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Nov 17, 2017 Examples of cinematography,
Book Review of the of cinematography Outliers by Malcolm Gladwell essay. Born in context Hampshire, England to a psychotherapist mother and examples, a mathematical and Discount Essay, engineering professor father, Malcolm Gladwell is of cinematography a renowned author who has not only written several compelling books, but has also written several interesting articles for in malay, various newspapers and magazine firms (Shaywitz, 2008,). He is still working at the New Yorker as the editor. His critics and examples, supporters concede that his upbringing played a significant role in making him what he is today- a great writer. One of context in macbeth Gladwell’s compelling literary pieces is the examples book Outlier, which was published by the Little Brown and in India, Company in of cinematography 2008. On Gender Roles And Peer. Due to examples of cinematography its easy to understand writing and comprehensive analysis of the subject matter, the on Gender Roles Pressure book debuted at number one on of cinematography the bestseller lists for the Global Mail and designation, New York Times for over eleven weeks. Through a series of examples of cinematography self-encapsulated, short and engaging histories, Gladwell enlightens the reader on the factors that contribute to people’s success in life. In this book, Gladwell examines and discusses the phenomena of designation innate individual talent, hard work, high achievement, and of cinematography, different fantastic stories of success that are often attributed to of the Teacher: Motivating individuals’ tenacity . Examples. He clearly points out that success can only nationalism affect the ottoman, be achieved through hard work. In the examples first part, the author introduces the on Gender reader to renowned high achievers and various conditions that surround their success. Of Cinematography. He is able to bring out his arguments by incorporating the designation in malay 10000 Hour Rule (Gladwell, 2011).
Gladwell holds that for anyone to examples be a master in any field, be it music, programming, sports, and Essays, chase, he or she must the 10,000 Hour Rule in practice to achieve success. Examples Of Cinematography. The writer borrowed the term outlier from Open Your Cultures Essay, science and uses it to refer to men and women with special abilities that make them unique from the rest (Shaywitz, 2008). Examples. However, the book discusses that millions of these outliers are being ignored by the society and context in macbeth, only few with opportunities and have the examples strength and presence of mind to seize the opportunities. On his website he says that he wrote the outliers out of of the the Learner Essays frustration because he was surprised by people’s definition of of cinematography success he termed people’s way of thinking about success as crude. Thus, he wrote the book to provide newer, better and refined definition of how did nationalism the ottoman success. Examples. The books purpose is to The Role Teacher: Motivating prove that success is not all about personal traits as most books on success put it. Rather, success involves the environment such as culture, family and generation around successful individuals. However, he says that success is can be controlled by an individual despite the of cinematography fact that it is Teacher: the Learner influenced by his/ her environment. Examples Of Cinematography. Therefore he is Your Mind Essay blending the examples of cinematography two theories surrounding success. The book has very simple and easy to designation understand language and examples of cinematography, the writer avoided the jargon in designation in malay the field of examples of cinematography discussion. He believes too much in designation in malay some astrology or stars and he concludes that peoples date of examples birth play a major role in their success either in business or any activity that they perform.
For example, he believes that most successful hockey players were born during the first months of the year. Exploring Discount Coupons. He concludes the book from a personal view, which might make his conclusion very wrong as a result of perceptual error. Examples Of Cinematography. Though, most critics are fine with that, I do not. By using himself as an example, Gladwell is using limited facts to generalize about whole of the Open To Other Cultures successful humanity (Grossman, 2008). Though, he needs to know that through making people to believe or think in a particular way, it influences their way of of cinematography life. Prokaryotes. For example, astrologers put it in the newspapers that if you were born on this date then you are likely to behave in of cinematography this way (Flanagan, n.d). If people read this from the source that they trust most, the newspaper. They are going to condition themselves in those ways and eventually become one.
This is major in the because the of cinematography mind sees what it wants. Moreover, whatever the mind believes and conceives it is Essay on Gender Roles Pressure what the of cinematography mind achieves. If his theory is correct then what answers does he have to and eukaryotes differences successful parents whose children are failures? Why is examples it that all people born during a particular period of time are not successful? Secondly, if these people born during this period are successful, are they really outliers? This is because if everybody in the society can achieve something then that is nationalism affect empire not extraordinary but common therefore do they deserve to be called outliers?
How is examples of cinematography his book going to help those people who lack families, relatives or inheritance? Are these people doomed to on Gender Roles Pressure fail or they will never be outliers? The book is totally biased and of cinematography, believes that people from designation in malay, a particular culture cannot be achievers. It is working from examples, most stereotypes, which demonstrate how naïve the and eukaryotes writer is and such cases when believed globally might cost people from a given culture or group their fortune and examples of cinematography, opportunities. It is making other individuals to appear superior to others. Traits and designation, skills are both learnt. Coming from a given culture has nothing to do with an examples of cinematography, individual’s success though one should not underestimate the fact that if individuals come from different cultural backgrounds and how did nationalism the ottoman, are not willing to drop some of their attitudes that affect their success, then, there is a probability that they may fail.
He also insists that every successful man or woman always observe the examples of cinematography 10,000 hour rule of Open Cultures Essay practice (Grossman, 2008). The writer has shallow understanding of the subject and has mixed it with perceptual errors, which sent him generalizing ideas. This makes his conclusion untrustworthy and after all maybe the book has achieved its purpose, well dedicated to Daisy his grandmother. It was supposed to examples please the family members. Prokaryotes And Eukaryotes Differences. The book is examples of cinematography fit for on Gender and Peer Pressure, entertaining the brain but not to encourage people to examples of cinematography work on their success.
For example, how will the Exploring Discount Coupons in India Essay book encourage those who it says that their culture does not allow them to excel at work places? Therefore, it is unfit material for global consumption.
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Nov 17, 2017 Examples of cinematography,
More Ideas Than You’ll Ever Use for Book Reports. Submitted by Teacher-2-Teacher contributor Kim Robb of Summerland, BC. Create life-sized models of two of your favorite characters and dress them as they are dressed in the book. Crouch down behind your character and examples of cinematography, describe yourself as the character. Tell what your role is in in malay the book and how you relate to the other character you have made. Create a sculpture of a character. Use any combination of examples of cinematography, soap, wood, clay, sticks, wire, stones, old toy pieces, or any other object. An explanation of how this character fits into the book should accompany the sculpture. Interview a character from your book. Write at least ten questions that will give the character the opportunity to discuss his/her thoughts and Exploring Coupons, feelings about his/her role in the story.
However you choose to present your interview is up to you. Examples! Write a diary that one of the story’s main characters might have kept before, during, or after the book’s events. Major World! Remember that the character’s thoughts and feelings are very important in a diary. If you are reading the same book as one or more others are reading, dramatize a scene from the book. Examples! Write a script and have several rehearsals before presenting it to the class. Prepare an oral report of 5 minutes. Give a brief summary of the plot and describe the in the world, personality of one of the main characters.
Be prepared for questions from the class. Give a sales talk, pretending the students in the class are clerks in a bookstore and you want them to push this book. Examples Of Cinematography! Build a miniature stage setting of a scene in the book. Include a written explanation of the and eukaryotes, scene. Make several sketches of some of the scenes in the book and label them. Describe the setting of a scene, and then do it in of cinematography pantomime.
Construct puppets and present a show of major in the, one or more interesting parts of the book. Dress as one of the characters and act out a characterization. Imagine that you are the author of the book you have just read. Suddenly the book becomes a best seller. Write a letter to a movie producer trying to get that person interested in making your book into a movie.
Explain why the story, characters, conflicts, etc., would make a good film. Suggest a filming location and the actors to examples of cinematography, play the various roles. YOU MAY ONLY USE BOOKS WHICH HAVE NOT ALREADY BEEN MADE INTO MOVIES. Write a book review as it would be done for a newspaper. (Be sure you read a few before writing your own.) Construct a diorama (three-dimensional scene which includes models of people, buildings, plants, and animals) of one of the main events of the book. Include a written description of the scene. Write a feature article (with a headline) that tells the in the, story of the book as it might be found on the front page of a newspaper in the town where the story takes place. Write a letter (10-sentence minimum) to the main character of your book asking questions, protesting a situation, and/or making a complaint and/or a suggestion. This must be done in the correct letter format. Read the same book as one of your friends. The two of you make a video or do a live performance of MASTERPIECE BOOK REVIEW, a program which reviews books and interviews authors. (You can even have audience participation!) If the story of your book takes place in another country, prepare a travel brochure using pictures you have found or drawn. Write a FULL (physical, emotional, relational) description of examples, three of the characters in the book.
Draw a portrait to differences, accompany each description. After reading a book of history or historical fiction, make an illustrated timeline showing events of the examples, story and Essay and Peer, draw a map showing the location(s) where the story took place. Read two books on the same subject and compare and contrast them. Read a book that has been made into a movie. (Caution: it must hve been a book FIRST. Books written from screenplays are not acceptable.) Write an essay comparing the movie version with the examples, book. Create a mini-comic book relating a chapter of the book. Make three posters about the book using two or more of the following media: paint, crayons, chalk, paper, ink, real materials. Differences! Design costumes for dolls and dress them as characters from the book.
Explain who these characters are and how they fit in the story. Write and perform an original song that tells the story of the book. After reading a book of poetry, do three of the following: 1) do an oral reading; 2)write an examples of cinematography, original poem; 3)act out a poem; 4)display a set of pictures which describe the designation, poem; 5)write original music for the poem; 6)add original verses to of cinematography, the poem. Be a TV or radio reporter, and give a report of a scene from the book as if it is happening live. Design a book jacket for the book. Your Mind Essay! I STRONGLY suggest that you look at an actual book jacket before you attempt this. Create a newspaper for your book.
Summarize the plot in examples one article, cover the weather in another, do a feature story on one of the and eukaryotes differences, more interesting characters in examples of cinematography another. And Eukaryotes! Include an editorial and a collection of ads that would be pertinent to examples of cinematography, the story. Do a collage/poster showing pictures or 3-d items that related to the book, and then write a sentence or two beside each one to show its significance. Do a book talk. Talk to the class about your book by saying a little about the author, explain who the characters are and explain enough about the beginning of the story so that everyone will understand what they are about to read. Finally, read an exciting, interesting, or amusing passage from Discount, your book. Of Cinematography! Stop reading at a moment that leaves the audience hanging and add If you want to Your Cultures, know more you’ll have to read the book. If the book talk is well done almost all the students want to read the book. Construct puppets and present a show of one or more interesting parts of the book. Make a book jacket for the book or story. Draw a comic strip of your favourite scene.
Make a model of examples of cinematography, something in the story. Use magazine photos to make a collage about the story Make a mobile about the story. Make a mini-book about the story. Practice and the read to the class a favourite part. Retell the story in your own words to the class. Write about what you learned from the story. In Malay! Write a different ending for your story. Write a different beginning. Write a letter to a character in the book.
Write a letter to the author of the book. Make a community journal. Of Cinematography! Write Graffiti about the book on in malay, a brick wall (your teacher can make a brick-like master and then run this off on red construction paper.) Cut your words out of construction paper and of cinematography, glue them on the wall. Compare and contrast two characters in the story. Free write your thoughts, emotional reaction to prokaryotes and eukaryotes, the events or people in the book. Sketch a favourite part of the book–don’t copy an already existing illustration. Examples Of Cinematography! Make a time line of all the events in designation in malay the book. Make a flow chart of all the examples, events in the book. Show the events as a cycle.
Make a message board. Make a map of where the events in the book take place. Compare and contrast this book to another. Do character mapping, showing how characters reacted to events and changed. Make a list of character traits each person has. Essay And Peer! Make a graphic representation of an event or character in the story. Make a Venn diagram of the people, events or settings in your story. Make an action wheel. Examples! Write a diary that one of the story’s main characters might have kept before, during, or after the book’s events.
Remember that the character’s thoughts and on Gender, feelings are very important in a diary. Examples! Build a miniature stage setting of a scene in Exploring in India the book. Include a written explanation of the scene. Of Cinematography! Make a poster advertising your book so someone else will want to read it. Keep and open mind journal in three or four places in your story. Write a feature article (with a headline) that tells the story of the book as it might be found on the front page of a newspaper in the town where the story takes place. Make a newspaper about the book, with all a newspaper’s parts–comics, ads, weather, letter to the editor,etc. Interview a character. Write at least ten questions that will give the character the Discount in India, opportunity to discuss his/her thoughts and feelings about his/her role in the story.
However you choose to present your interview is up to you. Examples Of Cinematography! Make a cutout of one of the characters and write about them in the parts. Write a book review as it would be done for a newspaper. ( Be sure you read a few before writing your own.) Make a character tree, where one side is event, symmetrical side is Essay, emotion or growth. Choose a quote from a character. Write why it would or wouldn’t be a good motto by which to live your life Learn something about the environment in which the book takes place Tell 5 things you leaned while reading the book Retell part of the story from a different point of view Choose one part of the story that reached a climax. If something different had happened then, how would it have affected the examples of cinematography, outcome?
Make a Venn diagram on the ways you are like and unlike one of the characters in in malay your story. Write about one of the character’s life twenty years from now. Write a letter from one of the characters to a beloved grandparent or friend Send a postcard from one of the characters. Draw a picture on one side, write the message on of cinematography, the other. If you are reading the same book as one or more others are reading, dramatize a scene from the book.
Write a script and empire, have several rehearsals before presenting it to examples of cinematography, the class. Make a Venn diagram comparing your environment to Coupons in India Essay, the setting in the book Plan a party for one or all of the characters involved Choose birthday gifts for one of the characters involved. Of Cinematography! Tell why you chose them Draw a picture of the setting of the climax. Why did the author choose to have the action take place here? Make a travel brochure advertising the setting of the story. Choose five artifact from the book that best illustrate the nationalism affect the ottoman empire, happenings and meanings of the of cinematography, story. In India Essay! Tell why you chose each one. Stories are made up; on conflicts and solutions.
Choose three conflicts that take place in the story and give the solutions. Is there one that you wish had been handled differently? Pretend that you are going to join the characters in the story. What things will you need to pack? Think carefully, for you will be there for a week, and there is of cinematography, no going back home to get something! Make up questions–have a competition. Write a letter (10-sentence minimum) to Coupons, the main character of examples of cinematography, your book asking questions, protesting a situation, and/or making a complaint and/or a suggestion.
Retell the story as a whole class, writing down the parts as they are told. Each child illustrates a part. Put on the wall. Each child rewrites the story, and divides into 8 parts. Make this into a little book of 3 folded pages, stapled in the middle (Outside paper is for title of book.) Older children can put it on the computer filling the unused part with a square for later illustrations. Outline the prokaryotes, story, then use the outline to expand into paragraphs.
Teacher chooses part of the text and examples, deletes some of the words. Students fill in the blanks. Make a chart of interesting words as a whole class activity. Categorize by parts of speech, colourful language, etc. After reading a book of history or historical fiction, make an nationalism, illustrated time line showing events of the examples of cinematography, story and draw a map showing the location(s) where the story took place.
Make game boards (Chutes and Ladders is a good pattern) by groups, using problems from the book as ways to get ahead or to be put back. Groups exchange boards, then play. Create life-sized models of two of your favourite characters and earthquakes in the world, dress them as they are dressed in the book. Crouch down behind your character and describe yourself as the examples of cinematography, character. Tell what your role is in the book and how you relate to the other character you have made. Create a sculpture of a character. On Gender Roles And Peer! Use any combination of soap, wood, clay, sticks, wire, stones, old toy pieces, or any other object. Examples Of Cinematography! An explanation of how this character fits into the book should accompany the sculpture.
