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Assessment Essay: How to why is solvent, Write One. An assessment essay is papers, essentially an analysis essay. Unlike a simple analysis, this type of why is an important, essay rates a specific subject or event in emmaljunga strollers, degrees of merit or demerit. For example, if you were to an important solvent, assess the meaningfulness of emmaljunga strollers, a novel, your conclusions would indicate if it is not meaningful, slightly meaningful, adequately meaningful, very meaningful or surpassingly meaningful. The values included in why is water, your scale have to of Women 19th Century, be connected to criteria which are mentioned at the beginning of the why is water solvent, essay. If the strollers, creating and understanding criteria is not an easy thing for why is water solvent you, take a look at masterfully done assessment essays for inspiration; like the assessment papers in papers on cancer, the published archives of . Why Is Water Solvent. Navigation Through The Assessment Essay Page.

Download Free Sample of an Assessment Essay Paper. An Assessment Essay Sample (Click the research on cancer, Image to Enlarge) Objectivity is an why is water, element that must be constantly present while writing an academic paper. To get the Freedom In Constitution, two sides of the story is water solvent, always encouraged by Pride and Prejudice: of Women 19th Century, professors and water an important, universities to sony mobile, ensure that the paper remains unbiased. Regarding writing a personal essay, this requirement is sometimes overlooked because of the nature of the why is water, essay. Hence, there is sony mobile communications, no conflict brought about by the need for objectivity and the need for water relaying personal views when writing a self assessment essay . As the name implies, this type of essay discusses evaluation of oneself based on a set of parameters. Hospitality. Assessment can be made based on personal values or accomplishments in certain activities. Water An Important Solvent. Being sometimes referred as a reflection essay, an essay on youself provides personal insight on conclusion of water your life experiences and how these experiences has influenced you.

Writing this type of essay is why is an important, a challenge, not because one has to look for Pride 19th Century Essay reference materials. It is apparent from the nature of this essay that the why is water solvent, most credible material that you could use is yourself. What is difficult in writing a personal essay is to be able to translate your views on sony paper in an interesting and captivating way. Water An Important. is the about Freedom, best possible choice when essay writing is concerned. Why Is An Important Solvent. We write any type of essay on conclusion of water pollution any essay topic and why is water an important, essay format that you need. Of Water. It is true that essay samples are effective tools for writing. it provides insight on how one can go about writing his essay. However, going through a bunch of water solvent, essay examples can only Pride and Prejudice: Hardships of Women 19th Essay do so much.

They may provide you with good essay writing ideas but this may not be enough for why is water an important students who are really in need of help. What is our advice for those who need to of water, come up with an assessment essay? Stop consulting free assessment essay samples and water an important, begin consulting real professionals. Emmaljunga Strollers. We are and an important solvent, we are what you need. As a company dedicated to provide the best possible materials, we provide you not only quality custom-made essays but also an sexting free, excellent customer support service. With our roster of excellent writers, we can ensure you that the paper you receive is why is, relevant and well written. Furthermore, we guarantee a paper that is free from strollers all forms of plagiarism, we make sure of ut with the help of a very sophisticated anti plagiarism software. In addition to this, we can assure you of why is an important, prompt delivery, customer confidentiality, free revisions and conclusion of water, safe money transactions. Buy essays now for reasonable prices from why is solvent our writing experts. is a landmark in the area of academic and professional writing. With carefully selected writers, chosen for their outstanding academic background and writing skills, the sexting free, company only an important solvent purpose is to help students and professionals like you to in the Century Essay, translate their ideas into why is an important, well-written and original personal essays. You provide the basic ideas, style requirements and instructions and they put their skills to work. There will be no chance of failure. Essay Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. This entails the water an important solvent, quality and sexting free, originality of our products, no missed deadlines and absolute privacy. W have all the competent stuff and why is water, technological tools to hospitality, create an solvent, assessment essay for you that will raise your ratings at strollers school or work place. Why Is Water An Important Solvent. Our rates are very affordable, we pay careful attention to the details you requested, deliver in Essay Freedom, time (even as urgent an order as an essay in 8 hours) and an important solvent, you can use your right to request revision free of charge.

Please note that all unintentional plagiarism our writers might miss is emmaljunga, picked by water solvent, the anti plagiarism scanner, as a result you get your custom essay quickly and research papers on cancer, with the highest quality. Read more on solvent the following topics: buy essays, cause and effect essays and sony communications, narrative essay writing assistance. View an essay outline template before you proceed with the water solvent, writing of your paper. Effective writing can be accomplished by anyone. Understanding the sony mobile communications, basics of why is, essay writing and constant practice can transform any novice essay writer into a professional. To write a solid essay, you have to be acquainted with the different types of essay. To know the purpose of of water pollution, each and everyone of them is critical because it can help you stear your academic paper into the right direction. Water An Important. You cannot write a self assessment essay and mobile, discuss technical information.

Understanding the objective of the type of essay you are planning to why is an important, write is necessary. If you are writing an assessment essay , you should understand the hospitality marketing, purpose of it which is to evaluate the why is an important solvent, essay topic. Dependent on the topic you have chosen, certain parameters should be used for on cancer evaluation purposes. These parameters must be chosen with the help of your professor, if possible, to ensure that you come up with a paper that has a solid ground beneath it. Moreover, using an why is water, assessment essay outline will help you construct a more cohesive academic paper. If you are writing an sexting free, essay of this kind but do not have an water an important solvent, idea on how it must be written, consult the of water, most trusted name among academic paper writing companies. We are and we provide the custom written papers for why is water everyone. Choosing an essay topic is conclusion pollution, entirely dependent on the essay format that your professor requires. For example, if you are writing a process essay your topic must involve a step by water solvent, step procedure.

Meanwhile, if you are writing a narrative essay then, you will be most likely asked to write about your personal experience. Using this, it can be deduced that understanding the purpose of the strollers, type of water, essay that you are assigned to write becomes a necessity. In writing an assessment essay , you must be aware that its purpose is to evaluate the topic of your choice. Your assessment essay topics must be quantifiable based on Essay In Constitution a set of objective parameters. An Important. The writer of an and Prejudice: Hardships of Women, assessment essay needs to an important solvent, have a clear answer to the following questions before he can proceed (courtesy of ): What is the sexting free, nature and general purpose of the object#8217;s assessment? What are the different methods that the why is an important, object uses to achieve its purposes? How successfully do these methods achieve the hospitality, goals set? What are the why is water an important, advantages and drawbacks of each method? What improvements to the object of research, assessment, if any, can be suggested? In the light of your assessment what conclusions can be drawn about the thing assessed?

Give your recommendations, if any, regarding the dispensability or indispensability of that object based on the synthesis of why is, your conclusions.

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HowTo Use rsync For Transferring Files Under Linux or UNIX. H ow do you install and why is water an important use rsync to synchronize files and directories from one location (or one server) to another location? A common question asked by new sys admin. So what is unique about the strollers, rsync command? It can perform differential uploads and downloads (synchronization) of files across the an important, network, transferring only data that has changed. The rsync remote-update protocol allows rsync to transfer just the differences between two sets of files across the network connection. Use any one of the following commands to install rsync. If you are using Debian or Ubuntu Linux, type the following command: # apt-get install rsync. $ sudo apt-get install rsync. If you are using Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) / CentOS 4.x or older version, type the following command: RHEL / CentOS 5.x or newer (or Fedora Linux) user type the following command: # yum install rsync. Since rsync does not provide any security while transferring data it is marketing, recommended that you use rsync over ssh session.

This allows a secure remote connection. Now let us see some examples of why is water an important rsync command. --delete : delete files that dont exist on strollers sender (system) -v : Verbose (try -vv for more detailed information) -e ssh options : specify the ssh as remote shell -a : archive mode -r : recurse into directories -z : compress file data. Task : Copy file from why is water an important a local computer to Pride and Prejudice: Hardships of Women in the Century, a remote server. Copy file from /www/backup.tar.gz to a remote server called Please note that symbol. indicate the users home directory (/home/jerry).

Task : Copy file from a remote server to a local computer. Copy file /home/jerry/webroot.txt from a remote server to a local computers /tmp directory: Task: Synchronize a local directory with a remote directory. $ rsync -r -a -v -e ssh -l jerry --delete /local/webroot Task: Synchronize a remote directory with a local directory. $ rsync -r -a -v -e ssh -l jerry --delete /local/webroot. Task: Synchronize a local directory with a remote rsync server or vise-versa. $ rsync -r -a -v --delete rsync:// /home/cvs. $ rsync -r -a -v --delete /home/cvs rsync:// Task: Mirror a directory between my old and new web server/ftp.

You can mirror a directory between my old ( and new web server with the command (assuming that ssh keys are set for password less authentication) $ rsync -zavrR --delete --links --rsh=ssh -l vivek /home/lighttpd. Other options rdiff and rdiff-backup. The rdiff command uses the why is an important solvent, rsync algorithm. A utility called rdiff-backup has been created which is capable of maintaining a backup mirror of conclusion pollution a file or directory over the network, on another server. rdiff-backup stores incremental rdiff deltas with the backup, with which it is possible to recreate any backup point. Next time I will write about these utilities. Please note if you are using MS-Windows, try any one of the program: = Read rsync man page.

The author is the creator of water solvent nixCraft and of water pollution a seasoned sysadmin and an important solvent a trainer for the Linux operating system/Unix shell scripting. He has worked with global clients and in various industries, including IT, education, defense and emmaljunga space research, and the nonprofit sector. Follow him on water an important solvent Twitter, Facebook, Google+. Share this on (or read 63 comments/add one below): Your support makes a big difference: I have a small favor to ask.

More people are reading the nixCraft. Many of you block advertising which is your right, and advertising revenues are not sufficient to cover my operating costs. So you can see why I need to ask for your help. The nixCraft, takes a lot of my time and sexting free hard work to water solvent, produce. Research On Cancer. If everyone who reads nixCraft, who likes it, contributes to an important solvent, support it with donations: I have RSYNC running to copy files from a mapped linux server (through a windows PC running cwrsync) to a remote linux server. Everything works fine, but the permissions and ownership changes. I added this line: and that seems to work fine in conclusion pollution, ensuring I have chmod 0755 set for my folders and files. However, it keeps reverting my users:groups from myuser:nobody to why is an important solvent, 400:401. What is the Pride in the, code that I add to rsync to have it: a) Retain the existing ownerships, or.

b) Force myuser:nobody for all files and why is solvent folders? Oops. Hospitality Marketing. Second question. Id like for all directories to why is water an important solvent, retain their original ownership and permissions (rather than forcing the research papers, chmod). The reason is because Id like for most directories to be 0755, but need 0777 on why is water an important some specific ones for a templating system and tiny_mc plug-in to work. How can i retain the sexting free, original ownership and permissions? rather than having to go through and modify them one-by-one after the why is an important, Rsync, or giving a blanket 0777 for everything?

Regardless, I dont know how to sony communications, specify folder-specific privileges in rsync and would prefer to just have them remain the same as before the rsync. owever, it keeps reverting my users:groups from myuser:nobody to 400:401. You need to add myuser:nobody to your local server. I donat know how to specify folder-specific privileges in water an important, rsync and would prefer to just have them remain the same as before the emmaljunga strollers, rsync. Make sure files are transferred in archive mode, which ensures that symbolic links, devices, attributes, permissions, ownerships, etc. Why Is Water An Important Solvent. are preserved in pollution, the transfer. rsync -avr src/path /dest/path2. Can you give a help about.

I have some unix specific setup. We have the following directories on p1cpe, and p2cpe: I need them to be available, and in sync to both systems. The originals should all be one p1cpe, so if you have to an important solvent, copy or do anything, those should be considered the source. The idea is, if a developer makes changes to files on p1cpe:/opt/Apps/StaticContent, I want it also available on p2cpe, without them having to modify it twice. All the work should be done as the user webdude.

You should have sudo rights to webdude on p1cpe and p2cpe. Couls you please help me on that. I want to emmaljunga, rsync 800Gb data over why is an important 4Mbps link. there are many folders which more than 100Gb, so it is keep failing rsync. Emmaljunga Strollers. i am using even bwlimit also. i need some script which look into folders and rsync one by one folder instead of one 100Gb folder. does it make sense? any kind of script shell or php? hi, i hope someone could help me. Water An Important Solvent. I need to synchronize files between two servers like every few minues, but i need to sony communications, do it automatedly using crontab. My problem is I need to use SSH with a different port, so i need to use the why is an important solvent, ssh n the sexting free, rsync command line. If i put the command line into cronjob, it will prompt for password rite? then it will erroneous. Solvent. Please help how to marketing, solve, as in it will rsync successfully in cronjob. use `echo your pw | rsync -e ssh .` to automatically deliver the water an important solvent, password to your rsync.

You need to hospitality marketing, use password less login using ssh keys. hmm.. Water Solvent. i found the emmaljunga, answer here. I want to mirror our web server into a backup server. How can I use the rsync? I see delete in the command line above and I dont know why? I am also afraid to run the rsync from the WRONG server putting useless files into our web server, so where do you run rsync from and what files do you copy to make a good mirror/backup server? This is for in case the web server goes down we can bring this one up(back up) and use it until the other one is fixed. I have setup cert on both servers so ssh-ing is no problem. Thank You Very Much!

I suggest you use rsnapshot tool, which uses rsync as backup tool. rsnapshot makes hourly, daily, weekly and monthly backup. You can restore from any point like hourly or weekly as per your requirement. Thank You Very Much Vivek for quick response! I will try that. Isnt the r redundant in the examples as it is why is solvent, implied by the a option?

A look at the man page says that a is short for rlptgoD. how to do automatic backup using rsync. How to sync specific files (in this case *.dat) from multiple directories where directory name is sexting free, different? For example, Id like to copy/sync all server1:/dir1/1*/*.dat files to corresponding server2:/dir2/2*/*.dat files (where 1* directory names are 101,102.. Solvent. 199 and 2* are corresponding 201,202 .. Sexting Free. 299 directories). Something like (calling rsync from server2): rsync -zrv server1:/dir1/1*/*.dat /dir2/ rsync -zrv --include=*.dat server1:/dir1/1 /dir2/ Im trying to set up a classroom, and on my server I have a folder with virtual machine images and config files that I need to distribute to why is an important solvent, 12 classroom computers. I need to hospitality marketing, make a script that anyone can run, including teachers with little computer experience. The teacher has access to the server, and the plan is that he/she only water an important solvent, needs to run one script on sony mobile communications the server to update all the water solvent, classroom computers. Of Water. Is rsync the right tool?

Yes, it is why is, right tool to of water pollution, push (from server) or pull files (from clients). Hi Vivek. Water An Important Solvent. I need to make a script to send files between local linux computers. Research Papers. Is the easiest way is using rsync? Or what is your recommend? Use rsync (sync update files only) or scp (one time copy) to why is water solvent, copy files between local or remote LAN / WAN sites. I am having 2 Server. 1 server contains Unix OS another Server contains Linux. I want to emmaljunga strollers, merge some data directories from linux PC to water an important, Unix PC. both servers contains same named directories files.

So, i want to merge all directories file without using cp -ir command, because cp -ir command with overwrite existing same named directories files,which i dont want. If Unix Server dont have rsync installed linux server having rsync, is it possible to merge all data using rsync from conclusion pollution linux PC? try cp -ur command. -u, update copy only why is an important solvent, when the SOURCE file is research, newer than the an important, destination file or when the destination file is missing. make sure backup both directories before run any commands. i hope, this will help you. Yes I want to become a download mirror for several large companies who require me to use rsync all I need to do is copy files from on cancer their server to a directory in water, mine I need some help here please. i am using suse linux server and windows xp as client.I am having a network connection here.I need to transfer the strollers, database back file from the linux server to my windows xp client.please give some steps/command line arguments to transfer this. What about rsync to an important, different port other than 22 ? We staringrting to mobile communications, switch from solaris to RedHat.

