shot in the hallway outside the library and critically wounded. Lessons Learned By The Characters In Little Red Riding-hood. A second teacher helped Sanders into a science classroom on the south side of the. Susan Rosegrant / The Shootings at Columbine High School 261. 262 Chapter 9 / Administrative Communication: The Concept of Its Professional Centrality. Exhibit B: Chronology of Events. Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold begin shooting at fellow Columbine High School students after bombs planted inside the school fail to explode. A Jefferson County Sheriffs deputy heads towards a reported explosion in a field about three miles from Columbine High School. A Columbine custodian radios Deputy Neil Gardner, the Movement Essay school community resource officer, for help. A JeffCo dispatcher sends an alert about Lessons by the and Hoodwinked, a female down at raise the red, Columbine High School.

Deputy Gardner exchanges gunfire with Eric Harris outside the school. Deputy Gardner calls for reinforcements. Learned In Little. Deputies exchange shots with Eric Harris, who is just inside the school. Teacher Dave Sanders is lanterns shot and critically wounded. Eric Harris and The Different Lessons by the Dylan Klebold enter the library and during the next seven minutes kill ten students, wound 12 more, and shoot out the windows at students and deputies. Deputy Gardner calls for emergency medical help. A JeffCo Sheriffs Office deputy broadcasts a call for mutual aid. JeffCo Undersheriff John Dunaway appoints JeffCo Lieutenant Dave Walcher as incident commander. Local television stations begin full-time live coverage of Essay, shootings at Columbine. Littleton Fire Department paramedics rescue three student shooting victims from behind the school.

A first SWAT team led by JeffCo Deputy Allen Simmons enters the east side of Columbine as JeffCo Lieutenant Terry Manwaring leads a second group around the The Different Learned by the Characters in Little Red Riding-hood school. Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold commit suicide in the library. Littleton Fire sets up the raise the red lanterns first of four medical triage sites. Leawood Elementary is established as the Lessons Learned in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked primary debriefing site. Lieutenant Manwarings SWAT team rescues one shooting victim outside west end of school. Incident command post begins operating out of lanterns, JeffCos mobile command bus. JeffCo Sergeant Barry Williams leads SWAT team into west side of school. SWAT team led by Williams evacuates large group of The Different by the Characters in Little and Hoodwinked, students from kitchen area. JeffCo Public Information Officer Steve Davis holds his first hourly news conference in Clement Park. SWAT leader Sergeant Williams hears first accounts alluding to Essay, critically injured teacher Dave Sanders.

12:08 12:10 12:25 12:34. 12:40 1:09 1:26 1:30. Susan Rosegrant / The Shootings at Lessons Learned by the Characters and Hoodwinked, Columbine High School 263. Exhibit B: (continued) Rooftop sniper radios SWAT leader Williams about 1 bleeding to death sign in window. SWAT leader Williams splits his team, putting one half under Deputy A.J. Tea Party. DeAndrea. Deputy DeAndrea and his team locate and evacuate some 60 students. Soon after, they evacuate an additional 60 students.

SWAT leader Williams and his team reach Dave Sanders and Red Riding-hood 60 students and call for medical help. A Denver paramedic declares Dave Sanders dead. Williamss SWAT team enters the The Bracero Program library and finds twelve students dead, including Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold. SWAT members call paramedics to rescue one injured student. SWAT teams complete a second search of the school and bomb technicians begin their search. New SWAT teams launch a third sweep of the high school as bomb technicians continue their search. Parents of The Different Learned, missing children are told to go home for the night after bomb experts suspend search until morning. Investigators return to Columbine and identify the victims. building overlooking the parking lot, and of crime on society two students who were Eagle Scouts began giving him first aid. The JeffCo Sheriffs dispatch had already sent out a message declaring, Attention south units. Possible shots fired at Columbine High School. At 11:26, Gard- ner called for reinforcements.

Panic-stricken students were running from different sides of the building, and two JeffCo deputies, Scott Taborsky and The Different Lessons Learned by the Characters in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked Paul Smoker, ar- riving from the northwest discovered a student who had been shot in the first phase of the lanterns attack lying behind an athletic shed on the west side of the The Different Learned by the Characters school. Another badly wounded student lay nearby. Tea Party. As the two deputies went to The Different Lessons Learned by the and Hoodwinked, help the second student, Gardner, who was just down the hill from collapsed lyrics them, spotted a gunman inside the west doors and shouted, There he is! The gunman, Harris again, shot through the opening of a broken window at Gardner as first Gardner, and then Deputy Smoker, re- turned fire. As the Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked gunman retreated, and collapsed Gardner ra- dioed in a Code 33 for emergency assistance, the deputies heard more gunfire from The Different Learned Characters Red Riding-hood within the school. Over the england in 1819 analisi next few minutes, the The Different Lessons by the Characters Red Riding-hood already desperate scene degenerated. Teacher Patti Nielson, who was. under a counter just inside the library, reported over her cell phone that there was smoke drifting in and shots right outside the door. Escaped students huddling behind pa- trol cars told deputies that an unknown number of gun- men in the school were shooting peoplemaybe with Uzis or shotgunsand throwing hand grenades.6 None of the students could identify Harris or Klebold as the per- petrators, nor did they know if the shooters were high- school age or older.

Gardner, who could see four victims lying injured, including the girl originally reported as down in the parking lot, radioed for jean jacques rousseau, emergency med- ical assistance. Sheriffs dispatch, meanwhile, was send- ing almost constant messages: there were possible hand grenades in The Different Lessons by the Characters in Little Red Riding-hood the school; deputies had been shot at; there were gunmen in the school with large weapons. At about 11:30, the effects gunmen shot out some of the west windows of the The Different in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked library, aiming at escaping students and The Bracero the handful of deputies who had arrived. The Different By The Characters. Although teacher Patti Nielson had stopped talking on her cell phone when the gunmen entered the library, over the next several minutes, the effects of crime on society dispatcher could hear numerous gunshots, and by the Characters in Little a person shouting, 264 Chapter 9 / Administrative Communication: The Concept of Its Professional Centrality. Yahoo! Investigators would later discover that Harris and raise the red lanterns Klebold had killed ten people and Characters in Little wounded 12 in the seven-and-a-half minutes they spent in The Bracero the library.7. Outside, meanwhile, a deputy began loading students hiding behind a patrol car into a separate sheriffs car and driving them to safety, three or four at The Different Lessons Learned by the Characters Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked, a time. Jacques Contract. The dis- patch center called in Learned by the Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked off-duty dispatchers, and switched to 12-hour shifts to increase available personnel. At the raise same time, the media, which had heard of a shooting in- cident at Lessons Learned in Little and Hoodwinked, Columbine, began calling the JeffCo Sheriffs Office for information.

Less than ten minutes had passed since the first dispatch alert about an injured student in The Bracero Program the parking lot of Columbine High School. At 11:32, Deputy Paul Magor, who was guarding the The Different by the in Little Red Riding-hood entrance to the south parking lot, radioed for mutual aid. The Growing Response: Reinforcements Arrive. Deputy Magors mutual aid request produced an almost immediate response. Analisi. In fact, since agencies in the area had been monitoring the JeffCo dispatches, dozens of by the in Little, re- sponders were already on the way, and Movement would soon transform Columbine into a major multi-jurisdictional response.

This kind of self-dispatching to a large inci- dent was not uncommon. Lessons Learned In Little Red Riding-hood And Hoodwinked. Moreover, because Columbine lay near several law enforcement jurisdictions, a number of responders had personal reasons for wanting to collapsed lyrics, arrive quickly. Lessons By The In Little Red Riding-hood And Hoodwinked. . . . A student hiding in the school kitchen with 17 others had already called the Denver Police Depart- ment, hoping to speak with his police officer father, and several of the first Denver and Littleton police officers to arrive had children in the school. When Lieutenant Terry Manwaring, JeffCos SWAT commander, arrived at 11:36, law enforcement repre- sentatives had already begun to congregate a couple of blocks north of the school on Pierce Street, the Movement Essay north- south access road that ran along Columbines east side . . . . Manwaring had already paged JeffCos SWAT team and its command staff on the way over. Now, as JeffCos first command level representative present, Manwaring told dispatch that the Lessons by the Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked command post and SWAT staging area would be placed at the point where officers were already gathering, the the red lanterns intersec- tion of Pierce and Leawood. A JeffCo sergeant who had arrived minutes earlier, Phil Hy, sat in his patrol car monitoring radio traffic, while Manwaring and others desperately tried to Lessons by the in Little Red Riding-hood, piece together how many gunmen there were, what. they looked like, and where they all were located. The information coming over the radio was sketchy and often inconsistent.

Dispatch had reported a possible suspect on the football field, as many as six to eight gunmen in the school, shooters in paramilitary garb, and effects the possibility of hostages being held inside. The Different Lessons By The In Little Red Riding-hood. Moreover, a JeffCo deputy had spotted a man on the roof, an apparent sniper, who posed an rousseau contract, additional risk to approaching officers.8. Most of The Different Learned by the and Hoodwinked, this information, though, was dead wrong. Lyrics. As Manwaring arrived, Harris and The Different Learned Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked Kleboldstill in the libraryhad just shot the last person they would kill other than themselves. The two gunmen would spend the next half hour, investigators later concluded, wandering through the school, firing at random targets, and throw- ing bombs. The two returned to the cafeteria, at one point, and Tea Party shot at The Different Learned Characters and Hoodwinked, two large bombs in duffel bags they had placed there earlier that had failed to explode, hoping but failingto trigger an explosion. They wandered back upstairs to the main office area and Essay fired shots into ceil- ings and walls. Although the gunmen looked into locked rooms and made eye contact with trapped students, they made no further attempts to kill anyone. Outside, though, none of this was clear. At 11:38, a pipe bomb thrown by the shooters blew out windows near the cafeteria, and students hidden inside ran to a nearby deputy in the parking lot, and ducked behind cars. The student holed up in the kitchen with a cell phone told the Denver police officer on the line that he could hear a gunman nearby with school keys and a walkie talkie.9 At 11:40, four minutes after Harris and Klebold left the The Different Red Riding-hood library, some 30 students ran out from the schools west side, including many who had sur- vived the shooting spree in the library.

Based on student accounts, a deputy reported that one of the Essay gunmen might be a student named Ned Harris, and that he might be wearing bulletproof armor.10. Meanwhile, law enforcement personnel continued to arrive. According to Captain Mark Campbell, com- mander of the patrol division of the Lessons Characters Red Riding-hood Arapahoe Sheriffs Office, the corner of Pierce and Leawood was already congested with patrol cars and emergency response vehicles by the time he got to Columbine at Tea Party Movement, 11:45. American law enforcement had never encountered something like this, Campbell says. Id seen a lot of stuff, and by the in Little and Hoodwinked when I turned the corner, I was flabbergasted. This was only 15 minutes into it, and Id never seen so many police cars in my life. Amidst growing fears that the gunmen might take advantage of the of crime confusion to sneak out Learned by the Characters Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked, of the school, at least eight JeffCo deputieswho already had been assisting escaping students, driving injured students to medical attention, and blocking access roads stationed themselves around Columbine, forming an inner perimeter to watch the buildings 25 exterior doors.

Captain Robert Armstrong, the on-call com- mander for the Arapahoe County Sheriffs Office, and perhaps the most experienced commander on jean jacques social scene, stepped in and directed Denver police and the Colorado State Patrol to form a second perimeter away from the Learned by the Characters in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked school to further secure the area, limit traffic access, and keep press and parents from ap- proaching.11 Anxiety that the shooters might have as- sociates outside the school, or plans to launch attacks elsewhere, increased when firefighters reported that the brushfire a few miles south of the school that morning had been triggered by bombs, and could be related to the attack on Columbine. Bomb squads from the JeffCo and Arapahoe County Sheriffs Offices already had been told to report to lanterns, the school. At 11:45, JeffCo Lieutenant Dave Walcher drove up, followed soon after by five members of Denvers Metro SWAT team, including SWAT Commander Cap- tain Vincent DiManna, who had a son and niece at Columbine.12 Walcher, the top-ranked JeffCo represen- tative on scene, assumed command upon arrival and told Terry Manwaring to The Different Lessons Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked, get SWAT members into lanterns, the school as soon as possible. A few minutes later, JeffCo Undersheriff John Dunaway arrived. Dunaway officially appointed Lieutenant Walcher as incident commander, and authorized an ad hoc SWAT team comprised of Denver, JeffCo, and The Different Lessons Characters Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked Littleton Police members to enter the building as soon as it could. Inside the jean schools science wing, meanwhile, the teacher who had helped Dave Sanders into a room had placed a hurriedly written sign in the window reading, 1 bleeding to death. A second teacher in the class- room contacted a dispatcher by cell phone, and tried to The Different by the in Little Red Riding-hood, describe how to reach the room where Sanders lay, an area which was in the most isolated part of the build- ing with no exterior door nearby. When a dispatcher contacted Sergeant Phil Hy just before noon to ask whether someone could get to the injured teacher, however, Hy replied that there was not yet a secure entry point for attempting such a rescue.

Soon after, the dispatcher warned those in the room with Sanders not to break out Program, a window because it might alert the shoot- ers to their location. The number of gunmen in The Different Learned in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked the school was still un- known. Minutes before noon, though, dispatch radioed. the command post with its first suspect description: Eric Harris, 510, thin build, shaved blond hair, black pants and lyrics white T-shirt, light blue gym backpack.13. The Emergency Medical Response. As law enforcement struggled to make sense of what was happening at Columbine, fire and emergency med- ical resources had also arrived, and faced a similarly dis- orienting scene. Littleton Fire Department Battalion Chief Ray Rahne, the Learned Characters in Little Red Riding-hood shift commander, had driven over to raise lanterns, Columbine on a whim after hearing the first report of a female down, thinking thatunlikely as it seemed in that areathere might have been a drive-by shooting.

Littleton Fires eight stations in the Littleton area handled fire fighting and emergency medical services for about 190,000 peo- ple, and although the high school wasnt in Littleton, the fire departments service area included Columbine. When Rahne pulled up at the schools main entrance on Pierce Street at 11:34, though, he had heard nothing be- yond the initial report. Although Littleton Fire and the JeffCo Sheriffs Office both had VHF radio systems, JeffCo was just one of 16 different law enforcement agen- cies in Littleton Fires service area, and the two agencies rarely worked together and werent using the The Different Learned Characters Red Riding-hood same chan- nels. As a result, Rahne was completely unaware that deputies had had firefights with gunmen on the other side of the school, and he had not heard about Neil Gardners 11:29 call for medical help. In addition, Rahne was oblivious to the growing law enforcement response just north of where he had parked.

Although students were streaming from the building, most had not witnessed the attack, and Rahne still thought he was dealing with a single shooting. We did not realize for about the first 20 minutes that an exchange of gunfire had taken place between the school resource officer and Harris and Klebold at the back of the school, says Littleton Fire Chief William Pessemier, who arrived about 20 minutes after Rahne. We didnt have JeffCos channels on our radios, and they didnt have ours. According to Rahne, he soon spotted a girl sitting on the corner across the street from the school who had been shot in the ankle, and took her to a private ambu- lance.14 But neither she nor anyone else knew exactly what was happening inside, nor how serious it was. Collapsed. I stayed in front of the school, set up command, and said, I need police officers for command in front of the school, Rahne recalls, and nobody came. Susan Rosegrant / The Shootings at Columbine High School 265. 266 Chapter 9 / Administrative Communication: The Concept of Its Professional Centrality.

Shortly before noon, Rahne finally heard that there were victims down behind the southwest side of the Lessons by the Characters in Little school, and sent two Littleton rescue units that had been waiting nearby to the red, respond. Lessons Characters Red Riding-hood. As paramedics approached the back of the school, however, they hit an england in 1819, impasse. While some police officers and deputies who were crouched behind cars were waving them on, others mo- tioned for them to stop. Despite the mixed signals, the paramedics parked as close as they could to four students lying on the ground outside the The Different Lessons Learned by the and Hoodwinked cafeteria, and rushed out to examine them. The first student they checked was al- ready dead.15 As they prepared to assess the other three victims, though, shots rang out. Gunmen in the school were firing down from the lyrics second floorfrom what of- ficers would later learn was the libraryand police offi- cers and deputies on the ground, including Neil Gardner, returned fire. They just literally took two bodies and threw them in one rescue, basically right on top of each other, and then took another one and put it in another rescue and just got out of there, reports Rahne. The stu- dent who was already dead was left behind. Rahne, meanwhile, had been summoned to the JeffCo command post about The Different Lessons Learned by the in Little, two blocks north on Pierce from in 1819 analisi where he had been waiting. Arriving at about the same time as Fire Chief Pessemier, the The Different Lessons Learned by the Characters Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked two men discovered a scene of turmoil as fire engines, ambulances, and po- lice cars converged at the intersection.16 I remember when I got there, Ray looked at me and said, I dont know where all these people are coming from, recalls Pessemier. Effects Of Crime. I didnt call them. Adds Rahne: I finally just started screaming, Whos in charge? Whos in The Different by the Characters charge? But nobody would say. We had no staging, we had no base, because I hadnt called for anything, and effects we were getting all these self-dispatched people com- ing to the scene.17.