Make several sketches of some of the scenes in Discount Coupons Essay the book and label them. Describe the setting of of cinematography, a scene, and then do it in pantomime. Dress as one of the characters and act out a characterization. Imagine that you are the author of the book you have just read. Suddenly the book becomes a best seller. Write a letter to a movie producer trying to get that person interested in making your book into a movie. Explain why the major in the, story, characters, conflicts, etc., would make a good film. Suggest a filming location and the actors to play the various roles. YOU MAY ONLY USE BOOKS WHICH HAVE NOT ALREADY BEEN MADE INTO MOVIES. Of Cinematography! Construct a diorama (three-dimensional scene which includes models of designation, people, buildings, plants, and animals) of one of the main events of the book.
Include a written description of the scene. Read the examples of cinematography, same book as one of your friends. The two of you make a video or do a live performance of Exploring in India Essay, MASTERPIECE BOOK REVIEW, a program which reviews books and examples, interviews authors. (You can even have audience participation!) If the story of your book takes place in another country, prepare a travel brochure using pictures you have found or drawn. In The! Write a FULL (physical, emotional, relational) description of three of the characters in the book. Draw a portrait to accompany each description. Read two books on the same subject and compare and contrast them. Read a book that has been made into a movie. (Caution: it must have been a book FIRST. Books written from of cinematography, screenplays are not acceptable.) Write an essay comparing the movie version with the book. Make three posters about the book using two or more of the following media: paint, crayons, chalk, paper, ink, real materials. Design costumes for dolls and dress them as characters from the book. Explain who these characters are and how they fit in designation in malay the story.
Write and perform an original song that tells the story of the book. After reading a book of poetry, do three of the following: 1) do an of cinematography, oral reading; 2)write an original poem; 3)act out a poem; 4)display a set of pictures which describe the poem; 5)write original music for the poem; 6)add original verses to the poem. Be a TV or radio reporter, and give a report of a scene from the book as if it is happening live. Write a one sentence summary of each chapter and illustrate the To Other, sentence. Mark a bookmark for the book, drawing a character on the front, giving a brief summary of the examples of cinematography, book on back after listing the title and nationalism affect the ottoman empire, author. Examples! Write a multiple choice quiz of the book with at least ten questions. Make a life-sized stand-up character of one of the people in the book. On the back list the designation, characteristics of the person. Pretend you are making a movie of your book and are casting it. Choose the actors and actresses from people in the classroom. Tell what you think the main character in the book would like for a Christmas present and tell why.
Add a new character and explain what you would have him/her do in the story. Do some research on examples, a topic brought up; in your book. Write an obituary for one of the designation in malay, characters. Be sure to include life-time accomplishments. Examples! Choose a job for one of the characters in the book and write letter of application. You must give up your favourite pet (whom you love very much) to designation, one of the characters in of cinematography the book. Which character would you choose? Why? Invite one of the characters to dinner, and plan an imaginary conversation with the person who will fix the meal.
What will you serve, and why? Write an ad for a dating service for one of the characters. Nominate one of the characters for an office in nationalism affect local, state or national government. Which office should they run for? What are the qualities that would make them be good for that office? Pretend that you can spend a day with one of the characters. Which character would you choose? Why? What would you do? Write a scene that has been lost from the book.
Write the plot for a sequel to this book. Add another character to the book. Examples Of Cinematography! Why would he be put there? What part would he serve? Rewrite the story for younger children in picture book form. Write the plot of the on Gender, story as if it were a story on the evening news Make a gravestone for one of the characters. What other story could have taken place at this same time and setting? Write the plot and about 4 or 5 characters in this new book.
Give an examples, oral summary of the book. Essay! Give a written summary of the book. Of Cinematography! Tell about the most interesting part of the book. Write about the most interesting part of the book. Tell about the most important part of the book. Write about the most interesting part of the book. Read the interesting parts aloud. Write about a character you liked or disliked. In Malay! Write a dramatization of a certain episode. Demonstrate something you learned.
Make a peep box of the most important part. Paint a mural of the story or parts of it. Paint a watercolor picture. Make a book jacket with an inside summary. Make a scale model of an examples of cinematography, important object. Draw a clock to show the nationalism affect the ottoman empire, time when an important event happened and write about it. Write another ending for the story. Make up a lost or found ad for a person or object in the story. Examples Of Cinematography! Make up a picture story of the most important part. Draw a picture story of the most important part.
Compare this book with another you have read on a similar subject. Write a movie script of the story. Gather a collection of objects described in the book. Draw or paint pictures of the main characters. Make a list of words and definitions important to the story. Make a 3-D scene. Major Earthquakes In The World! Create a puppet show. Make a poster to advertise the book. Give a pantomime of an important part.
Use a map or time-line to show routes or times. Make a map showing where the examples of cinematography, story took place. Tell about the author or illustrator. Make a flannel board story. Make a mobile using a coat hanger. Give a chalk talk about the book.
Do a science experiment associated with the reading. Tape record a summary and play it back for the class. Make a diorama. Make a seed mosaic picture. Open To Other! Make a scroll picture. Do a soap carving of a character or animal from the story.
Make a balsa wood carving of a character or animal from the of cinematography, story. Make stand-up characters. Make a poem about the story. Write a book review. Books about how to do something- classroom demonstration – the directions can be read aloud. Write the Exploring in India, pros and cons (opinion) of a book after careful study. If a travel book is read- illustrate a Travel Poster as to why one should visit this place. A vivid oral or written description of an interesting character. Mark beautiful descriptive passages or interesting conversational passages. Tell a story with a musical accompaniment. Make a list of of cinematography, new and Open, unusual words and expressions.
A pantomime acted out for of cinematography a guessing game. Exploring In India! Write a letter to a friend about the book. Of Cinematography! Check each other by writing questions that readers of the and Peer, same book should be able to answer. Make a time-line for a historical book. Broadcast a book review over the schools PA system. Research and tell a brief biography about the author.
Make models of things read about in the book. Make a colorful mural depicting the book. A picture or caption about laughter for humorous books. Compare one book with a similar book. Think of a new adventure for the main character. Write a script for an interview with the main character. Retell the story to a younger grade. Of Cinematography! Choral reading with poetry.
Adding original stanzas to poetry. Essay Roles And Peer! Identify the parts in the story that show a character has changed his attitudes or ways of behavior. Sentences or paragraphs which show traits or emotions of the main character. Parts of the story which compare the actions of two or more characters. Examples! A part that describes a person, place or thing. A part of the story that you think could not have really happened. A part that proves a personal opinion that you hold. A part which you believe is the climax of the how did nationalism affect, story.
The conversation between two characters. Pretend you are the main character and retell the examples, story. Major! Work with a small group of students. Plan for one to read orally while the others pantomime the action. Write a letter to one of the characters.
Write a biographical sketch of one character. Fill in what you don’t find in the text using your own imagination. Write an account of what you would have done had you been one of the characters. Construct a miniature stage setting for part of a story – use a small cardboard box. Children enjoy preparing a monologue from of cinematography, a story. Marking particularly descriptive passages for oral reading gives the reader and his audience an opportunity to appreciate excellent writing, and gives them a chance to improve their imagery and enlarge their vocabulary.
The child who likes to make lists of new unusual and interesting words and and eukaryotes differences, expressions to add to his vocabulary might share such a list with others, using them in the context of the story. Giving a synopsis of a story is an excellent way of gaining experience in arranging events in sequences and learning how a story progresses to a climax. Using information in a book to make a scrapbook about the examples of cinematography, subject. A puppet show planned to illustrate the story. Children reading the same book can make up a set of questions about the book and then test each other. Biographies can come alive if someone acts as a news reporter and interviews the person. Preparing a book review to designation in malay, present to a class at a lower level is an excellent experience in story- telling and gives children an of cinematography, understanding of designation in malay, how real authors must work to prepare books for children. Have the students do an author study and examples of cinematography, read several books by the same author and then compare. Cutting a piece of paper in the form of in malay, a large thumbnail and placing it on the bulletin board with the of cinematography, caption Thumbnail Sketches and letting the children put up drawings about the books they’ve read. Stretch a cord captioned A Line of Open Your Mind Cultures, Good Books between two dowel sticks from which is hung paper illustrated with materials about various books.
Clay, soap, wood, plaster, or some other kind of modeling media is purposeful when it is used to make an examples of cinematography, illustration of a book. Constructing on a sand table or diorama, using creatively any materials to represent a scene from the story, can be an individual project or one for a group. A bulletin board with a caption about laughter or a picture of Coupons in India, someone laughing at excerpts from funny stories rewritten by examples of cinematography the children from material in humorous books. Visiting the children’s room at Roles Pressure the public library and telling the of cinematography, librarian in person about the Exploring Coupons in India Essay, kinds of books the children would like to have in the library. Examples! Video tape oral book reports and then have the children take turns taking the video home for all to share. Write to the author of the book telling him/her what you liked about the book.
Be Book Report Pen Pals and share book reports with children in another school. Do a costumed presentation of and eukaryotes differences, your book. Dress either as the author or one of the characters. Write a letter from one character to another character. Write the first paragraph (or two) for a sequel. Outline what would happen in the rest of book. Write a new conclusion. Examples! Write a new beginning. If a journey was involved, draw a map with explanatory notes of significant places. Make a diorama and explain what it shows.
Make a diorama showing the setting or a main event from the in India, book. Make a new jacket with an original blurb. Use e-mail to tell a reading pen pal about the book. Participate with three or four classmates in a television talk show about the book. With another student, do a pretend interview with the author or with one of the characters. Cut out magazine pictures to make a collage or a poster illustrating the idea of the of cinematography, book.
With two or three other students, do a readers’ theatre presentation or act out a scene from the book. Lead a small group discussion with other readers of the same book. Nationalism Affect! Focus on of cinematography, a specific topic and Roles and Peer Pressure, report your group’s conclusion to the class. Keep a reading journal and record your thoughts at the end of each period of reading. Write a book review for a class publication.
Find a song or a poem that relates to the theme of your book. Explain the similarities. For fun, exaggerate either characteristics or events and write a tabloid-style news story related to your book. Draw a comic-book page complete with bubble-style conversations showing an incident in your book. Use a journalistic style and write a news story about examples of cinematography something that happened to how did affect, one of the characters. Write a paragraph telling about the title. Is it appropriate?
Why? Why not? Decide on an alternate title for the book. Why is it appropriate? Is it better than the one the of cinematography, book has now? Why or Why not? Make a poster advertising your book. Make a travel brochure inviting tourists to Roles Pressure, visit the setting of the book. What types of activities would there be for them to attend?
Write a letter to the main character of the of cinematography, book. Write a letter to the main character of the book. Write the letter he or she sends back. Make three or more puppets of the prokaryotes and eukaryotes differences, characters in the book. Prepare a short puppet show to tell the story to the class. Write a description of one of the main characters.
Draw or cut out a picture to accompany the description. Make an ID card which belongs to one of the characters. Be sure to make the card look like the cards for that particular state. Include a picture and all information found on and ID card. Don’t forget the signature!! ******This gets them researching what ID cards /Driver’s Licenses look like; as well as thinking about the character–especially the signature. I have seen kids ask each of the other students to sign the character’s name to find the one that would most likely belong to the character.******** Prepare a list of 15 to examples, 20 questions for Cultures use in determining if other people have read the book carefully.
Must include some thought questions. How? Why Dress up as one of the characters and tell the story from a first person point of view. Rewrite the examples of cinematography, story as a picture book. Use simple vocabulary so that it may be enjoyed by younger students. Exploring In India! Write a diary as the main character would write it to explain the events of the story. Examples Of Cinematography! Must have at on Gender Pressure least 5 entries. Examples! Make a map showing where the designation in malay, story took place. Make a dictionary containing 20 or more difficult words from the book. Describe the problem or conflict existing for the main character in the book.
Tell how the conflict was or was not resolved. Make a mobile showing pictures or symbols of happenings in the book. Make a collage representing some event or part of your book. Make a crossword puzzle using ideas from a book. Need at least 25 entries. Choose any topic from your book and write a 1-2 page research report on it.
Include a one paragraph explanation as to how it applies to your book (not in the paper itself–on your title page.) Design and examples of cinematography, make the front page of a newspaper from the material in the book. Write a song for Mind To Other Essay your story. Of Cinematography! (extra marks if presented in class) Write a poem (or poems) about your story. Pretend you are a teacher, preparing to and eukaryotes differences, teach your novel to examples, the entire class. Nationalism! Create 5 journal prompts. Make a comic strip of examples of cinematography, your story. Make a display of the time period of your book. Make a banner of cloth or paper about your book. Create a movie announcement for your book.
Create a radio ad for your book. Write out the script and tape record it as it would be presented. Don’t forget background music! Make a wanted poster for one of the characters or objects in your book. Include the following: (a) a drawing or cut out picture of the character or object, (b) a physical description of the character or object, (c) the character’s or object’s misdeeds (or deeds?), (d) other information about the character or object which is important, (e) the reward offered for the capture of the character or object. Research and write a 1 page report on the geographical setting of your story.
Include an explanation as to To Other Cultures, why this setting was important to examples, the effect of the story. Design an advertising campaign to Discount Coupons in India Essay, promote the sale of the book you read. Include each of the following: a poster, a radio or TV commercial, a magazine or newspaper ad, a bumper sticker, and a button. Find the top 10 web sites a character in your book would most frequently visit. Include 2-3 sentences for each on why your character likes each of the sites. Write a scene that could have happened in the book you read but didn’t. Examples Of Cinematography! After you have written the scene, explain how it would have changed the outcome of the book. Create a board game based on events and characters in the book you read. By playing your game, members of the class should learn what happened in the book. Your game must include the following: a game board, a rule sheet and clear directions, events and characters from the story.
Make models of three objects which were important in the book you read. On a card attached to each model, tell why that object was important in the book. Essay And Peer! Design a movie poster for the book you read. Cast the major character in the book with real actors and actresses. Include a scene or dialogue from the book in the layout of the poster.
Remember, it should be PERSUASIVE; you want people to come see the movie. Of Cinematography! If the book you read involves a number of prokaryotes, locations within a country or geographical area, plot the events of the story on a map. Make sure the map is of cinematography, large enough for us to Essay Roles Pressure, read the main events clearly. Attach a legend to your map. Write a paragraph that explains the importance of each event indicated on the your map. Complete a series of examples, five drawings that show five of the major events in the plot of the book you read. Write captions for each drawing so that the illustrations can be understood by someone who did not read the book. Make a test for the book you read. Include 10 true-false, 10 multiple choice, and 10 short essay questions. Major In The World! After writing the test, provide the answers for your questions. Select one character from the book you read who has the examples, qualities of earthquakes in the, a heroine or hero.
List these qualities and tell why you think they are heroic. Imagine that you are about to make a feature-length film of the novel you read. You have been instructed to select your cast from members of your English class. Cast all the major characters in your novel from examples, your English classmates and tell why you selected each person for the ottoman a given part. Plan a party for of cinematography the characters in the book you read.
In order to do this, complete each of the following tasks: (a) Design an invitation to the party which would appeal to all of the and eukaryotes differences, characters. (b) Imagine that you are five of the characters in the book and examples of cinematography, tell what each would wear to the party. In India! (c) Tell what food you would serve and why. (d) Tell what games or entertainment you will provide and why your choices are appropriate. Of Cinematography! (e) Tell how three of the characters will act at the party. (f) What kind of a party is this? (birthday, housewarming, un-birthday, anniversary, etc.) List five of the main characters from the book you read. Give three examples of what each character learned or did not learn in the book. Obtain a job application from an employer in our area, and fill out the in India Essay, application as one of the examples, characters in Open Your Mind Essay the book you read might do. Before you obtain the application, be sure that the examples, job is one for which a character in your book is qualified. If a resume is major earthquakes world, required, write it. You are a prosecuting attorney putting one of the characters from the book you read on trial for a crime or misdeed. Prepare your case on paper, giving all your arguments. Do the previous activity, but find a buddy to help you. One of you becomes the prosecuting attorney; the other is the defense.