I created RedHat intel machine for webserver. For DocumentRoot I created directory /inet/elearning and with empty directory or with index.html (wich I transfer from solvent sparc machine apache started and working but when I rsync all content from sparc Im getting syntax error at start saying DocumentRoot must be directory. I see problem with directory format between solaris and redhat. Research On Cancer. I use rsync syntax: /usr/bin/rsync -avzp delete -e /usr/bin/ssh [emailprotected]:inet/elearning /inet. Is any chance do reformat directory during transfer them or after? On solaris creation block is 512, on redhat probably 4096. Any clue help may help. I have some folder in solvent, the source machine in emmaljunga, the format m_d_Y, now from the remote machine i need to why is solvent, pull only last 30 days folders using rsync. Both the source and destination are linux boxes.

Any help is appreciated. Is there an conclusion pollution option to synchronize/backup/copy files from one server to another every day at a certain time? Or better yet, does rsync provide on the fly replication, meaning as sson as something changes on one server, the changes are replicated to a second server? No rsync is not real time server file system mirroring tool. An Important. It is perfect for making backup and other purposes. Mobile Communications. Youve two options here for failback mirroring use DRBD (distributed storage system for the Linux which is like RAID 1, except that it runs over a network between two servers) or use nfs / gfs2 / ofs2 with centralized storage for cluster. This was fantastic! I have a couple of questions:

1.) Can it show the percentage completed for why is water an important solvent each file on-screen? 2.) Is there a way to dump the of water pollution, results into a text file instead of on-screen? 3.) What happens if your SSH connection is accidentally terminated in mid-process? Does the process continue without you? 1) use -v attribute along with rsync command. rsync -varpgo /usr/local/nagios/contacts.cfg [emailprotected]: 2) We can redirect the output to another file adding this at the end of any command. EG: date file.txt. Thank you very much!

This post along with your response on how to store results to a text file has been most useful! I am using rsync under ubuntu on my netbook to duplicate the contents of an important my /home to conclusion, an SD-Card, by. rsync -av delete /home/x/ /media/SD-Card/home.x.backup. Running this command, the program seems to do what it should. Why Is. But when I repeat the same command immediately after, the whole lot happens again! I thought the program should be done immediately as not any changes have been made. Of Water. What is wrong? (I dont know if it plays a role how the hard disks are formatted.

The source is ext4 while the SD-Card is FAT32 (or VFAT). Solvent. Could it be an explanation that FAT cant save the information on sexting free ownership (rights) so that on starting rsync a second time the program views all files as different and does the same job as before again?) I have one clearification on an important solvent working of marketing rsyn. how data will transfor wheather bytes leval or block leval or file leval. Very helpful post. Thanks. Lets say we wanted to copy all of the files under our local directory, /usbdisk/ and place a copy on why is water solvent the machine somemachine under the remote directory /backups/. Sony Mobile. The name of the user on the remote machine is dinesh.

Notice we added the -z argument so all data will be compressed over the network. We could use the water an important solvent, following line: I found this article very useful especially for sexting free beginners. I will try to contribute as more as possible, so it would be helpful for water an important others Very Nice Article

Can You please give more details about delete option ? When Shall I use this option ? This is emmaljunga strollers, exactly what I am after. An Important. Havent set the second server up yet but will try this between centos5 and vista for now. I hope this is gonna be good enough to get rid of the hospitality, useless Plesk backup tool. Next step will be to learn about load balancing so the 2 servers can be used simultaneously instead of the live/backup setup. This is water an important solvent, a fantastic explanation of rSync and all its idiosyncrasies. I had been putting off syncing my sites across to another server, until I came across this. Previously, I just used LFTP (another great tool, but more difficult to automate, or use with cron).

How to use rsync with a username and password that is supplied by the remote server ? I have a tar file which I need to hospitality, upload to a remote server. The remote server has provided me with IP address, a username and why is water a password. Hardships Century Essay. How do I use rsync with the username and password to upload the file on remote server ?? I am doing a rsync between two servers. I have put the an important solvent, script in crontab file so that it runs automatically everyday at pollution, night. But the problem is that rsync stops once it encounters a large file.

But, surprisingly, If I execute the same script from the CLI, it works perfectly right. Only, when it happens in water, the background via rsync, it gets stuck. Please advise what could be the issue. Do settings need to be changed somewhere. Thanks in advance. i think you need -P option for research resuming of file / folder #128521; i have downloaded a file in one account and want to copy the water an important solvent, file to the other account in the same machine,i have tried to sony mobile communications, copy using scp and cp command but without success,it keeps prompting for password.please help. I am pretty sure you have your directories round the wrong way in solvent, your examples about synchronize a local directory with a remote directory and vice versa!

I am totally fresher in Unix, and I want to cut the log files from server1 and paste them to server2. I am very much confused on Pride Hardships Century Essay the command part. Below are my understanding , Please suggest. 1.) Create public key through ssh-keygen -t rsa 2.) Copy the water an important solvent, public key to pollution, Server2 If yes, then where exactly I have to copy the key? 3.) write command in Server1 scp -C $file Path$ [emailprotected]:/path$ I want to cut the file from server1, what is the exact command for that? from where I can get the info regarding public_key_username as you used it in SSH example. 4.) You must have SSH running on Server2 to water an important, make this work.

5.) write cron job to make it automatic. Require guidance on papers same. Thanks in advance. Can anyone assure me that the rsync delete delete-after parameter deletes files. only on the DESTINATION (target) that NO file deletion occurs on the SOURCE? I am copying a 2gb single file over water an important solvent 2MB link, If copy is fail and I want to strollers, start the copy again from where it left then what is the why is an important solvent, option I need. Thank you thank you thank you #128512; keep this alive. which protocol version rsync support ? Hi Vivek, Friends, Is there any way to exclude any directory from conclusion pollution sync at either end ? How it is better than unison ? thanks. that was helpful.

I am trying to use r sync to sync up files between 4 servers . The issue is all the servers would be master servers and files can come on any of the server at why is water, anytime . Can i use rsync in this case ? what i am scacred of is what if the file tranfer is still going through one server and another file in the same time comes on that server . Thanks so much for this intro. Ive been meaning to sony communications, start using rsync for ages, this got me straight in. i have rsync errror in my downloading system.the network ip address is to be changed. so how to why is an important solvent, configure new static ip address in rsync. Im not sure if Im simply misreading the Task titles, but it seems youve got the Synchronize a local directory with a remote directory and Synchronize a remote directory with a local directory mixed up. To say Synchronize X with Y implies X is the destination and Y is the sexting free, source; X is the thing being acted upon, Y is what is being used to why is water an important, act.

However, this is definitely NOT what is shown in the example command. Pride Of Women In The 19th Century. Rsyncs first directory argument is the source, the an important, second argument is the destination. I would like to do a schedule backup using cron job in Ubuntu. If I use rsync -ave ssh [emailprotected]_ip:/var/mail/ /tmp/backup_location/, it will need to enter remote host password. So how can I use above command accompanied by sexting free remote host password. Thank you for your help.

Hi! Did you find how to do it? Have to do exactly the same. I think you must change these with each other: Task: Synchronize a local directory with a remote directory. $ rsync -r -a -v -e ssh -l jerry delete /local/webroot Task: Synchronize a remote directory with a local directory. $ rsync -r -a -v -e ssh -l jerry delete /local/webroot. the format is rsync source dest. You can remove spaces, replace spaces with underscore, Uppercase/lowercase filename, add a prefix/suffix, remove/replace strings and also catalog files by adding an incremental number to the file name. In my scenario i want to take back up through rsync only changed files in remote system.

lets say in my 1st system my folder is pasha and in my 2nd system folder is kalyan , when i synchronise both the folders i get complete backup , Then i added some files in pasha and again synchronise with the remote system kalyan. At this time i need only changed file in a separate folder in remote system kalyan.

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When to why is water an important, Capitalize Peoples Titles. When should you capitalize someones title? We get this question quite often so here are some rules and guidelines: Margaret Haines, Chairperson. Margaret Haines, chairperson. The president will address Congress. All senators are expected to attend.

The governors, lieutenant governors, and attorneys general called for a special task force. Governor Connelly, Lieutenant Governor Martinez, and Senators James and Hennessy will attend the meeting. Will you be holding a press conference, Madame President? Please give us your opinion of this latest development, Senator. We need your response quickly, Mr. President. We need your response quickly, President Obama. Will you help me with my homework, Dad?

Posted on emmaljunga strollers Thursday, October 14, 2010, at 10:35 am. 253 responses to When to Capitalize Peoples Titles Pardon, but whenever referring to the President of the why is water an important solvent United States, one always uses a capital. When has this changed? This blog follows the rules of The Chicago Manual of Style . According to Rule 8.1, Proper nouns are usually capitalized, as are some of the sexting free terms derived from or associated with proper nouns. For the why is latter, Chicagos preference is for sparing use of capitalswhat is sometimes referred to as a down style. Although Brussels (the Belgian city) is capitalized, Chicago prefers brussels sprouts which are not necessarily from marketing, Brussels (see 8.60). Likewise, President Obama is capitalized, but the president is water an important solvent, not (see 8.18-32). Pride And Prejudice: Of Women 19th. (In certain nonacademic contextse.g., a press releasesuch terms as president may be capitalized.) I am writing a business proposal and I need to refer to the title Personnel and Training SergeantThe personnel and an important solvent, Training Sergeant will oversee the project. Or is it the emmaljunga strollers Personnel and Training sergeant will oversee the project. Can you please advise.

Our blog Capitalization of Job Titles states, When the appears in water an important solvent front of the research papers on cancer job title, do not capitalize. Therefore, write The personnel and training sergeant will oversee the project. Given what your response above says, would this be correct usage: Correctional Seargent will be in charge of disciplinary proccessing. Why Is Water An Important Solvent. The correctional sergent in charge of disciplinary proccessing will work a Monday through Friday schedule? Capitalization has a lot of research on cancer gray areas. The rule of thumb is to why is an important solvent, lowercase job titles when not used with names. Therefore, we recommend not capitalizing correctional sergeant. Correctional sergeant will be in charge of disciplinary processing.

The correctional sergeant in charge of disciplinary processing will work a Monday-through-Friday schedule. This is a perennial question around here: if you capitalize the strollers names of departments, i.e., History Department, then how do you express the why is an important title of the hospitality marketing department chair: Joe Smith, chair of the History Department or. Joe Smith, chair of the history deparment. This becomes even more problematic when youre dealing with titles like head of school vs head of School. Because chair, chairman, chairwoman, chairperson, head of school , etc. are generally considered job titles, capitalize these titles immediately preceding the name when used as part of the name.

Some policies capitalize job titles immediately following the name when the word the does not appear in front of the job title. Water An Important Solvent. Others do not. Joe Smith, Chair of the emmaljunga History Department, will be speaking to . . . Joe Smith, chair of the History Department, will be speaking to . Why Is An Important Solvent. . . Im really stuck with what to capitalise or not in this paragraph! Can you help me please?? Thank you so much! General Sir Mike Jackson GCB CBE DSO is an strollers Advisory Board member and served as UK Chief of the General Staff (CGS) from 2003-2006, the culmination of four and a half decades in the British Army.

After a degree in Russian studies he joined the Intelligence Corps in why is 1963, transferring to the Parachute Regiment in mobile communications 1970. He served as Commander in Chief, Land Command from why is solvent, 2000, Commander Kosovo Force in 1999, Commander NATO Allied Rapid Reaction Corps from 1997, and Director General Development and Doctrine at the MOD. His active service has included command at company and brigade level in Northern Ireland, and divisional command in conclusion pollution Bosnia. General Sir Mike Jackson GCB CBE DSO is an advisory board member and served as UK chief of the general staff (CGS) from 2003 to 2006, the culmination of four and why is water an important, a half decades in the British Army. After a degree in Russian studies he joined the Intelligence Corps in 1963, transferring to the Parachute Regiment in 1970. He served as commander in chief, land command, [note comma] from 2000 [from 2000 to when? Maybe it should be in 2000], commander Kosovo Force in papers 1999, commander NATO Allied Rapid Reaction Corps from 1997, and director general development and doctrine at the MOD. His active service has included command at water, company and brigade level in of water pollution Northern Ireland, and divisional command in why is an important Bosnia. Writing Mary Jones, Head of School, is asking all parents to . . Mobile. . directly contradicts your recommendations stated here:

There you say that Sam Woo, Finance Director, delivered our third-quarter projections should instead be written as: Sam Woo, finance director, delivered our third-quarter projections. Perhaps Im missing something, but I dont see the distinction between Head of School and Finance Director that would warrant the difference. As part of a periodic in-house review of why is water an important solvent past blog posts, we recently edited both our response of August 10, 2011, and our Capitalization of Job Titles post to clarify that job titles immediately following a name are not ordinarily capitalized. In other words, this comes more under the heading of guidance than rule. What about this? The president of papers our country lives in the White House. There are two grammar rules which apply to your sentence. According to Rule 5 in the Capitalization section, Capitalize the titles of high-ranking government officials when used before their names. Do not capitalize the civil title if it is water an important, used instead of the name. Also, Rule 2 says, Always capitalize a proper noun. Since the word president is not used before a name, it is emmaljunga strollers, not capitalized. Because White House is a proper noun it should be capitalized. Therefore, The president of our country lives in the White House. In a news release, is it John Smith, assistant FEMA admistrator for hurricanes- or John Smith, Assistant FEMA Administartor for Huricanes.

Joe Brown, U.S. Forest Service regional director or Joe Brown, U.S. Forest Service Regional Director. Some policies capitalize job titles immediately following the name when the word the does not appear in front of the job title. Therefore, John Smith, Assistant FEMA Administrator for Hurricanes and an important solvent, Joe Brown, U.S.

Forest Service Regional Director might be acceptable, although two authoritative sources, The AP Stylebook and The Chicago Manual of Style , would advise against it. Just so Im clear, I would write: As vice president of operations, John Doe is responsible for.. rather than As Vice President of Operations, John Doe, is responsible for. Since the Pride and Prejudice: in the Century title is not part of the why is an important solvent name, it does not need to be capitalized as long as John Doe does not insist it be capitalized (the ego rule). (The ego rule) Yes, Ive noticed that, too!Numerous higher titles have corrected me when I use lowercase on research papers on cancer titles as you have described above. Ive given up to the ego rule. That is a wise thing to why is water solvent, do in Hardships in the Essay the workplace! My daughters fourth-grade teacher insists that some proper names, such as Grandma or Dad, are not capitalized. For example, Last week, grandma took us out for dinner. Grandma is not capitalized, according to the teacher. In this example, isnt Grandma considered a proper name, since it refers to a specific person? Yes, you are correct.

When the word Grandma is water solvent, used as a proper name it should be capitalized. Last week Grandma took us out for dinner. If you were to say, Last week my grandma took us out for dinner, then it would not be capitalized. The same goes for Dad, Mom , and Grandpa . I have a question similar to Lindas. Working in hospitality marketing a law office, I get conflicting instruction on the capitalization of the word plaintiff. My belief is when the an important sentence is Pride Hardships of Women, something like, As you can see, the why is water solvent plaintiff has no evidence of it is in the 19th Century Essay, lowercase. Why Is Water An Important. But in sexting free this sentence, As you can see, Plaintiff has no evidence of, it is uppercase. Is that correct?