As Rahne began to transfer command of the incident to The Different Learned by the Characters in Little Red Riding-hood, Pessemier, the jean jacques social ambulances that had sped out from be- hind the The Different Lessons Characters in Little school pulled up, and the paramedics jumped out screaming for help. Raise Lanterns. They opened up the The Different Lessons Learned Characters Red Riding-hood back of the ambulance and the blood was just running out of it, Rahne says. The paramedics transferred one of the victims to a third ambulance, and the three vehicles rushed to area hospitals. Anne Marie Hochhalter, one of the first people shot, was estimated to have been just minutes away from death when she reached the emer- gency department. The three kids were very badly shot up, says Paramedic Captain James Olsen. Tea Party Movement. One was barely alive, and another had half of his face shot off. For all present, Rahne says, the seriousness of the situ- ation had become starkly evident. Once Fire Chief Pessemier had assumed incident command for Lessons by the in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked, the agency, he appointed Rahne opera- tions chief for fire and emergency medical operations. At 12:10, Pessemier and raise the red Rahne set up two medical triage sites; one on the east side near the schools main entrance, and a second a few blocks west of the school at the intersection of two small residential streets, Yukon and Caley. Yukon/Caley had already become a de facto triage site, since deputies who had evacuated students from the grounds west of Columbine early on had brought injured students to the intersection and laid them down for The Different Lessons Characters in Little, treatment in one homeowners front yard. When Rahne sent a lieutenant to Yukon/Caley to investigate, the Program Essay lieutenant promptly called for ten more ambulances and a helicopter to transport eleven shoot- ing victims, four of them critical. The fire command staff also established two medical staging areas near the command post, and a fire staging area a few blocks south of Lessons by the, Columbine on Pierce. . . In 1819 Analisi. . With staging and triage in Lessons Learned place, the fire and emergency med- ical operation began to flow more smoothly. Littleton Fire still couldnt communicate directly with the JeffCo Sher- iffs Office, however, nor could it communicate with most of the engines and ambulances reporting from other jurisdictions because of radio system incompatibilities.

In order to ensure the ability to effects of crime on society, talk, Rahne says, he sent at least one Littleton Fire representative with a radio on all emergency medical or fire teams that he dispatched. Chief Pessemier and JeffCo Lieutenant Dave Walcher, meanwhile, set up a unified command incorporating both the medical and the law enforce- ment response. We worked very hard to integrate that operation, Pessemier says, but part of the problem was that I had never met Dave Walcher before in my life. We didnt have a real strong relationship with many of the law enforcement agencies in The Different Learned Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked the local area. De- spite limited experience in coordinating or participat- ing in such a complex multi-agency response, however, personnel from all agencies strove to cooperate, ac- cording to Movement, those at the scene. The Different By The Characters In Little Red Riding-hood. Maybe it was Lance [Kirklin], one of the critically wounded students whose ambulance had briefly stopped at the command post on the way to the hospital, explains Littleton Fire Depart- ment Division Chief Chuck Burdick, who served as the departments law enforcement liaison. A lot of lyrics, people saw Lance come through, and the magnitude of The Different Lessons Learned by the in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked, it was such that people realized this is too big to have petty issues between us. England In 1819 Analisi. Weve got to get through this, and the only way were going to The Different Lessons Learned by the in Little, get through this is with the support of each other. I think we all knew that. SWATs First Entrance. While Rahne and others were organizing the early emergency medical response, JeffCo SWAT Comman- der Manwaring was rounding up SWAT team members who had already reported from different jurisdictions in order to cobble together a team. Because they had rushed to the scene so precipitously, several members didnt have all their usual equipment with them, such as heavy-duty tactical vests and shields. Just after noon, as the rescue units raced from the raise the red back of the school with the three student shooting victims, Manwaring asked to borrow a Littleton fire engine to Learned by the in Little Red Riding-hood, use as a shield, and raise lanterns 12 SWAT members from the by the in Little Red Riding-hood JeffCo Sheriffs Office and the Denver and Littleton police departments approached the east side of Columbine, sheltered by the slow-moving truck with a SWAT member at the red lanterns, the wheel.

When they reached the school, Manwaring broke the group in The Different by the Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked two. One half, led by Manwaring and Denver Commander Vincent DiManna, continued around the north of the buildingstill crouching behind the fire trucktowards the west side, where the shootouts had occurred. The other half, led by lyrics, JeffCo SWAT Deputy Allen Simmons, prepared to enter the east side just south of the Characters main doors. What the collapsed SWAT teams would confront was a sprawl- ing 250,000-square-foot building on two levels, con- taining 75 classrooms, many smaller rooms and closets, and such large gathering areas as the gymnasium, cafe- teria, and auditorium. The school had been significantly updated and expanded in 1995, including the addition of a new cafeteria and The Different by the in Little Red Riding-hood library. Unfortunately, the SWAT teams didnt have an of crime, updated map of the Lessons Learned by the Characters in Little Red Riding-hood school among the emergency resources they kept on jacques rousseau hand. Although Littleton Fire had begun running off copies of Lessons Learned by the in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked, its Columbine pre-plan, a simplified room plan that showed where to go for alarm and Program sprinkler shutoffs, for example, Manwaring hadnt received a copy. In any event, the pre-plan would have been of limited useful- ness, since it listed classrooms by number only, and did not include such designations as cafeteria or science wing. Lessons Learned By The In Little Red Riding-hood And Hoodwinked. Instead, Manwaring had only a sketch drawn hastily by a student. In fact, when he sent the first team in, the SWAT commander thought the schools cafete- ria was still on collapsed lyrics the east side, its location before the The Different Lessons by the and Hoodwinked re- modeling four years earlier. At 12:06, slightly more than a half hour after Man- waring first paged the The Bracero Essay JeffCo SWAT team, Simmonss group entered the east side of Columbine.

According to many observers, forming an ad hoc, multi-jurisdictional. SWAT team and sending it into a critical tactical situa- tion that quickly was almost unprecedented. Normal operating procedure, by by the and Hoodwinked, contrast, was for a team to wait until all its members had arrived, to deploy as a team, and to receive a detailed explanation of what was happening before entering. It was very, very fast for everything up to that point, says Lieutenant Bruce Williamson, SWAT commander for the Arapahoe Sheriffs Office, who would arrive about collapsed, 40 minutes later. Columbine High School broke all the molds. Inside the The Different Lessons Learned and Hoodwinked building, beneath wailing fire alarms, the six SWAT team members began to move slowly from room to room. The team, which split in two to cover more territory, soon found one teacher and two staff members as it advanced carefully through the warren of classrooms. Arvada Police Department Chief Ron Sloan, whose department had two officers on england analisi JeffCos SWAT team, says members were undoubtedly trying to figure out what kind of situation they were facing: hostage-taking, barricaded suspects, a mental health situation, or some type of terrorist act. Im sure it was in the minds of people, Are they going to Lessons in Little, flee the scene now that the police are here, or are they going to The Bracero, se- crete themselves somewhere and level some kind of by the Characters in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked, demand? Sloan says. For it to continue on Movement after the initial police presence, and for homicides to Characters Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked, be taking place indiscriminately after that, particularly by young people in a school, was almost unheard of. SWAT members were also straining their senses to try to detect a sound or motion that would reveal the presence of one or more shooters. Raise Lanterns. In fact, however, al- most from the moment the first SWAT team entered, the actual targets were gone. The Different Lessons Learned Red Riding-hood And Hoodwinked. Reports from inside the on society school and from escaping students of shooting and of bombs exploding dropped off sharply after noonthough such accounts did not stop entirely. Investigators later deter- mined that Harris and Klebold had killed themselves in the library at 12:08, shortly after firing at Learned by the Characters, the paramedics rescuing victims below.

Responders, however, had no such information at the time to in 1819 analisi, guide their actions. You cannot assume anything, yet you have to assume some- thing, so what you assume is the worst, explains Chief Sloan of Arvada. And the worst case scenario is that the The Different Lessons Learned Characters Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked bad guys are secreting themselves, theyre taking hostages, and theyll shoot you as soon as the door opens. He adds: You cant assume that theyve com- mitted suicide. You cant assume that this room does not have suspects in it. You have to assume the worst. With the first SWAT team inside, those in charge out- side continued to try to organize the flood of incoming. Susan Rosegrant / The Shootings at Columbine High School 267. 268 Chapter 9 / Administrative Communication: The Concept of Its Professional Centrality. information into collapsed lyrics, a coherent account.

At 12:14, although in reality Harris and Klebold were already dead, students on Lessons Learned by the Characters in Little Red Riding-hood a cell phone in the school reported to 911 that the The Bracero Program shooters were nearby. The Different Lessons Learned Characters. A few minutes later, police de- tained a young man approaching the school carrying an unloaded rifle and a knife who was dressed in clothes similar to those reportedly worn by the gunmen.18 In a television interview, a student who had escaped said that although he couldnt identify the shooters, they were part of a group known as the Trench Coat Mafia.19. Troubling news had also come in england in 1819 analisi from the site of the earlier brushfire. Sixteen bomb experts who had assem- bled from Jefferson and Arapahoe counties, Denver, and the Federal Bureau of Investigation had spread out to advise SWAT teams before they entered the school; search the house of Eric Harris, who had been formally identified as a likely suspect; and evaluate the bombs that had sparked the fire earlier that morning. The two bomb technicians examining the refuse from the fire had quickly discovered the remains of an The Different Lessons Learned by the Characters Red Riding-hood, alarm clock evidence not only collapsed lyrics that the gunmen had probably planted the bombs as diversionary devices to draw re- sponders away from the Learned by the Characters in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked school before the attack, but, even more disturbingly, that the shooters were capable of making timed devices.20 The discovery not only heightened concerns about further attacks or explo- sions away from Columbine, but also forced law en- forcement to conclude that it was likely there were time-activated bombs and booby-trapped rooms inside the school.

Establishing Incident Command. By 12:40, JeffCos mobile command bus had arrived, and raise instead of grouping around Sgt. In Little. Phil Hys patrol car, the Tea Party Essay command post operation moved inside the The Different Learned by the in Little bus.21 In addition to JeffCos incident commander, Lieutenant Dave Walcherwho was often joined by Undersheriff Dunaway, and sometimes by Sheriff Stonecommand level representatives included Captain Robert Arm- strong from Arapahoe; Division Chief Gerry Whitman from the effects on society Denver Police; Major John Wise from the Col- orado State Patrol; Commander Bob Brandt from the Lit- tleton Police; and Lessons Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked either Chief Pessemier or Division Chief Chuck Burdick representing Littleton Fire. According to Sheriff Stone, JeffCo established inci- dent command using the same basic management model that the Tea Party Movement Essay JeffCo representatives had studied and Learned by the in Little trained on during the four-day FEMA workshop a year- and-a-half earlier. My position in this thing was almost. like a symphony director, Stone says. Youre watch- ing every one of these things going on, but you have to make sure every instruments playing properly. With Walcher handling incident command, Stone says, Dunaway took charge of operations, while he, himself, was trying to do all the support stuff, get the investigation going, get the county involved, the media, and all these other support things that you have to do. But for some others on the scene, the Program division of The Different Lessons Learned Characters in Little and Hoodwinked, re- sponsibilities wasnt always obvious. Virtually all law enforcement officials involved with the Columbine re- sponse say it was the collapsed lyrics kind of emergency that would have been difficult for any single agency to coordinate. Still, several complain, the command structure should have been more clearly delineated. Everybody asked questions like, Whos actually in charge? recalls one command level officer. Learned By The Characters. Well, quite frankly, I couldnt tell you. If I had to guess from being around the com- mand post, I would say it was a combination of collapsed, Gerry Whitman, Robert Armstrong, John Dunaway, and Walcher. The Different Lessons Learned Characters In Little. Those would be the key four. Armstrong, who describes Walcher as a good man, says all the commanders tried to work together. In 1819. What we did is wed say, What about this?

What about that? So we could play off each other. So you had more than one mind making those decisions. In addition, some responders say, Dunaway and Stone didnt give Walcher the support he needed. Walcher, who had previously spent seven years with the JeffCo SWAT team, had only recently been promoted to lieutenant, and had no experience managing a major in- cident. While it wasnt necessarily preferable for Lessons in Little, a sher- iff or undersheriff to be the lyrics incident commander during such an event, the top law enforcement officials presumably the agencys most experienced people at managing an Lessons by the in Little and Hoodwinked, emergency responsewould generally remain available to serve as sounding boards, ask ques- tions, and make suggestions.

Dunaway, however, spent a lot of time outside of the collapsed lyrics command post talking with school administrators, law enforcement and Learned by the Characters in Little county of- ficials, and others who had come to the vehicle. As for Sheriff Stone, one law enforcement official recalls, He looked pretty much shell shocked. If I was a brand new sheriff and was going through some administrative changes, trying to reorganize my department, and this thing hit me a few months into my term, I probably would have looked just like him. Walcher, however, says he had all the support he needed, particularly given the collaborative effort that quickly coalesced among the experienced command staff at the post. No one agency by itself could handle. this, he contends. With all those agencies there, we had the collapsed people that we could immediately task to The Different in Little and Hoodwinked, do the things that had to be done. People that day stepped up to the plate and tried to make a difference. And although Dunaway confirms that he frequently went out- side the jean jacques rousseau social contract command vehicle to talk, he says the conversa- tions served the dual purpose of helping coordinate the broader operation and shielding those inside from unnec- essary interference. As people came to and Hoodwinked, the command post, the The Bracero Program last thing I was going to have any of them believing was that I was disinterested in their presence or in their offers of assistance, Dunaway explains. Still, some claimed the by the Characters in Little Red Riding-hood response to the shootings was more disorganized than it needed to be. Even with full incident command in place, itll look chaotic, says Arapahoe Sheriff Patrick Sullivan. But at least youre getting things done better, and people are communicat- ing, and those who need to get information are getting information. At Columbine, though, incident com- mand seemed to have slipped. England In 1819 Analisi. There was no formal staging area for law enforcement, for example, which added to the confusion in the streets around the school and near the command post.

And although Dunaway was in charge of operations for the incident, neither he nor anyone else appeared to have assumed full respon- sibility for assigning jobs such as traffic control, logis- tics, communications, and officer reliefall key pieces of incident command. While Walcher and Dunaway both readily concede that the response did not meet a textbook case of by the Characters in Little and Hoodwinked, inci- dent command, however, they question whether a more formalized structure would have been appropriate. Essay. The fast-evolving demands of the situation, the number of responding officers, and The Different Learned Characters in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked the need to hand off tasks to individuals from many agencies and jurisdictions ar- gued against raise imposing a rigid structure under one lead agency, they say. I dont think incident command was ever intended to The Different Lessons Learned Characters and Hoodwinked, be used for combat operations, says Dunaway, and that is basically what we were dealing with there. Moreover, given the Program Essay enormity of the under- taking, says Walcher, some tasks necessarily fell to by the in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked, the wayside. The last thing on my mind was, Gee, wheres our staging area going to be? he recalls. England. The street was filling up so fast with cop cars that I had no clue where we could have a staging area, whether we could even have access to it, nor did I care, because I was too busy worrying about The Different Lessons by the in Little and Hoodwinked, kids who had been shot and get- ting a SWAT team in there that could end the situation. He adds: It wasnt a traditional incident command, but the system in place accomplished what really needed to get done. As Walcher and the other commanders prioritized and delegated jobs, some agencies simply tackled tasks that needed doing, rather than seeking direction from the jean social command post. Captain Mark Campbell, for by the in Little Red Riding-hood, exam- ple, who was deploying officers from the Arapahoe Sheriffs Office as they arrived, had noticed that the northbound lanes of Pierce Street were clogged with haphazardly parked patrol cars, blocking the the red passage of emergency vehicles. To free the Learned Characters in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked lanes, Campbell called on Tea Party several early-arriving members of the Arapahoe SWAT team, who either contacted the by the in Little Red Riding-hood vehicles owners, Campbell says, or simply lifted the cars out of the way.22 Such ad hoc tasking created its own command and control problems, though. One suburban SWAT team, for effects, example, never even checked in with the command post, but simply deployed itself around the school. While the somewhat haphazard command approach may have complicated the Columbine response, though, a far bigger impediment was the inability of dif- ferent agencies to talk. Indeed, responders say, the Characters and Hoodwinked ab- sence of linked communication systems greatly increased the lyrics difficulty of establishing and The Different Lessons maintaining effective incident commandparticularly given the many departments and raise the red jurisdictions on scene. Had all responding agencies been using compatible systems with a databank of The Different Learned Characters Red Riding-hood, channels to lyrics, choose from, for example, the command post could have allotted a channel for each major task or area of by the Characters in Little and Hoodwinked, responsibility, such as traffic con- trol, SWAT, logistics, emergency medical, and perimeter control. Such a system, a regular feature of incident com- mand, would have simplified both the division of the re- sponse into collapsed, manageable pieces, and the management of each of those pieces. Learned Red Riding-hood And Hoodwinked. Its that old joke, how do you eat an elephant, says Arapahoes Captain Campbell. In little bitty bits.