If you can’t find a buddy, you could try it on your own. Make a shoe box diorama of of cinematography, a scene from the Discount, book you read. Write a paragraph explaining the scene and its effect in of cinematography the book on your title page. Pretend that you are one of the characters in the book you read. Tape a monologue of that character telling of his or her experiences. Be sure to prokaryotes differences, write out a script before taping. You could perform this live if you so choose.
Make a television box show of examples, ten scenes in the order that they occur in the book you read. Cut a square form the bottom of a box to serve as a TV screen and make two slits in opposite sides of the box. Designation! Slide a butcher roll on which you have drawn the scenes through the two side slits. Make a tape to examples of cinematography, go with your television show. Be sure to write out a script before taping or performing live. Tape an interview with one of the characters in the book you read.
Pretend that this character is being interviewed by a magazine or newspaper reporter. You may do this project with a partner, but be sure to how did nationalism the ottoman, write a script before taping. Of Cinematography! You may choose to Cultures Essay, do a live version of this. Write a letter to a friend about the book you read. Explain why you liked or did not like the book.
In The Catcher in examples of cinematography the Rye, Holden Caulfield describes a good book as one that when you’re done reading it, you wish the affect empire, author that wrote it was a terrific friend of yours and you could call him up on the phone whenever you felt like it. Imagine that the author of the book you read is a terrific friend of yours. Write out an imaginary telephone conversation between the two of you in which you discuss the book you read and examples, other things as well. Imagine that you have been given the task of conducting a tour of the town in which the book you read is major, set. Of Cinematography! Make a tape describing the homes of your characters and the places where important events in the book took place. You may want to use a musical background for your tape. Do some research on the hometown of your book’s author. You may be able to find descriptions of his or her home, school, favorite hangouts, etc. What else is of interest in Exploring Coupons Essay the town? Imagine that you are conducting a tour of the town.
Make a tape describing the places you show people on the tour. You may want to use a musical background for your tape. Make a list of at least ten proverbs or familiar sayings. Examples! Now decide which characters in the book you read should have followed the suggestions in the familiar sayings and why. In Malay! Write the copy for examples a newspaper front page that is devoted entirely to the book you read. The front page should look as much like a real newspaper page as possible.
The articles on the front page should be based on affect the ottoman, events and characters in the book. Make a collage that represents major characters and events in the book you read. Use pictures and words cut from magazines in your collage. Make a time line of the major events in the book you read. Be sure the divisions on examples of cinematography, the time line reflect the time period in the plot. Affect! Use drawings or magazine cutouts to illustrate events along the time line. You could present this to the class, taking us through time–event be event, for more marks. Change the setting of the book you read.
Tell how this change of examples of cinematography, setting would alter events and affect characters. Make a paper doll likeness of one of the characters in Essay on Gender the book you read. Design at least threes costumes for this character. Next, write a paragraph commenting on examples of cinematography, each outfit; tell what the clothing reflects about the designation in malay, character, the historical period and events in the book. Pick a national issue. Compose a speech to be given on examples of cinematography, that topic by one of the major characters in the book you read. Be sure the contents of the speech reflect the characters personality and Exploring Discount Essay, beliefs. Retell the examples of cinematography, plot of the book you read as it might appear in how did affect the ottoman a third-grade reading book.
Be sure that the vocabulary you use is appropriate for that age group. Tape your storytelling. Of Cinematography! Complete each of these eight ideas with material growing out of the book you read: This book made me wish that…, realize that…, decide that…, wonder about…, see that…, believe that …, feel that…, and hope that… After reading a non-fiction book, become a teacher. Prepare a lesson that will teach something you learned from the book. It could be a how-to lesson or one on earthquakes world, content. Plan carefully to present all necessary information in a logical order. You don’t want to confuse your students!
Present your lesson to your students. How did you do? If you taught a how-to lesson, look at the final product to see if your instructions to the class were clear. If your lesson introduced something new, you might give a short quiz to see how well you taught the lesson. Look through magazines for examples of cinematography words and in the world, pictures that describe your book. Use these to create a collage on a bookmark. Make the bookmark available for others to use as they read the same book. Write the title of your book. Decide on of cinematography, some simple word–picture–letter combinations that will spell out the title rebus style. Present it to the class to solve (I will make a transparency or copies for you.) After they have solved the rebus., invite them to Exploring Discount Coupons in India, ask questions about the book.
After reading a book, design a game, based on examples, that book as its theme. Will you decide on a board game, card game, concentration? The choices are only limited to YOUR CREATIVITY! Be sure to Exploring Coupons Essay, include clear directions and provide everything needed to play. Choose an interesting character from examples, your book.
Consider the character’s personality, likes and dislikes. Decide on how did nationalism the ottoman, a gift for of cinematography him or her… something he or she would really like and use. How Did The Ottoman Empire! Design a greeting card to go along with your gift. In the examples of cinematography, greeting, explain to your friend from the book why you selected the gift. Design a poster to designation in malay, advertise your book. Be creative…use detail…elaborate…use color! Can you make it 3-D or movable? Make a large poster that could be a cover for that book. Imagine that you are the book and plan a way to introduce yourself. Make the group feel they would like to examples of cinematography, know you better.
Organize your best points into an introduction to present to the class. Be sure to wear your cover! Read the classifieds. Find something a character in your book was looking for or would like. Cut out the Exploring Discount Coupons Essay, classified. Write a short paragraph telling why he or she needs/wants the item. Examples! Would the one advertised be a good buy for him or her? Why or Why not? Create cutout sketches of designation in malay, each character in examples of cinematography your novel. Mount the sketches on on Gender Roles, a bulletin board. Include a brief character sketch telling us about the characters.
Design a symbol for examples of cinematography a novel or a certain character. Gather a large collection of current events that reflect incidents that closely parallel those in your novel. Write a letter to the author of your novel and explain how you feel about the book. Prepare and present an oral interpretation to the class. Create a poster that could be used as an advertisement. Do a five minute book talk. 18 Responses to “More Ideas Than You’ll Ever Use for Book Reports” Great ideas, but many in on Gender Roles and Peer the lower half are repeating the of cinematography, first half of the list. We’ll take a look at editing out some obvious duplicates. There’s no sense in making such a long list even more cumbersome to and eukaryotes differences, digest. I remembered there being subtle but noteworthy differences on some of those ideas deemed “similar,” but please note that this was a reader contribution.
Feel free to examples, send in or comment with your own suggestions. Thank you for the feedback! HOW AM I GONNA PICK ONE! I go to Ockerman as well(; I’m in 7th grade and i had Mrs. Raider last year.
I Love you Mrs. Raider and Mrs. Moore(: 3. xD. hey Mrs.Body thank you for the suggestions and opportunities to show my creative and artistic skills. You can also put jeopardy or make a short movie trailer of the book like it is just about to how did affect the ottoman, come in of cinematography theaters. Discount Coupons Essay! Also you can do a news broadcast of a seen that is happening in examples of cinematography the book. I also think that you can put an idea of having to how did the ottoman empire, do a short song or rap of what is happening in your book. woah that is a huge list. i might do either 14 or 64! I really like these ideas. They gave me a 120% on of cinematography, my final grade! I know get to graduate.
Thanks BOB! This is an amazing list! I don’t know which idea to choose! Act out the entire book in a two hour movie! That is such a good idea. AWESOME BIG FAT A+ I love this site. How can we pick one if there is over 300 of them. You could also do a short book about the book.
Sometime you must HURT in order to KNOW. FALL in Essay Roles order to GROW. LOSE in order to GAIN. Because life’s greatest lessons. are learned through PAIN. Thank you this is very helpful.
Yeah ! I like those ideas these are helping for examples last three years … Three books three years three new ideas thee A’s.
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The 7-Step Business Plan for Writers. As you’ve probably heard, there’s no such thing as “only being a writer” any more, and while many might not want to of cinematography handle the business side of things, to give ourselves and our books the best chance of success, we must. In May 2012, when Becca Puglisi and I self-published The Emotion Thesaurus: A Writer’s Guide to Character Expression , we had quite a few challenges. Exploring Coupons In India Essay? Living in different countries, we needed to create a formal partnership, set up businesses, and figure out examples of cinematography, how revenue would work. We had to Roles learn publishing and take on marketing and promotion. Neither of us had a business or marketing background, so we relied heavily on research and intuition, and did our best to of cinematography make the book discoverable. (You can read about our initial marketing plan here.) Our unusual book on prokaryotes, showing character emotion created buzz among writers, igniting word of mouth. Examples? Suddenly our lives went from busy to crazy as we tried to keep up with the burst of attention, writing guest posts, teaching workshops, and providing interviews. Books sales continued to strengthen, and Open Cultures Essay, we sold foreign rights.
A few universities listed the book as required reading, and publishers began approaching us. At this point, Becca and of cinematography, I realized how far the designation in malay, book could go, but because we were being pulled in so many different directions, we didn’t know how to best take advantage of these opportunities. The need for a business plan became our No. 1 focus. Fortunately, my husband is of cinematography a management consultant who creates plans for many of his clients. With his help, we identified three areas that would help us grow in the year ahead:
improving our professional image and brand credibility : creating a website, presenting at conferences and hosting workshops providing new product for Essay our audience : writing two new descriptive thesaurus books expanding into the education sector : contacting colleges and universities to of cinematography spread awareness of our writing resources. The roadmap we created allowed us to avoid distractions and focus on what would help us grow. As we near the end of the year, Becca and earthquakes world, I now have a professional website, three writing resource books that have collectively sold nearly 50,000 copies, and examples, we increased our credibility through speaking engagements, teaching at conferences, and hosting workshops. Open Mind To Other Cultures Essay? In the near future we are looking to create awareness of our books at the collegiate level, rounding out our business plan objectives. Since much of our productivity and growth are a direct result of forming a business plan (and sticking to it), I want to of cinematography share steps you can take to create your own.
Imagine your year ahead and what you would like to accomplish as a writer. What will help you reach your goals, whether it’s publication, releasing more books, beefing up your online visibility, or honing your craft? Write down everything that you want to Open Mind accomplish, and don’t forget smaller goals, as these are necessary steppingstones to of cinematography achieving larger ones. Also, choose goals that are within your power to make happen. Major Earthquakes In The World? For example, while you might really want representation, “getting an agent” is not necessarily something you can attain yourself; the agent decides whom they represent.
However, “researching and querying all suitable agents” is a goal you can set and meet. Read through your list and look for bigger themes. Examples? Are there several goals that fit into a similar area of focus, like platform building or writing improvement? Grab some highlighters and group these together. Cultures? Then, choose a name or tag line that summarizes each theme or area of focus. Common themes might include. Social networking improvement (platform building and connection) Education (attending workshops, finding a critique partner, improving one’s craft, studying the examples of cinematography, industry, etc.) Publishing (trying for an agent, working towards a traditional contract or self-publishing) Marketing visibility (researching and implementing ads, hiring a publicist, finding one’s audience online, soliciting reviews, etc.) Now that your goals are organized into different focus areas (themes), step back and look at the big picture. Based on where you are now, which areas are the highest priority?
For example, querying agents (publication related) and honing your writing skills (education related) might both be areas you’d like to focus on, but if your writing still needs work, it will be a waste of Essay and Peer Pressure time to query agents immediately. Likewise, if you are winning notable contests and trusted critique partners are hard-pressed to see how you can improve, likely you should make getting your work in front of agents and examples of cinematography, editors a priority. This step involves soul-searching and honesty. Sometimes desire (wanting to be published right now, for Roles Pressure example) can get in the way of what we actually need (to hone our craft further). To be objective, set emotion aside. Ask yourself hard questions about what your career really needs. If it helps, pretend you are advising a writer friend. If they were in your shoes, what important things would you suggest they work on to get ahead?
Step 4: Pick Two or Three Main Goals. Now comes the hard part: choosing which goals to pursue. Of Cinematography? Which two areas of focus did you mark as being the most critical? These two themes (say “Education” and “Networking”) should be the primary focus of your business plan. Pick specific goals that will help you most in these areas. Once you choose a goal, think about the steps you must take to achieve it. For example, if your goal is to “Build a Platform” you might have action items like open a twitter account and build a following , take a class on social networking, and join a group blog . And Peer? For inspiration, look at the highlighted lists you made. Chances are you’ll find smaller goals listed there that will help you achieve your larger one.
Two primary areas of focus or main goals are good for a business plan, but if you have a third area you’d like to tackle, list it as a secondary goal. Do the same exercise as above and list out tasks (action items) that must be carried out to of cinematography achieve this goal. When making these decisions, think carefully about your time. Empire? We all have roles and commitments outside of writing, and of cinematography, these things require a lot of energy. To Other Essay? Business goals should be achievable, so don’t take on more than you can handle. Step 5: Set a Timeline for of cinematography Each Goal. Stick to designation your plan by setting timelines that fit your schedule. Becca and of cinematography, I chose a seasonal timeline, so we knew which goal to pursue at which time of the year.
This helped us meet completion dates. If you are unsure how much time a certain task will require, set a deadline with a fallback date. Prokaryotes And Eukaryotes? This way you won’t be discouraged if you miss the initial deadline, and you’ll have a buffer if needed. Step 6: Bring It Together in a One-Page Plan. A visual helps when it comes to of cinematography following a business plan. By condensing your plan on how did the ottoman empire, one page, it will force you to be succinct in what must be accomplished to meet each goal. You can use a spreadsheet or table to examples do this (Excel, Google spreadsheet, a piece of paper, etc) or download this template. Here’s the business plan Becca and I created for ourselves:
When your spreadsheet is filled out, print and display it where you write. This will remind you of what you should be doing and help you make good use of your time. Step 7: Commit and how did nationalism affect the ottoman empire, Challenge Yourself Daily. Once your plan is examples complete, stick to it. When new opportunities come up, see if they fit your plan. It’s important to earthquakes take advantage of potential windfalls, but only if they further your goals and examples, you have the time. Before you print your business plan, type this statement in bold at the bottom: Is what I’m doing or about to do helping me achieve my goals?
Before you commit time and energy to and eukaryotes differences new projects, challenge yourself with this question to evaluate if it’s worthwhile. In today’s publishing landscape, writers must become master jugglers, wearing many hats. Whether you’re published or pre-published, having a business plan is examples one of the smartest things you can do to designation in malay keep yourself on examples of cinematography, track, maximize your time, and ensure that you reach your milestones. Angela Ackerman is major earthquakes in the world a writing coach, international speaker, and co-author of the bestselling book, The Emotion Thesaurus: A Writer’s Guide to of cinematography Character Expression , as well as four others, including the designation, newly minted Urban Setting and Rural Setting Thesaurus duo. Her books are available in five languages, are sourced by US universities, and are used by novelists, screenwriters, editors, and psychologists around the world. Angela is also the examples of cinematography, co-founder of the popular site Writers Helping Writers, as well as One Stop for Writers, an how did nationalism the ottoman, innovative online library built to help writers elevate their storytelling. 106 Comments on of cinematography, The 7-Step Business Plan for Writers This is FANTASTIC and Mind To Other, just what I needed to examples of cinematography see this morning! Great post and I love your books Angela. They continue to help me hone my craft. Thanks so much, Adrienne.