Or is plaintiff always lowercase as some of water my colleagues suggest? Your understanding of the grammar rules is correct, however, it is on cancer, our understanding that there are specific rules for legal documents. We suggest consulting The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation, published by the Harvard Law Review Association. Should we capitalize Boards and not independent directors, as follows? Thanks. The Boards and the independent directors hereby determine

The Chicago Manual of water solvent Style says, The full names of emmaljunga administrative bodies are capitalized. Why Is Water Solvent. Adjectives derived from them are usually lowercased, as are many of the generic names for such bodies when used alone. Therefore, The boards and the independent directors hereby determine I have a question about place names: Yosemite National Park and Glacier National Park these are all capitalizedbut is it: Yosemite and Glacier National Parks or Yosemite and Glacier national parks? Policies differ on hospitality this point. It could be either one. I was wondering if this capitalization is correct: Mrs. Jane Doe is the Dean of Students.

Mrs. Jane Doe is the dean of students. Since it is not part of her name, you do not need to capitalize. Mrs. Jane Doe is the dean of why is water solvent students. Iam the of Women new Principal at

should I capitalize new Principal?? Or write I am the new principal at Since it is water an important, not part of your name, you do not need to capitalize. I found your entry and your subsequent responses most helpful! Thanks! Were glad you found our website valuable.

I am currently updating my resume. When I list my job experience, do I capitalize the sexting free titles of my positions held? Example: Assistant Principal, Carter High School, Houston, TX. Also, under the objective, do I capitalize principal and high school in Seeking a Principal position in a High School or Seeking a principal position in a high school? Thank you!

Love your website! In running text, The Chicago Manual of Style lowercases titles but caps the names of departments: James Smith, director of Human Resources. On a resume, business card, diploma, door plaque, or such, the why is water solvent title may be capped: Michelle Walker, Vice Principal, Fairview High School, New York, NY. In your objective statement, since the words principal and high school are used generically, do not capitalize. Also, since the sexting free word principal has several different meanings, we recommend rewording to: Seeking a position as principal in why is an important a high school what about titles with former?

Former President George Bush or former President George Bush ? thank you very much! Unless the word former is at the beginning of a sentence, it should not be capitalized. According to Rule 8.20 in Chicago Manual of Style (16th ed.), when a title is used in apposition before a personal namethat is, not alone and as part of the sony mobile communications name but as an equivalent to why is water, it, usually preceded by the or by a modifierit is considered not a title but rather a descriptive phrase and is therefore lowercased. e.g., the empress Elizabeth of Austria (but Empress Elizabeth of Austria); former president Carter; former presidents Reagan and Ford; the then secretary of state Colin Powell. Our response of March 15, 2012, only addressed the word former because reference books do not agree on whether to capitalize president . As you noted, CMOS would not capitalize it while the Associated Press Stylebook would (12th edition, p. 214). In these sorts of cases, we recommend that you simply be consistent. Do baby boomers, generation xers, and millennials get capitalized or remain lower cased? The baby boomers are reaching retirement age. OR The Baby Boomers are reaching retirement age. The generation xers/gen xers job hop. OR The Generation Xers/Gen Xers job hop.

The millenials work long hours. The Millennials work long hours. What I do to one, I want to do to all as I am sometimes using all of them in sexting free the same sentence. Two of the water solvent most reputable reference books, The Chicago Manual of Style and The Associated Press Stylebook , recommend that terms denoting generations are best lowercased. (It should be noted that many publications do not agree.) CMOS , however, recommends that the research single letters X, Y, Z , etc. should be capitalized. Therefore, baby boomers, generation Xers, millennials. AP caps Gen X; the rarer millennial is usually lowercase. (tweet from @apstylebook, 10/16/2009) Jane, thanks for all the why is water good counsel. So, in Jack Jackson, President of sexting free CEI, will address the senate, president is properly capitalized? Policies differ. See note at September 22, 2011, above.

I am translating documents (speeches) from an important solvent, French to English. The rules for research, capitalization are very different between the two languages. Why Is Water Solvent. I would like to communications, know if it is necessary to capitalize the generic titles at why is an important, the beginning of a speech when used in the opening address, such as: Representatives of the Ministry of hospitality marketing Education, university presidents, excellencies, ladies and gentlemen, dear friends: We are gathered here today to Representatives of the Ministry of Education, University Presidents, Excellencies, Ladies and Gentlemen, dear Friends: We are gathered here today to Thank you for your help. Generic titles are not capitalized in English unless they are being used as a direct address. Honorific titles and solvent, respectful forms of address (except sir and maam ) are capitalized in any context. By direct address do you mean when talking directly to conclusion, them? So the an important solvent beginning of a letter would read like this?: Good after-noon Gentlemen,.

Yes, direct address means speaking directly to emmaljunga, the person or persons. The word afternoon does not have a hyphen. Also, our Rule 5 of Commas says, Use commas to set off the name, nickname, term of an important solvent endearment, or title of a person directly addressed. Therefore, writing Good afternoon, Gentlemen is correct. Communications. We do not know the purpose of why is your letter, however, a formal business letter typically uses a colon instead of a comma after the salutation. Mayor John Doe is hospitality, speaking and says, as mayor, I will Do I capitalize mayor in this sentence since the water word the does not precede the job title? Since the word mayor is of water pollution, not immediately preceding his name, nor is it immediately following his name, do not capitalize. When you do not know (or cannot remember) someones name, but wish to refer to an important, that person with that persons title, is the title capitalized? For instance: Bill Summers, the artist, taught me. The Artist I met taught me. If I refer to my dad as Dad, that becomes his name, so it is capitalized, right?

Does that apply to someone like, the artist above? When reading the emmaljunga strollers web-site, I see that Rule 3 almost applies to what I need, but not quite. An Important. Can you clarify, please. Capitalize a persons title when it precedes the name. Do not capitalize when the title is acting as a description following the name. Ms. Petrov, the sexting free chairperson of the why is water an important company, will address us at noon. Any help you can offer would be much appreciated. See note at September 22, 2011, above. When the sony mobile word Dad is used as a proper name it should be capitalized. Captain.

I am not sure how to capitalize. I was a Marine, so my inclination is why is, that the title of sexting free EVERY officer is solvent, capitalized joke. I assume Captain Jones is capitalized. What about the following examples: The captain is waiting. The captain just looked at him. Go see the captain. The captain was standing just out side the door. The captain sent me.

Thanks for your help. The Chicago Manual of Style says, As is the case with civil titles, military titles are routinely capitalized in the literature of the organization or government with which they are associated. Nonetheless, in sexting free formal academic prose, most such titles are capitalized only when used as part of why is an important solvent a persons name. Therefore, your sentences with captain in lowercase are correct. Should I capitalize the and Prejudice: Hardships Century Essay job titles such as vice president if the name of the company is in front of teh title, sam with the water an important board? would I say the ISS Vice President or ISS boad or simply ISS vice president and ISS board? Policies vary. See note at September 22, 2011, above. All of the pollution following examples could be acceptable: Michael Baxter, ISS Vice President, will be the why is an important guest speaker. Michael Baxter, ISS Board, will be the guest speaker. Michael Baxter, the ISS vice president, will be the guest speaker.

Michael Baxter, the ISS board member, will be the guest speaker. We publish several catalogs for noncredit programs that include biographies of on cancer instructors. Many of these include gratuitous capitalization, which I ruthlessly decapitate. Id like your comment on water solvent the capitalization of master gardener, meaning a credential based on a program of education and conclusion, practice, used thusly: Jane Jones has been an active Master Gardener since 2011. Since I lowercase professor emeritus, I am inclined to water an important solvent, lc, but I am getting an argument. Regarding academic degrees, The Chicago Manual of Style says, Spelled-out terms, often capitalized in institutional settings (and on business cards and emmaljunga strollers, other promotional items), should be lowercased in normal prose. It seems that your catalog may fall under the an important solvent category of on cancer promotional items, which may explain why you are getting an argument. AREAA will meet members of congress. AREAA will meet members of Congress. Why Is Water Solvent. Which sentence is conclusion of water pollution, correct? In one of your examples, The president will address Congress, the word is capitalized. The Chicago Manual of Style recomends that the full names of why is solvent legislative and deliberative bodies, departments, bureaus, and offices should be capitalized. The United States Congress, the US Congress, and Congress are all included in this list.

When I want to refer to the legislative body or the legislative branch as a whole, shall I use upper or lowercase on legislative or not? Both legislative body and legislative branch should be lowercased. Love your website. Its very helpful. Im a nursing instructor and research on cancer, need some guidance. Should you capitalize the names of hospital departments. Are employees working in why is water an important the Emergency Department or on the Maternity Ward for example?

In another context, will the capitalization rule change: the mobile patient was admitted to the emergency department. Why Is Water An Important. I want to capitalize this. Papers. It is the water an important name of the place. And as a last note, how would you say this: The Attending is Dr. Smith. Is Attending capitalized? In another context, it would look like this: Dr. Smith is the Attending.

I think your rule says if the appears then it should read: Dr. Smith is the attending. Thanks for your help! The Chicago Manual of Style says, The full names of institutions, groups, and mobile communications, companies and the names of their departments, and often the why is shortened forms of sexting free such names (e.g., the Art Institute), are capitalized. A the why is preceding a name, even when part of the official title, is lowercased in hospitality marketing running text. Therefore, the emergency department and the maternity ward are correct or Loyola Emergency Department , for water, example, if no the is used. Regarding attending , since the word the is present, do not capitalize. Thank you SO MUCH for your website! I use it often (I hate to admit just how often!)

Please, can you give me guidance on capitalization in prayers? Specifically, I do know to capitalize all names of God, and pronouns such as He / His. Do you also capitalize You / Your, Thee, Thy, and Thine? I would think you might capitalize Your will, for example, but what about sexting free, Your servant? And Ive seen indications that it would actually be Your Will. Help!

The Chicago Manual of Style (8.94) says, Pronouns referring to God or Jesus are not capitalized. (Note that they are lowercased in most English translations of the Bible.) I am wondering about why is water an important, punctuation for people with multiple titles. I run conferences where many of the speakers have several roles, which are pertinent to the subject matter. Do I simply pick one? If I can use multiple titles, how do I separate? i.e. Marketing. Joe Smith, President CEO, Acme INC; Chair, Human Rights Org. Separate the why is water solvent titles just as you have done, using a semicolon to separate units of communications a series when one or more of the units contain commas. Avoid using abbreviations in why is an important solvent formal writing (but you may have to research on cancer, use them if you do not have room in the printed conference program).

Capitalization policies vary: Joe Smith, President and Chief Executive Officer, Acme Incorporated; Chairperson, Human Rights Organization OR Joe Smith, president and chief executive officer, Acme Incorporated; chairperson, Human Rights Organization. I have a question with regards to punctuation surround professional titles. Im a Registered Nurse and why is solvent, my full title is as follows: Brock Wallace BSN, RN, CEN. I did some research and found out sony mobile communications that you must list the degree that can not be taken away first so the why is BSN as it is hospitality marketing, a bachelors degree, next I found out that licensure then certifications come next in that order which I did. Why Is Water Solvent. My question is this should there be a comma after the sony mobile communications name preceding the degree or should there simply be a space and then list with commas? Thank you so much for the help. This has always bugged me as Brock Wallace, BSN, RN, CEN looks like a lot of commas. Yes, a comma is placed after the an important name.

In some cases people choose to omit lower-level degrees. That avoids using so many commas. Its up to you. Im writing a script with someone. Research. Occasionally we will have one character (A) call another character (B) sir or maam or son. Why Is Water An Important Solvent. I believe IF they are acting as proper names the first letter should be capitalized. My co-writer thinks not. Marketing. Here is an example:

Have you been smoking marijuana, Son? My co-writer wouldnt capitalize son, but I would. We agree with The Associated Press Stylebook and with your co-writer that these terms should not be capitalized. Its puzzling because all those Hallmark birthday cards when speaking to why is water an important solvent, Dad capitalize dad. I did think that I learned in school that if you are calling your father, dad, then it gets the same treatment as a name, hence you capitalize the D.

Is this a different rule or does it still adhere to the same rule? It is a different rule. Chicago Manual of Styles rule 8.35 refers to pollution, this as a kinship name . Kinship names are lowercased unless they immediately precede a personal name or are used alone, in place of a personal name. Lets write to Aunt Maud. Please, Dad, lets go. If Dad and why is, Mom are capitalized when used instead of a persons name, what about other family names like son or daughter? i.e., I love you, Dad. I love you, too, Son?

Chicago Manual of mobile communications Styles rule 8.35 refers to this as a kinship name . Kinship names are lowercased unless they immediately precede a personal name or are used alone, in place of a personal name. Therefore, capitalizing Son is correct in your sentence. I am attempting to submit a follow up letter to an interview and I cant tell whether I should state the sentence as: . . . hope I am selected as a candidate for the next phase of the why is an important interview process. . Strollers. . Water An Important. . hope I am selected as a candidate for strollers, the next phase in water an important the interviewing process. The term interview process is more commonly used than interviewing process . A better choice in your sentence might be hiring process . I hope I am selected as a candidate for the next phase of the hiring process. OR.

I hope I am selected as a candidate for hospitality marketing, the next phase of the water an important interview process. I work for a church and am often asked to add a sentence to hospitality marketing, our bulletins such as the one that follows: the flowers are presented by the Smith family. Should the why is water an important word family be capitalized after the surname? This has been bugging me and Id like to print it correctly! Thanks so much. The word family should not be capitalized after the surname. I am proofreading a book and the word laird came up.

Is this capitalized eg She sat in place of honor beside the conclusion pollution laird. OR if you say the laird of the McTavish clanwould it be capitalized? Thank you in advance for yor reply. No, it would not be capitalized in either case. In your June 21, 2012 reply to Bev Harrison, you say that neither of the two examples of laird which she gives should be capitalized.

And yet, Grammarly (advertised on your website) wants me to capitalize laird in every instance on the grounds that it is a proper noun. Can you please clarify/comment? The term is used generically in an important solvent the sentences, not as a proper noun. Therefore, we do not recommend capitalizing it. While we find Grammarly to be a good resource, there will always be some disagreement between any two grammar books or websites. I believe you are missing a rules of capitalization. The word God is conclusion pollution, capitalized as are references to why is water solvent, God, as in hospitality In the beginning the why is water an important solvent Word was God. In fact I find some sources capitalize the preceding The as well, as in In the beginning The Word was God. Perhaps this could slip in under capitalizing titles but I feel it should rightly be more specific. Thank you for sony mobile communications, your suggestion. The Chicago Manual of St yles rule (8.90) states, Names of deities, whether in monotheistic or polytheistic religions, are capitalized. Satan (but the devil)

Rules 8.91 and 8.92 go on to say, Alternative or descriptive names for why is, God as supreme being are capitalized. the Holy Ghost or the Holy Spirit or the strollers Paraclete. the Supreme Being. Words for transcendent ideas in the Platonic sense, especially when used in a religious context, are often capitalized. Good; Beauty; Truth; the One

In a user manual that documents who is responsible for each procedure: The City Manager will . An Important. . . The city manager will . . . Our recently-departed editor maintained that if a title was held by more than one person it was never capitalized. But if only one person held the title, (Senior Vice President of Hardships of Women 19th Essay Customer Service) it was always capitalized. I cant find this rule anywhere so far. Your ex-editor was referring to job titles that are used generically. The rule in our blog Capitalization of Job Titles states, When the appears in front of the why is water an important job title, do not capitalize.

What are the rules for capitalizing job titles when they are accompanied with the official department name (in a user manual)? The Minnesota Department of Public Safety probation officer and the Department of strollers Justice office coordinator shall respond to inquiries within 24 hours. Would probation officer or office coordinator ever be capitalized? Our blog Capitalization of Job Titles says, When the appears in front of the why is job title, do not capitalize. Therefore, your sentence is correct as written. A question. In the sentence I was named Chair of emmaljunga strollers . the why is water an important Chair would be capitalized? And in and Prejudice: Hardships in the 19th as chair, I chair would not be capitalized. Is that correct? A rule in our blog Capitalization of Job Titles reads Capitalize job titles immediately preceding the name when used as part of the name. For job titles immediately following the name, policies differ.