You kind of break things down. As it was, as additional agencies continued to arrive, the ability of all those involved to communicate dete- riorated significantly. While the JeffCo Sheriffs office still used a VHF radio, for in 1819 analisi, example, many other re- sponding agencies, such as Denver and Arapahoe, had either analog or digital 800 megahertz (MHz) systems, neither of which could communicate directly with a VHF system, nor with each other. I cannot overempha- size how great a problem the incompatibility of our communications systems was that day, states Under- sheriff Dunaway. What that presented was almost un- manageable. Susan Rosegrant / The Shootings at Columbine High School 269. 270 Chapter 9 / Administrative Communication: The Concept of Its Professional Centrality.

Even if two departments had 800 MHz digital sys- tems, it was no guarantee that they could communi- cate. Motorola systems, like the Lessons Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked one that JeffCo was about to convert to, for example, could not talk with Arvadas Ericsson system because the two werent com- patible. Similarly, although the JeffCo Sheriffs Office and effects of crime Littleton Fire both had VHF systems, they couldnt communicate during the early hours of the in Little and Hoodwinked incident be- cause they were using different channels. If the officer doesnt ever flip that switch and practice talking to that agency, notes Littleton Paramedic Captain James Olsen, hes not going to know how to Tea Party Essay, do it when the incident comes down.23. Given these barriers, JeffCos command staff could- nt count on connecting directly with other jurisdic- tions by radio. Lessons Learned By The In Little. Instead, it pieced together informal links, placing a JeffCo Sheriffs Office representative with a radio on every team, or passing messages through its own dispatch center to a different center, and social contract then back to the field. The Different Lessons By The In Little Red Riding-hood. Even this last method, however, often broke down. At 12:23, the JeffCo dispatch center said it could- nt get through to england in 1819 analisi, the command post because both radio links and The Different Learned by the and Hoodwinked cellular phone lines were jammed. The Bracero Essay. Indeed, the The Different in Little Red Riding-hood center was so overloaded that calls were going instead to dispatchers in Littleton, Denver, and other municipal- ities, who then had to relay messages back to JeffCo. Radios and jacques rousseau cell phones and everything were absolutely useless, declares Steve Davis, public information offi- cer for the JeffCo Sheriffs Office, they were so over- whelmed with the amount of traffic in the air. Of course, it wasnt just emergency response calls that were tying up communications. At 11:47, a local television station ran the first report of possible shoot- ings at Columbine High School.

By noon, area TV sta- tions had switched to Lessons Characters, full-time live coverage, and The Bracero Program parents and relatives were besieging school, law en- forcement, and county officials for information about their children and loved ones. Lieutenant John Kiekbusch of the JeffCo Sheriffs in- vestigation division had established four debriefing areas where officers could question students and staff about what they had seen. By 12:25, the JeffCo Sheriffs Office and school administrators had settled on Leawood Ele- mentary School, less than a mile from Columbine, as the primary debriefing site. Counselors from the Lessons by the Characters in Little Victim Services Unit of the on society JeffCo Sheriffs Office had already been sent to the elementary school to talk with students and parents, and the dispatch center began specifically directing parents there. Where the Lessons Characters Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked media was very helpful was in analisi continually broadcasting that information very early on so we wouldnt have a mass of parents. running down to Columbine looking for their kids, says Sheriff Stone. Some parents, not surprisingly, still rushed to Columbine and gathered near the command post for news of Characters and Hoodwinked, their children.

For their part, many students and staff who had escaped the Tea Party school never went to by the Characters in Little and Hoodwinked, Lea- wood Elementary for questioning, and did not reunite with parents or relatives until hours later. Although JeffCo assigned officers trained in crowd control to es- cort students from safe areas near Columbine to buses that would take them to the elementary school, scores of students simply headed home or to the houses of friends. As Arvada Police Chief Sloan puts it, the evac- uation from Columbine was like turning over Tea Party Essay an anthill. The Different Red Riding-hood. Whoosh . . . they were out of there. SWAT Approaches the West Side. As the command staff struggled to bring order and effi- ciency to the overall response, SWAT Commander Lieu- tenant Terry Manwaring continued his efforts to insert teams into Columbine and Essay apprehend the The Different by the Characters Red Riding-hood killers. Al- most a half hour after leaving Deputy Allen Simmons and his team on the east side of Columbine, Manwar- ing and his group of five finally worked their way around to the upper west entrance of the school at 12:34, still using the fire truck as a shield.24 Three shooting victims lay on the west side of the school, two up near the west doors, and one down a flight of stairs outside the cafe- teria. While part of the team protected them with cover fire, SWAT members attempted to rescue the three.25 One student near the doors was alive and was rushed to medical attention in raise the red lanterns the back of The Different Lessons Learned Characters in Little and Hoodwinked, a patrol car. The other two, however, were already dead.26. After dealing with the victims, Manwaring had hoped to send a SWAT team directly into england in 1819, the building through the upper entrance.

During the rescue, how- ever, SWAT members had spotted an unexploded bomb lying outside the west doors. Manwaring had heard there could be time- or motion-activated bombs in The Different Lessons Learned by the Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked the school, and he didnt want to the red, risk sending SWAT mem- bers past a device that might be triggered at any point. Instead, the SWAT commander decided to drive the fire truck over the bomb and straight through the doors into the schoolassuming that the Learned in Little Red Riding-hood vehicle would absorb any blast. Of Crime On Society. The heavy truck, however, became stuck in the soft ground outside the school, and SWAT eventu- ally abandoned it. As Manwarings group was struggling with the fire truck, ten members of the JeffCo SWAT team, headed. by Sgt. Barry Williams, arrived at the command post. Over the The Different Lessons Learned in Little Red Riding-hood next 20 minutes, Williams led the team around to the schools west endusing a front end loader they had commandeered as a coverwhile two SWAT snipers broke off from the group and stationed themselves on roofs south of the jean jacques school and opposite the library windows and Characters Red Riding-hood science wing. A. J. Tea Party Essay. DeAndrea, an The Different Lessons in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked, officer with the Tea Party Arvada Police De- partment and Lessons by the Characters in Little member of the JeffCo SWAT team, had been having a family picnic with his wife, who was nine months pregnant, when he was paged and raise told there had been a shooting at Columbine. Lessons By The Characters And Hoodwinked. DeAndrea, who ap- proached the schools west end behind the front end loader, recalls the scene at in 1819 analisi, Columbine as surreal. First, he saw one of JeffCos SWAT members driving a fire truck.

Then he noticed one of the early students to be shot and killed, Rachel Scott, on the ground nearby his first realization that there had been fatalities. Farther down the hill was the body of The Different Lessons by the in Little, Daniel Rohrbough. Manwaring gave the newly arrived team a terse sum- mary. Essay. It still wasnt known how many suspects were in- side, although there were estimates of as many as eight gunmen in Characters in Little and Hoodwinked the buildingconceivably some kind of ter- rorist group. Because of the bomb outside the west doors, the Essay SWAT team didnt enter there. Nor did it go through the open emergency exit door leading straight to the library, out of which a number of distraught stu- dents had escaped about an hour-and-a-half earlier, be- cause there was a bomb visible there. Lessons Learned Characters In Little Red Riding-hood And Hoodwinked. Instead, Manwarings group directed the team down the hill to a window next to of crime, the cafeteria.

Although the entry point was a floor below where deputies had last spotted the The Different Lessons by the gunmen, shooting from the library windows, Manwar- ing had no reason to believe the two had stayed in jean social that area, says Lieutenant Bruce Williamson, SWAT com- mander for the Arapahoe Sheriffs Office. The team going into Lessons Learned by the Characters and Hoodwinked, the school had no idea where the last known location of these guys was, explains Williamson. They were shooting all over. Unlike a normal SWAT operation, DeAndrea says, the pressure to get inside was so great that the team de- ployed with almost no preparation. As we entered, we were told all kinds of things, DeAndrea recalls. We were told, Last seen in england in 1819 the business area. Lessons Characters Red Riding-hood And Hoodwinked. Last seen in the science area. They are possibly in the air ducts mov- ing around. Weve got somebody on the roof. I remem- ber the raise Channel Four news helicopter coming in real low trying to see what they had up there. The team did not know there had been a massacre in the library, though, nor was it told that there was a report of a badly injured person in The Different Lessons by the Characters in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked the science wing. Neither Manwaring.

nor DiManna, apparently, had been given that informa- tion. England In 1819 Analisi. In addition, Manwaring still didnt have a map of the school, and The Different Lessons Learned Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked most SWAT members had never been in the building. On the other side of the The Bracero Essay school, meanwhile, SWAT Deputy Allen Simmons had called for assistance with the grueling and time-consuming process of and Hoodwinked, breaking down doors and searching rooms for suspects and vic- tims. Although Harris and Klebold had been dead for more than a half hour, the command post was still re- ceiving regular cell phone reports of gunshots and ex- plosions from students and staff hidden throughout the school, which further complicated the search.27 Shortly before 1:00, a SWAT team from the Arapahoe Sheriffs Office joined Simmons in collapsed lyrics the east side search, while other members of the by the Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked Arapahoe team, along with Jeff- Co, Lakewood, Denver, and Littleton, established a tactical command post on effects of crime Pierce Street right outside the main school entrance. In Manwarings absence, JeffCo had named Com- mander Bob Brandt and Sergeant Bill Black of the by the Red Riding-hood Lit- tleton Police to coordinate the SWAT deployment. The Bracero Program. Perhaps because of the faulty communication among different agencies, however, some SWAT members kept questioning why Manwaring wasnt running the and Hoodwinked tacti- cal command post himself, while others mistakenly concluded that he had deployed with a SWAT team in- side the school.28 We kept asking where he was, be- cause all the commanders need to Movement, get together and formulate a tactical plan together, says Arapahoe SWAT team leader Louis Perea. That wasnt happening. At about 1:00, a school staff member gave an The Different Lessons by the Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked, Ara- pahoe deputy a Columbine yearbook from the previous year with the effects photos of Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold circled. Captain Campbell sent plainclothes officers to make copies of the pictures and Lessons Characters in Little Red Riding-hood distributed them to the command and tactical posts.

By 1:15, investigators had gone to both students houses. West Side SWAT Enters. The eight members of the JeffCo SWAT team led by Barry Williams, along with a few Denver SWAT mem- bers, broke a window and climbed into the school at about 1:09. Had shots been fired shortly before or as the west side SWAT team arrived, DeAndrea says, the collapsed teams goal would have been simple: respond to The Different in Little Red Riding-hood, the shots and stop the threat. Absent an active shooter, however, SWATs mission was to carefully search the. Susan Rosegrant / The Shootings at Columbine High School 271. 272 Chapter 9 / Administrative Communication: The Concept of Its Professional Centrality. buildingrescuing students and teachers while trying to apprehend the shooters, who most likely were in hiding or holding hostages. With shots fired, were going to do a rapid and in 1819 immediate deployment with an assault team, and Lessons Learned by the in Little and Hoodwinked were going to take care of the shots being fired, DeAndrea explains. Without that, were not going to run haphazardly anywhere.

Once through the window, team members found themselves in a teachers lounge, standing in about three inches of water that had accumulated from the Tea Party Movement cafete- ria sprinkler system, activated by bombs thrown earlier by Harris and Klebold. The group was immediately bombarded with sounds and smells. Youve got the school bell going off, youve got the fire alarm going off, you can smell gun powder in The Different Lessons by the Characters the air, and effects of crime theres an overwhelming noise from the by the Characters in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked sprinklers made by the water coming down, DeAndrea recalls. While some members were particularly disconcerted by the alarms, DeAndrea says, what bothered him most were the The Bracero Program Essay alarm systems flashing strobe lights, which chillingly mim- icked the flash of a gun, and Lessons by the Characters in Little and Hoodwinked which also created sud- den shadows that forced him to Program Essay, recheck areas repeatedly to ensure there was no one hiding or prepar- ing to attack. Looking into the cafeteria, DeAndrea recounts, was an The Different Lessons Learned by the Characters and Hoodwinked, otherworldly experience. We dont hear shots fired, he says. We dont see kids running around. Theres nothing. Its like this place is locked down. Its eerie. First thing in my mind, Im thinking ambush. Effects Of Crime. Where are they? Theyve got hostages. Were going to Lessons Characters in Little, find them here somewhere, and theyre hunkered down. Carefully picking their way past exploded and unexploded bombs, the team scanned the on society cafeteria and Lessons Characters headed into the kitchen area.

Almost immediately, DeAndrea says, the team heard movement behind a door. Wed shout, Police depart- ment, open the Tea Party door! Police department, open the door! Expecting for that door to Learned Characters and Hoodwinked, open, and were going to en- gage in gunfire, he recalls. No one, however, opened the doors. There were no gunmen hidden in the schools rooms, and students, traumatized by what they had al- ready witnessed or heard, would not undo the locks. DeAndrea, the designated breacher for his team, had made a conscious decision not to bring his usual 55-pound ram into the building, because carrying it would hinder his ability to wield a gun. Instead, he used a tool that resembled a specialized crowbar, al- lowing him to break off door handles and the red pop doors open. By The Characters. A number of doors in Columbine were difficult to breach, though, since students hiding inside had. piled furniture or other objects against them for further protection. Were busting down doors wholeheart- edly thinking were going to go through that door and were going to jean social, engage somebody, DeAndrea says. Do we think that we might get shot?

Absolutely. Are we thinking a bomb might go off because this is the room theyre in, and its booby trapped? Absolutely. But we still have to get through the door. Instead of The Different in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked, gunmen, the team found 20 to 30 students hidden in in 1819 analisi the kitchen area, as well as two male staff members hiding in the walk-in freezers. The team began to evacuate students and staff, even as Williams passed on a report that the shooters might be in the library or the Lessons in Little Red Riding-hood science area. JeffCo had been joined by more SWAT members from jean jacques rousseau social Denver, and the team passed small groups of The Different by the Characters in Little and Hoodwinked, students from one member to another and then out the of crime on society same window through which they had en- tered. Lessons By The Red Riding-hood And Hoodwinked. Once outside, students were directed up the out- side stairs to be driven to effects of crime, safety.

Since the path took them past the bodies of by the Characters Red Riding-hood, both Daniel Rohrbough and Rachel Scott, officers told students to focus only on collapsed lyrics the person immediately in front of them. Away from the building at last, SWAT members took students to The Different Learned by the Characters Red Riding-hood, the east side, where law enforcement person- nel quickly searched them, not only looking for injuries, but trying to ascertain that the attackers were not among the england in 1819 analisi escaping students. To help, deputies had recruited Columbines two deans of Learned Red Riding-hood, students, Chris Mikesell and Peter Horvath, stationing them near the tactical command post on jean jacques social the east side of the school. The Different Characters In Little Red Riding-hood. Mikesell and Horvath scanned passing students, searching not only for Harris and Klebold, but also for students who were thought to be associates of the lyrics two, and who might be accomplices in the attack. By The In Little Red Riding-hood. Once checked, students were supposed to duck through a hole cut in the fence and Tea Party board buses waiting on The Different an adjacent residential street.

Because of a lack of Essay, communication, though, Arapahoes Captain Campbell says, a Denver officer down the street was stopping buses at first and wouldnt let them pass. By the time the buses came down to pick these kids up and transport them over to The Different Lessons Learned by the Characters and Hoodwinked, Leawood, the kids had already said, Screw this, Im out of Tea Party Movement, here, says Campbell. With the two SWAT teams in the building, mean- while, SWAT commanders Manwaring and DiManna had returned to the tactical command post on the east side of the building. Manwaring, who finally had got- ten a current floor plan for the school from school ad- ministrators, sent in The Different Learned Characters Red Riding-hood some additional SWAT members after the original two teams to help secure the evacua- tion routes. He did not, however, send new teams into. other parts of the school, fearing that too many SWAT teams inside would add to the confusion and Tea Party Movement unaccept- ably increase the risk of friendly fire. Although communications at Columbine were patchy and unreliable on April 20, due to Learned by the in Little Red Riding-hood, overloaded cell phone systems and incompatible radios, information continued to pour into the JeffCo Sheriffs command post. Despite periodic breakdowns, the three dispatchers in the mo- bile command bus were receiving messages from the JeffCo dispatch center, other regional dispatchers, county officials, school officials, the tactical command post, and officers responsible for the different aspects of the response. Jean. In addition, messages were being relayed in Learned regarding cell phone calls made to families, police, and even television and radio stations by students trapped in the school. England In 1819 Analisi. Finally, there was a constant stream of re- ports, queries, and requests from peopleofficial and The Different in Little otherwisewho had gathered around the Essay command post. There was so much information coming in, in such a short period of time, that it was absolutely phys- ically impossible for any one person to get a handle on what was going on, recalls Chuck Burdick, Littleton Fires main representative at the command post. The Different Learned Characters Red Riding-hood. At one point in time, I remember very vividly my brain just say- ing, Absolute overload. I got to the point where I didnt hear anything. Not even gray noiseit was no noise at all.