I really hope this plan helps you map out your best path forward. Happy writing (and business planning!) […] Angela is at Jane Friedman’s blog, sharing a 7-Step Business Plan for Writers, because in this new world of publishing, it is more important than ever for writers to engage in […] Yes, this isn’t meant to take the place of a full scale plan–I wanted to share something that both pre-published and published authors could use as a starting point, especially those who might find the designation in malay, idea of a creating a business plan daunting. Unfortunately writers can no longer “just write,” and so it’s necessary to become more business-minded (even if this isn’t something that comes naturally). Of Cinematography? Thanks so much for the comment! You’re welcome #128578; If you ever plan on nationalism affect, publishing a blog post about expanding this with the financial aspects, let me know and I’d be happy to write a guest post about it (I’ve written more than one complete business plan in my life, both for myself and others). Sounds good–thanks for offering, Saoirse. I will keep this in of cinematography, mind! #128578; You can contact me at saoirse.omara (at) gmail dot com (just realised that my name isn’t clickable lol). Thanks for sharing ideas for a business plan.
I need to save this one! Happy this will help you Linda. Earthquakes In The World? #128578; Have a great week! Although I don’t need a business plan right now, I want to thank you for The Emotion Thesaurus! I bought if first on examples of cinematography, Kindle, then realized I’d like to have a paper copy, too. It’s been an immense help when my editor says, “More emotion, Eleanor, dig deeper,” a refrain I hear often.
So, thanks for helping me mine my own and designation, my characters’ emotions! Eleanor Sullivan, Graven Images, A Singular Village Mystery. I am thrilled that The Emotion Thesaurus is helping you! Writing character emotion is such a struggle, because we want it to feel authentic, but tend to get trapped in reusing the same descriptors to show it. Hopefully the entries in the book offer you a path to examples of cinematography spark your brain quickly so you can stay in the flow and write the scene. Thanks for the comment! Awesome suggestions, Angela!
Love the chart! And this is a good time of the year to focus on in malay, goals and new beginnings! Sue, it is the perfect time, isn’t it? Now more than ever, being a writer is about being willing to grow and evolve. The good thing is of cinematography that there is Open Your Mind To Other Essay so much content out examples, there to Essay Roles Pressure help us find our way.
I hope the chart helps you. #128578; Thank you so much Jane for examples having me here today. Major? I just finished watching your Google hangout with CEA, and can’t wait for the next installment! Thanks so much for the great summary of the shifting writing landscape. Angela, This is an well-thought-out and doable plan.
I love that you included plans to examples get training where needed as well as being open to and eukaryotes differences traditional and self-publishing. Your post made me remember that I have taken many webinars and workshops over the years. Before I take another one I need to go back and review all the examples, content on marketing, building a platform, etc. On Gender? that I’ve already gathered. Thank you. Very happy to help. Examples Of Cinematography? As writers, we are in constant development, but if we try to focus on major world, everything, or too much on one thing, then we aren’t making the best use of our time. Of Cinematography? Sometimes sitting down and looking hard at what we want for ourselves, both long term and short term, is designation a healthy step to moving forward more productively. #128578; I’m so happy to hear about all your success, Angela.
If anyone’s worked hard and deserves it, you do. (And how nice to be married to examples of cinematography a business consultant, right?) Thanks for Open Your Mind To Other Cultures all the tips. #128578; Haha, Lexa, yes his brain has come in handy, although I appreciate the fact that he hasn’t tried to “take over” and only offers help if I ask. His business world and my publishing world have some overlap, but there are also things that work very differently between the two, so I need to understand my world enough to know what advice might work, and examples, what will not. (And thank you–I feel so grateful to have such great supporters like you!) So practical and thoughtful! Makes great sense, and differences, I can implement it immediately. Also use for my ‘other’ passion, genealogy, and my goals there as well! I appreciate the clear language and straightforward style in this post as well. Yes Celia, this business plan can really be used in any area. even one’s personal development. Of Cinematography? #128578; I am happy it will be of designation in malay use to examples of cinematography you.
Thanks for the visit. Great post, Angela. I had to giggle because I wrote on the exact same topic just yesterday on Open To Other Essay, my blog! And we weren’t far off in our advice. It’s so important for writers to consider their where they are going with their careers–not just with their books. Examples? They need a good map, and a business plan is Essay and Peer just that, with concrete and quantifiable goals broken down into action steps to get them where they want to go. Done correctly, it will help them brand themselves and of cinematography, become successful. And I love your template! Thanks for that.
Branding is earthquakes in the a big topic. Examples? It is designation in malay probably easier for examples of cinematography NF writers than fiction authors to in malay brand themselves. It grows harder if a person writes in many genres. Of Cinematography? I know one writer who has 4 pseudonyms plus her own name to cover all the genres she writes in, and so she find it impossible to Essay on Gender and Peer promote herself. I can see why. Hmmm.
This has sparked thoughts for a blog post. Might just use you as an example, if that’s okay! Agreed Nina. Of Cinematography? After reading this blog I can feel a new post bubbling up. Too bad that I posted yesterday about writer’s critique groups. Please keep me updated.
@ernestosangiacomo:disqus, Since you asked: http://writenonfictionnow.com/4-branding-tips-for-nonfiction-writers-and-authors/. And it does, indeed, feature @angelaackerman:disqus! Read the previous post to find my advice on business plans for writers. I have other posts on business plans for prokaryotes and eukaryotes differences books. Although it’s nonfiction based, I’ll check it out. Is it really necessary to lock oneself into a “Genre Box”? My unabashed independent spirit refuses to comply. Maybe I’ll create a new genre called Story-Telling through Authorship #128578;
Thanks for the post Angela. […] is at Jane Friedman’s blog, sharing the ins and of cinematography, outs of creating a business plan. This was a hugely important endeavor for us; […] Thanks for the visit Traci! #128578; Okay, now I’ve got some place to start! Happy to help you Bish! It might seem daunting, but I think this is an exercise everyone should sit down and do. It is good to look forward and see where we want to be, and it also helps us to evaluate if what we’ve been doing to this point is working the way we need.
Have a great week! A great post! I was doing some of Pressure this already, but I love the template and examples of cinematography, how you’ve outlined it so clearly! That’s great Mindy! I find having the “Plan on a Page” right on my office wall really helps me stay focused. It’s a constant reminder of what I should be working towards, and as I tick action items off the list, it gives me a greater sense of Exploring Discount in India Essay accomplishment! Great job, Angela!
If only we’d had such a succinct explanation of how to write a business plan when we were writing ours. That would’ve been helpful, lol. Thanks for hosting her, Jane! […] Angela Ackerman (Jane Friedman) with The 7-Step Business Plan for Writers […] […] Ackerman’s guest post at Jane Friedman’s site – The 7-Step Business Plan. Read the examples, full post for a quick explanation for each step summarised below: […] […] Angela Ackerman (Jane Friedman) with The 7-Step Business Plan for how did affect the ottoman Writers […] […] at Jane Friedman‘s blog, Angela Ackerman has written a post, “The 7-Step Business Plan for Writers”, which is doable. Examples? It’s a bit like Selznick’s building an exchange in that […] […] out author Angela Ackerman’s 7-step business plan for […]
post, Angela. Shared it with my daughter. I chuckled when I saw that. your husband is a business consultant. Writing has become a new form of. family business in my case too. In The World? Website design, editing, and marketing. skills in my family have proved enormously beneficial.
Jane, as usual, has attracted another helpful, succinct post that lays groundwork for all of us. Thanks Shirley! And yes, being writers means we do seep into other aspects of family life. The kids always bring me their assignments to read and examples of cinematography, have actually used the content on my blog to help them write better description (be still my beating heart!). And having a hubby in earthquakes in the world, consulting means a lot of business technique language tends to rub off on me. Win-win! A veritable resource for examples a beginner. Your seven points forces the creation of a “Big Picture” I was also glad to realize that I was already doing some of those practices. Angela and Becca have not only been smart about To Other Cultures their business, they’ve been generous.
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Daily edition: Receive emails that include the full text of nationalism affect each new post Weekly digest: Receive a Sunday weekly e-mail digest of new blog posts. I have more than 20 years of experience in the book and magazine publishing industry, with expertise in digital media and the future of authorship. I speak around the world at events such as BookExpo America, Frankfurt Book Fair, and of cinematography, Digital Book World, and have keynoted writing conferences such as The Muse The Marketplace. Read more. I write and publish The Hot Sheet, the essential industry newsletter for authors.
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Nov 17, 2017 Examples of cinematography,
Absolute Transparency, or Love in the Time of examples, Google. by Carla Sosenko. When Andrew told me he’d read my essay, he had no way of knowing what it meant to me. He didn’t even say it outright, come to think of it, only confessed to Googling me. It was the Your Mind Cultures quietness of his admission that was so jarringly lovely. Examples Of Cinematography? “Everybody Googles everybody,” he said with a sheepish smile, and suddenly we shared a secret. He was right, of course — everybody Googles everybody, usually to find out in malay if a potential mate is married or a serial killer or a Republican — but sometimes there are other things to examples of cinematography be found. I know because I am overwhelmingly Google-able. In 2009 I’d come out, so to speak, in a national women’s magazine, writing about Klippel-Trenaunay Syndrome (K-T), the rare congenital disorder that deforms my body. Open To Other Cultures Essay? The essay caught fire. Examples Of Cinematography? Loads of news outlets reprinted it, and suddenly my face was plastered on the AOL home page.
I was the No. 8 most-searched term on Google the day the story broke, with the name of my syndrome beating me out for the top spot. As a writer, it was thrilling. As the how did nationalism the ottoman empire subject (as all memoirists are), it was terrifying. Suddenly I was highly searchable — and examples of cinematography that meant to everyone, including men I was dating. The initial exhilaration of being published gave way to and eukaryotes differences my new reality: I was exposed, for better or worse.
I was still riding the high of my Internet fame when a guy named Ely contacted me on OkCupid. He was smart and funny, and I was excited to meet him. On our first date, we spent a sticky summer night at a Williamsburg restaurant sharing oysters and examples downing cocktails, then met my friends to how did affect the ottoman hear a band. I liked that Ely was seeing me in my element, a (relatively) cool girl about town, and other than the vague self-consciousness that lives with me always like a bothersome ache, K-T was far from my mind. It was a flirtatious, lovely evening. Examples? The symptoms of K-T are largely vascular (hemangioma, portwine stain), and for prokaryotes and eukaryotes differences, me somewhat concealable, but there are undocumented symptoms, too: namely, extended peripheral vision and examples ESP. They work in Your Essay, tandem and are treacherous. I see everything — the examples unwitting dart of the eyes to my torso, the languishing too long of Roles and Peer Pressure, one’s gaze on examples, my disparate legs — and I usually react, often aggressively. Essay And Peer Pressure? Catch my stare when you’ve been caught and you’ll be sorry. (I have eyebrows that come to a natural point, giving me a perpetually suspicious and angry look; I think this is no accident.) That kind of of cinematography, antagonism on my part can make for entertaining subway rides and interactions on the street but not for such easy dates. It’s hard to how did nationalism affect empire get very far with someone whose defenses are up as high as mine.
I’d been careful not to supply Ely with my last name, but alcohol loosened my inhibitions, and when he pressed for it, I caved. I’d also made sure not to talk too much about being a writer, lest he fish for specifics (What do you write about? Have you been published?). It was counterintuitive for of cinematography, me to hide who I am — especially given my recent foray into major earthquakes in the print — but I also didn’t want to expose myself recklessly to a virtual stranger. Of Cinematography? Living with K-T is nothing if not a balancing act: say too little, I feel like a fraud; say too much, I am vulnerable. Ely’s gaze was everywhere (supervision-ESP, engage!), and I grew uncomfortable. But we were having fun, and it had been so long since I’d had a boyfriend.
The drinks, the food, the night, all of it weighed heavily on me, and I guess I was slumping on Essay Roles Pressure, my stool. “Posture,” Ely said softly, indicating mine. Of Cinematography? Take away the alcohol and my condition still means that unless I’m trying exceptionally hard to sit up straight, I’m probably not. “Posture” was an accusation. “Posture” undid me. I told Ely I was going to get some air and abandoned him. I went outside, where my friends Todd and John were. “I’m going to cry,” I repeated over and over, trying hard not to. I had the feeling of so much potential slipping through my fingers, the foreshadowing of exposure by a potential lover turned unwitting aggressor, the persistent memory of so many strangers who had said so many unkind things about my body. In a lifetime, there were an incalculable number of them. “Get it together,” Todd urged me. “He’s great. Stop it.” I listened, sure I would regret my outburst in the morning, and when Ely, confused, came out to find me, I shuffled us into a cab.
We kissed sloppily, and by the time the taxi deposited me on my corner, I had talked myself down; a voicemail from him shortly after saying what a great time he’d had practically erased the incident completely. “I’m so happy for you,” Todd said the next day. I was happy, too, but something wasn’t sitting right. I knew with absolute certainty that Ely would Google me. I tried to tell myself this wasn’t the worst thing in the world. On the contrary, it was good. He would read what I’d written, we would talk about designation in malay it and of cinematography then we’d get back to the business of To Other Cultures Essay, becoming a couple. Of Cinematography? I felt shaky and nervous but excited. Then Ely emailed me. “Web sleuthing was too easy a temptation,” he wrote. Your Mind Essay? He was impressed with the examples courageousness of Essay on Gender and Peer Pressure, my essay, he said, but also felt a suffocating weight.
Through the of cinematography prism of my writing, he was able to see weird refractions of our evening together (like my posture and disappearance, I guess), and designation though he wished it weren’t so, my condition was a barrier for him. Ely described himself as “excessively, stupidly, self-damagingly fastidious about dating” (he’d once broken up with someone because he couldn’t stand her laugh), and examples then, on the verge of copping to Mind Essay shallowness, congratulated himself for of cinematography, his honesty. He ended his letter with two questions: Could we be friends? And was I rolling my eyes at him? The answers of course were no and yes, though a roll of the eyes was only the most minor of my reactions. World? Ely’s critique echoed the examples worst things I’ve ever thought about myself, but in all my years of living with a deformity, in on Gender Roles Pressure, all my years of examples, dating, no one had ever come right out and Exploring told me that I wasn’t good enough. My body had always been the shoe I was waiting to drop; now there it was, lying on examples, the floor. “Did you really not think about what would happen when you wrote your essay?” a friend asked, not unkindly. She was asking because she would never, ever publish something so personal about herself. Essay? She’s not a memoirist.
I am. And I chose to be one, which is important. In some ways, I got what I deserved. Examples? Writing the essay was my way of handing people my life without having to face them. Only after having it blow up in my face did I realize what a loony tactic that is, the equivalent of someone in debt sending his credit card statements to a new lover with a note that says, “Here, you figure out what to do with this.” I was terrified of nationalism empire, addressing my body, so I tried to let my essay do it for me.
It backfired, of course, but once I got over examples the initial shock of Ely’s email, I was mad as hell. That’s important, too. My momentary aligning myself with my aggressor — and his hatred of me, when you get right down to differences it, not only for having the gall to examples of cinematography be flawed but also for spotlighting his own tremendous shortcomings — gave way to what I know: that I am worthy of Exploring Coupons, being loved. How dare Ely insinuate I’m not. Examples? How dare he think I am somehow not good enough for him. I never responded to his email, but I did see him at a local cafe once. He positioned himself behind a column so that he was partially concealed, and prokaryotes I liked knowing he was uncomfortable. I liked knowing that he was the examples of cinematography one who felt the need to hide.
On my fourth date with Andrew, the confessional moment came between sips of red wine and the casual, cautious touching of my elbow. We were two people trying each other on for size, and the fact that I’d written an essay about my deformed body didn’t automatically mean I don’t fit. On Gender Pressure? Andrew couldn’t have known what it felt like to hear a man say he’d read my essay and see him stay — and of cinematography not only stay, but ask me out again. Designation In Malay? For me, he was the examples of cinematography antidote to Open Your To Other Cultures Essay the trauma of Ely. Dating is traumatic enough without worrying that your date will lash out at you for of cinematography, disappointing him.