See the entry at September 22, 2011, above. Examples: We asked Chairperson Leong to water an important, join us at the meeting. Ms. Leong, Chairperson OR chairperson, will join us at the meeting. Ms. Leong, Chair OR chair, will join us at the meeting. From what I read above, I understand that since these titles become before the name that they are capitalized. Is this correct? Floyd Arts Community Member, Radford University Art Professor and Nationally-Known Artist, Liam Johnson, will discuss the objectives of the meeting. Two of the research titles in why is water an important your sentence could fall under the gray area of descriptive titles rather than actual job titles.

The Chicago Manual of Style s rule (8.29) says, When preceding a name, generic titles that describe a persons role or occupationsuch as philosopher or historian should be lowercased and treated as if in apposition. Certainly Radford University Art Professor is sexting free, a job title and should be capitalized. Floyd Arts community member and nationally-known artist sound more like descriptive titles. Why Is An Important Solvent. I recommend not capitalizing those terms. Sony Mobile. Of course, the ego rule described in our blog Capitalization of why is an important Job Titles could affect your decision. Regarding comma use, our Rule 1 of Commas says, To avoid confusion, use commas to separate words and word groups with a series of three or more. Therefore, use commas to separate all three titles. Also, the communications rule in water an important our blog Commas with Appositives states, When an appositive is essential to the meaning of the noun it belongs to, dont use commas. Therefore, you do not need commas before or after Liam Johnson . Floyd Arts community member, nationally known artist, and hospitality, Radford University Art Professor Liam Johnson will discuss the objectives of the why is meeting. Which is correct: SGSs director of accreditation or SGSs Director of Accreditation. A major rule in our blog Capitalization of Job Titles states, Capitalize job titles immediately preceding the name when used as part of the name. Many companies also capitalize job titles immediately following the name when the papers word the does not appear in front of the job title. Why Is Water An Important Solvent. Others prefer lowercase in those situations. SGSs Director of Accreditation Jennifer Jackson will be the research papers keynote speaker.

Jennifer Jackson, SGSs director of why is an important solvent accreditation, will be the keynote speaker. OR Jennifer Jackson, SGSs Director of Accreditation, will be the keynote speaker. When wrinting the minutes of a meeting, should the title of conclusion of water pollution a company official be capitalized when it follows a personal name? The minutes were taken by solvent Bryan Victorson, Secretary. The minutes were taken by Bryan Victorson, secretary. Although we do not recommend it, you will sometimes see job titles immediately following the name when the word the does not appear in front of the job title. The minutes were taken by Bryan Victorson, Secretary. How about when writing dialogue?

As in: So what should we do? asked the President. I dont know, replied the Secretary of Defense. Should President and Secretary of Defense be capitalized? Our Rule 5 of Capitalization states, Capitalize the titles of and Prejudice: high-ranking government officials when used before their names. Do not capitalize the civil title if it is used instead of the why is water an important solvent name. The president will address Congress. All senators are expected to attend. The governors, lieutenant governors, and attorneys general called for a special task force.

Governor Fortinbrass, Lieutenant Governor Poppins, Attorney General Dalloway, and Senators James and sexting free, Twain will attend. The same rule applies when writing dialogue. So what should we do? asked the why is water an important solvent president. I dont know, replied the secretary of conclusion of water pollution defense. I edited the titles to lowercase; Im glad to why is water an important solvent, know I followed the style correctly.

Your site is great. Thank you so much! We are glad that our site was helpful. My question is this: If you go on Wikipedia and see the heading: how should it be capitalised? A good one is Focal character. Thats the grammar of it.

For me, I would write it Focal Character, as its a adjective but referenced as a proper noun because technically its a name of something being explained. Wikipedia appears to follow the practice of conclusion of water capitalizing only the first word of the heading and any proper nouns that may be part of the heading. Water An Important Solvent. Focal character is not a proper noun. The word focal is an adjective describing the common noun character . Please guide me regarding the usage of capitals in this sentence I visited the national park in Mumbai. Question:Will it be National Park or national park? Unless you specifically name the national park, do not capitalize it. I visited the national park in Mumbai.

I visited Sanjay Gandhi National Park in sony mobile communications Mumbai. When ending a sentence with chair indicating a chairperson does it need to be capitalized. Water An Important. Such as. If you should have any questions please contact the chair. Our blog Capitalization of Job Titles contains the rule When the appears in front of the emmaljunga job title, do not capitalize. Since the word the appears before the water word chair, do not capitalize. What is the capitalization rule for marketing, the word gentlemen if you are using it to directly address a group of men in why is an important a dialogue? I know that the Chicago Manual of Style says the words sir and sexting free, maam are not capitalized, and it seems to me that the rule for gentlemen and solvent, ladies would be the same (respectful forms of address).

However, there is an example in CMS under 8.19 that is confusing to me. That rule states, A title used alone, in place of sony mobile a personal name, is water, capitalized only in such contexts as a toast or a formal introduction or when used in direct address. One of the examples given is: Ladies and Gentlemen, the Prime Minister. I believe Prime Minister is the papers on cancer example of a title used alone, in place of a personal name. Why Is Water Solvent. . .in such contexts as a . Pride And Prejudice: Hardships Century Essay. . .formal introduction. Having said that, it is noted that in the example given, Gentlemen is also capitalized, and I would not think that it should be. Please explain whether gentlemen should be capitalized in the following example: Please sit down, gentlemen, said the vice president.

Thank you for your assistance. In keeping with the Associated Presss capitalization policy, we would not recommend capitalizing gentlemen in Please sit down, gentlemen. We also would differ with Ladies and water solvent, Gentlemen, the emmaljunga Prime Minister. We would make it Ladies and water, gentlemen, the prime minister. In my novel, a sister, speaking to her brother, will say something like Where did you get that idea, kiddo? Or Hey, little brother, Little Brother or little brother? And what about addressing royalty? Yes, your grace. Yes, my lord. Or should those titles always be capitalized? Your site is fabulous! Thank you for sharing the rules and providing some great examples. Words such as kiddo and little brother are often called terms of endearment or pet names. The following question and answer about the capitalization of these names can be found in of water pollution the Q#038;A section of the Associated Press Stylebook:

Q. Would you capitalize terms of why is endearment such as Sweetie, Pumpkin, etc.? What about hospitality marketing, calling someone young man? from Anderson, Ind. on why is an important solvent Wed, Feb 22, 2012. A. Informal terms of address are lowercase. Same for young man . Therefore, do not capitalize these names. The Chicago Manual of Styles Rule 8.32 says, Honorific titles and respectful forms of address are capitalized in any context. They do, however, list the following exceptions to the rule:

my lord, my lady. When addressing an envelope to a family do you capitalize the word family or leave it lower-cased? The Larsen family or The Larsen Family. Capitalize family in an address on an envelope, but not when used in a sentence. The Larsen Family.

114 Main Street. Anytown, New York 10055. We saw the Larsen family at church on Sunday. I love this blog. Thank you for this! Question: When a character in fiction is conclusion of water, referred to why is water an important solvent, solely by a title or honorific preceded by the definite article, should that be written in lowercase? And in and Prejudice: Hardships in the 19th Century translations of allegorical short stories or fairy tales should The Princess or The King also be in why is an important lowercase? (I.) The family stood in awe of the Lady. The Lady was was refined. Sexting Free. The Lady was the arbitress of taste. Why Is An Important Solvent. The Lady tempered all conversation, regulated all social events.

In short, the Lady was a crashing bore. (Should the lady be lowercase?) (II.) The Colonel lived on emmaljunga an inadequate pension, but suited up each day in full regimentals and processed through town, touching his brim by way of why is an important solvent salutation, or removing his hat and smiling expansively whenever the Widow Esther approached. (Should the colonel and of water pollution, the widow be lowercase?) (III.) The Emperor banished Sister Bright Jade from the realm. But the Emperor was cursed thereafter. (Should the Emperor be lowercase if the tale is water an important, entirely about him?) Im also reminded of Nicholas Nikleby in which one of the child actors is humorously referred to as the Prodigy in multiple chapters. The Chicago Manual of 19th Century Styles rule 8.34 states,In references to works of drama or fiction, epithets or generic titles used in place of names are normally capitalized. Therefore, write the Princess, the King, the Lady, the water solvent Colonel, the Widow, the Emperor, and strollers, the Prodigy. How does one capitalize and hyphenate vice-president in the list of officers on letterhead? It should be written without a hyphen: Vice President. Can you please address the use of commas in titles for why is water an important solvent, business card use, i.e. Of Water Pollution. our VP requests in the line under his name that I remove the an important solvent comma between Vice President and Business Development, so it is simply Vice President Business Development rather than Vice President. Business Development. Is this a new or acceptable style for business cards?

I cannot find a source to address this format question. And when I apply this format to other titles, it seems more obviously wrong, i.e. Director Recruiting instead of Director, Recruiting. Sexting Free. Thanks for this helpful website. Correction: so it is simply Vice President Business Development rather than Vice President, Business Development. Although we have not been able to find any coverage of business cards in water an important solvent the leading style manuals, perhaps we can draw upon the principle of consistency as well as the ego rule mentioned in our blog, Capitalization of Job Titles. Research Papers. We have commonly seen such titles in the form Vice President of why is an important solvent Business Development. A comma could be considered a replacement for and Prejudice: of Women in the Essay, the word of . Our preference would be Vice President of why is Business Development or Vice President, Business Development. However, our ego rule generally applied says that you may have to ignore some rules in real life. If someone in your office (as in pollution your boss) wants his or her title written in solvent a certain way, then do so. For consistency, however, it would be best if your company decided on a format and stuck to it. Do you capitalize Ron Goodman, The Treasure of Senior Class for a high school student?

When the word the appears in research papers on cancer front of why is a title, do not capitalize. Senior class should not be capitalized unless a specific senior class is named, making it a proper noun. Ron Goodman, the treasurer of senior class. Ron Goodman, Treasurer of Washington High Senior Class of 2013. Which is the strollers correct form when addressing royalty in writing: Yes, my King. or Yes, My King. Your site is water an important solvent, a font of information, and I hope you can help. After performing an internet search for how to address royalty in writing, we have concluded that this is an sexting free area of specialized expertise about which we are not qualified to give advice. What we did find on a couple of sites was the recommendation to use Your Majesty. Iam having trouble in this sentence Do you think he will be our next Vice President? Why is vice president capitalized? Since the water an important title is not part of a name, it should not be capitalized.

Do you think he will be our next vice president? Im writing a screenplay where one of the characters names is the number 251. Hospitality. What would you do in this situation? What should I do when the name 251 is at the beginning of the sentence? I know this kind of encompasses the why is rules with numbers but there is no where to as a question on that page. There are no grammar rules for numbers as names.

Our Rule 16 of Writing Numbers states, Write out a number if it begins a sentence. That does not seem like a good idea if the number is a characters name since that would essentially be changing the spelling of the name. Since you are the author of the screenplay, you can set your own rules and be consistent. For instance, how does this person pronounce his or her name? Is it two hundred fifty-one? two fifty-one? two five one? Or is research papers, it something else? At the beginning of a sentence, you can decide whether or not to write the name out as an why is an important solvent alternative to 251. Just be consistent throughout the screenplay.

Im writing a paper about Governor Bobby Jindal I am not sure if I need to capitalize This is the governors last term and . Thanks in advance. Sexting Free. PS Im thinking that it should be lower case but I am just not sure. Our Rule 5 of why is an important Capitalization states, Capitalize the sexting free titles of high-ranking government officials when used before their names. Do not capitalize the water solvent civil title if it is used instead of the name. Therefore, do not capitalize the governors last term . . Research Papers On Cancer. . As Principal-in-Charge of the why is solvent chemical engineering portion of this project, Bill will ultimately Would you capialize Principal-in-Charge? Since the job title is not used as part of emmaljunga a name or as a direct address, do not capitalize.

In a press release, when writing John Doe has been promoted to Executive Vice President is that title initial capped or not? Since the job title is not used as part of why is water an important a name or as a direct address, it would not usually be capitalized. The Chicago Manual of Style does, however, note in its Rule 8.1 that In certain nonacademic contextse.g., a press releasesuch terms as president may be capitalized. I cannot find a source for this question about the capitalization of titles in direct discourse. Thank you, detective or Will I survive, doctor? We would capitalize in these case: Hello, Senator, and strollers, Yes, General. But what about the why is first two instances here? Thanks! Im glad I found this site. We recommend capitalizing Doctor when it is used as a direct address. Will you take my temperature, Doctor? Therefore, write the following:

Thank you, Detective. Will I survive, Doctor? I am a court reporter and emmaljunga, looked at Rule 6 of Capitalization: Capitalize any title when used as a direct address. (nominative of address) Well, I have an issue in dialogue QA using Maam instead of witness/deponents name e.g. Do you know the difference between a guess and an estimate, Maam? (My belief Maam is used instead of her name in this case, Ms. Flores and it is therefore a noun of address throughout, and should be initial capitalized on direct address. These are go-arounds between my proofer and myself, the an important solvent reporter?? What say you, Ms.

Jane? The Chicago Manual of papers on cancer Styles Rule 8.32, dealing with honorific titles and respectful forms of an important solvent address, specifically states that the words sir and maam are lowercased. Since these words are primarily used as a direct address, we would follow Chicago s rule. I am writing in an essay in which I want to use the following phrase: Under the Presidency of hospitality Barack Obama Under the why is water Presidency of Pride of Women 19th Essay President Barack Obama Which one is the why is water solvent correct way to sony communications, make the statement and capitalize it? Write under the presidency of Barack Obama. I just wanted to why is an important, point out that the research on cancer capitalization of days of the week and months was not included on the website. As a Canadian who uses French as well, which doesnt capitalize such words, I second-guessed my intuition that we do indeed capitalize such words in English.

If I am not the only one, then others might find it important to have this rule included. You are right, this is not mentioned on water an important solvent the website. However, your timing is just right. We are preparing a new edition of The Blue Book of Grammar and Punctuation and will be revising the website accordingly. Capitalization of days of the week and the names of months will be included in sony the new edition. I am updating a policy. Why Is. The sentence says If the oxygen level falls below 150 inches, the communications Administrator on Call will be notified. Is this correct? Since the job title administrator on call is not used as part of a name or as a direct address, do not capitalize. If the why is water solvent oxygen level falls below 150 inches, the administrator on call will be notified. Being a forefront player in the interior industry in Bangalore, we decorate the surroundings of Offices/Houses which exemplifies creativity in every sense of the word and create ambience that is impressive and inspiring to all. Being a forefront player in the interior industry in Bangalore, It decorates the surroundings of Offices/Houses which exemplifies creativity in every sense of the word and create ambience that is impressive and inspiring to research papers, all.

Which one is correct? (After Bangalore, it/we) Sir, kindly elaborate it. Use as rather than being to introduce your sentence. Also, instead of a forefront player, you need to why is water an important, use the plural noun forefront players to agree with the hospitality pronoun we. The verbs must all agree with we, therefore write decorate, exemplify, and water, create. There is conclusion of water, no need to capitalize the words offices or houses. Add commas after houses and word, and insert the article an in front of ambience. Thank you. It was really helpful. You are welcome.

Thanks for why is water an important, your great advice! Looking for guidance on when to strollers, capitalize titles of certified professionals. For example, one may go through a certification process to become a CPST, which stands for Child Passenger Safety Technician, or a CPSTI, which stands for Child Passenger Safety Instructor. If you arent using the title with a persons name, should Instructor and Technician be capitlaized? For example, CPS Technicians and Instructors put their knowledge to work through a variety of community based activities. In order to become a CPS Technician, youll need to pass the CPS Certification Course.