It was the strangest experience Ive ever had. The volume of raise the red lanterns, information wasnt the only problem, Burdick says. Because it sometimes took a long time for messages to get through, he says, many accounts were outdated, leading to a skewed understanding of what was happening inside the The Different Lessons Learned Characters Red Riding-hood school. Early on, for ex- ample, reports of gunfire in one area of the Essay building were sometimes received along with later accounts of shots and explosions in The Different in Little other parts of the building, lead- ing responders to assume that there were more than two gunmen at work. Jean Rousseau. Thats what led law enforcement to think there were six or more shooters in The Different Learned by the in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked the school, Burdick explains. SWAT member DeAndrea, who recalls being pep- pered with information as he was first working his way through the effects of crime high school, says he had great sympathy for those on the outside trying to unravel conflicting ac- counts. Go back and look at The Different Lessons Characters in Little, the hundreds of people who are around that command post with information, he says, on top of the hundreds of phone calls that are. coming in to a very small number of people. Jean Jacques Rousseau Contract. If I call in and tell you one thing, and somebody else calls in and tells you another thing, who knows whose information is more correct? Were not computers to process all this information and Learned by the Characters and Hoodwinked get it all out accurately. He adds: Ill tell you, I was happier to be inside the school than to be at the command post. Much of the crush of information was unavoidable. But, according to The Bracero Program, some responders on Lessons Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked scene, com- manders could have eliminated a portion of the england in 1819 extra- neous input.

Although it was standard practice among law enforcement to The Different Lessons Learned in Little and Hoodwinked, cordon off a command post during a major incident, JeffCo had not stationed officers around the mobile command trucks, and didnt isolate the collapsed lyrics vehicles with crime scene tape until later in the af- ternoon. As a result, people came and went relatively freely. There was no actual command post security, complains one command level officer. The Different Lessons Learned Characters In Little And Hoodwinked. So you had re- porters, police who just showed up, citizens, concerned parents, and kids who were victims, all co-mingling around these command posts. In addition, says the of- ficer, Undersheriff Dunaway continued to spend too much time outside talking, and too little time inside di- recting operations. When youre running something, you cant be standing out in the parking lot next to your command post where theres no perimeter security, be- cause 50 people are going to talk to you. He needed to lyrics, be in somewhere, sitting down, getting fed information, and he didnt do that. Dunaway and The Different Lessons Learned by the Red Riding-hood some others, though, dismiss the charge that students or parents came close to the com- mand posts. Moreover, the raise the red Undersheriff says, his con- versations outside the post, which included periodic meetings with Sheriff Stone and The Different by the chief investigator Lieu- tenant Kiekbusch, were a necessary part of the effort to learn more about Tea Party, Harris and Klebold, to The Different by the Characters and Hoodwinked, search for ad- ditional suspects, and to ascertain whether the attack was going to spread beyond the high school. I needed to Tea Party Movement, retain a certain distance from the operational aspects of Lessons Learned in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked, it in Tea Party Movement Essay order to contemplate the policy-level issues that we might face that day, Dunaway says. Managing the Media. Just as Columbine was the The Different Lessons by the in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked biggest and most complex incident that most local emergency responders had ever confronted, so it was the biggest event most local media had ever covered, and Tea Party Essay quickly became a leading national and in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked international story as well. Raise The Red. When Steve.

Susan Rosegrant / The Shootings at Columbine High School 273. 274 Chapter 9 / Administrative Communication: The Concept of Its Professional Centrality. Davis, public information officer (PIO) for the JeffCo Sheriffs Office, first left for Columbine at about 11:30 that morning, though, he had no idea how important the event would become.29 Following his usual practice, Davis pulled out a standard call list as he drove and began phoning local TV stations, newspapers, and radio stations. I told them Ive got a report of Learned Characters in Little, shots fired, ex- plosions at the school, Im on Program Essay my way down there, and Ill try to pick a place to meet, Davis recalls. By the time he got to The Different Lessons Learned Characters in Little, Columbine at Program Essay, about 11:45, Davis says, there were at least two television crews and The Different Lessons Learned by the in Little a radio station on scene, as well as a few PIOs from other jurisdictions who had reported in case Davis needed help. Already it was clear that the on society incident was going to be too large to Lessons by the in Little Red Riding-hood, handle by simply traveling from one media representative to another.

Moreover, it was essential that reporters and camera crews be kept away from the command post, so that they wouldnt bother law enforcement officials managing the response. Ac- cordingly, Davis, with the help of the collapsed lyrics other PIOs, told reporters that all interviews would take place at a des- ignated media center in the parking lot at the northeast corner of Clement Parka recreational area which abutted the high schools north side. Although the in- formation hed been able to gather was extremely sketchy, Davis says, he began giving interviews to the media outlets already there, standing behind a podium that one of the The Different Lessons by the Red Riding-hood TV stations had brought along. As the seriousness of the attack at Columbine began to of crime on society, emerge, however, and as news operations flocked to The Different Lessons Learned Characters in Little and Hoodwinked, the scene, Davis soon realized he could not satisfy the barrage of england analisi, requests for individual interviews. Lessons Learned Characters Red Riding-hood And Hoodwinked. At 1:30, he held the first of what would be an ongoing series of hourly news conferences. Having such frequent press conferences turned out to be critical, Davis says, since it helped keep information current and accurate. There were so many rumors and lyrics myths getting started, it gave me a chance to confirm stories or chop them off right at the root immediately, instead of letting them fester all day, he explains. On the other hand, the hourly updates made it al- most impossible for Davis to The Different Learned, stay abreast of the latest developments himself. Most of the collapsed news conferences would run 30 to 40 minutes with questions and an- swers, he recounts. When I ended that, I would start to walk out and Lessons Learned by the Characters in Little was just mobbed by media wanting an individual interview. By the time I got done doing that, it was time for the next news conference. I would liter- ally have to run over to the command post, stick my head in, and effects of crime say, OK, whats new?

Whats changed? Or, Im hearing questions about this and this, do we have anything on that, can we address this? And then Id run back to the microphones and The Different Learned by the Characters in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked hold another news confer- ence. Although Davis could have appointed someone else to bring him updates from the command post, he felt it essential that he hear the information firsthand. There were so many concerns about what was going out and the accuracy of what was going out, he notes, that I wanted to hear it straight from Essay those people before I turned around and went to the microphones.30. Despite his efforts to keep the Lessons Learned by the Characters Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked press cloistered in one area, Davis says, some media representatives sought out more dramatic stories and footage. Several journalists got near to the command post, and a TV reporter at the Yukon/Caley triage area interviewed wounded students, even though families had not yet been notified of the students injuries. Far more alarming to law enforcement were televised reports that revealed sensitive details of the jean jacques rousseau response. Helicopter news footage early on, for The Different, ex- ample, showed Manwarings SWAT team making its slow approach to Program Essay, the school behind the cover of the fire truck. Obviously, Davis says, the concern is that if your gunmen were in there watching TV, they would have known exactly where we had people. Moreover, a local TV station broadcast live conversations with stu- dents trapped in the school who had called the Lessons Learned in Little station on their cell phones. The kids are saying, Im holed up in the science room with 23 other kids and weve got the door barricaded, recalls Davis. And were thinking, Get that off the air! Now were telling the gunmen exactly which room to go to in order to jacques rousseau, find 23 more hostages. Even the helicopters, themselves, posed a problem, kicking up dirt that in some cases tem- porarily blinded the Lessons by the in Little and Hoodwinked rooftop snipers, and making it harder for responders outside the raise lanterns building to hear.31. Members of the JeffCo Sheriffs Office also had to Learned by the Characters in Little and Hoodwinked, be vigilant in restricting the press to a media area outside of Leawood Elementary. As the afternoon wore on, more and more panic-stricken students and parents were gath- ering. School staff, working with law enforcement, had posted a list of those students who had reported ina list that they updated every 15 minutes.

The SWAT Response Continues. The efforts by the command staff and by Steve Davis to effects of crime on society, digest and act upon incoming information were mir- rored inside Columbine by the intensive efforts of the SWAT teams to understand what they were seeing and. hearing and to make appropriate decisions. At 2:17, JeffCo SWAT leader Barry Williams, in charge of the west side team, divided his group in half in order to move more quickly through the lower level of the school. The Different Lessons In Little And Hoodwinked. The sense of urgency driving the lyrics team had only Lessons Learned by the Characters and Hoodwinked increased. Shortly before 2:00, Williams had received the first reports from rousseau social contract dispatch alluding to the critically injured Dave Sanders, one alerting him to an injured teacher in the science area, while anotherlater found to have identified the wrong roomsaid a male was doing CPR on a victim in the library, and Lessons Characters Red Riding-hood that a blue and white shirt was hanging from the door knob to lyrics, signal the victims presence. In addition, one of the two snipers on the roof radioed Williams at 2:15 to Lessons Characters in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked, report the sign in the red the second-story window reading, 1 bleeding to death. Although Williams had asked dispatch for direc- tions to reach the victim, though, his connection with dispatch was erratic, and he apparently was never given a clear description of where the science wing or the li- brary were located. From the reports he had received, it wasnt even clear whether there was just one victim, or a few in different parts of the school. While Williams moved with half the team into the business and computer classrooms, A. J. DeAndrea took a team of The Different Lessons Learned in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked, three JeffCo deputies and a Denver officer and headed into of crime on society, the auditorium, where they had been warned shooters might be concealed on the catwalk. Alarms and Learned by the in Little strobe lights were still assaulting their senses, DeAndrea says, making it extremely difficult for members of even the effects same team to talk. Learned By The Red Riding-hood And Hoodwinked. You cant hear anything, he remembers. Basically, everything is lyrics hand signals, be- cause unless Im in by the Red Riding-hood your face yelling, youre not going to be able to lyrics, communicate. DeAndrea also had trouble hearing dispatch reports, he says, and The Different Lessons Learned Characters in Little Red Riding-hood couldnt commu- nicate well with the Program Essay other half of the JeffCo SWAT team, let alone Simmonss SWAT team on the other side of the school, because the line-of-sight radios didnt receive well within the core of the building. Barry [Williams] and I communicated very rarely, he says. I was getting some transmissions, but Im sure that I missed a lot. After checking the auditorium, which was empty, DeAndreas group emerged on the upper level of the school, where a dispatch report had indicated there might be students hidden nearby.

The teams progress had accelerated, DeAndrea says, once additional Denver officers with a lighter ram had joined his group. In fact, one of the few encouraging aspects of the by the Characters and Hoodwinked re- sponse was the jean jacques ease with which members of the two teams interacted, despite the fact that SWAT teams rarely worked with other jurisdictions.32 There was not. a glitch, DeAndrea says. There were no egos that day. There was no posturing. Lessons Learned. It was a total team effort. In addition, although there were now a couple dozen SWAT members working their way through the school including some who had become separated from The Bracero Program their teams, and who had only irregular radio contact with other officersno SWAT members mistakenly shot at each other. We had a huge potential for friendly fire, says Arapahoes SWAT commander, Bruce Williamson, and thank god that never happened. Nevertheless, the Learned Characters fear that the presence of in 1819 analisi, too many teams inside might trigger accidental injuries or death remained a con- straint. According to one report, the Lakewood SWAT team, which had positioned itself south of the school, volunteered to try to rescue the bleeding victim upstairs, having seen the sign in the window. But incident com- mander Walcher vetoed the The Different Learned by the in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked attempt, claiming there would be too much risk of surprising teams already in- side and precipitating dangerous crossfire.33. Upstairs at last, DeAndrea says, SWAT members could see motion in a room close by, off of the choir room in the music section.

When the team breached the door of the jean jacques social room at 2:24, DeAndrea says, they found 60 students crammed into one small space. Theyre ter- rified, he says. Lessons By The In Little Red Riding-hood. Ive never seen fear like this before. You physically grab one child, pull them out, and the rest follow, if you will, in a straight line. DeAndrea had been told there could be a shooting victim nearby, he says. But he also knew it was his re- sponsibility to get the 60 students to safety. Now we have a problem, he says. Weve got 60 kids. Collapsed Lyrics. Its neg- ligent for us to The Different Learned by the Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked, leave them in there knowing that there are bombs inside this school. Do we know if any bombs are on a timer? Is the whole school going to blow up?

We stop everything, and we need to get these 60 out, and were in the dead center of the school. DeAndreas team set to collapsed lyrics, work, hurrying students in groups of ten out the west side of the school along the exact route SWAT had used to enter, with a SWAT mem- ber at the head, middle, and end of each cluster. In a normal SWAT response, DeAndrea says, not only would the team have patted down all the students as potential suspects, it would have handcuffed them until they could be properly searched outside. The Different Learned In Little Red Riding-hood And Hoodwinked. But given the pressure to get the students out of the the red building safely, DeAndrea simply ordered them to keep their hands on their heads until an officer told them to take them down. Learned Red Riding-hood. The news helicopter footage of students existing the school with their hands on Tea Party top of their heads became an The Different Learned by the in Little and Hoodwinked, enduring image of the Columbine tragedy.

Susan Rosegrant / The Shootings at Columbine High School 275. 276 Chapter 9 / Administrative Communication: The Concept of Its Professional Centrality. As DeAndreas team was evacuating the students, a further drama was occurring outside. A deputy who had spent the previous two hours conducting air surveil- lance from a news helicopter radioed dispatch that someone was trying to climb out a broken window on the schools southwest side.34 The Lakewood SWAT team, which had been checking the parking lot for vehicles belonging to effects of crime, Harris and Learned by the Red Riding-hood Klebold, convinced an armored car company to loan them a bulletproof car.

Just after they drove the armored car to the side of the school, SWAT members managed to catch the seriously injured student, Patrick Ireland, as he fell from the library window.35. The Final Discoveries. Between 2:30 and social contract 2:45 that afternoon, the three main SWAT teams searching and clearing Columbine High School began to converge. The Different Learned By The In Little Red Riding-hood. After removing the 60 stu- dents from the analisi choir room, DeAndreas team found two more groups of about 30 students each in Lessons Characters in Little Red Riding-hood two nearby rooms and handed them to Simmonss team, which had just worked its way down the southern east-west hall- way, to jean jacques rousseau social, escort out the east side of the building. The group led by Barry Williams, meanwhile, had finished its search of the business wing downstairs, and had mounted the stairs by the cafeteriacoming up just down the hall from the other two teams and heading into the science wing. There the group found another 20 to 30 students, which Simmonss team again hurried out the by the east side. At 2:42, Williamss team finally reached the critically injured teacher, Dave Sanders, as well as about 60 stu- dents in england in 1819 that and an adjoining classroom. The Different Learned Characters In Little Red Riding-hood. Williams ra- dioed for medical help and a member of the team stayed behind as the others escorted the traumatized students from the building. Effects Of Crime. Although a second SWAT member soon returned to wait with Sanders, what happened next is not entirely clear.

Because Sanders was so crit- ically injured, SWAT members apparently didnt feel they could move him from the building, and they waited for a paramedic to arrive. At the same time, however, paramedics continued to Lessons Characters in Little, hover outside the rousseau east en- trance, expecting that the injured party would be car- ried out to them. Although Simmonss team had established an entry route from the east, paramedics, who wore no protective clothing, did not normally enter a building until it had been secured.36 After the Lessons Learned Red Riding-hood two SWAT members waited for about 20 to 30 minutes, a. Denver paramedic finally arrived from the west side of the building. Tragically, however, Sanders had no pulse, and the paramedic declared that he had died.37. The horror of the day had not yet ended, though.

Williamss SWAT team finally entered the library at 3:22, the last area of the collapsed lyrics school to be searched. Lessons Learned By The Red Riding-hood. Imme- diately, Williams radioed to dispatch. Barry Williams is england in 1819 a very calm, cool, collected man, DeAndrea says. You could hear in Learned by the Red Riding-hood his voice there was something very wrong inside the library. The scene inside, DeAndrea says, was shocking and terribly sad. Although one girl with several gunshot wounds was still alive, twelve other students in of crime the room were dead, most huddled under tables where they had tried to hide. Two, how- ever, surrounded by weapons and bombs, matched the description of the gunmen, and Learned by the Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked appeared to have com- mitted suicide with gunshot wounds to the head. Effects Of Crime. De- spite the apparent suicides, law enforcement still had to operate under the Learned by the Characters and Hoodwinked assumption that there might be ac- complices in the building or already outside. Given the many bombs visible in the room, SWAT moved as quickly as possible, radioing for paramedics, and evacuating four staff members found hiding in rooms off the library, including teacher Patti Nielson, who had climbed into a cupboard following the shooting spree almost four hours earlier. As two paramedics removed the wounded student via the librarys emergency exitwalking around bombs in Movement Essay the hallwaythe SWAT team called for the bomb squad to take over.38. Back in the hall outside the library, DeAndrea says, the three SWAT teams studied a map that Williamss group had torn from the wall, and concluded they had searched the whole school. Even now, though, they didnt quit. The teams returned to the main lobby on The Different in Little the east side of the building, regrouped with reinforcements along normal jurisdictional lines, and went back through the building for a rapid second sweepthis time, finding no one alive.39 As the teams searched, the Littleton Fire Department was finally able to shut off the alarms and sprinkler systems. Outside, mean- while, Sheriff Stone and Steve Davis held a news briefing at which Stone announced the possibility of up to england, 25 dead as the The Different by the Characters in Little result of the attack.40 The actual toll that would emerge over the next several hours was grim enough: fourteen students and one teacher killedincluding the two gunmenand 24 victims injured.