To have my body taken off the table as a deal breaker was an unspeakably amazing thing. It meant that if Andrew and I don’t end up together, it won’t be because I’m not perfect but because we have no chemistry or I don’t know enough about art or he doesn’t get my sense of humor or because it just doesn’t . It will be for any of the reasons people sometimes just don’t work out. And that matters. Mind Essay? For me it matters the examples of cinematography absolute most.
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Nov 17, 2017 Examples of cinematography,
Greek Sentence Structure: Loose and Periodic Style. I offer this essay in draft (or “beta”) form with the of cinematography, hope that it will provoke discussion. Corrections and criticisms are welcome. Just e-mail me by clicking here. Graphic images of the Greek texts discussed are provided. In Malay! When transliterating Greek in the body of the of cinematography, essay, I use a simple, easy-to-read system whose only differences, real disadvantage is that epsilon and eta, and of cinematography omicron and major world omega are not distinguished. Examples Of Cinematography! With the Greek text at hand, this should cause no problem. Technical Terms: What Are They For? veni, vidi, vici . These words, which Suetonius tells us were carried on a banner in a triumphal procession of Julius Caesar ( Divus Iulius 37), can serve as a starting-point for an analysis of prokaryotes and eukaryotes, rhetorical figures and sentence-construction. Of Cinematography! “I came, I saw, I conquered.” Nothing could be simpler or more direct; nothing could be easier to translate. I was surprised, then, on walking into a classroom once, all prepared to analyze a complex piece of Isokratean rhetoric, to find this saying on the blackboard with a full rhetorical analysis appended. It turns out that we have before us examples of: alliteration ( v eni, v idi, v ici ), homoioteleuton ( ven i , vid i , vic i ), asyndeton ( veni et vidi et vici ?), trikolon (how about Open Mind To Other veni, vici ?), isokolon (try adding a syllable: veni, vidi, victi sunt ), composition in examples of cinematography short kommata instead of longer kola (compare: ad hostes adveni et, postquam illorum copias vidi, cunctos facile vici ), spondaic rhythm, paromoiosis (similar structure of kola or kommata), parechesis (similarity of sounds, especially between vidi and vici ), and perhaps paronomasia (a play on words involving, again, vidi and vici ), to say nothing of the overall brevity achieved by the ellipsis of words easily supplied from the (very crowded) context.
To this list of eleven rhetorical devices others could doubtless be added. This analysis is a joke, of course. It pokes fun at pedantry. But it is also perfectly valid and makes a serious point. The words on Caesar’s placard are rhetorically brilliant and instantly clear, but we can fully understand their brilliance only by taking them apart, seeing how they are composed, and–most important–comparing other, inferior ways of major earthquakes, saying the of cinematography, same thing. The goal is not an arid list of tropes with arrows pointing to the text but a better feeling for how the words before us work, for what makes them forceful and Your Mind To Other effective.
How big an armory of rhetorical terms does a student of Greek prose need? Smyth’s Greek Grammar has a convenient list of forty, with examples; a similar list of forty five, with examples from Greek, Latin and English literature, is available at the Web site of the Classics Department of the University of examples of cinematography, Kentucky; a compendious, clear, sensible, and often amusing handbook is Richard A. Lanham‘s A Handlist of Rhetorical Terms . Very few people can define as many as forty terms off the top of Discount, their head, nor need one do so, much less acquire the examples of cinematography, 200 or so which students had to memorize in Shakespeare’s time. Rhetorical descriptions, after all, are only guides to help us understand and experience a text; students often learn more by making their own observations without resorting to technical vocabulary. Then, if there is a handy label for what they have observed, they can learn it and use it. No student who describes accurately and insightfully how an how did author’s words work should worry about, or be penalized for, not knowing a technical term. In fact, a fixation on rhetorical flourishes will hinder, not help, our understanding of style. Consider again Caesar’s placard.
One advantage of starting with veni, vidi, vici is that while cataloging the examples of cinematography, trees one can always see the forest: the structure of this sentence is clear and one can concentrate on details. When analyzing complex sentences, however, it is easy to Open Your To Other Cultures forget that the goal of arranging words “rhetorically” is to shape a sentence which develops clearly as it is examples of cinematography, heard or read, not to distract the audience with pointless ornamentation. To learn about an in malay author’s style is to learn how that author organizes his or her thoughts. Analysis and labeling and note-taking is useless if it merely dissects an author’s words. The goal is to go back and examples read those words, in order, as they were intended to how did nationalism empire be read, letting the many “signposts” along the way guide us by shaping our expectations of what is to come. This point cannot be emphasized enough. Students struggling to make sense of an examples author’s words may think of stylistic analysis as something more advanced than mere translation, more arcane and mysterious, with its own recondite vocabulary. Ironically, they get this impression from the emphasis which most of us place on the most obvious marks of style–rhetorical figures such as chiasmus, alliteration, homoioteleuton–as the Essay Roles Pressure, key to everything: these strike our ears and eyes as we read, so naturally we begin our analysis by scanning the text, collecting as many tropes as we can, and labeling them like specimens found on a nature hike. We pay great attention to classification, which can become quite complex: is that an example of synecdoche or of examples, metonymy? Are we dealing with paronomasia or only parechesis? I plead guilty to having encouraged on occasion such “surface scans” of classical texts.
The problem with them is that they don’t necessarily lead students to understand how Gorgias or Demosthenes or Isokrates has structured and expressed his thoughts, the “character” or “cast of in the, thought” each presents to us. To grasp this we must understand how an author has organized each sentence, how he has set up signposts to guide us as his thought unfolds. This means, first, seeing how each new phrase or clause relates to what has gone before and understanding how “rhetorical devices”, in a well-turned sentence, mark the progression and structure of the thought. The real rhetoric is in examples of cinematography the unfolding of the ideas in the order in which the author wants us to hear or read them; rhetorical tropes are markers along the way. Essay! To learn about an author’s style is to learn to read that author’s words, in order, as they were written–not to of cinematography disarrange the words but to hear what the and eukaryotes differences, ancient audience heard. In his admirable essay on the style of Cicero W. Ralph Johnson puts it succinctly: ” . . . Good style, whether exuberant or restrained, is good thinking (and good feeling). Examples Of Cinematography! It is for this reason that what we want to pay most attention to in style is the structuring of sentences, how they succeed, and how they fail.” [ Luxuriance and Economy: Cicero and the Alien Style , p. Designation! 7] He quotes Virginia Woolf’s description of “the rhythm of a book that, by running in the head, winds one into a ball”, and he rescues from obscurity a book by Edith Rickert, New Methods for the Study of examples of cinematography, Literature , which asserts the importance for style of the length of whole sentences and of their parts. [Chapter IV, “Thought Patterns”, has much that is interesting on the structure and relationship of sentences as a guide to on Gender Roles style.
As Rickert remarks (p. 111), “The study of the sentence is one of the most fundamental and certain means of eventually getting at the secret of style.” She offers a system for analyzing sentences which is thought-provoking, even if one chooses not to adopt it.] [General note: In this essay I use the word “sentence” as a matter of convenience. Examples Of Cinematography! There is in malay, no exactly corresponding Greek term or concept. Dianoia , “thought,” is closest, but a dianoia need not correspond to what a modern editor marks off with a period, colon, or question-mark. Examples Of Cinematography! Indeed, editors sometimes disagree on whether to punctuate with a full stop rather than a comma. See now Dover, The Evolution of Greek Prose Style , chapter 2.] What is it, after all, which stays with you when you’ve been reading Isokrates or Demosthenes for how did affect empire hours? Not a collection of tropes but something more fundamental and harder to express in a phrase. Why did reading Isokrates for hours on end once make me physically ill? Why, after the of cinematography, excitement of the speech On the how did affect, Crown , does an early speech of Demosthenes seem flat?
Because a real stylist “gets in among” you. The “rhythm” of the of cinematography, writer’s thought is what does this. The Architecture of Greek Sentences: Loose and Open Mind To Other Cultures Essay Periodic Style. This essay, then, with profuse thanks to Ralph Johnson, will focus on the structure or “architecture” of a Greek sentence. A formidable phrase, perhaps, but less so if one bears in mind two fundamental points:
1. Greek sentences can on occasion be very long, but the units of which they are composed are almost always short. “The edifice, lofty though it may be, is built of bricks, not of huge blocks of Cyclopean masonry.” [J. D. Denniston, Greek Prose Style , p. 61] 2. Greek is unusually rich in particles and examples of cinematography conjunctions which serve as signposts. These helpful qualities of the language, however, carry a danger for students. One can often get sense out of the various separate parts of Roles, a complex sentence–enough sense to have a fair idea of what the entire thing means–without really understanding the development of the whole. And the examples, reason for this is Open Your To Other Essay, often the very profusion of of cinematography, “marker-words” or “signposts” in Greek: because they are omnipresent, students tend to ignore them or at least to forget earlier signposts when later ones, in corresponsion with them, appear. Prokaryotes And Eukaryotes! One area, then, where one must be a pedant is in accounting for every single connective word in a sentence. One can then turn pedantry to profit by examples (re-)reading the author’s words and letting the how did affect, sentence unfold as the original audience experienced it. Before we turn to the analysis of of cinematography, sample passages from in malay Greek authors, let us consider the of cinematography, two main types of sentence structure which ancient critics recognized: the loose style (lexis eiromene) and the periodic style (lexis katestrammene). The first phrase means literally “speech strung together” (from eiro, “to string or thread together”, like beads in a necklace); the second, “speech turned or guided toward an designation in malay end”; the word “period” (periodos, “way around”) refers metaphorically to a racecourse, where the examples, starting and finish lines were the same: contestants went out and around the turning-post, then retraced their path. The loose style is often called the “running style”, a term which can be confusing in view of the how did nationalism empire, race-course metaphor of the term “periodic”.
[Dover points out the difficulty of interpreting the of cinematography, terms lexis katestrammene and periodos ( The Evolution of Greek Prose Style , chapter 2, Appendix: Period and prokaryotes and eukaryotes differences Kolon). He thinks that the word periodos , rather than referring to a race-course, describes “a unit of utterance which begins from examples of cinematography major pause and world ‘returns’ to a state of rest by leading to a second pause” (p. 39).] These two styles represent two ways of developing and structuring sentences. In the examples of cinematography, loose style one statement is simply followed by another with no indication that another statement is coming. The sentence ends with the final statement, without giving the reader or hearer any idea that it is about to designation end. Examples! It could just as easily have ended one clause (or several) earlier or later. Major Earthquakes In The World! Here is a banal example in examples English: “Bill went to the store and bought some milk and decided to get some cheese; he came home and saw that the cat had gotten out; he looked for it and couldn’t find it; his TV suddenly went blank.” No statement looks ahead to what follows; the series could stop at any point or go on indefinitely. There is no “race-course” with a beginning, a turning point, and an end.
The virtue of this style is that it produces an impression of plain speaking. How Did Nationalism The Ottoman! In a court case, for example, if one is trying to examples set out the facts and convince the jury of how did the ottoman, one’s honesty and examples of cinematography straightforwardness (no matter how one has actually slanted the “facts”), this is the style to use. Exploring! Of course, the loose style, when handled well, is every bit as “rhetorical” as the periodic style–but its art is less apparent. In the of cinematography, periodic style, by contrast, markers of various sorts, often introducing phrases or clauses subordinate to the main idea, indicate the path ahead. And Eukaryotes! The reader sees signs of things to come and is prepared for them when they appear. The art of composing and of reading this sort of Greek involves setting up and then fulfilling (often with variations along the way) assumptions about how the sentence will develop. At the finish, the audience should feel that an appropriate end has been reached, a clearly defined course completed. All periodic composition involves, in one way or another, suspension of sense: the of cinematography, arrangement of one or more elements of the sentence so that the thought is not felt to be complete until something else has been added. Let us rewrite the sentence above in major earthquakes in the world periodic style: “After his trip to the store, where he bought milk and (on a sudden whim) cheese, Bill’s arrival at home was marred, first by his cat, who had gotten away and couldn’t be found, then by his TV, which suddenly went blank.” Bill’s shopping expedition has become a noun phrase introduced by of cinematography the preposition “after”. His purchases are subordinated in a clause introduced by the conjunction “where”. A parenthesis characterizes his acquisition of cheese.
The center of the sentence makes the main point: coming home was no fun. The two reasons for this are appended in Exploring Coupons Essay two parallel expressions consisting of an adverb (“first”, “then”), a prepositional phrase (“by his cat”, “by his TV”), and a relative clause (“who. . .”, “which. . .”). As silly as these sentences are, they illustrate an important point: unlike a simple narration in the running style, a periodic sentence will highlight the main point(s) the writer is trying to put across and will require the examples, writer to decide how various events or ideas are related. This need not mean, and in Exploring Discount Coupons in India Greek usually does not mean, that the sentence is left grammatically incomplete until the examples of cinematography, very end. More often, as above, the main clause is in the middle or even at the beginning, with subordinate elements appended. Major Earthquakes World! Many other arrangements are of course possible and none is “objectively” better than another. What is important, in reading as well as in composing such sentences, is to understand the thought which drives the structure.
Loose Style and Periodic Style: Examples in English. The periodic style is not at home in present-day American English. Short, clear sentences pack more punch for us than syntactical and examples of cinematography rhetorical baroque. Too many connectives, too many subordinate clauses, too much suspension of designation in malay, sense makes one seem fussy, pedantic, orotund. Examples Of Cinematography! But we should recall the designation in malay, importance of Latin and Greek periodic style as a model for modern prose from the Renaissance onward. Here are examples in English of examples of cinematography, both styles. First, the lexis eiromene which has enjoyed such a vogue in English through the twentieth century, in a paragraph from Ernest Hemingway’s The Sun Also Rises : The bus climbed steadily up the major earthquakes, road. The country was barren and of cinematography rocks stuck up through the clay. There was no grass beside the road. Looking back we could see the country spread out below.
Far back the designation in malay, fields were squares of examples of cinematography, green and brown on the hillsides. Making the designation in malay, horizon were the examples, brown mountains. They were strangely shaped. As we climbed higher the horizon kept changing. As the bus ground slowly up the Discount Coupons in India Essay, road we could see other mountains coming up in the south. Examples! Then the road came over the crest, flattened out, and went into a forest. It was a forest of cork oaks, and the sun came through the trees in patches, and there were cattle grazing back in the trees. We went through the Essay on Gender Roles and Peer, forest and the road came out and turned along a rise of land, and out ahead of us was a rolling green plain, with dark mountains beyond it. These were not like the brown, heat-baked mountains we had left behind.
These were wooded and there were clouds coming down from them. The green plain stretched off. Examples! It was cut by designation fences and the white of the road showed through the trunks of a double line of trees that crossed the plain toward the north. As we came to the edge of the rise we saw the red roofs and white houses of Burguete ahead strung out on the plain, and away off on examples of cinematography the shoulder of the first dark mountain was the gray metal-sheathed roof of the monastery of Roncesvalles. (Ernest Hemingway, The Sun Also Rises , New York 1926, repr. 1954, chapter 3, p. 108) As an example of periodic style here is Samuel Johnson in the Preface to Discount in India his edition of Shakespeare:
That praises are without reason lavished on the dead, and that the honours due only to excellence are paid to antiquity, is a complaint likely to be always continued by those who, being able to add nothing to truth, hope for eminence from the heresies of paradox, or those who, being forced by disappointment upon consolatory expedients, are willing to hope from posterity what the present age refuses, and flatter themselves that the examples, regard which is yet denied by envy will be at last bestowed by time. Your To Other Cultures Essay! . . . To works, however, of which the excellence is not absolute and definite, but gradual and comparative; to works not raised upon principles demonstrative and scientific, but appealing wholly to observation and experience, no other test can be applied than length of duration and continuance of esteem. What mankind have long possessed they have often examined and examples compared, and if they persist to value the possession it is because frequent comparisons have confirmed opinion in its favour. As among the works of nature no man can properly call a river deep or a mountain high without the knowledge of many mountains and many rivers, so, in the productions of genius, nothing can be styled excellent till it has been compared with other works of the same kind. . . . The reverence due to writings that have long subsisted arises, therefore, not from any credulous confidence in the superior wisdom of past ages, or gloomy persuasion of the degeneracy of mankind, but is the consequence of acknowledged and Exploring Coupons Essay indubitable positions, that what has been longest known has been most considered, and what is most considered is best understood. (Samuel Johnson, Selected Writings , ed. R. T. Davies, Evanston 1965, pp. 262-263) The elegant and varied architecture of of cinematography, these sentences, made clear by a fullness of how did, expression where parallel phrases reinforce one another, will serve to remind us that English, too, is capable not only examples of cinematography, of “straight talk” but also of grandiloquence.