If you are not using the title with a persons name, the term should not be capitalized. We assume that CPS Certification Course is the official name of the course and an important solvent, therefore should be capitalized. CPS technicians and instructors put their knowledge to work through a variety of community-based activities. In order to become a CPS technician, youll need to pass the CPS Certification Course. Williams, Inc. was founded in 1991 by emmaljunga strollers my father, David Williams (Chairman of the Board). *Does father need to be capitalized in this instance? Rule 2 in why is solvent our blog Kinship Names: To Capitalize or Not to Capitalize? says, Do not capitalize a kinship name when it is not part of the personal name but is a word describing the personal name.

This usually occurs when the kinship name is preceded by articles such as the, a, or an ; or possessive pronouns such as his, her, my, our , or their. Therefore, write Williams, Inc. Pride And Prejudice: Of Women In The 19th Century. was founded in 1991 by my father, David Williams (chairman of the board). Titles are customarily lowercase except directly in why is front of a name. Should the following titles in pollution the sentences below be capitalized? BTW there is no period since the sentences are bulleted. The account executive and the subject matter expert will provided the proposed facility and proposed solution (if the solution has not been determined, the kickoff call may need to be delayed) The Account Executive and why is water an important, the Subject Matter Expert will provided the proposed facility and proposed solution (if the solution has not been determined, the kickoff call may need to be delayed) The Proposal Manager and the Account Executive will identify a win strategy to Pride and Prejudice: Century Essay, incorporate throughout the proposal response. Titles should only water, be capitalized if they precede a proper name when used as part of the name. Sexting Free. Some authorities also capitalize titles if they immediately follow the name without the water an important solvent word the. However, the Associated Press Stylebook does not recommend capitals in that case. Ive a few examples that are troubling me have I dealt with them correctly? Physician Su was promoted to marketing, the position of why is an important solvent Deputy Manager of the hospitality hospitals Administrative Department.

It was even predicted that he might one day become Deputy Director of Human Resources. They discussed the issue at the annual meeting of the hospitals permanent committee. From 7:30 to 9:30am he had breakfast and meetings with important guests such as the hotel director or manager, the why is water an important solvent head of the local construction department, the head of the local real estate department, the vice director of the sexting free towns trust fund and so on. Capitalization has a lot of gray areas. The rule of thumb is to lowercase job titles when not used with names.

Therefore, we recommend not capitalizing deputy manager or deputy director of water solvent human resources. Research On Cancer. (This rule is often overlooked in promotional materials.) We also suggest lowercase for the generic-sounding administrative department , since all hospitals have administrative departments. Your third sentence is correct. Why Is Water An Important Solvent. In your last sentence, wed put a space after 9:30 and sexting free, a comma after am . The phrase and so on seems unnecessary. Why Is An Important Solvent. You may want to simply put and before the vice director and end the sentence after the hospitality word fund. Physician Su was promoted to the position of deputy manager of the hospitals administrative department.

It was even predicted that he might one day become deputy director of water human resources. From 7:30 to 9:30 am, he had breakfast and meetings with important guests such as the sexting free hotel director or manager, the water an important solvent head of the local construction department, the head of the local real estate department, and the vice director of the towns trust fund. In the sentence, I talked to FBI agents Brown and Pride and Prejudice: Hardships in the 19th Century, Smith yesterday., should agents be capitalized? This is a close call, but we see agent as a job description, not a title, so we recommend lowercase in your sentence. However, in a sentence like We saw Agent Smith , we think most writers would opt for a capital A . When I say John Doe, Secretary pro tem, of the why is water organization. Emmaljunga Strollers. Is pro tem capitalized? Some editors capitalize pro tem , while others do not. I know that when referring to why is solvent, a family member in a sentence such as My husband went to town, the research word husband is a common noun and is therefore not capitalized.

However, what if a wife in why is water an important a work of research fiction directly addresses her husband in this fashion, My lord husband , should it be as I wrote it, or, since the wife is why is water, speaking directly to the husband, should it be, My Lord Husband or My lord Husband? And obviously, my is capped here because it starts the sentence, but if the conclusion of water pollution phrase is in the middle of a sentence, would my ever be capped? Thank you for an important solvent, clarifying these gray areas. This is a gray area indeed. Hospitality Marketing. Would you have similar problems with my dear husband? If my lord husband is used as a direct address, some writers may well use capitals, but many would not. The art teacher complemented the an important solvent students on the good job they did dyeing their T-shirts.

The Art teacher complemented the students on the good job they did dyeing their T-shirts. Since the job title is not used as part of a persons name, do not capitalize. Of Water. Also, the why is water solvent word complimented is not spelled correctly. The art teacher complimented the sexting free students on why is water the good job they did dyeing their T-shirts. Would you capitalize clan such as Masrur of the Fanalis Clan? Or Masrur of the Fanalis clan? Following The Chicago Manual of Styles example of a Ouachita tribe member, we recommend Masrur of the hospitality marketing Fanalis clan. During dialogue,where no name is invoked should the an important title captain be capitalized or not? Capitalize formal titles when used as a direct address.

Please let me know which is the correct way to sign the title as acting president of a local college: 1. Conclusion Of Water Pollution. John Doe, acting President; 2. John Doe, Acting President; 3. John Doe, President (Acting); 4. John Doe, President (acting). Thank you for your help, your lessons are valuable. There are several guidelines and rules to consider in responding to your question. We recently revised our blog When to why is an important, Capitalize Peoples Titles to reflect that titles may be either capitalized or lowercased in the complimentary close of a letter. However, when considering the emmaljunga acting portion of the why is solvent signature line you are considering, our Grammar Rules for Capitalization section advises that occupations or job descriptions are not the marketing same as titles and should not be capitalized.

Finally, our blog Capitalization of Job Titles alerts us to the ego rule where, if someone in your office (as in your boss) wants his or her title capitalized in all situations, then do so. Therefore, you have three options (whether you place acting or Acting in parentheses after the solvent name or not is up to you): Valuable read as always. Love your blog. I do some editorial work for digital marketers and keep coming across use of capitals when it comes to their titles. Sony Mobile Communications. An example would be: The next ORIAN Workshop is water an important solvent, quickly approaching and if youve received this email, you are eligible to attend! As you already know, the ORIAN Membership is designed to take you from of water, Digital Marketer to Digital Brand Expert. Question: In this case would you capitalize: workshop, membership, digital marketer, and digital brand expert?

Appreciate any tips. Why Is. Thank you! We are glad you find our blog valuable. We do not recommend capitalizing any of those terms. It is common for research on cancer, companies to use capital letters for their various job titles and an important solvent, departments, but that doesnt mean you have to. I sit on a bylaws and policy committee for sony mobile, an organization to why is an important solvent, which I belong and we are in the process of reviewing both documents. We have had some lively discussions about capitalization of titles. An example would be: The elected officers of the FCBR shall be: a President, President-Elect, Treasurer and a Secretary. The governing body of the FCBR shall be a Board of Directors consisting of the President, President-Elect, Treasurer, Secretary, the Immediate Past President and marketing, seven (7) elected REALTOR Members of the FCBR.

If you could give me an example of how the sentence should be structured so I could take it back to why is, the committee, I would appreciate it. Thank you for your help. The elected officers of the FCBR shall be: a president, president-elect, treasurer, and secretary. Emmaljunga Strollers. The governing body of the FCBR shall be a board of directors consisting of the president, president-elect, treasurer, secretary, the immediate past president, and an important solvent, seven (7) elected REALTOR members of the FCBR. Hi, Thank you for this post. Im writing an article about the mayor of our county. At the beginning I refer to him by name.

Throughout the article do I capitalize his title if Im using it instead of his name? This article is about Mayor John Doe. The Mayor (or mayor?) was born in 1947. He went to school locally. The Mayor (or mayor?) was a good sport while I was interviewing him. We do not recommend capitalizing mayor if it is used instead of the name. I have a similar question to the previous one, only this time its about sexting free, whether to capitalize the word park after naming a specific park earlier in the document. Visitors come to Grand Canyon National Park for many reasons, including to water solvent, enjoy the beautiful Colorado River. The Park recently released a study about the hospitality marketing health of the river, which found that Is park capitalized in the 2nd sentence?

Would your answer be the why is water an important solvent same if the Park was a couple of sentences later? Capitalization is fraught with gray areas. If you are working on government documents or representing a government agency, our blog Capitalization of Governmental Words says, When you refer back to a proper noun using a shortened version of the original name, you may capitalize it. Therefore, the author has some leeway in government work. However, we generally tend to side with the AP Stylebook and would recommend not capitalizing in this instance. Research. Not to get too technical here, but is it really the park or even Grand Canyon National Park that issued the report, or should it be the National Park Service that issued the why is water an important report? When writing dialogue, and research, a character addresses another using a term of why is an important solvent endearment such as Hey beautiful, or using any other term to address them, other than their proper name, should that term be capitalized? Informal terms of address are usually lowercase. I know to lowercase occupations before full names, but what if the occupation comes before just a surname? If the title and name are used as a direct address, it should be capitalized.

The word owner sounds more like a description rather than a job title or occupation. We cannot imagine addressing someone as Owner Smith. Similarly, Director Spielberg is not a form of mobile address were likely to see either. Examples: Do we have a game on Saturday, Coach Sykes? When is the why is solvent research paper due, Professor Ames? Our blog Capitalization of Job Titles says, Capitalize job titles immediately preceding the conclusion name when used as part of the name. Example: We asked Chairperson Leong to an important solvent, join us at hospitality marketing, the meeting . in the case of the classification. for why is solvent, example, assume there were different classifications of druids, call them levels or ranks if you will. so one class if purifier druids; another class is necrotic druids; another class is defiler druids my question is this: is the word druid supposed to be capitalized; or, is the word denoting the druids classification supposed to papers on cancer, be capitalized? or weird thought, should they both be capitalized? P.S. this question is in relation to why is an important, a fantasy novel series that i am writing.

Thank you for your time; it is much appreciated. Based on the information you provided, we do not recommend capitalizing either word. If using the word child as a title of endearment, can it not be capitalized in the middle or end of the sentence? [Come here, Child.] It does follow the same placement and research papers, function as dear or sweetie when used in that manner. Water Solvent. It replaces the and Prejudice: Hardships Century name of the why is water child, and the child is being addressed with it. This has sparked some debate between another writer and I.

The word child in your example sentence is sony mobile communications, considered a term of endearment, and it is usually not capitalized, even when used as a direct address. When writing a title after a proper noun, in why is water solvent this case a company name, should the title be capitalized? ex. Contact your Facebook Account Manager for details. Only the and Prejudice: Hardships of Women 19th Century proper noun is water, capitalized, unless it is a job title immediately preceding a name when used as part of the name. Contact your Facebook account manager for details. Sorry if this has been answered previously, but would officer or mayor be capitalized? As per on cancer, say, Officer John, or the mayor would like to water, see you. May you please explain when are appropriate times to capitalize? Our blog Capitalization of Job Titles explains these capitalization rules in further detail. One of the rules in that blog says, Capitalize job titles immediately preceding the name when used as part of the name. Therefore, it is correct to write Officer John. Another rule says, When the appears in front of the job title, do not capitalize. Therefore, write The mayor would like to see you. I often have to refer to an individual in my writing who is both a Reverend and who holds a Doctoral degree.

He prefers to be addressed as Rev. Dr. in formal communications. Im trying to sexting free, figure out if Im supposed to use any punctuation in an important a sentence referencing the person. For example, Rev. Dr. Ronald Fast will be speaking at The periods used in the abbreviations are the only punctuation marks required.

You may also wish to see our entry for the word Reverend in our Confusing Words and Homonyms section. Here is a line from an article: This music is mobile communications, as seductive as any on the planet, says St. Louis Symphony Orchestra Music Director David Robertson. I presume that, because of the rules above, Music Director stays as it is? Could you explain how is Dad a title? Music Director is why is water solvent, correctly capitalized in your example. (See our Rule 4 of sony Capitalization) Dad becomes a title when it is used in place of a personal name. (see our Rule 1 in the blog Kinship Names: To Capitalize or Not to Capitalize?) Please help.

I am sending a cover letter and I am unsure if I should capitalize child study team, Washington school secretary and why is solvent, Director of Special services in my opening paragraph. Please read below. Energetic Administrative Assistant that is dedicated and focused. Has accrued three years experience in communications a staff support role for the child study team, Washington School secretary and an important solvent, Director of sony communications Special Services. Excels at why is an important, prioritizing, completing multiple tasks and following through to achieve project goals. Personable attitude while maintaining open lines of communication among child study team members, district secretaries, teachers and related service providers. Also, I have included on my resume this bullet point, Multidisciplinary team; OT, PT Speech, Behaviorist, Social Workers and Psychologists. Should these titles be capitalized? I really appreciate your website. Pollution. It is so valuable. We noticed that your paragraph for the cover letter is made up of incomplete sentences.

We recommend writing a cover letter in an important formal prose with complete sentences. If you are not using a job title with a persons name, the term should not be capitalized. Therefore, write administrative assistant, Washington School secretary and director of of water pollution special services. We see no reason to water an important solvent, capitalize child study team. Capitalization and punctuation are optional when using single words or phrases in bulleted form on a resume. When writing a formal letter and placing the recipients name and title at the top of the letter above the recipients address, which is correct? John Smith, President. or John Smith, president. As the blog states, We recommend capitalizing a persons title when it follows the name on the address or signature line. But what about in sony mobile dialog, when a character is talking to a police officer? As is, Good morning, Officer. Will do, Officer. The officers name is used in the text but not the water an important dialog, so the characters presumably dont know his name and arent familiar with him.

Help! As noted in Rule 6a of Capitalization, Capitalize a formal title when it is used as a direct address. The word Officer is used as a direct address in your example, therefore it is capitalized. But its important to Pride and Prejudice: Hardships in the Century Essay, note that there are some direct-address terms that are discretionary, and many writers would not capitalize them. Examples: my friend, darling, dude, old buddy . The more formal the title, the more likely it is to be capped. Hello Good Doctors, Capitalize Good and Doctors? In a letter heading, put a comma after Hello and capitalize Good Doctors. Otherwise, we would not use caps. Is this correctly capitalized, In 2000, she was promoted to dean of the mathematics department and in 2004 she was named the Dean of Planning, Research, and Development, since Dean of why is water an important solvent Planning, Research, and Development is and Prejudice: Essay, what she was named? The rule in why is water an important our post Capitalization of research on cancer Job Titles says, When the appears in front of the job title, do not capitalize. In 2000, she was promoted to why is water an important solvent, dean of the mobile communications mathematics department and in 2004 she was named the why is an important dean of planning, research, and development. I understand the rule about not capitalizing a title after the word the. What about the of Women in the Century word our, i.e., .I will forward your request to our executive director. Should the water title be capitalized in this case? In the post above I neglected to strollers, mention the water an important solvent use of the name following the title. I will forward your request to our executive director, Jack Marson. If the name of the person follows the title, do you capitalize the title?

The same rules would apply to titles with our as with the. Do not capitalize, even if the name of the person follows the hospitality marketing title, if the name is preceded by an important a comma. When writing reports, Im pretty sure that the suspect and the victim do not need to be capitalized; however, when we start to refer to them more specifically, such as, Suspect #1 and Hardships 19th Essay, Victim #2 I am unsure whether or not they should be capitalized. Please help! In suspect No. 1 and victim No.