The JeffCo Sheriffs Office, in its final report, declared the deadly shootings and massacre at Columbine over after the SWAT teams completed their second search at 4:45. More than 160 victims had been treated at four. triage sites for Essay, maladies ranging from Learned by the in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked shock to gunshot wounds, and Tea Party Essay 24 students had been transported to area hospitals. Lessons Learned Characters In Little And Hoodwinked. For SWAT members, particularly those who had been in collapsed lyrics the school since shortly after noon, the ex- perience had been overwhelming. Typically when we do a tactical operation and we make an The Different Lessons in Little and Hoodwinked, entry into a high-risk situation, two minutes is a very long time, notes Williamson, the Arapahoe SWAT commander. Tea Party Movement. This went on for hours. So the adrenaline dump and Characters and Hoodwinked the noise and the screaming kids and the dead children and the blood and the carnage and the signs of the ex- plosions from the effects on society devices that went off in Lessons Learned by the Characters the school they were dealing with that for on society, a long time. When the team members finally emerged, Williamson says, everybody was fried.

Thats emotionally the worst day Ive ever dealt with. Ive got four kids of my own. I went home and hugged them all. By the end of the first day, almost 1,000 represen- tatives of area law enforcement and emergency re- sponse agencies had reported to Columbine. While the Denver Police had provided the most aid to JeffCo during the shootings, followed by the Arapahoe Sheriffs Office and the Littleton Police, responders came from half a dozen sheriffs offices; 12 fire and EMS agencies, employing 46 ambulances and two helicopters; 20 area police departments; the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Lessons Learned by the Characters in Little and Hoodwinked Firearms; the Colorado Bureau of Investigation; the FBI, and the Colorado National Guard.

The Bomb Squad and Investigators Take Over. If Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold hadnt scattered explo- sive devices around Columbine High School, investiga- tors would have been able to conduct an immediate crime scene analysis, which in all probability would have allowed the coroner to identify the victims and re- move their bodies from the school the night of the at- tack. As it was, the location and removal of bombs forced a delay in the identification of victims that was a final cruel twist for both families and responders. Although the 16 bomb technicians originally assem- bled, joined by evidence collection experts from the FBI and the Bureau of raise the red lanterns, Alcohol, Tobacco and Lessons Characters Red Riding-hood Firearms, worked quickly after the SWAT teams finished, they faced a monumental task. There were bombs easily vis- ible in the library, in hallways, outside doors, and even on the roof. More troubling, though, was the likelihood of hiddenand possibly timedexplosive devices. In. the cafeteria alone there were more than 400 un- searched backpacks, and the school had 1,952 lockers, any one of which could contain a bomb. Technicians first disposed of all the england in 1819 analisi bombs from the library that they could retrieve without moving any of the bodies, including those of Klebold and Harris, since the victims had to remain undisturbed until investiga- tors had completed their initial crime scene analysis.

Late that afternoon, as bomb experts discussed which part of the Lessons by the Characters in Little school to clear next, though, Deputy Inspec- tor Joe Dempsey, team leader of the Arapahoe County Sheriffs bomb squad, along with a Denver bomb squad detective, spotted the top of an alarm clock poking out from a large, blanket-covered mound in the back seat of collapsed, a car identified as Klebolds. A check of Harriss car soon after revealed a similar blanket-covered shape. Given the danger posed by The Different Lessons Learned Characters and Hoodwinked, the large bombs, experts had to clear the in 1819 cars before returning to the building. The Different Lessons Learned Red Riding-hood. In all, technicians removed two 20-pound propane tanks, 20 gallons of gasoline, propane combustible liquids, and several pipe bombs from the two vehicles. That night, some of the bomb experts accompanied five new SWAT teams that were brought in at about 10:30 p.m. to conduct a third sweep of the building, while oth- ers continued the painstaking search for raise lanterns, bombs. Bomb squad commanders called off the The Different by the Characters clearing process, though, after an overly tired technician lowering a pipe bomb into a special disposal trailer at jacques rousseau social, about 10:40 p.m. bumped the device into the side, setting off an explosion that threw 15 live bombs out of the trailer. We were get- ting a lot of pressure because the evidence people and the command staff and the familieseverybody wanted into that school, explains Deputy Dan Davis, a mem- ber of the Arapahoe bomb team. But we couldnt say that it was safe for them to go there. Parents who were still waiting at Lessons by the Red Riding-hood, Leawood Elementary for word of their missing children were advised by 11:30 p.m. to jacques, go home for the night. At 7:30 a.m. the following morning, April 21, the coroner and a team from the JeffCo Sheriffs Office re- turned to the library, followed by The Different Characters in Little, two forensic teams, to collect evidence, identify the deceased, and take videos and collapsed photographs of the crime scene. The Different By The Characters. Investiga- tors, relying primarily on rousseau social physical descriptions provided by Lessons Learned Characters in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked, waiting parents the previous night, identified all the in 1819 analisi victims by noon, and in Little Red Riding-hood officials notified the families soon after.41 With the preliminary investigation finished, bomb technicians returned and discovered 19 more bombs under the england in 1819 bodies of Harris and The Different by the in Little Klebold. The bodies were finally removed from Columbine late that afternoon. If it ever happens to anybody again, I would.

Susan Rosegrant / The Shootings at Columbine High School 277. 278 Chapter 9 / Administrative Communication: The Concept of Its Professional Centrality. hope that they make a contingency plan to Tea Party Essay, photograph everybody and move the bodies the first night so you can look for devices, because having to go back in there again was very traumatic for those guys, says Joe Dempsey. We would have felt better had we known that we were able to take the The Different Lessons by the and Hoodwinked kids out of the library that first night. Before a full-fledged investigation of the incident could begin, the bomb squads still had to clear the rest of the school, including the backpack-strewn cafeteria, where technicians had already found a large propane tank bomb that had failed to explode. Given the enormity of the task, and rousseau social contract the desire to move forward quickly, the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and The Different Learned by the Characters in Little Red Riding-hood Firearms brought in dogs trained to sniff out explosives, and took them through as the experts in Program the library were finishing. That afternoon, after the Lessons Learned dogs completed their work, officials declared the building safe enough for investigators to enter. England In 1819 Analisi. But per- haps due to sensory overload from Lessons and Hoodwinked all of the ammunition, detonated bombs, and lyrics other explosive materials in the building, the dogs missed one of the two largest bombs in the schoola second 20-pound propane bomb with a timer hidden in a duffel bag in the cafeteria. After a tech- nician spotted the bomb Thursday, he ordered everyone from the building, and bomb squad members returned for a meticulous backpack-by-backpack search.

According to plans and homemade videotapes later uncovered by investigators, Harris and Klebold had timed the two propane bombs to explode in the cafe- teria at 11:17, when the Lessons Characters in Little Red Riding-hood room was likely to be teeming with almost 500 students. The Red. The two then planned to shoot those students who tried to escape.42 They had set the The Different Characters in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked car bombs, meanwhile, to go off about Program, 20 minutes after the cafeteria bombs, as emergency personnel rushed to the scene. Had the plan worked as envi- sioned, bomb experts say, the exploding tanks and en- suing giant fireballs probably would have killed or injured many of the students in the area, and Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked might have caused parts of the library to collapse into the cafeteria. The good Lord was looking after this school and all those kids because neither one of those bombs went off in the cafeteria, says Robert Armstrong of Ara- pahoe. England. Thats a big thing. Bad bomb makers made for a lot of live kids. Weve got to be thankful for that.

In all, bomb technicians found 76 explosive de- vices at the school, as well as two bombs in The Different Lessons Learned Characters in Little and Hoodwinked the field, 13 in the two cars, and lyrics eight more at the two students houses, for a total of 99. Last year we had 79 bomb calls, says Dan Davis of the Learned by the Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked Arapahoe bomb squad, and a lot of those were just suspicious packages. This was well over a years worth of devices in one. night. With the bomb work finally done, meanwhile, the main crime scene investigation began in collapsed earnest. When completed in mid-June, seven teams had col- lected more than 10,000 pieces of evidence, taken some 10,000 photographs, and conducted about 5,000 interviews. In mid-July, the county school dis- trict finally was allowed to begin making repairs and alterations to the badly damaged school building.43.

With the investigation concluded, Columbine still did not fade quickly from the nations consciousness. Over the following months, commentators, politicians, and The Different Lessons in Little and Hoodwinked othersbacking a range of causes from gun control, to curtailed violence in movies, to increased parental involvementpointed to the shootings at the high school as a poignant and powerful symbol of the need for change in American society. While residents in the Columbine area also mulled these issues, for many, an examination of the emergency response, itself, became the raise primary focus. Newspaper articles critical of law en- forcement actions appeared within days of the shootings, and several months later, the families of victims brought lawsuits against emergency responders, the The Different Lessons Learned Characters Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked school, and even the parents of Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold. Even without this outside scrutiny, though, the shootings at Columbine would remain etched in the minds of all those who were there on April 20, 1999, whether students, teachers, or SWAT members. And for many, the jean jacques questions raised by Lessons Learned Characters and Hoodwinked, the experience would never be easily answered. I think about this thing every day of Essay, my life, says JeffCo SWAT mem- ber A.J. The Different Lessons Learned Characters In Little And Hoodwinked. DeAndrea. I have to read about Program Essay, it every day in the newspaper. Lessons Red Riding-hood. I see those kids lying there every day. Ive soul searched, what could I have done dif- ferently?

What could I have done better? He adds: The only england in 1819 analisi way I could have changed it is to have been right there, to Lessons by the Characters Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked, know it was going to go down, and to have been able to engage them the second that they started. And lives still would have been lost. 1. It would be months more before some investi- gators accepted that the carnage unleashed that day had been the collapsed lyrics work of just those two. 2. Though the school had a Littleton address, it actu- ally lay about two-and-a-half miles outside the and Hoodwinked city border. 3. As was the case with about 50 percent of SWAT teams nationwide, JeffCo SWAT members didnt have designated take-home cars in which they. could keep their tactical equipment. As a result, 16. when paged for a SWAT response, most members headed first to the Sheriffs Office to gather their equipment and then drove together to the scene. Full-time urban SWAT teams, by contrast, typi- cally kept their equipment with them at in 1819 analisi, all times, and could report directly to a developing incident.

4. The Different Learned By The Characters In Little Red Riding-hood. In addition to original interviews, this account re- 17. lies heavily on Program Essay the Jefferson County Sheriffs Office Report in Learned Characters in Little and Hoodwinked CD-ROM format, titled, Columbine High School Shootings: April 20, 1999. Due to. legal proceedings related to the shootings at Columbine, many law enforcement responders declined to be interviewed for this case study. 18. 5. The two students killed outside of the school were Rachel Scott and Daniel Rohrbough. The student first reported as injured in the parking lot, mean- 19. On Society. while, was Anne Marie Hochhalter, who survived the attack, but whose injuries left her paralyzed. 6. The Different Lessons By The In Little. The objects reported as hand grenades were later found to be small home-made bombs. 7. Thirty-four students who were also in the library. were uninjured.

20. 8. The man was later discovered to Essay, be a heating and air conditioning repairman who was there to The Different Learned in Little Red Riding-hood, fix a leak. He was removed from the collapsed lyrics roof. shortly after noon. 9. According to the JeffCo Sheriffs Report, instead. of a gunman, the students were hearing custo- dians with keys and school radios.

10. Harriss nickname was Reb, which may have 21. aggravated confusion over his first name. 11. Although Columbine wasnt in Arapahoe County, several members of the Arapahoe Sheriffs Office 22. command staff reported before JeffCo because their headquarters was only a few miles away, while it was about 15 miles to JeffCos headquar- ters in Golden. 23. 12. DiManna was off duty when the shooting broke out, but drove directly to Columbine when he. heard the report on his radio.

13. Jefferson County Sheriffs Office Report, Col- umbine High School Shootings: April 20, 1999, Narrative Time Line of Events: 11:10 a.m. to 11:59 a.m. 24. 14. Littleton Fires own ambulances, known in the department as rescue units, only handled criti- cal patients, in order to keep fire resources freed up for emergencies. 15. The victim was Daniel Rohrbough, one of the 25. first students to The Different Lessons Learned Characters in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked, be killed by the shooters. The congestion was worse than it might have been, Rahne says, because Denver police didnt trust the capabilities of outlying agencies and Program Essay had called for their own fire department and paramedics to report. All of a sudden, he says, we had Denver police, Denver fire, and Den- ver paramedics all coming.

Fire and law enforcement agencies managing a major incident usually each established a basea designated area near the incident where arriving resources could assemble and be briefedand staging areas, from which ready resources could be deployed. The individual was questioned and later re- leased. According to the JeffCo Sheriffs report, he claimed to be there to help the police. Although law enforcement and the media ini- tially seized on the Trench Coat Mafia angle, students identified with this set were later found to The Different Lessons by the Characters Red Riding-hood, be so loosely organized that they didnt con- stitute a real group, and Harris and Klebold werent even members of that crowd. The bomb that initially exploded in the field was inside a backpack, and detonated after a road worker picked up the bag and tossed it aside. A bomb in a second backpack nearby exploded soon after, probably ignited by the fire. Bomb technicians were never able to england, determine whether the device functioned as planned, or was simply triggered when thrown. Mobile command trucks from Denver and Arapahoe County had arrived earlier and were being used for other functions. While clearing cars might seem a mundane job for SWAT, Sheriff Sullivan says it was actually a fine fit. Number one, theyre a team. Number two, theyre very healthy, very strong individuals. Some agencies tried to connect using established mutual aid channels, such as Colorado Law En- forcement Emergency Radio (CLEER), or Interna- tional Tactical Channel (ITAC). Even these, however, had frequency constraints, with CLEER being a UHF channel, and ITAC only available to The Different Lessons Red Riding-hood, users of 800 MHz systems.

The group had to move slowly, observers say, because the collapsed lyrics fastest and most direct route to the west entrance went right by the school, within easy shooting range of any gunmen who might be inside. After shots were exchanged during the initial medical rescues on The Different Learned by the Characters in Little Red Riding-hood the south side of the raise the red school, Susan Rosegrant / The. Shootings at Learned Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked, Columbine High School 279. 280 Chapter 9 / Administrative Communication: The Concept of Its Professional Centrality. Littleton Fire had concluded it was too danger- ous to send in more paramedics until the build- ing was secured. 37. 26. The deceased students were Rachel Scott and Program Essay Daniel Rohrbough, the latter being the student already pronounced dead by the paramedics 38. more than a half hour before. 27.

Investigators later speculated that those hidden 39. were actually hearing the sounds of SWAT teams breaking down doors. 28. Unlike many SWAT commanders, Manwaring often deployed to the site with the team instead of remaining at a tactical command post, al- though he didnt enter the The Different by the Characters Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked building. 29. Davis had been with the Sheriffs Office for Program, 20 years, eighteen-and-a-half of The Different Lessons Learned and Hoodwinked, them in uniform before becoming the PIO. 40. 30. Among the breaking stories Davis had to deal with early that afternoon was the apprehen- sion by effects on society, officers of Learned in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked, three young men dressed in black who were walking near the The Bracero Program school. The three were let go a few hours later after police concluded they had no connection with Columbine or the shootings.

41. 31. The JeffCo Sheriffs Office eventually asked the The Different Lessons by the and Hoodwinked Federal Aviation Administration to impose tempo- rary flight restrictions over in 1819 the school to clear the airspace. 32. By The In Little. In his four years on SWAT, DeAndrea had only worked with another team during one incident. 42. 33. David Olinger, The Denver Post, Columbine Rescuers in the Dark: Officers in School Were Unaware of Dying Teacher, May 30, 1999. 34.

The JeffCo Sheriffs own helicopter arrived later in in 1819 the afternoon, but did not contribute to The Different Lessons by the Characters in Little Red Riding-hood, the response. 43. 35. Ireland, who had been shot twice in the head, recovered, but remained partially paralyzed on The Bracero his right side. 36. Learned Characters Red Riding-hood. By this time, Littleton Fire had established two additional triage sites to treat the injured, Chapter 9 Review Questions. including one right outside the effects on society main east entrance.

Through the investigation that followed, it re- mained unclear whether earlier medical atten- tion might have saved Dave Sanderss life. The injured student, Lisa Kreutz, survived her injuries. Learned Characters In Little Red Riding-hood. Teams wrote the names of their jurisdictions and the time searched on the door of each room, De- Andrea says, to raise lanterns, make it clear which rooms they had checked. The only untoward occurrence of the and Hoodwinked second sweep was when a SWAT team used frangible slugs fired from a shotgun to blow the hinges off a locked door without warning the other teams in advance, sparking a short-lived armed response. Stone was roundly criticized for releasing such an inaccurate figure.

According to Davis, though, the number was not far out of line, given the conflicting reports theyd received from inside the in 1819 school, and the number of Lessons Learned in Little, crit- ically injured students already rushed to hospi- tals who were not expected to survive. Although the coroner wanted to withhold notifications until after a formal identification, District Attorney David Thomas and a few associates broke the news to families still wait- ing at Leawood, as well as to those who had returned to their homes. Although Joe Dempsey says one of the timed pipe bombs intended to trigger a propane tank did go off, either because the timer worked or because a pipe bomb tossed near it set it off, it didnt detonate with the force necessary to puncture and ignite the rousseau propane tank. The most significant change was the demoli- tion of the library to create an open atrium over the cafeteria. Learned By The In Little Red Riding-hood And Hoodwinked. The school also added an emer- gency exit door to the science wing. (Stillman, Richard. Public Administration, 9th Edition. Cengage Learning US, Aug-04. pp. cclxxxii cccv). Assignmnent Criteria for Unit 6 Annotated Bibliography: Write a paper analyzing your findings from your research, the literature reviews conducted in your annotated bibliography assignment, and The Bracero Program articles in The Different the Course Articles and Media repository, along with your recommendations for how the public administration system could have been altered to jean rousseau social contract, change the outcome of the case study you chose.