We live in Exploring Coupons a Lysianic age, but our forbears were Ciceronians and Isokrateans. [For the difference between the two see Cicero‘s comments on of cinematography Isokrates; E. Laughton, “Cicero and the Greek Orators”; G. Williamson, The Senecan Amble (on stylistic models in the Renaissance).] We should note, too, that in setting out to compose in a classical language we are participating, however tenuously, in a tradition which goes back to designation in malay the humanists of the Renaissance, and indeed to the Hellenistic age. [Lanham (s.v. “period”, p. 113) quotes Michael Baxandall, Giotto and the Orators (Oxford 1971), pp. 20-21 and 131: “The pattern of the grand neo-classical sentence was the examples of cinematography, period: that is, the sentence combining a number of thoughts and statements in a number of balanced clauses. . . . It is quite difficult to enjoy the humanists’ preoccupation with the periodic sentence. . . . But one cannot come to nationalism historical terms with the humanists’ verbal performance without recognizing how supremely important it was for them, and in how many different ways. The periodic sentence is the basic art form of the early humanists. It was a test of prowess, a focus for criticism, the full flower of the classical way with words and notions, the medium of most statements about relationships, and . . . Examples Of Cinematography! it became at a critical moment a humanist model of artistic composition in general. . . . Compositio was a technical concept every schoolboy in a humanist school had been taught to apply to language. It did not mean what we mean by literary composition, but rather the putting together of the prokaryotes, single evolved sentence or period, this being done within the framework of a four-level hierarchy of elements: words go to make up phrases, phrases to make clauses, clauses to make sentences.”] As we turn to Greek we shall be looking for examples of a loose style, where phrases and examples clauses come one after the the ottoman, other with no prior preparation, and a periodic style, where we are guided from a starting post, around a course, and back to examples a finish-line.
As one would expect, the loose style developed before the Essay on Gender and Peer Pressure, more elaborate periodic style. But only scraps of the earliest prose remain, and the greatest writer associated with this style, Herodotos, is far more sophisticated than some caricatures of him suggest and writes just as elegantly and effortlessly in examples the periodic as in affect the ottoman the loose style. The longest surviving fragment of Herodotos’ predecessor Hekataios (FHG 1, F15) provides a rare sample of a loose, naive style: For a graphic image of the Greek text click here. Orestheus, son of Deukalion, came to of cinematography Aitolia for a kingdom and his dog gave birth to Open Mind To Other Essay a log, and he ordered it to examples of cinematography be buried, and differences from it grew a vine with many grapes. Thus he also named his own son Phytios. Of Cinematography! And from this one, Oineus was born, named from the vines (for the Greeks of old called vines oinai). Discount Coupons! And from Oineus was born Aitolos. Most striking is the examples of cinematography, almost complete lack of subordination or hypotaxis. Except for the participle kletheis modifying Oineus each idea is “strung” after the major earthquakes in the, previous one with a coordinating conjunction, i.e. paratactically (with coordination or parataxis). The first three such links are made with kai; the repetition seems matter-of- fact, while in a more sophisticated writer such as Lysias it would have made an emphatic point.
The remaining linkages are: dio (= dia ho, “on account of examples, which, therefore”), de, the major earthquakes, participle kletheis, gar, and again de. The Greek text above is given with Jacoby’s punctuation: two complete sentences, each with a concluding clause separated by a raised dot, the second containing also a parenthesis. There is nothing, however, in of cinematography either the grammar or the Essay Pressure, sense to prevent putting a full stop at the end of each clause, including the one set off by examples of cinematography parentheses. (The phrase kletheis apo ton ampelon could not, of course, stand alone, but it too is “tagged on” at the end of Discount Coupons, a clause.) Note also the somewhat repetitive pronouns: autou, hos, auto, autou, autou, toutou. Different as this is from the Greek of Lysias or Isokrates, it shares with the styles of later authors a concern that every clause be clearly connected to what precedes and follows. Nor is the connection in any way crude: in the first sentence the three kai’s lead to a conclusion introduced by examples dio.
The second sentence uses different connectives (de, the participle, gar, de) and the words oinas, ekaloun and ampelous in the gar clause echo Oineus, kletheis, and ampelon in the preceding clause. Even in the two simple statements introduced by Open Your Mind To Other Cultures Essay de (toutou d’ Oineus egeneto. . .Oineos d’ egeneto Aitolos) the position of egeneto changes, as does the position and case of Oineus’ name. This is not to claim any great sophistication for Hekataios’ Greek, but only to examples of cinematography remind us that naivete is a relative notion. This passage survives because it was cited as an how did nationalism example of the loose style and, as with other authors whom we know only by examples of cinematography tiny fragments, we cannot be sure that it is typical of Hekataios. He may have assumed a more naive style when he was recounting a myth. Plato does this in a more sophisticated way, for example in a passage from the Protagoras , discussed below, which suggests a parody of a traditional style of naive storytelling. Hekataios’ successor Herodotos is vastly more sophisticated. One should remember that he lived in Periclean Athens and was a friend of Sophocles; he wrote in Ionic dialect about the archaic age but was not himself “archaic”.
He is a sophisticated storyteller (and historian!) who often employs, but is not limited to, lexis eiromene. Indeed, many a “loose” Herodotean sentence leads us step by major in the step to a dramatic climax–and has, in retrospect, the essential quality of of cinematography, a periodos. Such sentences gain much of Discount, their effect from the very fact that they do not broadcast their intentions. Here is Herodotos’ description of the arrival of Adrastos at Sardis (1.35): For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. When Croesus’ child had in hand his marriage, there arrived at Sardis a man bound up with misfortune and not clean in hands, being a Phrygian by birth and of the royal house. This man, coming to of cinematography Croesus’ house according to the local customs asked to receive cleansing, and Croesus cleansed him. Cleansing is similar for the Lydians and the Greeks. When Croesus had performed the accustomed rites, he inquired where the Exploring Coupons, man was from and who he was, saying as follows: “Man, who are you and from where in Phrygia have you come to be at my hearth?
Whom of examples, men or women did you kill?” And he answered: “King, of Gordias son of Midas I am the child, and I am called Adrastos, and having killed my brother unwilling I am here, driven out by my father and how did nationalism the ottoman empire deprived of everything.” And Croesus answered him as follows: “You are born of men who are friends, it turns out, and you have come among friends, where you will lack for nothing, remaining in our land, and examples bearing this misfortune as lightly as possible you will profit most.” [This translation is as literal as possible consistent with giving a sense of the differences, flow of Herodotos’ narrative. A useful exercise in coming to understand an author’s style is to note the things which even such a close translation cannot convey.] Herodotos’ sentences are longer and more complex than Hekataios’ and, like all later writers, he uses participles far more extensively. As each sentence unfolds, however, each phrase or clause is of cinematography, immediately clear: it advances the on Gender Pressure, story without requiring us to hold several thoughts suspended at once. Examples! Thus the first sentence consists of a genitive absolute, followed by Your Mind To Other Cultures Essay the main verb apikneetai, followed by its subject (aner, still unnamed), followed by more about the examples of cinematography, man: his misfortune, his uncleanliness, his birth. At the end the phrases with men and de, both dependent on eon, lead up to the climactic word basileiou; the chiastic placement of the similar words geneei and geneos accentuates the final phrase.
Each sentence that follows has a somewhat different structure and length. In the second sentence, for example, a participle leads off, then the Mind To Other, main verb, then a second verb appended with de. Especially notable is Adrastos’ reply to Croesus, when he reveals who he is: the connectives are men. . .de. . Of Cinematography! .de. He begins with his father’s and grandfather’s names, then his own; then, in a clause far longer than the first two clauses, he reveals his misfortune. The aorist participle phoneusas (what he did) and the perfect participles exelelamenos and esteremenos (his present circumstances) carry the weight of this clause, with an unemphatic main verb (pareimi) coming between them. This sentence is a good example of an ascending trikolon , that is, a sentence in three parts with the longest element last.
Further, this last element is itself divided into Essay Roles and Peer Pressure, two parts, the second of which is examples, again divided. One could thus call the how did affect, sentence “periodic” in the sense that it forms a structured whole with (literally, in this case) a clear beginning, middle and examples end. Yet the Essay Roles and Peer Pressure, effect, as we read it, is of one thought added to another in a linear, “strung together” sequence. Also imparting “flavor” to Herodotos’ style are the repetitions and “superfluous” words or phrases: in the first sentence, perhaps eon; in the second, houtos; in the fourth, legon tade. More generally, Croesus’ questions to Adrastos are stated first indirectly, then directly: epunthaneto hokothen te kai tis eie. . . .tis te eon kai kothen. (Note the chiastic order, and note also that Adrastos replies chiastically, answering kothen before tis!) The effect is of an unhurried narrative–but not a flaccid one. Rather, Herodotos asks us to pause over each question, each answer, each event in the tale of Croesus, Atys and Adrastos so that at the end, in the magnificent, fully periodic sentence which concludes the story (45.3), the whole weight slowly and relentlessly built up comes crashing down. [Cf.
Denniston, Greek Prose Style , p. Examples Of Cinematography! 8.] For an analysis of the periodic sentence which begins Herodotos’ History , click here. Let us turn next to Lysias, who was noted for the simplicity and elegance of Essay Pressure, his style and the vividness and examples clarity of his narrations. In the speech Against Eratosthenes (8-10) he is describing his own arrest by the Thirty Tyrants: For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. Dividing up the houses, they went on their way. Roles Pressure! Me they found while I was entertaining guests; they sent them away and handed me over to Peison. The others went to the workshop and examples of cinematography made a list of the slaves. I asked Peison if he wanted to take money and rescue me. Cultures Essay! He said he would, if it were a lot.
I said then that I was ready to give him a talent of silver coin, and he agreed that he would do this. Now I knew that he had no regard for either gods or human beings, but nevertheless in the present circumstances it seemed to me to be imperative to get some pledge from him. After he swore an oath, calling down ruin on himself and examples his children, that he would accept the talent and save me, I went into Mind Cultures Essay, the room and opened the of cinematography, chest. Peison noticed and came in, and Essay Roles when he saw the contents he called two of his servants and ordered them to take the things in examples of cinematography the chest. This translation ignores most of the connectives and converts most of the participles to Coupons in India finite verbs but nonetheless retains the exact order in examples of cinematography which Lysias’ narrative unfolds. Indeed, one sign of lexis eiromene is that one can translate it in order, phrase by phrase, without transposing anything. Such a translation, however, involves a considerable restructuring of Lysias’ Greek.
To examine further the way Lysias has structured his narrative let us reproduce each element of the Greek on a separate line, with indentations to nationalism the ottoman show the relationship among them; the excruciatingly literal translation which follows will show how complex the “loose” style of Lysias really is. To emphasize the careful connection and subordination of the Greek (even where ideas seem to follow straightforwardly one after the other), words which serve as signposts are in boldface and of cinematography circumstantial participles, which express so many subordinated ideas so concisely, are underlined in Open the Greek graphic. For a graphic image of the examples of cinematography, Greek text, click here. And dividing up the houses they went on their way. And me, on the one hand, they found entertaining guests, whom driving out they handed me over to Peison; the rest, on Open Your Cultures the other hand, going to the workshop, made a list of the slaves. And I asked Peison, on the one hand, (5) if he wanted to of cinematography rescue me, taking money. he, on the other hand, said he did, if it were a lot. I said then that I was prepared to give a talent of Essay, silver coin, and he agreed that he would do this. (10)
Now I knew that he had no regard for either gods or men, but nonetheless in the present circumstances it seemed to examples me to be most necessary. to take a pledge from him. And when he swore, calling down ruin on himself and his children, (15) that accepting the talent he would save me, going into the room I opened the box; But Peison, noticing, came in. and, seeing the contents, called two of his servants. and ordered them to take the in malay, things in the box. [As a tool for of cinematography analyzing Greek style such an ultra-literal translation is far more useful than a smooth, fully Englished version, since the goal is to understand the Greek, not to replace it. And Eukaryotes Differences! Students should develop the habit of translating Greek this way, in the order of the original. To aim for a “polished” translation is to ignore what makes the Greek distinctive.] Before we analyze this passage, a general note about the examples of cinematography, line-division and indentation of how did affect the ottoman empire, this and other passages below. It is examples, intended only to designation suggest the units of meaning into which the sentence seems to fall.
Each such unit was probably, but far from certainly, followed by of cinematography a distinct pause when the Coupons, Greek was spoken aloud; much depended on a speaker’s (or reader’s) delivery. No “scientific” accuracy is claimed or, indeed, is of cinematography, possible. Open Cultures Essay! Lines often, but not always, correspond to kola. (To be entirely consistent one would have to place eipon oun , for example, on a separate line, but this would create a false impression of composition in very short units [kommata].) We should remember, more fundamentally, that the very idea of a “sentence” is modern: ancient writers speak of a dianoia or sententia, “thought”, which may not coincide with our idea of a “sentence”. [For a modern definition of a sentence see, e.g., Rickert, New Methods for the Study of Literature , p. Of Cinematography! 111.] Likewise, while a “period” (periodos) often corresponds to what we would call a “sentence”, a portion of a sentence can constitute a complete period (as remarked by Aristotle and how did nationalism the ottoman Demetrios). Modern punctuation represents the judgment of modern editors; in setting out texts I have generally followed the consensus of editors on the placement of full stops. [See, e.g., Johnson, Luxuriance and examples Economy , pp.
15-17 with references.] Nor does a kolon (“limb”, membrum) necessarily correspond to prokaryotes differences what we call a “clause”; E. Examples! Fraenkel has shown that even a short phrase can have the force of a kolon. [See also H. Dik, Word Order in Ancient Greek , chapter 3.] And there is no hard and Open Your Mind Essay fast distinction between a kolon and the shorter unit called a komma (“cutting”, incisum). As for the indentations, they do not follow any set system but are intended as guides to the structure of the sentence. Examples Of Cinematography! In particular they do not always correspond to levels of subordination. (I have always found complex systems of Open Your To Other, notation, based on of cinematography subordination, baffling.) Readers can learn a great deal by (re)organizing the “layout” of these passages in their own way and analyzing other passages of their own choice. Now for Lysias. In the passage quoted above there is almost nothing of overt rhetorical artifice, but its art becomes apparent when one observes, for example, the interweaving of participles and finite verbs. They tend to be paired, but not mechanically so. The last sentence (lines 18-20), which describes Peison’s actions, is set out in three parts linked by kai. Lysias could have achieved greater concision and concentration, perhaps, by putting everything into prokaryotes and eukaryotes differences, a single clause with several participles and one main verb, but this would spoil the simplicity of the narrative: Peison came into the room; he saw what was in examples of cinematography the chest; he issued a command. (Two historical presents, eiserkhetai and kalei [but not a third –note ekeleusen], add to the vividness.) The participles tell why (proximately) he did what he did, and it is worth analyzing each participle in Exploring Essay this passage as to examples whether it is causal, temporal, conditional, or whatever. Note especially eparomenos in Peison’s oath (15): the phrase in which it appears is a longer element between two shorter ones, and we linger on it before coming to the oath itself, labon. . .sosein.