2 the why is water solvent only thing that needs to be capped is the N in sexting free No., the abbreviation of number (unless the why is water solvent use of # is standard for emmaljunga strollers, your purposes). Greetings of the day ! I would like to ask whether we should capitalize the first letter of the why is water an important solvent principal in a sentence below : I would like to see Principal Eric, please? Is the quotation mark below correct : Where is the book ?, asked Ramly. Our post Capitalization of Job Titles says, Capitalize job titles immediately preceding the sexting free name when used as part of the name. Therefore, capitalize Principal in an important your sentence. Also, the sentence is mobile communications, not a question, and the comma is why is, unnecessary. Write I would like to see Principal Eric please. Your quotation should be written as follows, with the question mark replacing the comma: Where is the book? asked Ramly. If writing Captain Ruso walked in the door. He held a brief meeting. As the captain left the room everyone clapped.

Would I capitalize captain in Pride and Prejudice: Hardships of Women in the 19th Century Essay As the Captain left the room. The rule in our post Capitalization of Job Titles says, When the appears in front of the job title, do not capitalize. What if you were running for a role such as school captain or student body president? Would you write the following: I am runnig for student body president. Or would it be capitalised? Do not capitalize. See our post Capitalization of Job Titles for more information. I am writing a paper and I using phrases such as, My goal is to become chief financial officer.

Does chief financial officer need to be capitalized? It does not need to be capitalized in that particular sentence. Thanks for this. Exactly the answer I was looking for, and CMOS wasnt much help. For use in a cv, how would it be capitalized;

John Doe, Consultant in Charge of Suppliers. John Doe, Consultant in why is water an important charge of sexting free Suppliers. And a second question, how would you capitalize in charge of in a headline? Thanks a lot for your help. Titles should be lowercased unless they are followed directly by a name according to The Chicago Manual of why is water an important solvent Style and The AP Stylebook . However, people often take liberties with capitalization in resumes and CVs. We do not recommend capitalizing the phrase in charge of hospitality suppliers. We need to see the headline in its entirety to why is water an important, give advice on capitalization. I write letters for a physician. In the middle of the text, is emmaljunga strollers, it Dr.

Doe, pulmonologist, or Dr. Doe, Pulmonologist? Thank you. Titles immediately following the name do not ordinarily require capitalization. I would like to know whether the professional title in the following sentence should be capitalized:

I was appointed/elected Secretary General of the union. Your quick response will be greatly appreciated. The rule of why is an important thumb is to lowercase titles when not used with names. Therefore, we recommend not capitalizing secretary general. Please clarify the capitalization of the word team in the following. Hospitality Marketing. Which is correct: A) The Marketing Team is responsible for water an important, managing B) The marketing team is responsible for managing Thank you for answering our questions! Ive read through all the questions on this blog category and am still confused if I should capitalize the words sir or maam when used as a direct address.

He took the money and said, Thank you, sir. Is this correct? Is it a term of endearment? Its not a term of kinship. Marketing. What category does it fall into? It occurs to me that it could be a description of sorts, as in Kind sir, please accept my apology. How about water an important solvent, Nice to meet you, fine lady! Thank you in advance! The Chicago Manual of Style does not recommend capitalizing the word sir. We consider fine lady a term of endearment and sony communications, would not capitalize.

Should it be: Nice speech, Mayor. or Nice speech, mayor. ? The final rule in this blog post says, Capitalize a title when used as a direct address even when the person is solvent, not named. Therefore, write Nice speech, Mayor. do you capitalize the conclusion of water word attorney when referring to a specific attorney? Example: This letter is a follow up to water an important, your conversation with Attorney Jane Doe. This may be considered a gray area to some, but attorney is more of research papers on cancer a job description than a title. Water An Important Solvent. (You wouldnt say Attorney Doe the way youd say Mayor Doe.) We recommend lowercase. The Squadron imparts training on Armament subjects to ab-initio trainees of Weapon Fitter trade and is headed by Squadron Commander of the rank of Wing Commander. The query is whether the usage of capital is justified.. We see no reason to of water pollution, capitalize the terms. What about this example, from the praise section of a books front matter (professor emeritus here):

I recommend this excellent book. T. Colin Campbell, Ph.D., Jacob Gould Sherman Professor Emeritus of Nutritional Biochemistry, Cornell University. Titles immediately following the name do not ordinarily require capitalization, however, some spelled-out terms that should not be capitalized in normal prose are often capitalized in promotional materials. We would lowercase the area of study. An Important. Also, upon Pride and Prejudice: Hardships 19th research it seems that the spelling should be Jacob Gould Schurman. I work at a school where an solvent English teacher consistently capitalizes the grade level of students, ex.: Last week Seniors Joe Smith and Suzy Lou and Juniors Bobby Jones and Nancy Drew I insist that this is hospitality, incorrect, but she insists it is correct. Can you please clarify? You are correct. The Chicago Manual of Styles Rule 8.28 gives the following recommedation: Terms denoting student status are lowercased.

freshman or first-year student. The Chicago Manual of water an important solvent Style does not address the capitalization of a second word in a hyphenated kinship name such as great-grandmother. I found the and Prejudice: Century Essay answer I needed among your questions and responses above. Thank you for providing useful, tactful responses! How about in news post for water, a law firm? (like announcing awards, meetings, presentations, etc) In each post, we start off with the firms name, attorney title, then the mobile attorneys name. Do I capitalize Attorney following the persons name? Ex. XYZ Attorney John Smith presented zada zada on zada zada. Ex. XYZ Attorneys John Smith and Mary Jane secured a victory for an important solvent, zada zada on zada zada.

Am I getting it? Our post Capitalization of Job Titles says, Capitalize job titles immediately preceding the sexting free name when used as part of the name, and Titles immediately following the name do not ordinarily require capitalization. Since the job titles in your example sentences immediately precede the names, the words Attorney and Attorneys are capitalized. However, if following the name, you would write: John Smith, attorney for XY#038;Z, presented zada zada Heres an unusual one: What if a homeless man goes by the moniker, The Mayor of solvent Palisades Park? Would you refer to him as the Mayor, or would it be lowercase mayor even if Mayor is the only name he goes by?

The Chicago Manual of sony mobile Styles Rule 8.33 says, A descriptive or characterizing word or phrase used as part of, or instead of, a persons name is capitalized. A the used as part of such a name is not capitalized (except, e.g., at why is, the beginning of a sentence). How would you capitalize the conclusion of water following uses of water board: President John Smith welcomed Mr. Jones to Pride of Women Century Essay, the board. Also, The board announced the appointment of a new trustee, Bill Jones. One more example. ABC, Inc. announced the appointment of Bill Jones to its Board of why is an important solvent Directors. We see no reason to capitalize board or board of directors in strollers your sentences.

I would capitalize the Board of Directors as opposed to a board of directors because the former is an an important solvent entity while the Pride Hardships of Women in the 19th Century Essay latter could apply to anyone. Generic terms associated with governmental bodies are generally lowercased; however, the full names of institutions, groups, companies, and the names of their departments are capitalized. The Chicago Manual of Style uses the water following example to show the hospitality marketing difference: the Board of Trustees of the University of Chicago; the water an important solvent board of emmaljunga strollers trustees; the board. When replacing a proper name with a job title or generic reference do you capitalize the replacement? Example: Borrower came into Bank to speak with Loan Officer. (Sue came into water an important, South Side Bank to speak to of water pollution, Terri). We would not capitalize the terms in your sentence. I am an investigator. I write my reports in water 3rd person, so I often will refer to myself as This Investigator. For instance, While speaking with the subject, this Investigator observed their speech to be slurred and hospitality, their movements slow. Or, This Investigator noted many inconsistencies in water an important solvent the witness statement. Is it proper to capitalize investigator since Im referring to myself? Our post Capitalization of Job Titles says, When the appears in front of the job title, do not capitalize. The same is true when this appears in front of a job title. Therefore, we do not recommend captializing this investigator.

Also, our Rule 11 of Pronouns says, The use of they and their with singular pronouns is frowned upon by many traditionalists. To be consistent, it is a good practice to try to avoid they and marketing, its variants (e.g., them, their, themselves ) with previously singular nouns or pronouns. Since the word witness is why is an important, singular, we recommend specifying the gender using his or her. If you wish to sony communications, avoid both pronoun disagreement and why is solvent, disclosure of gender, you could adjust your sentence to While speaking with the subject, this investigator observed slurred speech and slow movements.

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cause of ww1 essay About World War I. T he First World War was truly #145;the Great War#146;. Its origins were complex. Water! Its scale was vast. Its conduct was intense. Its impact on strollers, military operations was revolutionary. Its human and material costs were enormous. And its results were profound.

The war was a global conflict. Thirty-two nations were eventually involved. Twenty-eight of these constituted the Allied and Associated Powers, whose principal belligerents were the British Empire, France, Italy, Russia, Serbia, and the United States of America. They were opposed by the Central Powers: Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Germany, and the Ottoman Empire. The war began in the Balkan cockpit of competing nationalisms and ancient ethnic rivalries. Hopes that it could be contained there proved vain. Expansion of the war was swift.

Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia on 28 July 1914; Germany declared war on Russia on 1 August. Germany declared war on France on 3 August and solvent invaded Belgium. France was invaded on 4 August. Papers! German violation of Belgian neutrality provided the British with a convenient excuse to enter the war on the side of France and Russia the same evening. Austria-Hungary declared war on Russia on 6 August. France and Great Britain declared war on Austria-Hungary six days later. The underlying causes of these events have been intensively researched and debated. Modern scholars are less inclined to allocate blame for the outbreak of war than was the why is case in the past. They have sought instead to understand the fears and ambitions of the governing lites of Europe who took the fateful decisions for war, particularly that of communications imperial Germany. Fears were more important than ambitions. Of the powers involved in an important the outbreak of war, only Serbia had a clear expansionist agenda.

The French hoped to recover the marketing provinces of Alsace and water an important Lorraine lost to research on cancer Germany as a result of their defeat in why is water an important solvent the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1, but this was regarded as an attempt at restitution rather than acquisition. Otherwise, defensive considerations were paramount. Pride And Prejudice: Hardships Of Women Century Essay! The states who embarked on why is solvent, the road to war in 1914 wished to preserve what they had. This included not only their territorial integrity but also their diplomatic alliances and their prestige. These defensive concerns made Europe's statesmen take counsel of their fears and submit to the tyranny of events. The Austrians feared for the survival of their multi-racial Empire if they did not confront the threat of Serb nationalism and Panslavism. The Germans feared the and Prejudice: of Women Essay consequences to themselves of allowing Austria, their closest and only reliable ally, to be weakened and humiliated. The Russians feared the why is an important threat to their prestige and marketing authority as protector of the Slavs if they allowed Austria to defeat and humiliate Serbia. The French feared the superior population numbers, economic resources, and military strength of their German neighbours. France's principal defence against the threat of German power was its alliance with Russia.

This it was imperative to defend. The British feared occupation of the Low Countries by a hostile power, especially a hostile power with a large modern navy. But most of all they feared for the long-term security of their Empire if they did not support France and Russia, their principal imperial rivals, whose goodwill they had been assiduously cultivating for a decade. All governments feared their peoples. Some statesmen welcomed the war in the belief that it would act as a social discipline purging society of dissident elements and encouraging a return to patriotic values. Others feared that it would be a social solvent, dissolving and transforming everything it touched. The process of expansion did not end in water August 1914.

Other major belligerents took their time and waited upon Pride Hardships in the Essay, events. Italy, diplomatically aligned with Germany and Austria since the why is solvent Triple Alliance of 1882, declared its neutrality on 3 August. In the following months it was ardently courted by France and Britain. On 23 May 1915 the Italian government succumbed to Allied temptations and declared war on Austria-Hungary in pursuit of territorial aggrandizement in the Trentino. Bulgaria invaded Serbia on 7 October 1915 and sealed that pugnacious country's fate. Serbia was overrun. The road to Constantinople was opened to the Central Powers. Romania prevaricated about which side to join, but finally chose the Allies in August 1916, encouraged by the success of the Russian 'Brusilov Offensive'. It was a fatal miscalculation. The German response was swift and decisive. Romania was rapidly overwhelmed by two invading German armies and its rich supplies of wheat and oil did much to keep Germany in the war for another two years.

Romania joined Russia as the other Allied power to suffer defeat in the war. It was British belligerency, however, which was fundamental in turning a European conflict into a world war. Britain was the world's greatest imperial power. The British had world-wide interests and hospitality marketing world-wide dilemmas. They also had world-wide friends. Germany found itself at war not only with Great Britain but also with the dominions of Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and South Africa and why is solvent with the greatest British imperial possession, India. Concern for the defence of India helped bring the British into conflict with the Ottoman Empire in November 1914 and resulted in a major war in the Middle East. Most important of all, perhaps, Britain's close political, economic, and cultural ties with the United States of America, if they did not ensure that nation's eventual entry into the war, certainly made it possible. The American declaration of war on Germany on 6 April 1917 was a landmark not only in the history of the and Prejudice: Hardships United States but also in why is solvent that of Europe and the world, bringing to an end half a millennium of European domination and ushering in 'the American century'. The geographical scale of the conflict meant that it was not one war but many. Conclusion Pollution! On the Western Front in France and Belgium the French and their British allies, reinforced from 1917 onwards by the Americans, were locked in a savage battle of why is water an important solvent attrition against the German army.

Here the war became characterized by increasingly elaborate and emmaljunga strollers sophisticated trench systems and field fortifications. Dense belts of barbed wire, concrete pillboxes, intersecting arcs of machine-gun fire, and accumulating masses of quick-firing field and heavy artillery rendered man#156;uvre virtually impossible. Casualties were enormous. The first phase of the war in the west lasted until November 1914. This witnessed Germany's attempt to defeat France through an enveloping movement round the left flank of the French armies. The plan met with initial success. The advance of the German armies through Belgium and northern France was dramatic.

The French, responding with an why is, offensive in Lorraine, suffered an almost catastrophic national defeat. Pollution! France was saved by the iron nerve of why is water an important its commander-in-chief, General J. J. C. Joffre, who had not only the intelligence but also the strength of character to pollution extricate himself from the ruin of his plans and order the historic counter-attack against why is an important the German right wing, the 'miracle of the sexting free Marne'. The German armies were forced to retreat and to entrench. Their last attempt at a breakthrough was stopped by French and British forces near the small Flemish market town of Ypres in November. By Christmas 1914 trench lines stretched from the why is water an important solvent Belgian coast to the Swiss frontier. Although the events of emmaljunga strollers 1914 did not result in a German victory, they left the Germans in a very strong position. The German army held the strategic initiative.

It was free to retreat to positions of why is an important tactical advantage and to sony mobile reinforce them with all the skill and ingenuity of German military engineering. Enormous losses had been inflicted on France. Two-fifths of France's military casualties were incurred in 1914. These included a tenth of the officer corps. Why Is Solvent! German troops occupied a large area of northern France, including a significant proportion of French industrial capacity and mineral wealth. These realities dominated the second phase of the and Prejudice: in the 19th Essay war in why is water an important solvent the west.

This lasted from November 1914 until March 1918. It was characterized by the unsuccessful attempts of the French and their British allies to evict the German armies from French and research Belgian territory. During this period the why is an important solvent Germans stood mainly on the defensive, but they showed during the Second Battle of Ypres (22 April-25 May 1915), and sony more especially during the Battle of Verdun (21 February-18 December 1916), a dangerous capacity to disrupt their enemies' plans. The French made three major assaults on the German line: in the spring of 1915 in Artois; in the autumn of water 1915 in Champagne; and in the spring of 1917 on the Aisne (the 'Nivelle Offensive'). These attacks were characterized by the intensity of the fighting and the absence of achievement. Little ground was gained. Hospitality Marketing! No positions of strategic significance were captured. Why Is Water! Casualties were severe. The failure of the Nivelle Offensive led to a serious breakdown of morale in the French army. For much of the rest of 1917 it was incapable of major offensive action.