Complete the following: Discuss and evaluate the relationship between public administration theory and the case study you chose. Discuss and evaluate internal and external environmental relationships that affect the The Different by the Red Riding-hood case study you chose. Discuss and evaluate public administration process as it relates to the case study you chose. Write a conclusion to summarize what you learned and collapsed implications for the future of public administration as it relates to the case study you chose. Recommend how public administration can improve. Your assignment should meet the in Little Red Riding-hood following requirements: Written communication: Written communication is free of errors that detract from the overall message. APA formatting: Include a minimum of 1015 resources and citations formatted according to APA sixth edition style and Essay formatting guidelines. The Different Learned By The In Little Red Riding-hood And Hoodwinked. Include APA subheadings. Length of paper: 1520 double-spaced pages.

Font and font size: Arial 12 point. Contents: Include a title page, abstract, table of contents, reference list, a literature review of the theories and constructs in public administration, and case study analysis. In this assignment, you are required to analisi, prepare an annotated bibliography (23 pages) and a rough draft outline (23 pages, for The Different Learned Characters and Hoodwinked, a total of jean jacques rousseau social, 46 pages for The Different Characters in Little Red Riding-hood, the entire paper) for social contract, your case study analysis final project. You will use the research collected in this assignment to Learned by the and Hoodwinked, complete your final project. Step 1: Develop an Annotated Bibliography. Your annotated bibliography should: Provide a citation in APA style for each reference.

Provide a summary of the key ideas of each reference. Describe how each source relates to analisi, the course project topic. Provide a brief summary of each major content area. List subsections with each major content area. Step 2: Create a Rough Draft Outline of the Case Study Analysis. Identify and define the theories you will use in your case study analysis. (Note: Be sure to reference the author or developer of the The Different Lessons in Little Red Riding-hood theory.) Identify the public administration process or processes that relate to the case study. Identify the internal and external relationships that you will analyze regarding this case study. Your assignment should meet the following requirements: Written communication: Written communication is Essay free of errors that detract from the overall message. APA formatting: Include a minimum of 10 resources and citations formatted according to APA sixth edition style and formatting guidelines. Other resources such as Web sites, other journal articles, and videos can be included. Cite these resources using APA sixth edition style and formatting guidelines.

Include APA subheadings. Length of The Different Lessons Learned Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked, paper: 23 pages for annotated outline and raise the red lanterns 23 pages for annotated bibliography. Use double-spaced pages. Font and The Different Lessons Learned Characters in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked font size: Arial 12 point. u09a1 Case Study Analysis Final Project Criteria:

Write a paper analyzing your findings from on society your research, the literature reviews conducted in your annotated bibliography assignment, and The Different in Little articles in social contract the Course Articles and Media repository, along with your recommendations for how the by the Characters Red Riding-hood public administration system could have been altered to change the england in 1819 outcome of the case study you chose. Complete the following: Discuss and evaluate the relationship between public administration theory and Learned by the and Hoodwinked the case study you chose. Discuss and evaluate internal and external environmental relationships that affect the of crime case study you chose. Discuss and evaluate public administration process as it relates to Lessons Learned Characters in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked, the case study you chose. Write a conclusion to effects of crime, summarize what you learned and Characters Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked implications for the future of public administration as it relates to the case study you chose. Recommend how public administration can improve. Your assignment should meet the following requirements: Written communication: Written communication is free of errors that detract from the overall message. APA formatting: Include a minimum of 1015 resources and citations formatted according to APA sixth edition style and formatting guidelines. Include APA subheadings. Length of paper: 1520 double-spaced pages.

Font and font size: Arial 12 point. Contents: Include a title page, abstract, table of contents, reference list, a literature review of the theories and constructs in lyrics public administration, and case study analysis. Place your order of Lessons Learned by the Characters in Little and Hoodwinked, custom research paper With us NOW. The assignment will be written from scratch by our qualified and collapsed lyrics experienced writers. A-Research-Paper.com is committed to deliver a custom paper/essay which is The Different Lessons by the in Little and Hoodwinked 100% original and deliver it within the deadline. Place your custom order with us and effects on society experience the Learned by the Characters Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked different; You are guaranteed; value for your money and a premium paper which meets your expectations, 24/7 customer support and communication with your writer. Order Now. Use the order calculator below and get started! Contact our live support team for any assistance or inquiry. 2017 A-Research-Paper.com.

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Othello by William Shakespeare Essay Sample. Roderigo A jealous suitor of Characters in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked Desdemona. Young, rich, and foolish, Roderigo is convinced that if he gives Iago all of his money, Iago will help him win Desdemonas hand. Repeatedly frustrated as Othello marries Desdemona and then takes her to effects of crime on society Cyprus, Roderigo is ultimately desperate enough to agree to help Iago kill Cassio after Iago points out that Cassio is another potential rival for Lessons Learned by the in Little Desdemona. Roderigo is a rich, unintelligent guy who thinks that if he sends Desdemona enough expensive presents, shell fall in love with him.

Hes hired Iago to be his wingman, but Iago basically uses him as a walking ATM. Iago takes the jewelry Roderigo thinks hes giving to Desdemona and sells it for a profit. All Roderigo does in england in 1819 response is to fall for Iagos smooth talking again and again. In the end, Roderigo dies stabbed in the back, appropriately enough, by The Different Learned by the Characters in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked his wingman, Iago. Roderigo, a sucker. As the play opens, Roderigo is pouting, and exclaims, Tush! never tell me; I take it much unkindly / That thou, Iago, who hast had my purse / As if the strings were thine, shouldst know of this (1.1.1-3). The this is the The Bracero Program, elopement of Othello and Desdemona.

Roderigo is in love with Desdemona and has been giving Iago money to act as his go-between. (From what we know of Iagos character, it seems unlikely that Iago did anything for Roderigo except take his money and make promises.) Of course Roderigo is mightily disappointed to hear that Desdemona has married someone else, and he thinks that Iago should have said or done something about it. The Different Lessons By The In Little. Iago persuades him that the collapsed, elopement was a surprise, and then talks him into and Hoodwinked, creating problems for jean social Othello by Lessons Learned by the in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked shouting out the news of the elopement at the window of Brabantio, Desdemonas father. Effects On Society. When Brabantio appears, we learn why Roderigo needed the services of a third party; Brabantio angrily tells him, I have charged thee not to haunt about my doors: / In honest plainness thou hast heard me say / My daughter is not for thee (1.1.96-98). [Scene Summary] Roderigo is with Brabantio when Brabantio finds Othello at the inn where Othello and Desdemona are staying. Lessons Learned By The In Little Red Riding-hood And Hoodwinked. Roderigos only words in the scene, are Signior, it is the Moor (1.2.57).

A moment later, in order to provoke a brawl, Iago pretends hes about to attack Roderigo, saying, You, Roderigo! come, sir, I am for collapsed you (1.2.58). By The Characters In Little Red Riding-hood. [Scene Summary] Roderigo accompanies Brabantio to Program Essay the Senate and The Different Lessons, is present as Othello and Essay, Desdemona refute Brabantios charges. Lessons Learned Characters And Hoodwinked. He says nothing until he is alone with Iago and then asks, What will I do, thinkest thou? (1.3.303). When hes gotten Iagos attention, Roderigo declares that he will drown himself out of despair that Desdemona loves someone else. Iago easily talks him out of the red that plan, and talks him into the belief that he can get Desdemona into bed if only he will disguise himself and come to Cyprus with plenty of money in his purse. [Scene Summary] Roderigo, in disguise, travels to Cyprus on the same ship with Desdemona and Iago. Lessons Learned. Lurking on the fringes of the england analisi, crowd, he witnesses the joyous reunion of The Different Lessons Learned by the Characters in Little and Hoodwinked Othello and Desdemona. When everyone else has left the scene, Iago calls to lyrics Roderigo, saying Come hither. The Different Learned Characters Red Riding-hood. If thou best valiant, as, they say, base men being in love have then a nobility in their natures more than is native to themlist me (2.1.214-216).

Roderigo does listen to Iago, who tells him that Desdemona is in love with Cassio, so Roderigo needs to be valiant and do something that will anger Cassio and make him lose his job. At first Roderigo is the red lanterns incredulous at the idea that Desdemona could be in love with Cassio, but Iago keeps on talking, and The Different Learned by the Red Riding-hood, Roderigo agrees to his plan. [Scene Summary] Having persuaded Cassio to meet some gentlemen who want to have a few drinks, Iago reviews his plans. Hes sure that when Cassio is drunk hell get quarrelsome. Furthermore, my sick fool Roderigo, / Whom love hath turnd almost the wrong side out, / To Desdemona hath to-night caroused / Potations pottle-deep (2.3.51-54), so hes drunk, too. Roderigo will provoke Cassio into Essay, doing something rash, and Cassio will lose his job. Learned By The In Little Red Riding-hood. In the remainder of the scene Iagos plan plays out much to lyrics his satisfaction, but afterwards Roderigo complains that My money is almost spent; I have been to-night exceedingly well cudgelled; and I think the issue [outcome] will be, I shall have so much experience for The Different Lessons in Little Red Riding-hood my pains, and . Raise Lanterns. . The Different Lessons By The In Little Red Riding-hood And Hoodwinked. . no money at all and a little more wit (2.3.364-368). Nevertheless, Iago persuades him that everything will work out if he just has patience. Lyrics. [Scene Summary] Some time after Iago has used him as a tool to get Cassio dismissed, Roderigo appears and tells Iago that I do not find that thou dealest justly with me (4.2.173). He complains, Every day thou daffest me [put me off] with some device [excuse], Iago (4.2.175). Roderigo is unhappy that Iago has not given him a chance to spend any time with Desdemona, has not even given him any realistic hope that hell ever see her, and he declares that he wont put up with it anymore.

Roderigo also makes a threat that could make all of Iagos schemes blow up in his face. Roderigo says that he will go to Desdemona personally and promise to quit bothering her if she will return his jewels. If she wont, Roderigo threatens Iago, assure yourself I will seek satisfaction of you (4.2.200). If this were to happen, Desdemona (who of course has never received any jewels) would learn that honest Iago is not to be trusted. However, Roderigos threat doesnt faze Iago. As soon as Iago tosses him a tiny crumb of respect, Roderigo is ready to swallow every lie that Iago feeds him, and Iago persuades him that he will get to sleep with Desdemona the very next night if he murders Cassio. Roderigo is Lessons Learned Characters in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked amazed by this, but too much the fool to resist Iago.

All that Roderigo can think of to Essay say is I will hear further reason for this (4.2.244), just as though he had enough brain to The Different Learned in Little and Hoodwinked think clearly about anything. Tea Party Movement Essay. [Scene Summary] Roderigo, as he waits in the dark to kill Cassio, talks to himself: I have no great devotion to Learned by the and Hoodwinked the deed; / And yet he [Iago] hath given me satisfying reasons: / Tis but a man gone. Forth, my sword: he dies (5.1.8-10). Meanwhile, Iago contemptuously comments: I have rubbd this young quat almost to the sense, / And he grows angry (5.1.11-12). A quat is a pimple or pustule, and to rub it to the sense, is to rub it raw. It would seem that Roderigo the pimple is hardly the man to trust with the job of killing a soldier, but when Cassio appears Roderigo gives it a try, although not a very good one. He cuts only Cassios coat, whereupon Cassio draws his sword and Program Essay, wounds Roderigo so badly that he cries out, O, I am slain! (5.1.26) and curses himself, saying O, villain that I am! (5.1.29). After Cassio wounds Roderigo, Iago wounds Cassio from behind, then runs away. At that moment, Othello appears and hears Cassio and Roderigo crying out. He thinks that Cassio is The Different Red Riding-hood dead and goes to kill Desdemona. Then Lodovico and Gratiano hear the noise, but are afraid that someone might be trying to of crime lure them into the dark by pretending to The Different Lessons Learned by the in Little need help.

Then Iago reappears and goes first to Cassio, who tells him that he has been set upon by villains, and that he thinks that one of them is hereabout, / And cannot make away (5.1.56-57). Effects On Society. Cassio is in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked referring to Roderigo, whom he has severely wounded. Iago calls out to Lodovico and Gratiano, What are you there? come in, and give some help (5.1.59). By this we know that Lodovico and Gratiano are still at some distance from Cassio, and further from Roderigo, who makes the mistake of calling out for help. Iago answers Roderigos appeal by in 1819 analisi rushing over to him, shouting O murderous slave! O villain! (5.1.61), and Lessons Learned by the Red Riding-hood, killing him. Movement Essay. Roderigo ends his life saying, O damnd Iago! O inhuman dog! (5.1.62).

After Othello smothers Desdemona, Emilia comes with news of murders. She says, Cassio, my lord, hath killd a young Venetian / Calld Roderigo (5.2.112-113). Othello answers, Roderigo killd? / And Cassio killd? (5.2.113-114), but hes disappointed when Emilia tells him that Cassio is Lessons Learned by the Characters Red Riding-hood not killed, just Roderigo. Here is a letter / Found in the pocket of the raise, slain Roderigo (5.2.308-309), says Lodovico, later in the same scene. A second letter was also found on Roderigo. Both were addressed to Iago, and in Little, together they reveal the full extent of Iagos plot. In addition, Cassio says of Roderigo, even but now he spake, / After long seeming dead, Iago hurt him, / Iago set him on (5.2.327-329). Apparently this does not mean that Roderigo lived, only that he revived long enough to say a few words, but no one seems to care about collapsed lyrics Roderigos life, one way or another. By The In Little Red Riding-hood. [Scene Summary] Character of Roderigo. The character of Roderigo is a minor one within the effects of crime on society, play but, for such a minor character, it provides the basis for several different interpretations. First readings of the play give the overwhelming impression that the The Different Lessons Learned by the in Little Red Riding-hood, character of Roderigo is a pathetic, easily manipulated assistant of Iago. complicit in Essay Iagos heinous crimes through his own stupidity. Roderigo is by the Characters in Little utterly hopeless as he undertakes any task Iago suggests to him with little persuasion required and seems to have no will of his own.

Readers of the on society, text perhaps wonder, as they contemplate how useless Roderigo is, how he can possibly imagine that assaulting a drunken Cassio will bring him and Desdemona closer together. However, this interpretation does an injustice to the manipulative powers of Iago who orchestrates almost all the The Different Lessons Learned in Little Red Riding-hood, characters within the play with his persuasions including many characters of Essay a higher standing in Characters in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked Venice than Roderigo who are manipulated into jacques rousseau social contract, performing actions even more alien to their natures. For example what is arguably the central aspect of the play, Othello murdering his young wife Desdemona. Roderigo is simply another of Iagos many victims. Roderigo is the only character in the play who challenges the truthfulness of Iago and The Different Characters in Little, the only one that stands up to the character of Tea Party Movement Essay Iago. The Different Lessons. Indeed the jacques rousseau contract, play begins with Roderigo challenging Iago over his truthfulness, Thou toldst me, Thou didst hold him in thy hate. Until the revelations of Emilia in the final scene Roderigo is the only one to doubt Iago although Iago quickly manages to dispell these doubts. The capacity of Roderigo to undermine Iago through his challenging him is shown when he threatens to Learned and Hoodwinked perform an action that could easily unravel Iagos entire scheme, I will make my self knowne to Desdemona. If she will return me my jewels, I will give over my suit, and repent my unlawful solicitation.

The final downfall of Iago, when the extent of his crimes are revealed, is Tea Party Essay due to The Different Lessons Learned by the Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked the discovery of, a letter found in the pocket of the slaine Roderigo. I believe the two above pieces of evidence are compelling enough to erode the idea that Roderigo is a mere tool of Iagos will. So what then is the motive of Roderigo? His character can be taken to raise lanterns represent pure love. Even Desdemona, generally regarded as completely innocent within the play, uses her love and The Different Lessons Characters in Little Red Riding-hood, closeness to Othello to attempt to have Cassio re-instated as his lieutenant. Roderigos whole motive in raise the red the play is too have Desdemona reciprocate the love and affection he feels for her and to The Different Characters Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked this ends that he takes the analisi, extraordinary step of vowing to, sell all my land, so he can continue to pursue Desdemona, nothing is more important to him than his love for her. It is this love that causes his to Lessons Learned by the Red Riding-hood unquestioningly perform any task that he is told will bring them closer together. If Roderigo is taken to be a symbol of pure love then the play conveys a dismal view of that love as Roderigo is eventually murdered by Iago without ever being loved by Desdemona. Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and order Othello by analisi William Shakespeare. essay editing for only $13.9 per Lessons Learned in Little and Hoodwinked, page.

Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for the red lanterns Othello by William Shakespeare. In the play Othello by Shakespeare there are numerous various male and female roles, that between husband and wife, mater and servant relationships as well as the relationship between men Analysis of Iago Character in Shakespeares Othello The early scenes of Othello establish Iagos character and The Different Lessons by the Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked, allow the jean jacques social, audience to Learned in Little learn of his nature. He plays two different people, the disguise of the trusty and loyal ensign Racism in Othello by William Shakespeare. Racism is prevalent in Shakespearian time and the literature that was produced during the Elizabethan era.

That time was when white men dominated society and when the collapsed lyrics, black man was What Effect Does Shakespeare Want to Lessons Learned by the in Little and Hoodwinked Have on His Audience? Have you ever watched a drama that immediately submerges the audience in the opening scene? Yes? No? Shakespeare used this technique in Tea Party Movement Essay Othello, but why? What effect does he want

The Tragedy of Othello by William Shakespeare. In the play The tragedy of Othello, written by William Shakespeare, it can be seen that several of the main characters involved are subjected to The Different Learned by the and Hoodwinked the trials and tribulations in Shakespeare present Iagos views of life for hating Othello. Shakespeare makes it quite clear to his audience at the beginning of the play that Iago plays the character of the common criminal, from his opening speech with Roderigo on

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A Job-Seeker#8217;s Guide to Learned Characters in Little Successfully Completing Job Applications. by Randall S. Jean Jacques Social Contract. Hansen, Ph.D. New to job-hunting? This article is designed to provide you with the critical information you need to successfully complete a job application. Should filling out an application be a stressful event? No. If you have a resume, you should have just about all the information you need. If you don#8217;t have a resume, now might be the time to create one.When are job applications used by employers?

For many part-time, entry-level, and The Different Lessons Characters in Little Red Riding-hood blue collar jobs, employers use applications to screen potential employees; they use the information from the applications to determine who they are going to call for a job interview. For other types of jobs, applications are simply the of crime on society paperwork the Human Resources department requires of all job applicants; employers often ask you to complete an application after they have invited you for an interview.Why do employers use job applications? Many employers use applications as a way of standardizing the information they obtain from all job-seekers, including some things that you would not normally put on The Different Lessons Learned by the in Little and Hoodwinked, your resume. Your goal is to analisi complete the Learned by the Characters in Little and Hoodwinked application as completely and honestly as you can #8212; all the of crime time remembering that the application is a key marketing tool for by the Characters in Little Red Riding-hood, you in the job-hunting process. Remember that some employers will use your application as a basis for deciding whether to call you for an interview. So, armed with this knowledge, here are the ins and outs for job-seekers of successfully completing job applications. Arrive prepared with the information you need. Be sure to bring your resume, social security card, driver#8217;s license, etc.

You probably will also need addresses and phone numbers of previous employers, as well as starting and ending salaries for each previous job. It#8217;s always better if have too much information than not enough. Essay. Read and follow instructions carefully. Always take a few minutes to review the entire application. Some applications ask for information differently #8212; and all have specific spaces in which you are expected to answer questions. Learned By The In Little Red Riding-hood. Think of the application as your first test in raise the red following instructions. Complete the application as neatly as possible. Remember how important handwriting was in school? Neatness and legibility count; the application is a reflection of you. Consider typing it if you have access to a typewriter. If completing it by hand, be sure to use only a blue or black pen #8212; and consider using an erasable pen or taking some #8220;white-out#8221; to fix minor mistakes.

Don#8217;t fold, bend, or otherwise mar the application. Tailor your answers to the job you are seeking. The Different Lessons Learned Red Riding-hood. Just as with your resume and cover letter, you want to focus your education and experience to collapsed the job at hand. The Different Lessons By The Characters Red Riding-hood. Give details of skills and accomplishments, and the red lanterns avoid framing your experiences in terms of mere duties and Lessons in Little Red Riding-hood responsibilities. Show why you are more qualified than other applicants for the position. Include experience from in 1819 analisi all sources, including previous jobs, school, clubs and organizations, and The Different Learned by the volunteer work. If you#8217;re having trouble identifying some of your skills, read our article about transferable skills. Don#8217;t leave any blanks.

One of the reasons employers have you complete an application is because they want the effects of crime on society same information from all job applicants. However, if there are questions that do not apply to you, simply respond with #8220;not applicable,#8221; or #8220;n/a.#8221; Do not write #8220;see resume#8221; when completing the application (but you can certainly attach your resume to The Different Characters Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked the application). Don#8217;t provide any negative information. As with any job search correspondence, never offer negative information. Your goal with the application is to get an interview. Providing negative information (such as being fired from jacques social a job) just gives the employer a reason not to interview you. Always answer questions truthfully. The fastest way for an application to hit the trash can is to have a lie on it, but that doesn#8217;t mean you need to give complete answers either.

For example, many applications ask your reason for leaving your last job. If you were fired or downsized, you should try to be as positive as possible and leave longer explanations for the interview; some experts recommend writing #8220;job ended#8221; as the reason you left your last job. Do not put specific salary requirements. Lessons Characters Red Riding-hood And Hoodwinked. It is way too early in the job-seeking process to allow yourself to be identified by a specific salary request. You don#8217;t want to give employers too much information too soon. In addition, employers often use this question as a screening device #8212; and raise the red you don#8217;t want to be eliminated from consideration based on your answer. It#8217;s best to by the Characters in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked say #8220;open#8221; or #8220;negotiable.#8221; You can find lots more information about all aspects of salary and benefits by going to our Salary Negotiation Tutorial.

Provide references. Employers want to see that there are people who will provide objective information about you to Tea Party Movement Essay them. Learned By The. Pick your references carefully #8212; and make sure you ask if they are willing to be a reference for you before you list them. Where do you get references? From past employers, to teachers, to family friends. Most young job-seekers have a mix of professional and character references, while more experienced job-seekers focus on raise, professional references who can speak of your skills and The Different Lessons in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked accomplishments. Analisi. Keep your application consistent with your resume. Lessons Characters Red Riding-hood And Hoodwinked. Make sure all dates, names, titles, etc., on your application coincide with the information on your resume.

Don#8217;t worry if the Tea Party Movement Essay application is based on chronological employment while you have a functional resume. Don#8217;t know the difference between the two types of resumes? You might want to visit one of our Resume Tutorials. Proofread your application before submitting it. Once you#8217;ve completed the application, sit back and take a moment to thoroughly proofread the The Different Characters in Little document, checking for all errors #8212; especially typos and misspellings.One final word. Be prepared for all kinds of job applications, from simple one-page applications to multi-page applications; and some will be clean and crisp copies while others will appear to be photocopied a few too many times. Regardless, take your time and do the Tea Party Movement Essay best you can, always keeping in the back of your mind the goal of the by the Red Riding-hood application #8212; getting you an interview.If you have not heard from the employer within a week of submitting your application, you should follow-up with the employer. There#8217;s truth to the #8220;squeaky wheel#8221; cliche. Ask for an interview #8212; and ask to have your application kept on file.Other parts of Quintessential Careers that might help you: Questions about some of the terminology used in this article?

Get more information (definitions and effects on society links) on key college, career, and Learned in Little and Hoodwinked job-search terms by going to our Job-Seeker#8217;s Glossary of Job-Hunting Terms. Dr. Movement. Randall S. Hansen is founder of Quintessential Careers, one of the oldest and most comprehensive career development sites on in Little Red Riding-hood, the Web, as well CEO of effects of crime on society, EmpoweringSites.com. He is also founder of MyCollegeSuccessStory.com and EnhanceMyVocabulary.com. He is publisher of Quintessential Careers Press, including the The Different Lessons Characters Quintessential Careers electronic newsletter, QuintZine. Dr. Hansen is also a published author, with several books, chapters in books, and hundreds of england in 1819 analisi, articles.

He#8217;s often quoted in the media and conducts empowering workshops around the country. Finally, Dr. Hansen is also an The Different Lessons by the in Little and Hoodwinked, educator, having taught at the college level for england in 1819, more than 15 years. Visit his personal Website or reach him by email at randall(at)quintcareers.com. The Different Lessons In Little. Check out Dr. The Red Lanterns. Hansen on by the Characters in Little and Hoodwinked, GooglePlus. Jean Jacques Rousseau Social. Maximize your career and job-search knowledge and skills! Take advantage of The Quintessential Careers Content Index, which enables site visitors to locate articles, tutorials, quizzes, and worksheets in 35 career, college, job-search topic areas. Stay up to date with the latest salary information form LiveCareer#8217;s Salary Calculator! Building Tools That Build Better Work Lives.

Since 2005, LiveCareers team of career coaches, certified resume writers, and Learned by the Characters Red Riding-hood savvy technologists have been developing career tools that have helped over 10 million users build stronger resumes, write more persuasive cover letters, and develop better interview skills. Program. Use our free samples, templates, and writing guides and our easy-to-use resume builder software to help land the job you want. Dr. Randall S. Hansen. Dr. Randall S. Hansen is founder of Quintessential Careers, one of the oldest and most comprehensive career development sites on the Web, as well CEO of EmpoweringSites.com. He is Characters and Hoodwinked also founder of MyCollegeSuccessStory.com and EnhanceMyVocabulary.com. He is publisher of Quintessential Careers Press, including the england analisi Quintessential Careers electronic newsletter, QuintZine. Dr.

Hansen is also a published author, with several books, chapters in books, and and Hoodwinked hundreds of articles. Hes often quoted in the media and conducts empowering workshops around the country. Finally, Dr. Hansen is also an educator, having taught at the college level for more than 15 years. Visit his personal Website or reach him by email at collapsed, randall@quintcareers.com. Check out Dr.

Hansen on GooglePlus. I AM A CAREER CHANGER This page is your key source for all things career-change related. You#8217;ll find some great free career-change tools and resources. The Different Characters Red Riding-hood And Hoodwinked. Changing careers can be traumatic, especially if you have been in your current career for a long time, but you do not have to go through the raise the red process alone or [] Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog. Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog Career and job-search news, trends, and scoops for job-seekers, compiled by The Different in Little Red Riding-hood the staff of Quintessential Careers.The Quintessential Careers Blog has moved!! These pages remain as an archive of lyrics, our previous blog posts. The Different Lessons By The Characters In Little Red Riding-hood. Please check out the new and improved Quintessential Careers Blog for Job-Seekers and Careerists. Interview Advice Job [] The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers. The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to effects the job/career/employment section of a specific employer#8217;s Website.Because more and more companies are developing career and employment centers on their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to go straight to the career and employment section of the [] Quintessential Careers: I am a Career Coach or Counselor.

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essay over slavery of fate that just happened to put one into the lowest class of The Different Lessons by the in Little society (Ember). Raise The Red Lanterns! When it came to Lessons Red Riding-hood the central Nigerian society, Nupe, slaves were also individuals who were captured in war; later in history, they could actually be purchased. While slavery in Nupe was similar to that of the Europeans, the treatment of the collapsed lyrics, slaves in The Different Lessons by the Red Riding-hood, Nupe differed. These people were rarely mistreated, the males were given all of the same opportunities as the england, other dependent males in The Different Learned by the, the household, and house slaves could. Is There a Difference Between Modern Slavery and Slavery? Essay. Bonded labour is one of the biggest thing involving to todays modern slavery, people are tricked by taking a loan of the jean jacques contract, amount of Learned by the Characters Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked money they will not be able to pay off, and to pay it of some bonded labours basic food and shelter as payments no matter how hard they work it they are never able to pay it off and sometimes they even pass it to their children. Final Early and forced to getting married is collapsed, one of them that still happens in this time, it defiantly hurts women/girls because they are. great fortune, also denied African-Americans their freedom from the opportunity to ever sustain their own economic wealth.

In the opening quote the impact of The Different Lessons Red Riding-hood slavery can still be felt throughout the world, where some countries are still in the process of rebuilding their economy after years of inhumane treatment. It is england analisi, evident that slavery was the backbone of many developing countries, particularly the United States, where much of the economy that exists today was built on the use of free slave labor. Slavery in the Chocolate Industry Essays. the article slavery on the farms is in illegal in the Ivory Coast. Whether it is or how well the laws are enforced is for the most part out of our control.

In your view, is the kind of slavery discussed in the case absolutely wrong no matter what, or is it relatively wrong, i.e., if what happens to live in a society like ours that disapproves of slavery? I feel slavery of any kind is wrong whether the society approves or disapproves of it. The Different Lessons By The Characters Red Riding-hood And Hoodwinked! However, throughout history slavery has been a. about slavery. Many of the Abolitionists were the slaves that had been set free, bought there freedom for jean jacques rousseau contract example source 1 says, Olaudah Equiano wrote the story of The Different Lessons Learned Characters Red Riding-hood his life as a slave, this illustrates the idea that giving personal biography's made the British public empathize more and feel sympathy and guilt because most of them had slaves and treated them with no humane respect or loyalty. Over several amount of years British citizens started to reconsider there opinion on slavery and. 542). England! Slavery has not decreased over time, but has rather increased substantially with the establishment of new forms and methods of slavery. There is an estimated amount of 27 million slaves present in by the in Little, the twenty-first century (Batstone 1).

It is difficult to wrap ones mind around a number as large as 27 million, especially while knowing that the astounding number is accounting for people in horrific enslavement. Jean Jacques Rousseau Contract! It is even more astonishing to realize that the number of people in The Different by the Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked, slavery increase. unrealistic to raise the red believe that you can compare slavery that occurred in Lessons Characters Red Riding-hood, Africa itself to collapsed lyrics the slavery that occurred during the Trans Atlantic slave trade. The practice did not become dehumanizing until white Europeans came along and took slaves from Africa into Lessons Learned by the Characters Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked, the Americas. In other parts of the world, slavery has taken many different forms. Slavery in Africa existed way before the trans-Atlantic slave trade. Program Essay! Slavery occurred in Africa for many reasons. Slavery occurred during wartime, after a nation. Essay about Slavery is in the Past. This horrific experience happened an innumerable amount of times to the unfortunate victims of slavery. For 400 hundred years families, and sometimes entire communities, were herded onto ships and The Different by the and Hoodwinked, taken to the America's and other distant lands to be sold into bondage.

The sad tale of the red African American's hardships in America does not end there. After slavery was abolished with the The Different by the Characters in Little and Hoodwinked, Emancipation Proclamation African Americans were treated as second-class citizens. The inabilities to raise the red vote or own land. The Consequences of Slavery Essay. due to the shortage of labor in Europeans colonies and the Caribbean. Although slavery started due to shortages in labor, it was a catalyst for greed and Lessons Learned Characters and Hoodwinked, corruption. As slavery grew, government bodies introduced law that protected slave owners. I argue that slavery before the Europeans was a natural process that had beneficial consequences and afforded individuals the opportunity to progress in society. The European slavery system has greatly contributed to jacques contract mass genocide between different African societies.

(Doc C) A reason for such an increase in slaves was due to the invention of the cotton gin. This led to a revival in slavery due to the increase amount of cotton farms to accommodate the demands from Learned by the England. Cotton ruined the farmland and this led to expansion west as the soil exhausted which explains the increasing trend of slaves in the southern states. During the same period, both free African Americans and enslaved ones faced challenges as they tried to gain rights and freedom. Program Essay! Free African. Human Trafficking and Slavery Essay. It would be more appropriate and vital to The Different Lessons Learned Red Riding-hood the prisoners who are forced into slavery if the United States toughened their time frame for these countries.

Every day hundreds of thousands of people are forced and lured into a lifetime of cruel treatment by their captors. Children are often the targets of gruesome and Tea Party Essay, strenuous labor. Over 250 million children worldwide are working. Some of these children are as young as five years old (CQ Researcher 2010). Children are forced to work in many developing. If they expect that the The Different Lessons Learned by the Red Riding-hood, abolishment of slavery will allow for continuance of normal life in the Deep South they are deeply mistaken. The United States of england analisi America was founded when the colonies, and then Congress, made a joint declaration of their freedom from Great Britain and of all other powers. The Articles of Confederation gave power to each state in allowing them to have their own governments. In Little Red Riding-hood! In these articles there is the reiteration of the england, original declaration of sovereignty and the continuance. 1660, slavery was regulated and The Different Characters in Little, had its own codes for lanterns slaves. This shows that during the period, the amount of minority slaves rose greatly.

As the period progressed, slavery became more and more of a normal thing. After Bacons Rebellion in 1676, there were fewer indentured servants and more slaves. After the Rebellion, indentured servitude kind of phased itself out and slavery became more prominent. There were differences between the Southern and the Northern colonies view of slavery. In Georgia.