Of course, even without such analysis the major in the, reader responds directly to of cinematography what Lysias writes–but for this very reason it is easy to miss how much he is designation, telling us, simply and elegantly. Notice also the variety. Shorter elements are interspersed among longer ones; constructions are varied. An indirect question leads to examples of cinematography indirect statements: Peisona men eroton ei. . . , ho d’ ephasken ei. . . Earthquakes In The! ., eipon oun hoti . . . Of Cinematography! ., ho d’ homologese. . . ., epistamen men oun hoti. . Open Your Mind To Other Essay! ., homos d’. . .edokei. . . ., epeide de omosen. Of Cinematography! . . . Note, too, the Your To Other Essay, placement of sosai. . .labon (6), labein (13), labon. . .sosein (16), labein (20). The repetition is “subliminal” rather than rhetorically insistent and includes a nice chiasmus (6, 16).
In short, this is rhetorical art which succeeds by concealing itself. As with Herodotos, lexis eiromene is anything but naive. Of Cinematography! If one wants to Exploring Discount Coupons in India appreciate Lysias fully, one need only attempt to examples translate a similar narrative from English to Greek! For an analysis of periodic sentences by Lysias, click here. Sophisticated in a different way is the storytelling style which Plato adopts from nationalism affect the ottoman empire time to time, for examples of cinematography example in the fable about the origin of justice told by Protagoras in and Peer the dialogue of that name. Here is an examples of cinematography excerpt (320c8-e4): For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here.
Once there was a time. when gods existed. but mortal kinds did not. And when for these too there came the appointed time of birth, gods molded them within the earth (5) from earth and fire mixing them. and from the things which blend with fire and Open Your To Other Cultures earth. And when they were ready to examples of cinematography lead them to the light, they bade Prometheus and Epimetheus. adorn them and assign powers to each as was fitting. (10) And Epimetheus asked Prometheus if he could assign them himself. “And when I’ve assigned them,” he said, “you inspect them.”
And so persuading, he assigned. And in his assigning, to some he attached strength without speed; the weaker with speed he adorned; (15) some he weaponed; to some awarding a weaponless nature, another power he devised for their safety: to the ones he wrapped in major earthquakes world smallness. winged flight or underground home he assigned; (20) the ones he increased in greatness, by this very thing he made them safe. And so he assigned the rest, maintaining a balance. On its surface the style of this passage is naive: Plato imparts a “flavor” of of cinematography, archaism to his story with short clauses, simple declarative statements, and repeated words. The first sentence (1-3) has three brief clauses with the verb eimi; the second and third clauses are exactly parallel, and the whole sentence begins and ends with the same word (the figure of kyklos). The variation theoi/thneta gene avoids a too-exact symmetry. The next two sentences (4-7, 8-10) are structured like each other, but there is variety within that structure: an epeide-clause, then the main verb, then a subordinate verb form (participle/infinitives), then a subordinate clause (hosa. And Eukaryotes! . Examples! .hos. . Exploring Discount Coupons! .). [The subordinate clause hos prepei is virtually an adverb and thus does not have a line to examples itself.] The first of these sentences could have been ended after lines 5 or 6; the addition of line 7 is elegant, with its chiasmus (ges kai puros, 6; puri kai gei, 7) and the variation meixantes/kerannutai.
Three short statements follow (11-13), with a fivefold repetition of forms of nemo carrying over prokaryotes differences from the preceding sentence (10) and into the next (14). Of Cinematography! In particular, the repetition of the last word of a sentence at the beginning of the next one (neimai/neimantos, nemei/nemon) is in the manner of Exploring, Herodotos. Each of these three statements could stand as a separate sentence; each is shorter than the one before. One can see the of cinematography, art of this by glancing at the next sentence, which runs through line 18 (in thought, all the way to 23): exactly the sort of nationalism affect the ottoman empire, variety that Plato always seeks, and a sure sign that he is examples of cinematography, creating the illusion of a naive style, not the real thing. This sentence catalogs the attributes which Epimetheus assigned to various creatures. Exploring Coupons In India! After the link-word nemon these are set forth with a men and three des; note the chiastic variation tois/tous/tous/tois and examples the varied length of the clauses. The fourth clause (17) begins with a participle instead of how did empire, a finite verb and introduces the whole category of animals without natural weapons; the longer kolon in 18, with the verb emekhanato at its center, sets the stage for the second catalog of of cinematography, attributes in 19-23. Here each category of animals is introduced by a relative clause, followed by earthquakes in the a main clause detailing how these creatures were protected.
The description of small animals, of course, is much longer than that of large ones! Finally, again very much in the manner of Plato, the enumeration is concisely cut short by the final summary in 23. Particularly elegant is the examples of cinematography, repetition nemon (14), enemen (20), enemen (23): a kyklos with an extra form in the middle. A playful and sophisticated Platonic fable, then, where the narrative progresses straightforwardly even when sentence-structure becomes complex. Mind To Other Essay! Nowhere is anything essential to grammatical sense or meaning suspended for more than one line, so that the dominant impression is of someone speaking in the loose, “strung-together” style. Periodic Style: Demosthenes and Isokrates. Turning to lexis katestrammene (lexis he en periodois), let us begin with a sentence of Demosthenes which Demetrios quotes as an example of a period whose form is determined precisely by its content, and which Demetrios then re-arranges into non-periodic style (Demosthenes 20.1; Demetrios 10-11). Here, and in the examples which follow, the periodic effect is gained by suspending until the end of the sentence an element essential for the grammar and the sense. For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. Men of the jury, most of all because I think it benefits the city for the law to be annulled, second for the sake of Chabrias’ child,
I have agreed that I shall, as best I am able, speak for these men. Demetrios says that this period, which consists of three kola [apart from the opening vocative], has a certain “bending” or “turning” (kampe) and of cinematography “concentration” or “coiling together” (sustrophe) at Essay, the end. Examples Of Cinematography! What gives it this quality? Unlike the examples of lexis eiromene quoted above, this sentence begins with two kola subordinate to the final kolon not only grammatically but also in sense: malista men heineka. . . ./eita kai. . Designation In Malay! .heineka. . . . The main verb homologesa comes at of cinematography, the beginning of the last kolon but requires an infinitive in indirect statement to complete its meaning. Demosthenes holds this infinitive until the end by Essay dividing toutois from sunerein with a subordinate clause. Examples Of Cinematography! The whole sentence is aimed at an end, which sunerein provides.
Note, incidentally, that Demosthenes avoids a too-exact corresponsion of the in malay, first two kola by varying their length, changing the position of heineka, having heineka govern first an articular infinitive then a noun, and by answering men not with de but with eita kai. Demetrios’ re-arrangement of this into a non-period is instructive. For a graphic image of the of cinematography, Greek text, click here. I shall speak for Exploring Coupons these men, citizens of Athens. For Chabrias’ son is a friend of mine, and much more than him the city, for which it is right for examples of cinematography me to speak. As Demetrios remarks, the period has disappeared.
Each kolon is prokaryotes differences, independent in sense; a full stop could be placed at the end of any of the examples of cinematography, first three kola. Nothing forces us to differences look ahead for a conclusion to examples come. How Did The Ottoman Empire! (Indeed, Demosthenes’ final word has become Demetrios’ first.) We are not on a circular course, with a turning point and a finish line in sight, but on a straight path of of cinematography, uncertain length. Your To Other Essay! Each kolon is appended to examples of cinematography the preceding one rather than fulfilling an expectation set up earlier. For excerpts from Demetrios’ essay, click here. A longer periodic sentence of Demosthenes is analyzed below. To return to the table of contents, click here. Here is how did affect the ottoman, a period from Isokrates’ Panegyrikos (186), cited by Aristotle in the Rhetoric (1410a): For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here.
Fame and memory and glory. how much ought one to think. those will either possess while alive. or leave behind when they die. who in deeds of this sort excel? Only a tortured English translation, as above, can reflect the way Isokrates has directed this sentence toward its “finish-line”, aristeusantas. Each element of the sentence requires something later to examples of cinematography complete its meaning: first come three accusatives; then they are made part of a question governed by the verbs khre and nomizein, the first of which requires an accusative subject, the second an infinitive; then come two parallel accusatives and infinitives, but since the accusative words are participles we still don’t know who the sentence is prokaryotes and eukaryotes differences, about; finally, the examples of cinematography, phrase tous. . .aristeusantas, with a prepositional phrase enclosed, tells us. Notice also how Isokrates emphasizes the structure of the and eukaryotes differences, sentence with repeated sounds and examples of cinematography words: phemen, mnemen, posen; nomizein, ekhein, kataleipsein; e, e; zontas, teleutesantas, aristeusantas. Your Mind Cultures Essay! Each of these repetitions spans two or three kola and examples of cinematography leads us forward to the conclusion. A longer periodic sentence of Isokrates is analyzed below. Short and Long Kola: Xenophon and Thucydides.
As is usual in Greek, each kolon in the examples just discussed is short and easily comprehended. Designation In Malay! Were this not so, it would be very difficult to suspend the sense until the very end. Two examples cited by Demetrios, each a description of a river, show the strikingly different effect of very short kola (kommata) and unusually long ones. First, Xenophon’s description of the river Teleboas ( Anabasis 4.4.3, Demetrios 6): houtos d’ en kalos men, megas d’ ou. This (river) was beautiful, but not large. Then Thucydides’ description of the Acheloos (2.102.2, Demetrios 45): For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here.
For the river Acheloos, flowing down from Mount Pindos through Dolopia and the Agraioi and Amphilochoi, and through the examples, Akarnanian plain, skirting the city Stratos upland. and discharging into the sea by Oiniadai and Essay and Peer creating a marsh around their city, makes it impossible, because of the water, in winter to mount a campaign. The sentence, like the river, flows and twists and turns to its conclusion. Only in the last kolon do we get the main verb, and the adjective aporon preceding it forces us to examples wait for designation in malay the final word, strateuein, which explains the strategic reason for the entire excursus introduced by gar. An appropriately serpentine periodos! As a final example of a periodos where sense is suspended until the of cinematography, end, here is a sentence of Lysias, who was just as much at home in the periodic as in the loose style (25.18):
For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. But if you think it necessary. the men whom those ones omitted to harm. yourselves to ruin, none of the citizens will be left. In the protasis of this conditional sentence Lysias gains extra force first by using ei plus the indicative rather than the more usual ean plus subjunctive (making the whole sentence in effect a future most vivid or minatory conditional sentence), then by bringing the relative clause forward to precede the infinitive apolesai on which it depends.
The sentence concludes both logically and dramatically with the main verb hupoleiphthesetai. Not every periodic sentence postpones an essential element until the very end. Such sentences are indeed the most neatly “rounded” and “directed toward a finish-line”, but a longer period expressing complex ideas would be difficult for an audience to To Other follow if they had to keep track of of cinematography, multiple suspensions of meaning and multiple subordinations until the prokaryotes and eukaryotes, final kolon. Often the main verb comes at the beginning or in examples the middle, and the effect of a structured whole is achieved by carefully arranging parallel or antithetical kola whose sense is complete before the sentence moves on. Here is Exploring Coupons, Isokrates’ description of Xerxes’ march through northern Greece ( Panegyrikos 89, cited in part by Aristotle, Rhetoric 1410a):
For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. Who came to so great a point of arrogance. that, thinking it was a small task to subjugate Greece. and wanting to leave a monument so great. that it is not a thing of human birth, he did not earlier stop (5) until he discovered and compelled. the thing which all men talk about: how with his army. to sail through the mainland. and march through the sea, (10) yoking the Hellespont.
and digging through Athos. This is a splendid example of a long and carefully crafted period where the main verb comes in the first kolon and everything else unfolds in later subordinations. Examples! The layers of subordination, rather than creating a tangled suspension of sense, unfold clearly and in sequence. And Peer Pressure! Note how small the elements are which make up most of this sentence. Of Cinematography! The longest kola, the second and third, describe Xerxes’ grandiose thoughts; as his plan progresses, things seem to get easier until, in two short phrases, he yokes the sea and digs the land. And note the careful and varied connections: relative clauses, result clauses, a temporal clause, pairs of participles and a pair of prokaryotes, infinitives set off by examples of cinematography men and de.
Note, finally, how similar sounds reinforce parallel structures: pleusai, pezeusai (9,10); zeuxas, dioruxas (11,12). End-rhyme links the paired verb forms, the first syllable of zeuxas picking up sounds from the preceding pair. Another period of Isokrates is analyzed above. Many periodoi are based neither on Essay on Gender and Peer suspension of sense nor on grammatical subordination but consist of a series of parallel or antithetical kola. Here are two examples from Lysias cited by C. D. Adams in his insightful discussion of the examples, differences between loose and periodic style (Lysias, Selected Speeches , pp. 345-352): For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. The killing of men they thought of no importance; the taking of major in the world, money they considered of great importance. (12.7) For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. many of the citizens to our enemies they banished; many they wrongly killed and left unburied; many with civic rights they disenfranchised; of many the daughters about to of cinematography be married they balked. (12.21) Strictly speaking, the designation, first of these sentences presents an antithesis, the second a series of parallels.
In each, however, as commonly, the of cinematography, kola are closely parallel in form: in the first, each kolon consists of infinitive + direct object + phrase with peri + main verb; at the end the rhyme hegounto/epoiounto (homoioteleuton) reinforces the parallel and brings closure. The kola are nearly equal in length: 18 and 16 syllables (the figure of isokolon or, more strictly, parisosis). The conjunctions men and de produce a suspension not of Roles and Peer, immediate meaning but of examples, general thought: while the first kolon gives a complete thought, we know that more is to major earthquakes in the come. In the second sentence four parallel kola portray the nefarious character of the Thirty Tyrants. Not only are the kola nearly identical in length (17, 17, 15, and 18 syllables) but their similarity is strengthened by the repetitions pollous/pollous/pollous/pollon at the beginning and exelasan/epoiesan/katestesan/ekolusan at the end. The detail added by the fourth kolon–the confiscations of of cinematography, property even prevented some families from giving their daughters dowries–provides a vivid and dramatic climax and brings a sense of periodic closure. For excerpts from Demetrios’ essay, click here. For a graphic of Lysias 12.99-100 laid out in kola and kommata, click here. Even a single kolon can be periodic. Demetrios cites (17) the Your Mind, opening of Herodotos’ History : Herodotou Halikarnasseos histories apodexis hede. . . . Of Herodotos of examples, Halikarnassos’ inquiry the result is this.
A neat suspension of sense, where longer words lead to a shorter “capstone”, hede. Since this period is part of a longer sentence, it is worth quoting the whole thing: For a graphic image of the on Gender and Peer, Greek text, click here. Of Herodotos of Halikarnassos’ inquiry the result is this, that neither may the things done by men with time become extinct. nor may great and wondrous deeds, some by examples foreigners shown forth, both the other events and through what cause they warred with each other. Thus, in a masterful period, does Herodotos reveal the goal and scope of his History . Note the careful connections and the alternation of long and short kola. Note the double purpose clause (hos mete. . .genetai, mete. . .genetai), where the second clause makes us wait while the meaning of erga is amplified by how did nationalism the ottoman ta men. . . Examples Of Cinematography! ta de. Exploring Essay! . . in apposition. Note, especially, how the examples of cinematography, Persian Wars appear, understated, in a kolon appended at Essay on Gender Roles and Peer, the very end, in apposition to and amplifying what went before.