The British fared little better. Although their armies avoided mutiny they came no closer to papers breaching the German line. During the battles of the Somme (1 July19 November 1916) and the Third Battle of Ypres (31 July-12 November 1917) they inflicted great losses on the German army at great cost to themselves, but the German line held and no end to the war appeared in sight. The final phase of the war in the west lasted from 21 March until 11 November 1918. This saw Germany once more attempt to achieve victory with a knock-out blow and once more fail. The German attacks used sophisticated new artillery and infantry tactics. They enjoyed spectacular success. The British 5th Army on the Somme suffered a major defeat. But the British line held in front of Amiens and later to the north in front of Ypres.

No real strategic damage was done. By midsummer the German attacks had petered out. The German offensive broke the trench deadlock and returned movement and man#156;uvre to the strategic agenda. Water Solvent! It also compelled closer Allied military co-operation under a French generalissimo, General Ferdinand Foch. Hospitality! The Allied counter-offensive began in July. At the Battle of Amiens, on 8 August, the British struck the German army a severe blow. For the rest of the war in the west the water solvent Germans were in retreat. On the Eastern Front in Galicia and Russian Poland the Germans and their Austrian allies fought the hospitality gallant but disorganized armies of Russia.

Here the distances involved were very great. Artillery densities were correspondingly less. Man#156;uvre was always possible and cavalry could operate effectively. This did nothing to why is an important lessen casualties, which were greater even than those on the Western Front. The war in the east was shaped by German strength, Austrian weakness, and Russian determination. Pride And Prejudice: Hardships Essay! German military superiority was apparent from the water solvent start of the war.

The Russians suffered two crushing defeats in 1914, at Tannenberg (26-31 August) and and Prejudice: Hardships of Women in the 19th Essay the Masurian Lakes (5-15 September). These victories ensured the why is water solvent security of Germany's eastern frontiers for the rest of the research papers on cancer war. Why Is! They also established the sexting free military legend of Field-Marshal Paul von Hindenburg and General Erich Ludendorff, who emerged as principal directors of the German war effort in the autumn of 1916. By September 1915 the Russians had been driven out of Poland, Lithuania, and Courland. Austro-German armies occupied Warsaw and the Russian frontier fortresses of Ivangorod, Kovno, Novo-Georgievsk, and Brest-Litovsk. These defeats proved costly to Russia. They also proved costly to Austria. Austria had a disastrous war.

Italian entry into the war compelled the solvent Austrians to fight an research, three fronts: against Serbia in the Balkans; against Russia in Galicia; against Italy in the Trentino. This proved too much for Austrian strength. Their war effort was characterized by why is solvent dependency on Germany. Germans complained that they were shackled to the 'Austrian corpse'. The war exacerbated the Austro-Hungarian Empire's many ethnic and national tensions. Pride And Prejudice: Hardships Of Women In The Century Essay! By 1918 Austria was weary of the war and desperate for peace. This had a major influence on the German decision to why is water solvent seek a victory in the west in the spring of 1918. Perceptions of the Russian war effort have been overshadowed by the October Revolution of 1917 and by research papers Bolshevik 'revolutionary defeatism' which acquiesced in the punitive Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (14 March 1918) and took Russia out of the war. This has obscured the astonishing Russian determination to keep faith with the Franco-British alliance.

Without the Russian contribution in the east it is far from certain that Germany could have been defeated in the west. The unhesitating Russian willingness to aid their western allies is nowhere more apparent than in the 'Brusilov Offensive' (June-September 1916), which resulted in the capture of the Bukovina and large parts of Galicia, as well as 350,000 Austrian prisoners, but at a cost to Russia which ultimately proved mortal. In southern Europe the why is an important Italian army fought eleven indecisive battles in an attempt to dislodge the Austrians from their mountain strongholds beyond the Isonzo river. In October 1917 Austrian reinforcement by seven German divisions resulted in a major Italian defeat at Caporetto. The Italians were pushed back beyond the Piave. This defeat produced changes in the Italian high command. During 1918 Italy discovered a new unity of purpose and a greater degree of organization.

On 24 October 1918 Italian and British forces recrossed the Piave and split the Austrian armies in two at Vittorio Veneto. Austrian retreat turned into rout and then into surrender. In the Balkans the Serbs fought the Austrians and Bulgarians, suffering massive casualties, including the highest proportion of servicemen killed of any belligerent power. In October 1915 a Franco-British army was sent to Macedonia to operate against the Bulgarians. It struggled to have any influence on conclusion of water pollution, the war. Why Is Water An Important Solvent! The Germans mocked it and declared Salonika to be the biggest internment camp in pollution Europe, but the French and why is water solvent British eventually broke out of the malarial plains into the mountainous valleys of the Vardar and Struma rivers before inflicting defeat on Bulgaria in the autumn of 1918. In the Middle East British armies fought the Turks in a major conflict with far-reaching consequences. Here the and Prejudice: of Women 19th war was characterized by the doggedness of Turkish resistance and by the constant struggle against climate, terrain, and why is water an important disease. The British attempted to knock Turkey out of the war with an attack on the Gallipoli peninsula in April 1915, but were compelled to withdraw at the end of the year, having failed to break out from their narrow beach-heads in the face of stubborn Turkish resistance, coordinated by a German general, Liman von Sanders. The British also suffered another humiliating reverse in Mesopotamia when a small army commanded by Major-General C. V. F. Townshend advanced to Ctesiphon but outran its supplies and was compelled to surrender at Kut-al-Amara in April 1916.

Only after the appointment of of water Sir Stanley Maude to the command of British forces in Mesopotamia did Britain's superior military and economic strength begin to why is an important assert itself. Maude's forces captured Baghdad in March 1917, the first clear-cut British victory of the hospitality marketing war. The following June General Sir Edmund Allenby was appointed to command British forces in Egypt. He captured Jerusalem by Christmas and in September 1918 annihilated Turkish forces in Palestine. Turkey surrendered on 31 October 1918. The war also found its way to tropical Africa. Water! Germany's colonies in West and south-west Africa succumbed to British and South African forces by the spring of 1915. In East Africa, however, a German army of pollution locally raised black African soldiers commanded by Colonel Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck conducted a brilliant guerrilla campaign, leading over 100,000 British and South African troops a merry dance through the bush and surrendering only after the defeat of Germany in Europe became known. On and under the oceans of the world, Great Britain and Germany contested naval supremacy.

Surface battles took place in why is water the Pacific, the south Atlantic, and the North Sea. The British generally had the better of these despite suffering some disappointments, notably at Coronel (1 November 1914) and Jutland (31 May-1 June 1916), the only major fleet engagement, during which Admiral Sir John Jellicoe failed to deliver the expected Nelsonic victory of total annihilation. Submarine warfare took place in marketing the North Sea, the Black Sea, the Atlantic, the Mediterranean, and the Baltic. Why Is Water An Important! German resort to conclusion unrestricted submarine warfare (February 1917) brought Britain to the verge of ruin. German violation of international law and sinking of American ships also helped bring the United States into why is an important solvent the war on the Allied side. The British naval blockade of Germany, massively reinforced by the Americans from April 1917, played an important role in emmaljunga strollers German defeat. The geographical scale of the conflict made it very difficult for water solvent, political and military leaders to control events. The obligations of and Prejudice: in the Century Essay coalition inhibited strategic independence. Short-term military needs often forced the great powers to why is water an important solvent allow lesser states a degree of licence they would not have enjoyed in peacetime.

Governments' deliberate arousal of popular passions made suggestions of compromise seem treasonable. The ever-rising cost of the military means inflated the political ends. Hopes of a peaceful new world order began to replace old diplomatic abstractions such as 'the balance of power'. Rationality went out of season. War aims were obscured. Strategies were distorted. Great Britain entered the marketing war on proclaimed principles of an important international law and in defence of the rights of small nations.

By 1918 the British government was pursuing a Middle Eastern policy of naked imperialism (in collaboration with the French), while simultaneously encouraging the aspirations of Arab nationalism and promising support for the establishment of a Jewish national home in Palestine. It was truly a war of illusions. Europe's political and military leaders have been subjected to on cancer much retrospective criticism for their belief that the #145;war would be over by Christmas'. This belief was not based on water an important, complacency. Even those who predicted with chilling accuracy the murderous nature of First World War battlefields, such as the hospitality marketing Polish banker Jan Bloch, expected the why is water an important war to be short. This was because they also expected it to be brutal and costly, in both blood and treasure. No state could be expected to sustain such a war for very long without disastrous consequences. The war which gave the lie to papers these assumptions was the American Civil War. This had been studied by European military observers at close quarters.

Most, however, dismissed it. This was particularly true of the Prussians. Their own military experience in solvent the wars against Austria (1866) and France (1870-1) seemed more relevant and compelling. These wars were both short. They were also instrumental. In 1914 the Germans sought to replicate the success of their Prussian predecessors. They aimed to fight a 'cabinet war' on the Bismarckian model. To do so they developed a plan of breath-taking recklessness which depended on the ability of the German army to sexting free defeat France in the thirty-nine days allowed for a war in why is water solvent the west. Strategic conduct of the First World War was dominated by sexting free German attempts to achieve victory through knock-out blows. Erich von Falkenhayn, German commander-in-chief from September 1914 until August 1916, was almost alone in his belief that Germany could obtain an outcome to the war satisfactory to its interests and those of its allies without winning smashing victories of solvent total annihilation. Hospitality! His bloody attempt to win the war by attrition at Verdun in 1916 did little to recommend the strategy to his fellow countrymen.

The preference for knock-out blows remained. It was inherited from water an important solvent German history and was central to Germany's pre-war planning. Pre-war German strategy was haunted by the fear of a war on two fronts, against France in the west and marketing Russia in the east. The possibility of a diplomatic solution to this dilemma was barely considered by the military-dominated German government. A military solution was sought instead. The German high command decided that the best form of an important defence was attack. Conclusion Pollution! They would avoid a war on two fronts by knocking out one of their enemies before the other could take the field. The enemy with the slowest military mobilization was Russia. The French army would be in the field first. Why Is Solvent! France was therefore chosen to receive the first blow. Once France was defeated the German armies would turn east and defeat Russia.

The Schlieffen Plan rested on sexting free, two assumptions: that it would take the Russians six weeks to put an army into the field; and water solvent that six weeks was long enough to defeat France. By 1914 the first assumption was untrue: Russia put an army into the field in fifteen days. The second assumption left no margin for error, no allowance for the inevitable friction of war, and emmaljunga was always improbable. The failure of the Schlieffen Plan gave the why is an important First World War its essential shape. This was maintained by marketing the enduring power of the an important solvent German army, which was, in John Terraine's phrase, 'the motor of the research on cancer war'. Why Is An Important Solvent! The German army was a potent instrument. Hardships In The! It had played a historic role in the emergence of the German state. It enjoyed enormous prestige. It was able to recruit men of talent and dedication as officers and NCOs. As a result it was well trained and well led. It had the political power to command the resources of Germany's powerful industrial economy.

Germany's position at the heart of Europe meant that it could operate on interior lines of communication in a European war. The efficient German railway network permitted the movement of German troops quickly from front to front. An Important! The superior speed of the marketing locomotive over the ship frustrated Allied attempts to use their command of the sea to operate effectively against the periphery of the Central Powers. The power of the German army was the fundamental strategic reality of the war. 'We cannot hope to win this war until we have defeated the why is water an important solvent German army,' wrote the emmaljunga commander-in-chief of the British Expeditionary Force, Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig. This was a judgement whose consequences some Allied political leaders were reluctant to embrace. The German army suffered from two important strategic difficulties.

The first of these was the solvent inability of the German political system to forge appropriate instruments of strategic control. The second was Great Britain. German government rested on the tortured personality of the Kaiser. It was riven by intrigue and indecision. The kind of hospitality centralized decision-making structures which eventually evolved in Britain and France (though not in Russia) failed to evolve in Germany. When the Kaiser proved incapable of coordinating German strategy, he was replaced not by a system but by other individuals, seemingly more effective. Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg radiated calm and inspired confidence.

This gave him the appearance of a great man but without the substance. General Erich Ludendorff was a military technocrat of outstanding talent, but he was highly strung and without political judgement. In 1918 his offensive strategy brought Germany to ruin. The failure to develop effective mechanisms of solvent strategic control applied equally to the Austro-German alliance. The Austrians depended on German military and sony mobile economic strength, but the water solvent Germans found it difficult to turn this into 'leverage'. Austria was willing to take German help but not German advice. Only after the crushing reverses inflicted by Brusilov's offensive did the Austrians submit to German strategic direction.

By then it was almost certainly too late. Germany's pre-war strategic planning was based entirely on winning a short war. British belligerency made this unlikely. The British were a naval rather than a military power. They could not be defeated by the German army, at Pride and Prejudice: Hardships in the Century Essay least not quickly. The British could, if necessary, hold out even after their Continental allies had been defeated. They might even have chosen to do this. Why Is! They had in the past and they would again in the not-too-distant future. The German navy was too weak to defeat the British, but large enough to make them resentful and suspicious of German policy; it ought never to have been built. British entry into the war dramatically shifted the economic balance in favour of the Allies.

Britain was one of the world's great industrial powers. Seventy-five per cent of the world's shipping was British built and much of it British owned. London was the world's greatest money and commodities market. British access to world supplies of food and credit and to imperial resources of manpower made them a formidable enemy, despite the 'contemptible little army' which was all they could put into the field on the outbreak of war. From about mid-1916 onwards British economic, industrial, and manpower resources began to be fully mobilized. Germany was forced for the first time to confront the reality of material inferiority. Sexting Free! Germany had increasingly to fight a war of scarcity, the Allies increasingly a war of abundance.

French strategy was dominated by the German occupation of much of northern France and most of Belgium. Why Is Water An Important! At its closest point the German line was less than 40 miles from Paris. A cautious, defensive strategy was politically unacceptable and research papers on cancer psychologically impossible, at least during the first three years of the war. During 1914 and 1915 France sacrificed enormous numbers of men in the attempt to evict the Germans. This was followed by the torment of Verdun, where the Germans deliberately attempted to 'bleed France white'.

French fears of military inferiority were confirmed. If France was to prevail its allies would have to contribute in why is an important solvent kind. Sexting Free! For the British this was a radical departure from the historic norm and one which has appalled them ever since. British strategy became increasingly subordinated to the needs of the Franco-British alliance. The British fought the war as they had to, not as they wanted to. The British way in warfare envisaged a largely naval war. A naval blockade would weaken Germany economically. If the German navy chose not to break the stranglehold Germany would lose the war. Why Is Water An Important! If it did choose to fight it would be annihilated.

British maritime superiority would be confirmed. Neutral opinion would be cowed. Fresh allies would be encouraged into sony communications the fight. The blockade would be waged with greater ruthlessness. Military operations would be confined to water solvent the dispatch of a small professional expeditionary force to help the French. Remaining military forces would be employed on the periphery of the Central Powers remote from the German army, where it was believed they would exercise a strategic influence out of sexting free all proportion to their size. The British never really fought the war they envisaged. The branch of the British army which sent most observers to water solvent the American Civil War was the Corps of Royal Engineers.

And it was a Royal Engineers' officer, Lord Kitchener, who was one of the few European political and military leaders to recognize that the war would be long and require the complete mobilization of national resources. Kitchener was appointed Secretary of State for pollution, War on why is water an important solvent, 5 August 1914. Papers! He doubted whether the French and the Russians were strong enough to defeat Germany without massive British military reinforcement. He immediately sought to raise a mass citizen army. Water An Important Solvent! There was an overwhelming popular response to his call to arms. Kitchener envisaged this new British army taking the field in sexting free 1917 after the French and Russian armies had rendered the German army ripe for defeat. They would be 'the last million men'. Why Is Water An Important Solvent! They would win the war and decide the sexting free peace. For the British a satisfactory peace would be one which guaranteed the why is long-term security of the British Empire.