Essay on Paying the Price for Slavery. They decreased its reliance to Learned by the Characters rely on raise, slavery to stabilize the economy because there was very high Revolutionary ideas of equality and freedom were in The Different Learned Characters Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked, progress. Slaves were greatly needed before because the Tea Party Movement, white men were trying to gather a huge abundance of slaves on Learned in Little, the ships to be shipped over to England. The reason was to secure their economy to keep it stable in the New World and to The Bracero pay back the Lessons by the Characters, joint-stock companies they had owed. A lot of farmers on the other hand did not want to overproduce. Now, this would not have been a problem if not for effects of crime slavery. Also many conflicts were brought about because of Lessons Learned by the Red Riding-hood slavery. Raise The Red! Bleeding Kansas became the catchword for the escalating violence over slavery. There was bloodshed all the way to capitol hill. At one point in 1856 congressman Prestor Brooks of South Carolina entered the nearly empty Senate chamber and beat Massachusetts Senator Charles Sumner with a cane. Brooks felt that Sumners Crime Against Kansas speech, which verbally attacked. Essay on Slavery as an Economic System.

cause that pulled families apart. The South came to rely and Lessons Learned in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked, depend on slavery to help pull them through financially and to meet the supply and demand of the North. With the england in 1819 analisi, North expanding in the factory industry, there was a higher demand for more supplies. Most of The Different Lessons Characters Red Riding-hood these supplies had to be provided by the South. The South couldnt keep up with the growing demand of supplies for the North, so slavery became the new and improved way to raise money, gain profit, and to The Bracero Program Essay meet the demand. Not just in quotes, but in poems we decipher the meaning behind slavery and The Different Lessons Learned Red Riding-hood, what writer, George Moses Horton composed, A Slaves Reflections the Eve Before His Sale. He captures the reader, hooking you in The Bracero Essay, with his words, [s]oon either with smiles or with tears, will be the end of our course be completed. The progress of long fleeting years, triumphant or sadly regretted (Source N). Known as the Mother of Civil Rights in California, Mary Ellen Pleasant used her identity to an advantage during.

Essay on History of Learned by the Characters Red Riding-hood Slavery in America. cotton fields and unaccustomed to the sunrise-to-sunset labor required by their new life. They were driven much harder than when they were involved in growing tobacco or wheat. On the other hand, most slaves change its religion in order to escape slavery. African American slaves converted to Christianity to obtain the salvation of their souls based on the Christians idea of a future reward in heaven or punishment in hell, which did not exist in their primary religion. The religious principles inherited. ankle, and confinement in the dungeon. There have been instances of slitting of The Bracero Program Essay ears, breaking of limbs, so as to The Different Learned by the and Hoodwinked make amputation necessary, beating out of eyes, and castration In short in england, the place of decency, sympathy, morality, and religion; slavery produces cruelty and oppression. (89) The African slaves in the British colonies (American) are just one example of the pain that slaves endure for punishment. During the Arabian slave trade one form of punishment, the slavers were being whipped. Negroes inhabiting this country, who themselves or whose ancestors went through the school of American slavery, are in a stronger and more hopeful condition, materially, intellectually, morally, and religiously, than is true of an equal number of black people in any other portion of the Learned by the in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked, globe (Booker T. Washington, 577). Mr.

Washington was not suggesting that slavery was moral, but that black people became stronger and Program Essay, skilled because of it. Labor was something that both races desired to avoid. Abolitionist and their Plea to End Slavery Essay. This powerful image brought attention to the public of abolition and Lessons Characters, showed Americans that slavery is of crime, happening to mankind, our brothers. The compelling artwork sent such as strong message that it was published alongside John Greenleaf Whittiers antislavery poem Our Countrymen in Chains (Library of Congress).

Abolitionists used this depiction of The Different Learned in Little Red Riding-hood a slave to persuade Americans to jacques rousseau social fight for the end of slavery, by attacking emotions and placing slaves on Lessons by the Characters in Little, the same level as American citizens, showing. History: Slavery and American Freedom Essay. Therefore, Virginia decided to give the land away to planters in hope to promote a better style of productivity and jean rousseau social contract, working in the new world becomes the new motive. The Different Lessons And Hoodwinked! However, similar to Program Essay Morgans American Slavery, American Freedom, Sowande Mustakeem article also tells of slavery in a New World. She must go overboard, and shall go overboard by Sowande Mustakeem takes its reader through the journey of the Lessons Learned by the in Little Red Riding-hood, middle passage while discussing the conditions of the environment, the relationship between. The American Revolutions Effect on the Institution of Slavery. The American Revolution was the catalyst for change that the colonies needed to effectively stamp out slavery. The British, in their struggles to maintain control over unruly colonies would draft troops from the ranks of Program Essay thousands of abused and enslaved African laborers. As a result, over 10,000 slaves would fight against the Americans in exchange for their freedom from bondage. , This would strike an important blow against the American economy and weaken the already debilitated militias. When. From Slavery to Abolition to the Present Essay.

(Smith) Those who believed that slavery was immoral started a group of abolitionists who were determining to do what was right by God. The religious aspect of the progress was able to attract many of the followers, but with a deeper look into by the Characters in Little Red Riding-hood, the institution, many abolitionists were able to see the horrible political implications. They felt that it went against the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution. William Lloyd Garrison was a head of this movement and believed in the religious. Slavery in West Africa and the Caribbean Essay. The plantation owners were exempt from punishment when a slave died. Instead, the owner would just import more slaves. Many of these slaves worked in conditions just like that of their home in West Africa. Slavery in in 1819, West Africa before the Europeans invaded were very different. African slaves were a part of a community along with the rest of the citizens. Africa was a family oriented place with slave owners often having some blood relation to the slave.

Slaves in The Different Lessons by the Characters and Hoodwinked, Africa also had some basic rights. Essay on Southern Pro-Slavery Rhetoric. importance of the social system governed their beliefs on the institution of slavery. For Southerners, slaves were an extension of the household. Essay! Thus, the The Different Learned Characters in Little Red Riding-hood, move to Tea Party Movement abolish slavery represented, among other things a radical an attack on the traditional family. Much of the Lessons in Little Red Riding-hood, American North differed significantly from this view of social hierarchy. The North, though holding to some of the principles espoused by the South, saw slavery as a direct contradiction of the Declaration of Independence. As such. The Prevalence of Modern Day Slavery Essays. use of forced labor. Contract! A recent report required by the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2005 showed that at least 29 countries produce at least 50 household goods with the use of forced labor (US Department of Labor, 2011).

Sex Slavery The Trafficking Victims Protection Act of The Different Learned Characters in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked 2000 (TVPA) defines severe forms of human trafficking as: The recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for sex trafficking in which a commercial sex act is induced by force. Living in a Modern Day Slavery Essay. it an illegal worldwide complication. Human trafficking is also a violation of human rights. Human trafficking is a huge violation of human rights. Lanterns! Human trafficking victims are often beat, raped and are forced drugs. According to Sold into Lessons Learned Characters in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked, Slavery; Upon arrival the effects of crime, slave will often be beaten or raped into submission. The Different By The Characters! Her captors seize her passport and documents, rendering her persona non grata, without identity, status or right. These women and effects of crime, girls will work without rest, night and day. Essay on Slavery and Racism Today and Yesterday. To that extent, many families in America are consciously or subconsciously teaching intolerance and bigotry to their kids, and kids end up absorbing these myopic and faulty views of other people in the world.

The remnants of slavery in society exist today mostly as a distant remnant of the past. People who still harbor animosities against other races do so because of their upbringing and their need to be better than somebody else. These feelings are not unusual. The fear of the other or difference. Essay on American Slavery Book Review.

display, were carried out as a casual affair. Slavery life wasn't all work. Even as much as the slave owners tried to control their lives, the slaves did create a life of their own behind all the work. The author describes this as an ordinary life yet I don't see it as ordinary at all. The author explains slavery like how was there. As an author you try to feel the story and I think he got the job done. He tells us details about slavery that is nothing but true but some would rather not. Slavery in The Cotton Kingdom Essay example. to run mills, the industrial sector was also highly dependent on slaves hence the industrial slavery. On the other hand, the introduction of cotton in the South required large number of field hands in picking of The Different by the Characters Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked cotton and planting and harvesting rice, tobacco, and raise lanterns, sugarcane. This was occupational distribution of The Different Lessons Characters in Little Red Riding-hood slaves hence the england in 1819, agricultural slave labor.

Wiley,(2011). In large scale plantations, slavery was viewed as an economic institution. A small percentage of slaves were domestic servants, Comparing Slavery of the South and Lessons by the, North Essay. escape enslavement. Furthermore, the Africans offered a permanent source of The Bracero cheap labor. In addition, the Africans had vast knowledge about farming having worked in farms in their native lands. By the 1700s, slavery was widely practiced in the Americas.

Similarity of South and North towards Slavery Agricultural production in The Different Characters, the United States depended on slaves. They were made to The Bracero Essay toil and moil in farms for long hours with overseers employed to watch over and direct the work of slaves. Slaves who were. Essay on The Differences Between Genders in The Different Lessons by the in Little Red Riding-hood, Slavery. previous statement, which was stated that slave owners consider enslave males dogs they also consider them lower than barnyard animals, not exactly mans best friend. Though, men had a hard time trying to develop as a man in these harsh conditions of slavery. It was the Movement Essay, fact That the slave is a human being, no one can deny. It is his lot to be exposed in common with other men, to the calamities of sickness, death, and the misfortunes incident to life. But unlike other men, he is denied the consolation.

Human Trafficking, the Modern Slavery Essay. prostitution by human smugglers, 83 percent of victims in The Different Characters Red Riding-hood, confirmed sex trafficking cases in Tea Party Movement Essay, this country were American citizens. -Guest Blogger , October 6, 2012- (http://thinkprogress.org/health/2012/10/06/971401/girls-human-trafficking-and-modern-slavery-in-america/?mobile=nc) Vietnam. There are also a number of victims of human trafficking in Vietnam. Women and men here are usually trafficked for forced labor and the construction of buildings, or as domestic servants. Many Vietnamese women. Essay about Slavery Fight for Freedom. their liberty and that any attempt to re-enslave them would be unconstitutional. Censured by the House of Representatives, he resigned, but his constituents quickly reelected him and Lessons Learned by the in Little and Hoodwinked, sent him back to Congress.

The African American resistance to slavery is demonstrated time and time again in the successful and unsuccessful attempts to escape from in 1819 bondage. The owners' equal determination to The Different Lessons Learned protect their investment is demonstrated by their assiduousness in pursuing the runaways. A Portuguese slave. Slavery and The Narrative of raise lanterns Frederick Douglass Essay. The Narrative of the Lessons Learned Characters in Little, Life of Frederick Douglass, depict many memorable incidents that led to the opposition of slavery. Frederick Douglass has woven many themes into his narrative, all being tied with a common thread of man's inhumanity towards man. As depicted in America's History, white masters had virtually unlimited power, both legal and physical, over their slaves (p. 297). A slaves relationship with his or her master usually went no further than the master thinking of that slave as no.

Essay on Struggle Between Slavery and Christanity. to be quite pleased with how it turned out especially when the woman had the Tea Party Movement, twins, no matter how miserable the poor woman was. One of the most eloquent arguments that Douglass makes was when he shouted, I am left in the hottest hell of Lessons Learned Red Riding-hood unending slavery. O God, save me! God, deliver me! Let me be free! Is there any God?

Why am I a slave? I will run away. I will not stand it. Get caught, or get clear, I'll try it. I had as well die with ague as the fever. Of Crime On Society! I have only one life to lose. I had as well. Essay on The Preservation Of Slavery In Free World. brought a sense of peace and nationalism among the The Different Lessons by the Characters in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked, whites who inhabited the colonies. Thomas Jefferson the slave-holding spokesman of freedom(4) was a man who stood for equality, but yet he had owned slaves for most of Program Essay his life and believed slavery was necessary.

How was this justified? The freedom that Jefferson refers to is one that is obtained by the individual, not one that is bestowed upon oneself. The freedom that Jefferson spoke for was not a gift to be conferred by governments, which. Essay on Comparative Analysis of Research Articles on Slavery. Lincoln did more than just make a moral case against slavery; he used his political genius to build a campaign against it. As a politician, he never moved too far ahead of his constituents.

In 1860, he ran for president on a platform that made his election possible. He opposed the Learned Characters in Little Red Riding-hood, expansion of slavery, but at that point did not call for its abolition (McPherson, 1996). Lincoln instead incrementally moved the public opinions of the North against england analisi slavery and turned a war for the Union into The Different Learned by the Characters and Hoodwinked, one for emancipation. Economic Basis of African Slavery in the United States Essays. reliant on an Agricultural economy and the growth of agriculture is another economic factor in contributing to slavery in on society, the US. Southern Plantation owners not only were heavy in cotton and tobacco but also started growing rice, corn, wheat, hemp and sugar. In order for The Different Learned Characters in Little and Hoodwinked the economy to collapsed grow the The Different by the Characters in Little Red Riding-hood, plantations needed to grow, and as the plantations grow so did the number of slaves. Slavery grew to maintain an economy based on Essay, agriculture, once again using unpaid slaves allowed owners to continue to get. Essay on Indentured Servitude and Slavery in Colonial America. colonial economy in that they provided much of the labor that was needed to produce more goods that could be exported. The slavery system in the colonies was also a great help for the economy.

Slaves did most of the same work as the indentured servants however slaves were not set free and were usually given less respect since they were not white or European. Slavery became increasingly popular during the Lessons Learned by the in Little, late seventeenth century, the triangle trade allowed for slaves to be bought more easily. Essay Slavery: Affecting Every Party Involved. moral and religious nature of its hapless victims. It is when we contemplate the slave as a moral and intellectual being can we adequately comprehend the Movement, unparalleled enormity of slavery and the intense criminality of the slaveholder (Bailey 353). One of the most brutal aspects of slavery was the method that slavery was implemented in the lives of Africans. When slaves were young children they were allowed to play with and develop friendships with white children. When the Lessons in Little Red Riding-hood, time came slave and white. Chapter 16: Diving Further into American Slavery Essay.

life of slaves was important to on society them. Slavery, although frowned upon in todays society, was still a positive good for Americas growth as a country economically and socially. For example, the southerners argued that it sustained their economy and Learned Characters Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked, allowed for them to achieve higher in life and that the slaves were treated better than immigrants that sought work in the north. Also, slavery made a push for the American Civil War. Jean Rousseau Contract! Although morally wrong, slavery provided America with a way to grow as.

Analysis of Arguments for the Slavery Institution Essay example. the argument of the slave-owners is pretty good, but when you look at Lessons Learned Characters in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked the entire picture and take a peek into the real world of slavery, you have no choice but to question the declaration of the slave-owners southern hospitality. Evidently, slavery wasnt as nice as slave-owners claimed it to be. My reason for declaring the previous statement is the following: If slavery upholds the status or conditions that a slave-owners claims it to contain so well, then why do slaves have to turn to religion. Slavery in jean rousseau social, the Chocolate Industry Case Study Essay.

enslaved them. The Different Learned In Little Red Riding-hood And Hoodwinked! Slavery is unethical also because it violates human rights, The Universal Declaration of Human Rights explicitly forbids slavery and many of the practices associated with slavery. England In 1819! All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and The Different Lessons Learned in Little and Hoodwinked, conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood according to Article 1, Universal Declaration of Human Rights. No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade. Book Report: Capitalism Slavery by england in 1819 Eric Williams Essay. therefore slavery. The authors his right on target when he asserts that, when British capitalism depended on the West Indies, they ignored slavery or defended it.5 Hence, it can be seen how convenient it was for British Capitalist to support the Lessons Learned Characters in Little, abolition of jacques social slavery. Lessons In Little And Hoodwinked! This is a critical point as it can be seen how economics dictated, peoples actions. Jean Jacques Social Contract! The almighty pound, led British Capitalist to push for abolition of slavery only because they would be able to Learned make even more money if slavery, monopoly. Cruelty of collapsed Slavery Exposed in Uncle Tom#x27;s Cabin Essay. During her frightful experience she is Lessons Characters and Hoodwinked, reunited with her husband, highlighting her fierce love for her family.

Not only does she serve as an example of effects how slavery can both separate and destroy a family, but proves the The Different Lessons by the Characters in Little, dangers that one must endure in order to escape the cause of these horrors. Seen as one of the most infamous character in American literature, Simon Legree is what many envision when thinking of Southern slave owners. He is an alcoholic who forces his workers into long hours of labor. Essay on Book Report: Capitalism Slavery, Eric Williams. The only time slaves would be allowed to stop working is when they were in a coffin. Furthermore, once you were born into slavery, there was no escape; your offspring would be a salve too in contrast to indentured labor. This also meant that African salves provided a constant workforce as the only way the African workforce could diminish was through death whereas the indentured worker could leave after their tenure is completed. Finally and most importantly, the African slave was cheaper and raise the red lanterns, Africa.

Did Slavery Destroy the The Different Lessons Characters in Little Red Riding-hood and Hoodwinked, Black Family? Essay. North during the Industrial and not during slavery. The extended family networks that were developed during slavery by Africans and jacques, their descendants, according to Martin Martin (1985) were based on The Different Lessons by the in Little Red Riding-hood, the institutional heritage which the Africans had brought with them to jean rousseau the United States. In conjunction these authors infer that there are scholars who identify that the Lessons Characters, female headed households characterized the early black American family during slavery.

Conversely though, Gutman states that. Slavery in America: The Beginning of the Civil War Essay. have never offended him, captivating carrying them into slavery in another hemisphere.[iii] Despite the fact that Jeffersons proposal of independence is received rather warmly, his overall declaration was in serious trouble due to the colonies inability to compromise over raise the red the issue of slavery. Learned Characters! In the Tea Party, end, Jefferson and his fellow abolitionists chose to compromise. Realizing the importance of independence, they agree to allow slavery to continue in hopes that.