Isokrates could have done no better. Rhetorical, Historical, and of cinematography Philosophical Periods. Thus periodic sentences can have various structures and can achieve “rounding” or “concentration toward an end” or “completeness” in on Gender and Peer various ways and to of cinematography various degrees. Prokaryotes! In addition to Adams‘ distinction between periods involving suspension of sense, antithesis, and parallelism one should take note of the more fundamental distinction which Demetrios draws between three types of period, according to how tightly they are constructed: the rhetorical period, the examples of cinematography, historical period, and the philosophical period or period of dialogue. The rhetorical period is the most rounded, with a “turning” and “concentration” at the end (Demetrios 10). Examples are the passages from Demosthenes (20.1), Thucydides (2.102.2), and Isokrates (Panegyrikos 186) discussed above, where a crucial element is withheld until the conclusion. To return to the table of contents, click here.
A Short Historical Period of Xenophon. As an example of a historical period Demetrios cites the opening of in the, Xenophon’s Anabasis : For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. Of Dareios and Parysatis were born two children, the older Artaxerxes, the younger Kyros. (Anabasis 1.1; Demetrios 3) According to Demetrios this sentence consists of two kola, each of which, while an integral part of the sentence, completes its own thought. [One could also treat the phrases with men and examples de as separate kola (or kommata).] That is, the first kolon is complete in itself, but the second adds details which, once we have them, we perceive as part of an organized whole.
Many sentences, both shorter and Mind longer, are organized in examples of cinematography this way, not only by historians but by every kind of writer. The construction is looser than that of a rhetorical period but still produces the impression of a rounded whole. To return to the table of contents, click here. The philosophical period or period of dialogue is looser still and barely gives the impression of being a period at all. Empire! Demetrios cites the opening of Plato’s Republic : For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. I went down yesterday to Peiraios. with Glaukon, Ariston’s son, to pray to the goddess. and also wanting to see the festival, how they would perform it, since now they’re holding it for the first time. (Plato, Republic 327a1-3; Demetrios 21) Demetrios notes that kolon is piled on kolon in apparent artlessness–yet, as critics have long remarked, this is examples of cinematography, one of the most studied and major earthquakes world artful of Greek sentences. [See, for example, Denniston’s remarks ( Greek Prose Style , p. 41).] Plato is said to have puzzled long over the order of the opening words.
The very first word is the main verb; a full stop could be placed at the end of each kolon (except for the third, where te looks ahead to kai hama); the indirect question tina tropon poiesousin comes as a seeming afterthought, picking up the accusative heorten of the previous kolon (the fairly common figure of prolepsis). Yet by the end we have run a full course, a periodos. Examples! The sentence is more than what it seems to Exploring Coupons in India be: formally (grammatically) one could regard it as lexis eiromene, but it is really periodic. There is no one formula, then, for a periodic sentence nor, as we are reading an author, should we expect to be able to say with certainty whether this or that sentence or passage is examples of cinematography, “loose” or “periodic”, much less classify each sentence as rhetorical, historical, or philosophical. Rather, we should observe how Greek writers ring changes on sentence-patterns and how they use connectives and rhetorical figures as “signposts” for the listener and reader. Labels, where we can assign them, are means, not ends. For Demetrios’ remarks on the three types of period, click here. In order to in the world place in of cinematography perspective the use of rhetorical figures as guides to the architecture of a sentence, let us look at Your To Other Cultures, the most exuberant rhetorician of them all, Gorgias of Leontinoi, who amazed the Athenians with a style in which repeated sounds and plays on words were part of the very texture of the Greek.
Our Gorgianic exemplar is chapter 6 of the examples of cinematography, Encomium of Helen . For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. For either by Fortune’s volitions. and the gods’ counsels. and Necessity’s decrees. she did what she did, or by Discount in India Essay force seized (5) or by words persuaded.
If, then, because of the first, worthy to examples be accused is the one accusing: for god’s zealousness by human forethought it is impossible to hinder. (10) For it is natural not for how did the ottoman empire the stronger thing by the weaker to be hindered, but for the weaker by examples the stronger to be ruled and guided, and for on Gender Roles and Peer the stronger to lead. and the weaker to follow. But god than man is a stronger thing (15) both in of cinematography force and in wisdom and in all else. If, then, to Fortune and the god the blame one must assign, verily Helen from Discount Coupons in India Essay her ill fame one must absolve. Not only is the passage composed for examples of cinematography the most part of on Gender, very short elements (kommata rather than kola) but many of these are the same or nearly the same in length (isokolon or parisosis): Tukhes boulemasi, theon bouleumasi, and Anagkes psephismasin (lines 1-3) are 6, 6, and 7 syllables; to examples of cinematography men kreisson hegeisthai and to de hesson hepesthai (13-14) are each 7 syllables. End-rhyme (homoioteleuton) is everywhere: boulemasi, bouleumasi, psephismasin; harpastheisa, peistheisa, (5-7) [ is Discount Essay, a medieval conjecture based on Gorgias’ development of the argument in examples chapter 15]; anatheteon, apoluteon (17-18).
Parallel phrases follow one another in Coupons Essay staccato succession: genitive noun + dative noun (1-3); substantive + phrase with hupo + infinitive(s) (11-12); substantive + infinitive (13-14). Parallelism of sound and examples of cinematography structure comes from Essay on Gender and Peer Pressure plays on sound (parechesis) and meaning (paronomasia) within and between phrases, with similar words and examples of cinematography even forms of the same word juggled kaleidoscopically: boulemasi/bouleumasi (1-2); aitiasthai/aitiomenos (9), where the first form is passive, the second middle; kreisson. Your Cultures Essay! . .hessonos. Examples! . .hesson. . .kreissonos. Mind To Other Essay! . .kreisson. . .hesson (11-14), a double chiasmus. Note also the examples of cinematography, end-rhymes in -sthai and nationalism affect the alliteration of h- in 13-14: hegeisthai/hesson/hepesthai. Especially bizarre is theou prothumian/anthropinoi promethiai in 10: what appears to of cinematography be a longer kolon is broken up (or is it simply tangled, like vain human intentions?) by Discount Essay these nearly impenetrable phrases. Before dismissing these devices as puerilities, we should remember two things: first, the Greeks did not regard words merely as arbitrary collections of phonemes randomly assigned meanings; sound was connected to sense. Second, the argument from which this passage is excerpted is meticulously logical and entirely typical of fifth-century “sophistic” argumentation as exemplified in examples Euripides, Thucydides, and Aristophanes. [See the works of John Finley cited in the bibliography.] The layout of this passage in the graphic attempts to nationalism the ottoman empire isolate its smallest constituent elements. Gorgias encourages this with his insistent repetitions and of cinematography isokola. But if we step back and Open Your Cultures look at overall sentence-structure, Gorgias’ sophistication is evident.
The first sentence (1-7) pivots around epraxen ha epraxen; the possible reasons for Helen’s elopement are presented on either side of this main clause. Preceding it is one possibility (Fortune, gods, Necessity) divided into three; following it are others (probably three in number with one phrase each). Although we cannot know, as we read, exactly where the series will end (and indeed we do not know, since line 7 is examples of cinematography, a conjecture!), Gorgias suspends the on Gender Roles Pressure, sense nicely near the center of the sentence. The second sentence (8- 9), a straightforward protasis + apodosis, is inherently periodic. In the next (10) the examples, predicate adjective adunaton, which reveals the grammatical construction, comes next to last, and the direct object prothumian receives its infinitive (the subject of the sentence) only at the end. By contrast, in designation the longer sentence which follows (11- 14) everything depends on examples of cinematography the first word, pephuke: the first kolon, introduced by ou, leads to the second, which answers ou with alla and where koluesthai is answered by two infinitives, arkhesthai and agesthai; at in malay, the end (13-14) two further articular infinitives amplify the idea expressed in line 12. Since the phrases with men and de form a single thought, they could just as easily be placed on a single line. They would then complete an ascending trikolon.
The next-to-last sentence (15-16) is a straightforward nominal sentence, with kreisson amplified by three datives each introduced by kai. Examples! The final sentence consists of protasis + apodosis, each concluded by a verbal adjective. [In line 18 the first word is affect the ottoman empire, MacDowell’s conjecture (CQ [n.s.] 11  p. 121).] Thus if we go beneath the dazzling surface of Gorgias’ rhetoric the confident construction of the sentences which convey his argument is apparent. Gorgias’ prose, with its successive kommata and insistent jingles, seems at of cinematography, first anything but “periodic”. Demetrios, however, describes Gorgias as writing entirely in periods (15).
Critics have puzzled over Exploring Coupons Essay how his audience could have been so impressed by Gorgias’ speaking, but in the courts as well as in the ekklesia the goal, after all, was effective argumentation, and the present epideixis is a tour de force of exactly that. If we look to of cinematography the overall length and structure of each successive argument in Essay on Gender Gorgias’ logos, a different Gorgias emerges, an expert packager of solid, familiar arguments in examples novel form. Often cited in this context is Kleon’s condemnation of the Athenians’ obsession with rhetoric (Thucydides 3.38). The Athenians, says Kleon, want to anticipate a speaker’s words and be seen doing so. Later, for an audience to do this was a sign of an unoriginal speaker whose words followed an all-too-predictable course (cf. Demetrios 15). This is the audience that, only months later, Gorgias astounded with his speaking. Such a seasoned, even jaded audience was ready for something new. Gomme‘s notes ad loc., citing several passages from Aristophanes, evoke well the intellectual atmosphere attending Gorgias’ arrival. To conclude this section here is an appropriately rhetorical translation of this passage by Larue Van Hook:
For either by the disposition of and eukaryotes, fortune and the ratification of the examples of cinematography, gods and the determination of necessity she did what she did, or by violence confounded, or by Open Your Mind Essay persuasion dumbfounded, or to Love surrendered. If, however, it was against her will, the of cinematography, culpable should not be exculpated. For it is impossible to forestall divine disposals by human proposals. It is a law of nature that the stronger is not subordinated to the weaker, but the weaker is subjugated and dominated by the stronger; the stronger is the leader, while the weaker is the entreater. Divinity surpasses humanity in might, in prokaryotes and eukaryotes sight, and in all else. Examples! Therefore, if on fortune and designation the deity we must visit condemnation, the infamy of Helen should find no confirmation. [Published in his introduction to Isokrates’ Helen , in examples vol. Affect Empire! 3 of the Loeb edition of Isokrates, pp. 55-57.]
Here, lastly, is an example of the finest periodic style in Greek, the mature style of Demosthenes. Over the course of his career, Demosthenes developed a style unrivaled for its variety, intensity, and concentration, a style not wholly periodic like that of Isokrates but mixing long and complex periods with shorter, simpler statements, questions, exclamations. A good Demosthenic periodos, often cited, is the opening of the speech On the examples of cinematography, Crown : For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. First, Athenian men, I pray to the ottoman all the gods and goddesses, as much good will as I continually have to the city and all of you, that so much be accorded me from you for this contest; second, a thing which especially concerns you and your piety and reputation, this for the gods to grant you: (5) not to make my opponent your advisor. about how you ought to listen to me. (that would be outrageous) but the laws and the oath, in which, in of cinematography addition to the other just things, this too is written: (10) to listen to both in the same way. At the Essay and Peer, outset of his speech Demosthenes gives original form to a commonplace idea: both sides deserve a hearing, and each speaker should be allowed to develop his arguments in his own way. At each stage of the sentence grammatical “signposts” and other key words create a suspension of meaning which is only resolved in examples of cinematography a later kolon. Demosthenes casts the entire sentence as a prayer (as he does the conclusion of the Open Your Mind To Other Cultures Essay, speech , which repays comparison). The prayer has two main parts, introduced by examples of cinematography proton men (1) and epeith’ (4). Your To Other Cultures Essay! The unremarkable words tois theois eukhomai are made memorable by three more words, bracketing the verb: tois theois eukhomai pasi kai pasais, which gives a striking rhythm: three cretics and a spondee.
As for the content of the prayer, it will be given by the infinitives huparxai (3) and parastesai (5). Preceding the first is a relative clause introduced by hosen, which looks ahead to of cinematography the correlative tosauten for the completion of how did nationalism affect the ottoman empire, its meaning: in return for his efforts on behalf of the city and its citizens, Demosthenes asks an equal recompense (a point reinforced by humin. . .par’ humon). Examples! The second infinitive, parastesai, is again preceded by a relative clause, this time introduced by hoper, which looks ahead to in malay its antecedent touto (and note, in 4 and 5, huper humon and humin, forming an elegant chiasmus with the earlier pronouns humin  and humon ). But the second part of the prayer is not complete. Unlike toiauten huparxai the phrase touto parastesai forces us to look ahead to examples of cinematography complete the meaning of touto, which is supplied by the infinitive me. . .poiesasthai, in apposition to touto. But we are not through yet. The word sumboulon requires an nationalism explanation, provided (7) by a concise prepositional phrase with an articular indirect question (!). Demosthenes then pauses for a parenthetical remark (8).
Then he picks up and continues the construction which he had interrupted: me ton antidikon sumboulon poiesasthai. . .alla tous nomous kai ton horkon. His delivery would have made it clear that me was here not a simple negative but required alla to complete its meaning. The period concludes with a relative clause explaining the jurors’ oath–a clause whose culmination is examples, prepared for by a prepositional phrase with pros and by the pronoun touto, in Open Mind To Other Essay apposition to which comes the final articular infinitive–the point of the whole sentence, an equal hearing for both sides, invested now with the of cinematography, authority of the gods and the solemnity of the oath. A complex period, with many suspensions of sense. With a subtle art Demosthenes resolves one suspension even as he introduces another. The main verb leads off; the climax of the sentence comes in a “mere” relative clause. There are clear signposts, but they are varied and not pedantically regular. The same variety is on Gender and Peer, apparent in examples the two parts of the prayer (2-3, 5-11). Even proton men and epeith’, the linchpins of the sentence, are not placed strictly logically: epeith’ should introduce a parallel prayer, with another verb answering eukhomai or with the same verb understood, but it does not. On Gender Pressure! It introduces the second prayer dependent on eukhomai.
Line 4 above should logically be indented in examples of cinematography the Greek graphic, but this is where logical strictness yields to art. To put it another way, proton men should really be placed after the first kolon–but how banal that would be! A shorter period of Demosthenes is analyzed here. More Periods of Gorgias, Isokrates, and prokaryotes and eukaryotes Demosthenes. Here are some graphic representations of periods of Gorgias, Isokrates, and Demosthenes not discussed above. Click here to see Gorgianic periods. Click here to see Isokratean periods. Click here to examples see Demosthenic periods. The distinction between the periodic structures favored by Isokrates and those of designation in malay, Demosthenes is of cinematography, brought out well by Eric Laughton in his comparison of these orators with Cicero, who is Demosthenic rather than Isokratean (“Cicero and the Greek Orators”, AJP 82  27-49; see especially pp.
41-49). Cf. H. C. Gotoff, “Thrasymachus of Chalcedon and Ciceronian Style.” But when one looks back at the elegant repetitions and subordinations, at the effortless variety of Plato’s expression, and Cultures Essay especially at the elaborate edifice of 14-23 (nemon . . . Examples Of Cinematography! enemen), one has, in retrospect, a sense of rounding, a sense that one has been led on a planned path with a clear beginning, middle, and end. It should be no surprise, in a writer so artful as Plato, that even a “loose” narrative has, beneath its surface, more than a hint of periodic style. [For a detailed analysis of Protagoras’ story as an example of a traditional fable, and a discussion of lexis eiromene in general, see E. Designation! Norden, Agnostos Theos, Anhang VII, pp.
366-379. On Greek and of cinematography Roman fables see Ben Perry’s introduction to the Loeb edition of Babrius and Phaedrus (Cambridge, Mass./London 1965), pp. xi-xxxiv.]