This security was threatened as much by Britain's allies, France and Russia, as it was by Germany. It was imperative not only that the Allies win the hospitality war but also that Britain emerge from it as the dominant power. Kitchener's expectations were disappointed. By 1916 it was the French army which was ripe for defeat, not the German. But the obligations of the French alliance were inescapable. The British could not afford to acquiesce in an important a French defeat. French animosity and resentment would replace the valuable mutual understanding which had been achieved in the decade before the pollution war. The French had a great capacity for making imperial mischief. And so did the Russians.

If they were abandoned they would have every reason for doing so. There seemed no choice. The ill-trained and ill-equipped British armies would have to take the field before they were ready and be forced to take a full part in an important solvent the attrition of marketing German military power. The casualties which this strategy of 'offensive attrition' involved were unprecedented in British history. They were also unacceptable to some British political leaders. Winston Churchill and water solvent David Lloyd George (Prime Minister from December 1916), in particular, were opposed to the British army 'chewing barbed wire' on the Western Front. They looked to use it elsewhere, against Germany's allies in the eastern Mediterranean, the Middle East, and the Balkans. Their attempts to do this were inhibited by the need to keep France in the war. Research Papers! This could only why is water an important solvent, be done in research papers France and by fighting the why is an important German army. They were also inhibited by the war's operational and tactical realities. These imposed themselves on Gallipoli and in Salonika and in research Italy just as they did on the Western Front.

Attempts to implement an Allied grand strategy enjoyed some success. Allied political and military leaders met regularly. At Chantilly in December 1915 and December 1916 they determined to stretch the German army to why is water its limits by simultaneous offensive action on the western, eastern, and Italian fronts. A Supreme Allied War Council was established at Versailles on 27 November 1917, and was given the sexting free power to control Allied reserves. Franco-British co-operation was especially close. This was largely a matter of water practical necessity which relied on the mutual respect and understanding between French and British commanders-in-chief on the Western Front. The system worked well until the German Spring Offensive of 1918 threatened to conclusion of water divide the Allies. Only then was it replaced by a more formal structure. But not even this attained the levels of joint planning and why is water an important solvent control which became a feature of Anglo-American co-operation in the Second World War. Allied grand strategy was conceptually sound. The problems which it encountered were not principally ones of planning or of co-ordination but of performance.

Achieving operational effectiveness on the battlefield was what was difficult. This has given the war, especially the war in the west, its enduring image of boneheaded commanders wantonly sacrificing the lives of their men in fruitless pursuit of impossibly grandiose strategic designs. The battlefields of the First World War were the product of sexting free a century of economic, social, and political change. Europe in 1914 was more populous, more wealthy, and more coherently organized than ever before. The rise of water an important solvent nationalism gave states unprecedented legitimacy and authority. Hospitality Marketing! This allowed them to demand greater sacrifices from their civilian populations. Improvements in agriculture reduced the numbers needed to why is water an important work on the land and provided a surplus of papers on cancer males of military age.

They also allowed larger and larger armies to water solvent be fed and kept in the field for years at a time. Research On Cancer! Changes in administrative practice brought about by the electric telegraph, the telephone, the typewriter, and the growth of why is an important railways allowed these armies to be assembled and deployed quickly. Industrial technology provided new weapons of unprecedented destructiveness. Quick-firing rifled cannon, breech-loading magazine rifles, and machine-guns transformed the range, rapidity, accuracy, and deadliness of military firepower. They also ensured that in any future war, scientists, engineers, and mechanics would be as important as soldiers. These changes did much to make the First World War the marketing first 'modern war'.

But it did not begin as one. The fact of water an important solvent a firepower revolution was understood in most European armies. The consequences of Hardships 19th Essay it were not. The experience of the why is an important Russo-Japanese War (1904-5) appeared to conclusion offer a human solution to the problems of the technological battlefield. Victory would go to the side with the best-trained, most disciplined army, commanded by generals of iron resolution, prepared to maintain the offensive in the face of huge losses. An Important Solvent! As a result the opening battles of the war were closer in conception and execution to those of the Napoleonic era than to the battles of on cancer 1916 onwards. It is difficult to say exactly when 'modern' war began, but it was apparent by the end of why is water an important solvent 1915 that pre-war assumptions were false. Well-trained, highly disciplined French, German, and Russian soldiers of high morale were repeatedly flung into of water battle by commanders of iron resolve. The results were barren of strategic achievement. The human costs were immense. The 'human solution' was not enough.

The search for water, a technological solution was inhibited not only by the tenacity of pre-war concepts but also by the limitations of the technology itself. The principal instrument of education was artillery. And the mode of instruction was experience. Emmaljunga Strollers! Shell-fire was merciless to troops in the open. The response was to get out of the open and into the ground. Soldiers did not dig trenches out of perversity in order to be cold, wet, rat-infested, and lice-ridden. They dug them in order to survive.

The major tactical problem of the solvent war became how to break these trench lines once they were established and of water reinforced. For much of the war artillery lacked the ability to find enemy targets, to hit them accurately, and to destroy them effectively. Contemporary technology failed to water provide a man-portable wireless. Communication for most of the war was dependent on telephone or telegraph wires. These were always broken by shell-fire and difficult to protect. Pride And Prejudice: Hardships Of Women In The 19th Century! Artillery and infantry commanders were rarely in voice communication and both usually lacked 'real time' intelligence of battlefield events; First World War infantry commanders could not easily call down artillery fire when confronted by an enemy obstruction. An Important! As a result the sony communications coordination of infantry and why is an important solvent artillery was very difficult and often impossible. Infantry commanders were forced to fall back on their own firepower and this was often inadequate.

The infantry usually found itself with too much to do, and research paid a high price for water solvent, its weakness. Artillery was not only a major part of the problem, however. It was also a major part of the solution. During 1918 Allied artillery on the western front emerged as a formidable weapon. Sexting Free! Target acquisition was transformed by water solvent aerial photographic reconnaissance and the sophisticated techniques of flash-spotting and sound-ranging. These allowed mathematically predicted fire, or map-shooting.

The pre-registration of guns on enemy targets by actual firing was no longer necessary. Sexting Free! The possibility of surprise returned to water the battlefield. Accuracy was greatly improved by maintaining operating histories for individual guns. Battery commanders were supplied with detailed weather forecasts every four hours. Each gun could now be individually calibrated according to its own peculiarities and according to wind speed and direction, temperature, and humidity. Marketing! All types and calibres of why is an important solvent guns, including heavy siege howitzers whose steep angle of fire was especially effective in trench warfare, became available in virtually unlimited numbers. Munitions were also improved.

Poison gas shells became available for the first time in large numbers. Emmaljunga Strollers! High explosive replaced shrapnel, a devastating anti-personnel weapon but largely ineffective against the earthworks, barbed wire entanglements, and concrete machine-gun emplacements which the infantry had to assault. Instantaneous percussion fuses concentrated the explosive effect of shells more effectively against barbed wire and reduced the cratering of the why is water an important battlefield which had often rendered the forward movement of supplies and reinforcements difficult if not impossible. Artillery-infantry co-operation was radically improved by aerial fire control. The tactical uses to which this destructive instrument were put also changed. Pride And Prejudice: Of Women In The 19th Essay! In 1915, 1916, and for much of 1917 artillery was used principally to kill enemy soldiers. It always did so, sometimes in large numbers. But it always spared some, even in front-line trenches.

These were often enough, as during the first day of the Battle of the Somme (1 July 1916), to inflict disastrous casualties on attacking infantry and bring an entire offensive to a halt. From the autumn of 1917 and during 1918, however, artillery was principally used to suppress enemy defences. Command posts, telephone exchanges, crossroads, supply dumps, forming-up areas, and gun batteries were targeted. Effective use was made of poison gas, both lethal and water an important lachrymatory, and emmaljunga smoke. The aim was to disrupt the enemy's command and control system and keep his soldiers' heads down until attacking infantry could close with them and bring their own firepower to bear. The attacking infantry were also transformed.

In 1914 the British soldier went to war dressed like a gamekeeper in why is an important a soft cap, armed only with rifle and bayonet. In 1918 he went into battle dressed like an industrial worker in a steel helmet, protected by a respirator against poison gas, armed with automatic weapons and mortars, supported by tanks and ground-attack aircraft, and preceded by a creeping artillery barrage of crushing intensity. Firepower replaced manpower as the instrument of communications victory. This represented a revolution in the conduct of war. The ever-increasing material superiority of the western Allies confronted the German army with major problems. Its response was organizational. As early as 1915 even the weakly armed British proved that they could always break into the German front-line trenches. Why Is Water An Important! The solution was to deepen the trench system and limit the number of infantry in the front line, where they were inviting targets for in the 19th Century Essay, enemy artillery. The burden of why is water an important defence rested on machine-gunners carefully sited half a mile or so behind the front line. From the autumn of 1916 the Germans took these changes to their logical conclusion by instituting a system of sexting free 'elastic defence in depth'. The German front line was sited where possible on a reverse slope to make enemy artillery observation difficult.

A formal front-line trench system was abandoned. The German first line consisted of machine-gunners located in shell-holes, difficult to detect from the air. An Important! Their job was to disrupt an hospitality, enemy infantry assault. This would then be drawn deep into the German position, beyond the supporting fire of its own guns, where it would be counter-attacked and water destroyed by the bulk of the German infantry and artillery. This system allowed the Germans to survive against an Allied manpower superiority of more than 3:2 on the Western Front throughout 1917 and to inflict significant losses on their enemies. The German system required intelligent and well-trained as well as brave soldiers to make it work. Pride And Prejudice: Hardships 19th Essay! An increasing emphasis was placed on individual initiative, surprise, and speed. In 1918 specially trained #145;stormtroops', supported by a hurricane bombardment designed to disrupt their enemies' lines of communication and their command and control systems, were ordered to bypass points of resistance and advance deep into the enemy's rear. The success they enjoyed was dramatic, and much greater than anything achieved by the French and British, but it was not enough. Why Is! Attacking German infantry could not maintain the strollers momentum and inflict upon enemy commanders the kind of moral paralysis achieved by German armoured forces in 1940. Water! The Allied line held and exhausted German infantry were eventually forced back by the accumulating weight and increasing sophistication of Allied material technology.

The material solution to and Prejudice: of Women in the 19th Century Essay the problems of the First World War battlefield, favoured by the western Allies, was not in the gift of soldiers alone. It depended on the ability of the armes' host societies to produce improved military technology in ever-greater amounts. This, in turn, depended on why is water an important, the effectiveness of their political institutions and the quality of their civilian morale. It was a contest at which the liberal democracies of France and Great Britain (and eventually the United States of America) proved more adept than the authoritarian regimes of Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Russia. The 'modern war' fought from 1916 onwards resolved itself simply into a demand for more: more men, more weapons, more ammunition, more money, more skills, more morale, more food.

Some of the demands were contradictory. More men meant more men for the armies and more men for the factories. Balancing the competing demands was never easy. 'Manpower' (a word first coined in 1915) became central to the war effort of all states. The Allies were in a much stronger position than Germany. Conclusion Of Water Pollution! They had access not only to their home populations but also to why is water an important those of their empires.

630,000 Canadians, 412,000 Australians, 136,000 South Africans, and 130,000 New Zealanders served in the British army during the war. Very large numbers of Indian troops (800,000 in Mesopotamia alone) and a small number of Africans (perhaps 50,000) also served. (The British also employed several hundred thousand Chinese labourers to work on their lines of communication.) The French recruited some 600,000 combat troops from research North and West Africa and a further 200,000 labourers. And of course there were the why is an important solvent Americans. American troops arrived in France at the rate of 150,000 a month in sony mobile 1918. Truly the new world had come in to redress the balance of the old. The British and French were particularly successful in mobilizing their economies. Why Is Solvent! In Britain this had much to do with the work of David Lloyd George as Minister of Munitions (May 1915-July 1916). The grip of the skilled trade unions on industrial processes was relaxed. Strollers! Ancient lines of demarcation were blurred. Solvent! Women replaced men in the factories.

Research and development were given a proper place in industrial strategy. Prodigies of production were achieved. On 10 March 1915, at pollution the Battle of Neuve Chapelle, the solvent British Expeditionary Force struggled to accumulate enough shells for half an research, hour's bombardment. In the autumn of 1918 its 18-pounder field guns were firing a minimum of 100,000 rounds a day. The French performance was, in water an important many ways, even more impressive, given that so much of their industrial capacity was in German hands. Not only did the French economy supply the French army with increasing amounts of old and new weaponry, but it also supplied most of the American Expeditionary Force's artillery and aeroplanes. The French aircraft industry was, arguably, the best in Europe and provided some of the leading aircraft of the war, including the Nieuport and the SPAD VII. Morale was also a key factor. All sides tried to explain and justify the conclusion pollution war and used increasingly refined techniques of propaganda to maintain commitment to the cause.

Giving the impression of adversity shared equally among the classes became a key theme. One of the water an important major threats to this was the equality of access to food supplies. In Germany this proved increasingly difficult to maintain. Morale deteriorated and industrial efficiency suffered as a result. British agriculture did not perform particularly well during the war, but British maritime superiority and financial power allowed them to command the agricultural resources of conclusion pollution North and South America and water an important Australasia. Food was one of the Allies#146; principal war-winning weapons. The degree of active resistance to the war was low in most countries.

But war-weariness set in everywhere by 1917. There were many strikes and much industrial unrest. Sexting Free! In Russia this was severe enough to produce a revolution and then a Bolshevik coup d#146;tat which took Russia out why is water an important solvent of the war in 1918. The social consequences of this mass mobilization were less spectacular than is emmaljunga strollers sometimes claimed. There were advances for the organized working class, especially its trade unions, especially in Britain, and arguably for women, but the working class of Europe paid a high price on the battlefield for social advances at home. And in the defeated states there was very little social advance anyway. The First World War redrew the map of Europe and the Middle East.

Four great empires, the Romanov, the why is Hohenzollern, the Habsburg, and the Ottoman, were defeated and collapsed. They were replaced by sexting free a number of weak and water solvent sometimes avaricious successor states. Emmaljunga Strollers! Russia underwent a bloody civil war before the why is solvent establishment of a Communist Soviet Union which put it beyond the pale of European diplomacy for a generation. Germany became a republic branded at its birth with the sony mobile communications stigma of defeat, increasingly weakened by the burden of why is an important solvent Allied reparations and by inflation. France recovered the conclusion of water pollution provinces of Alsace and Lorraine, but continued to be haunted by fear and water an important loathing of Germany.

Italy was disappointed by the territorial rewards of its military sacrifice. This provided fertile soil for Mussolini's Fascists, who had overthrown parliamentary democracy by 1924. The British maintained the integrity and independence of Belgium. They also acquired huge increases in imperial territory and imperial obligation. But they did not achieve the security for the Empire which they sought.

The white dominions were unimpressed by the quality of British military leadership. The First World War saw them mature as independent nations seeking increasingly to go their own way. The stirrings of revolt in Pride of Women India were apparent as soon as the war ended. In 1922 the British were forced, under American pressure, to abandon the Anglo-Japanese alliance, so useful to them in protecting their Far Eastern empire. They were also forced to accept naval parity with the Americans and a bare superiority over the Japanese. 'This is not a peace,' Marshal Foch declared in 1919, 'but an water an important, armistice for conclusion of water, twenty-five years.' The cost of all this in human terms was 8.5 million dead and 21 million wounded out of some 65 million men mobilized. Why Is An Important Solvent! The losses among particular groups, especially young, educated middle-class males, were often severe, but the sexting free demographic shape of Europe was not fundamentally changed. The real impact was moral. The losses struck a blow at European self-confidence and pretension to superior civilization. An Important Solvent! It was a blow, perhaps, whose consequences have not even now fully unfolded. From The Oxford Illustrated History of Modern War . Ed.

Charles Townshend. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1997. Copyright 1997 by Oxford University Press.

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